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Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. x + 142 pp.
[Reprinted with corrections 1978, 1981, reprinted 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995.
Japanese translation: Asupekuto. Tokyo: Mugi Shobo, 227 pp., 1988.
Korean translation: Tongsa sang-uy ihay. Korea: Hanshin Publishers, 1998.]


(Bernard Comrie, Norval Smith) Lingua Descriptive Studies: Questionnaire (= Lingua 42.1). Amsterdam: North-Holland. 72 pp. [French translation: Questionnaire structuré pour la description d’une langue. Montréal: Éditions de l’Université du Québec à Montréal, 98 pp., 1987. Reprinted 1982 in International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 11: 393–458. Chinese translation incorporated in: Liu Danqing (ed.), A Handbook for Grammatical Investigation and Research, Shanghai: Shanghai Educational Publishing House, 2008.]


(Bernard Comrie, Gerald Stone) The Russian Language Since the Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press. xii + 258 pp. [For second edition, see Comrie/Stone/Polinsky 1996.]


Language Universals and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology. Oxford: Blackwell and Chicago: University of Chicago Press. xi + 252 pp. [Reprinted 1983, 1986, 1987. Second revised ed. 1989. Italian translation: Universali del linguaggio e tipologia linguistica. Bologna: Il Mulino, 330 pp., 1983. Spanish translation: Universales del lenguaje y tipología lingüística: sintaxis y morfología. Madrid: Gredos, 375 pp., 1988. Chinese translation: Yuyuan Gongxing He Yuyuan Leixing (Ershi Shiji Wenku). Beijing: Huaxia Chubanshe, 325 pp., 1989. Japanese translation: Gengo Huhensei to Gengo Ruikeiron: Toogoron to Keitairon. Tokyo: Hituzisyoboo, , xiv + 301 pp., 1991.]

(Bernard Comrie, in collaboration with B.G. Hewitt, J.R. Payne) The Languages of the Soviet Union. (Cambridge Language Surveys). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. xxi + 317 pp. [Digital reprint 2009.]


Tense (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. x + 139 pp. [Reprinted 1986, 1987.]


(Bernard Comrie, Gerald Stone, Maria Polinsky) The Russian Language in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press. xi + 385 pp. [= Second edition, revised and expanded, of Bernard Comrie and Gerald Stone: The Russian Language Since the Revolution, 1978.]


(Bernard Comrie, Martin Haspelmath) The Library of Babel. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 23 pp. [German edition: Die Bibliothek von Babel. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2001. 25 pp.; abbreviated version in Max Planck Forschung 2/2003: 26–31.]


Sprache und Vorzeit [Language and Prehistory] (Sitzungsberichte der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Band 137, Heft 6). Leipzig: Verlag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. 24 pp.


(Enrico Campanile, Bernard Comrie, Calvert Watkins) Introduzione alla lingua e alla cultura degli Indoeuropei [Introduction to the Language and Culture of the Indo-Europeans]. Bologna: Il Mulino. 144 pp. [Extracted from A. Giacalone Ramat and P. Ramat (eds.), Le lingue indoeuropee, 2nd ed., Bologna, 1994: Il Mulino, pp. 19–122.]


Arealtypologie von Sprachen anhand des Weltatlas linguistischer Strukturen. [Areal Typology of Languages on the Basis of the World Atlas of Languge Structures.] (Sitzungsberichte der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Band 140, Heft 3). Leipzig: Verlag der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. 25 pp.


(Bernard Comrie, Madzhid Khalilov) The Dictionary of Languages and Dialects of the
Peoples of the Northern Caucasus: Comparison of the Basic Lexicon
. Leipzig–
Makhachkala. 898 pp.

Edited Volumes


Classification of Grammatical Categories (Current Inquiry into Language and Linguistics, 21, Slavic Series, 6; also = International Review of Slavic Linguistics 3.1–2). Edmonton: Linguistic Research. vi + 248 pp.


Studies in the Languages of the USSR. (Current Inquiry into Language, Linguistics and Human Communication 38; also = International Review of Slavic Linguistics 5 (1980).) Edmonton: Linguistic Research.


