Department of Linguistics
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
phone.: +49 (0) 341 3550 - 300
fax: +49 (0) 341 3550 - 333
A Grammar of Hinuq
The project aims at the description of Hinuq (Nakh-Daghestanian). The description will include the phonology, morphology and syntax of Hinuq as well as a couple of texts and a short dictionary.
Hinuq is the smallest of the five Tsezic languages spoken in south Russia in the Caucasus, by about 500 speakers. It belongs to the Nakh-Daghestanian language family. The speakers of this language live mainly in one small village in the Daghestanian mountains near to the Georgian border. Although they acquire Hinuq as their first language, Russian is becoming more and more dominant since Russian is used in formal schooling, television, and public life in general.
As is typical of Daghestanian languages, Hinuq has certain interesting features such as a rich local case system with about 28 local cases and a noun-class system with five classes used to mark agreement between nouns in the absolutive case and verbs, and coreferential adjectives or adverbials.
The project is intended to give a description of the various grammatical aspects of Hinuq. The description will include several glossed and translated texts such as traditional narratives and culture-specific texts and a Hinuq-English dictionary. The project is supervised by Prof. B. Comrie and IS related to other current projects on the Tsezic languages (Bezhta, Khwarshi and Tsez) at the MPI-EVA.