The author describes the purpose of their questionnaire as follows: It is generally acknowledged
that perception of and orientation in space are determinant factors in human action and
interaction. As such, speech heavily depends on knowledge of the context: Where and When is a
sentence uttered, and by Whom. These three dimensions are traditionally seen as the so-called
deictic centre of all linguistic events, without which no linguistic expression can be properly
With deixis we mean here all cues provided by a language that localise a speech event and its
participants (Speaker, Hearer and narrated participant) in space and time. Anderson and Keenan
(1985) distinguish three major categories of deixis: person deixis, spatial deixis and temporal
deixis. The category linking social and psychological factors is tentatively labelled 'psychological'
This questionnaire explores these questions in a manner directed at determining the typology
of deixis in the languages of East Nusantara.
Example for Leti
Example for Kei
Aone van Engelenhoven for the 2000 East Nusantara Linguistics Workshop, workshop on deixis