(Bernard Comrie, Brian Butterworth, Östen Dahl) Explanations for Language Universals (also = Linguistics 21). 292 pp. Berlin: Mouton.


The World’s Major Languages. London: Croom Helm and New York: Oxford University Press. xiii + 1025 pp.
[Reprinted 1989. British paperback editions: The Major Languages of Western Europe. London: Routledge, pp. xii + 315, 1990; The Major Languages of Eastern Europe. London: Routledge, pp. xii + 255, 1990; The Major Languages of East and South-East Asia.
London: Routledge, pp. xi + 234, 1990; The Major Languages of South Asia, the Middle East and Africa. London: Routledge, pp. xii + 315, 1990.
Malay edition: Ensiklopedia Bahasa Utama Dunia. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, pp. xxxi + 568, 1998.]
Second edition: London: Routledge, pp. xvi + 911, 2009.


(Bernard Comrie, Mushira Eid) Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics III. (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 80.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins. xii + 274 pp.

(Bernard Comrie, Stephen Anderson) Tense and Aspect in Eight Languages of Cameroon. (Summer Institute of Linguistics and The University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics Publication 99.) Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and Arlington: University of Texas at Arlington. xiv + 255 pp.


(Bernard Comrie, Greville G. Corbett) The Slavonic Languages. London: Routledge. xiii + 1078 pp.

(Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky) Causatives and Transitivity. (Studies in Language Companion Series 23.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins. ix + 399 pp.


(General eds. Christopher Moseley and Ronald E. Asher; section eds. Bernard Comrie; Mary Tait; Terrence Kaufman; Stephen Wurm; Stephen J. Harlow; David Bradley; R. E. Asher; J. Lachlan Mackenzie; A.K. Irvine; Benji Wald). Atlas of the world’s languages. London: Routledge, viii, 372 p., 113 maps.


(Bernard Comrie, Stephen Matthews, Maria Polinsky) (consultant eds.). The Atlas of
Languages: The Origin and Development of Languages Throughout the World
. London: Bloomsbury and New York: Facts on File. 224 pp. 1996.
[Dutch translation: De grote taalatlas: Oorsprong en ontwikkeling van taal en schrift in de gehele wereld. Haarlem: Schuyt & Co., 224 pp., 1998.
German translation: Bildatlas der Sprachen: Ursprung und Entwicklung der Sprachen
dieser Erde
. Augsburg: Bechtermünz Verlag, 224 pp., 1998.
Japanese translation: Sekai gengo bunka zukan: Sekai no gengo no kigen to denpa. Tokyo: Toyo Shorin, 225 pp., 1999.
Polish translation: Atlas języków świata: Pochodzenie i rozwój języków świata. Poznań: Oficyna Wyd. Atena, 224 pp., maps, 1998.
Croatian translation: Atlas jezika. Varažden: Stanek, 224 pp., 2003.
Revised edition: London: Bloomsbury; New York: Facts on File, 224 pp., 2003. Also as The SBS Atlas of Languages, ABC Books, Sydney, 240 pp., 2003.
French translation: Atlas des langues: L'origine et le développement des langues dans le monde. Paris: Éditions Acropole. 224 pp. 2004.
Hungarian translation: A nyelvek világatlasza: A világ nyelveinek eredete és fejlődése. Budapest: Kossuth Kiadó. 224 pp., 2006.
Czech translation: Atlas jazyků: Vznik a vývoj jazyků napříč celým světem. Praha:
Metafora. 224 pp. 2007.]


(Bernard Comrie, Petra Vogel) Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes. (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 23.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. xiii + 514 pp.


(Pirkko Suihkonen, Bernard Comrie) International Symposium on Deictic Systems and
Quantification in Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia (Udmurt
State University, Iz"evsk, Udmurt Republic, Russia May 22–25, 2001): Collection of Papers
. Izhevsk: Udmurt State University / Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for
Evolutionary Anthropology. xvi + 331 pp.


(Bernard Comrie, H. Ekkehard Wolff, guest editors) The Journal of West African
30.2. (= Papers from the International Symposium on Areal Typology of West African Languages, Leipzig, Germany, September 1–2, 2000.) West African Linguistic Society. 142 pp.


(Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie) The World Atlas of
Language Structures
. Oxford: Oxford University Press. xv + 695 pp and CD-ROM.


(Ina Bornkessel, Matthias Schlesewky, Bernard Comrie, Angela D. Friederici) Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking: Theoretical, Typological, and Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. viii + 363 pp.


(Robert Nicolaï, Bernard Comrie) Language Contact and the Dynamics of Langauge: Theory and Implications (= Journal of Language Contact, THEMA series, Number 2). On-line publication http://www.jlc-journal.org. Nice: Robert Nicolaï, Institut universitaire de France et Université de Nice Chaire “Dynamique du langage et contact des langues”.


(Bernard Comrie, Ray Fabri, Elizabeth Hume, Manwel Mifsud, Thomas Stolz, Martine Vanhove) Introducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18–20 October, 2007. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. xi + 422 pp.


(Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath, Bernard Comrie) Studies in Ditransitive
Constructions: A Comparative Handbook
. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. xviii + 772 pp.


(Bernard Comrie, Giuliana Fiorentino) Nouns and Nominalizations Cross-Linguistically
(= Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica
23.1). 125 pp.


(Bernard Comrie, Zarina Estrada-Fernández) Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview. Typological Studies in Language 102. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. xiii + 300 pp.

(Pirkko Suihkonen, Bernard Comrie, Valery Solovyev) Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations: A Cross-Linguistic Typology. Studies in Language Companion Series 126. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. xv + 406 pp.



‘Some thoughts on defining the word in phonology’. Papers in Linguistics 4: 447–461.


‘Clause structure and movement constraints in Russian’. In Claudia Corum, T. Cedric Smith-Stark, and Ann Weiser, eds.: You Take the High Node and I'll Take the Low Node: Papers from the Comparative Syntax Festival, 291–304. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society. [Reprinted 1980 in Catherine V. Chvany and Richard D. Brecht, eds.: Morphosyntax in Slavic, 98–113. Columbus, OH: Slavica.]

‘The ergative: variations on a theme’. Lingua 32: 239–253.

‘Sintaksis i semantika v transformacionnoj generativnoj grammatike’. [‘Syntax and semantics in transformational generative grammar’.] In S.K. Šaumjan, ed., Problemy strukturnoj lingvistiki 1972, 543–554. Moscow: Nauka.


‘Impersonal subjects in Russian’. Foundations of Language 12: 103–115.

Order and tell in a transformational grammar of English’. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 5: 3–8.

‘The second dative: a transformational approach’. In Richard D. Brecht and Catherine V. Chvany, eds.: Slavic Transformational Syntax (Michigan Slavic Materials 10), 123–150. Ann Arbor: Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, University of Michigan. [Reprinted 1977.]

‘Transformationsanalyse russischer Nominalisierungen’. [‘Transformational analysis of Russian nominalizations’.] In G. Freidhof, ed.: Notizen und Materialien zur russischen Linguistik, Unterlagen für die Seminararbeit (Specimina Philologiae Slavicae 6), 38–46. Frankfurt am Main; distr. by Kubon & Sagner, Munich. [English translation: ‘Nominalizations in Russian: lexical noun phrases or transformed sentences?’, in Catherine V. Chvany and Richard D. Brecht, eds.: Morphosyntax in Slavic, 212–220, Columbus, OH: Slavica, 1980. Russian translation: ‘Nominalizacija v russkom jazyke: slovarno zadavaemye imennye gruppy ili transformacionnye predloženija’. Novoe v zarubežnoj lingvistike 15: 42–49, Moscow: Progress, 1985.]


‘The antiergative: Finland’s answer to Basque’. Chicago Linguistic Society 11: 112–121.

‘Causatives and universal grammar’. Transactions of the Philological Society 1974: 1–


‘Common (?) Slavonic *sedmъ’. Slavonic and East European Review 53: 323–329.

‘Cosmonauts and astronauts’. Association of Teachers of Russian Newsletter, October 1975: 4.

(under pseudonym Émil Schouwiniste-Pigge) ‘On being polite to women in Slavic languages’. Pragmatics Microfiche 1.3: 1–3. [Reprinted in T. Ernst and E. Smith, eds.: Son of Lingua Pranca, 5–6. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club, 1979.]

‘Polite plurals and predicate agreement’. Language 51: 406–418.


‘Archaisms in nineteenth-century Russian literature’. Journal of Russian Studies 32: 36– 39.

‘Irregular stress in Polish and Macedonian’. International Review of Slavic Linguistics 1: 227–240.

‘Linguistic politeness axes: speaker–addressee, speaker–referent, speaker–bystander’. Pragmatics Microfiche 1.7: 1–12.

‘The syntax of action nominals: a cross-language study’. Lingua 40: 177–201.

‘The syntax of causative constructions: cross-language similarities and divergences’. In Masayoshi Shibatani, ed.: The Grammar of Causative Constructions (Syntax and Semantics 6), 261–312. New York: Academic Press.


‘In defense of spontaneous demotion: the impersonal passive’. In Peter Cole and Jerrold M. Sadock, eds.: Grammatical Relations (Syntax and Semantics 8), 47–58. New York: Academic Press.

(Edward L. Keenan, Bernard Comrie) ‘Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar’. Linguistic Inquiry 8, 63–99.
[Russian translation: ‘Ierarxija dostupnosti imennyx grupp i universal´naja grammatika’, in A. E. Kibrik, comp.: Novoe v zarubežnoj lingvistike, vypusk XI: Sovremennye sintaksičeskie teorii v amerikanskoj lingvistike, 111–165. Moscow, Progress, 1982.]

‘Subjects and direct objects in Uralic languages: a functional explanation of case-marking systems’. Études Finno-Ougriennes 12 (1975): 5–17.


‘Definite direct objects and referent identification’. Pragmatics Microfiche 3.1: 1–19.

‘Ergativity’. In Winfred P. Lehmann, ed.: Syntactic Typology: Studies in the Phenomenology of Language, 329–394. Austin: University of Texas Press.

‘Genitive–accusatives in Slavic: the rules and their motivation’. In Bernard Comrie, ed.: Classification of Grammatical Categories (Current Inquiry into Language and Linguistics, 21, Slavic Series, 6; also = International Journal of Slavic Linguistics 3.1–2), 37–42. Edmonton: Linguistic Research.

‘Linguistics is about languages’. In Braj B. Kachru, ed.: Linguistics in the Seventies: Directions and Prospects (= Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 8.2), 221–236. Urbana: University of Illinois, Department of Linguistics.

‘Morphological classification of cases in the Slavonic languages’. Slavonic and East European Review 56: 177–191.

‘On the go ~ went alternation: a contribution (?) to the generative phonology of English’. In T. Ernst and E. Smith, eds.: Lingua Pranca, 59–63. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club. [Electronic version: http://specgram.com/LP/31.comrie.gowent.html]


‘The animacy hierarchy in Chukchee’. In Paul R. Clyne, William F. Hanks, and Carol L. Hofbauer, eds.: The Elements: A Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels, Including Papers from the Conference on Non-Slavic Languages of the USSR, 322–329. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

(with Edward L. Keenan) ‘Data on the noun phrase accessibility hierarchy’. Language 55: 333–351.

‘Definite and animate direct objects: a natural class’. Linguistica Silesiana 3: 13–21.

‘Degrees of ergativity: some Chukchee evidence’. In Frans Plank, ed.: Ergativity: Towards a Theory of Grammatical Relations, 219–240. London: Academic Press.

'Morphophonemic exceptions and phonetic distance'. Linguistics 17: 51–60.

(with Edward L. Keenan) 'Noun phrase accessibility revisited'. Language 55: 649–64.

‘On being further tempted from go to went’. In T. Ernst and E. Smith, eds.: Son of Lingua Pranca, 5–6. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

‘On the bases of syntactic reanalysis’. Buffalo Papers in Linguistics 1.3: 85–110.

‘Russian’. In Timothy Shopen, ed.: Languages and Their Status, 91–151. (Cambridge, MA: Winthrop).

[Reprinted Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987.]

‘Some remarks on ergativity in South Asian languages’. South Asian Language Analysis 1: 211–219.


‘Agreement, animacy, and voice’. In Gunter Brettschneider and Christian Lehmann, eds.: Wege zur Universalienforschung: Sprachwissenschaftliche Beiträge zum 60. Geburtstag von Hansjakob Seiler (Tübinger Beiträge zur Linguistik 145), 229–234. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.

‘Diachronic arguments for the psychological reality of abstract phonology: a critical review’. In Brian Butterworth, ed.: Language Production, volume 1: Speech and Talk, 271–296. London: Academic Press.

‘The genetic affiliation of Kamchadal: some morphological evidence’. International Review of Slavic Linguistics 5: 109–120.
[This volume also appeared as Bernard Comrie, ed.: Studies in the Languages of the USSR. (Current Inquiry into Language, Linguistics and Human Communication 38). Edmonton: Linguistic Research, 1981; reprinted 1987 PIL 16/3–4: 109–120.]

‘Inverse verb forms in Siberia: evidence from Chukchee, Koryak, and Kamchadal’. Folia Linguistica Historica 1: 61–74.

‘Morphology and word order reconstruction: problems and prospects’. In Jacek Fisiak, ed.: Historical Morphology (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs 17), 83–96. The Hague: Mouton.
[Reprinted in Mouton Classics, 359–372. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2002.]

‘The order of case and possessive suffixes in Uralic languages: an approach to the comparative-historical problem’. Lingua Posnaniensis 23 (= In honorem Ceslai Kudzinowski): 81–86.

‘The sun letters in Maltese: between morphophonemics and phonetics’. In Michael Kenstowicz, ed., Studies in Arabic Linguistics (= Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 10.2), 25–37. Urbana: University of Illinois, Department of Linguistics.


‘Aspect and voice: some reflections on perfect and passive’. In Philip J. Tedeschi and Annie Zaenen, eds.: Tense and Aspect (Syntax and Semantics 14), 65–78. New York: Academic Press.

(with Larry M. Hyman) ‘Coreference and logophoricity in Gokana’. In William R. Leben, ed.: Précis from the 12th Conference on African linguistics, Stanford, April 10-12, 1981. (= South African Journal of African languages, Suppl. 8), 69–73. Los Angeles: Dept. of Linguistics, University of California.

‘Ergativity and grammatical relations in Kalaw Lagaw Ya (Saibai dialect)’. Australian Journal of Linguistics 1: 1–42.

‘The formation of relative clauses’. In Barbara Lloyd and John Gay, eds.: Universals of Human Thought: Some African Evidence, 215–233. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Language universals: a survey of recent developments’. Language Teaching: Abstracts 14: 219–232. [Reprinted in Valerie Kinsella, ed.: Surveys 2 (Cambridge Language Teaching Surveys), 6–19. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.]

(with Larry M. Hyman) ‘Logophoric reference in Gokana’. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 3: 19–37.

‘Negation and other verb categories in the Uralic languages’. In Osmo Ikola, ed.: Congressus Quintus Internationalis Fenno-Ugristarum, Pars VI: Dissertationes sectionum: Phonologica et morphologica, syntactica et semantica, 350–355. Turku: Suomen Kielen Seura.

‘On Reichenbach’s approach to tense’. Chicago Linguistic Society 17: 24–30.

‘The theoretical significance of the Latin accusative and infinitive: a reply to Pillinger.’ Journal of Linguistics 17: 345–349.


‘Direct case-marking in Uralic languages: an explanatory model’. CIFU IV.3: 265–269.

‘Future time reference in the conditional protasis'. Australian Journal of Linguistics 2: 143–152.

‘Grammatical relations in Huichol’. In Paul J. Hopper and Sandra A. Thompson, eds.: Studies in Transitivity. (Syntax and Semantics 15), 95–115. New York: Academic Press.

‘On the morphological typology of Balto-Finnic: a reassessment’. Études Finno-Ougriennes 15: 91–99.

‘Remarks on clitic-climbing in Brazilian Portuguese’. Lingua 58: 243–265.

‘Syntactic–morphological discrepancies in Maltese sentence structure’. Communication and Cognition 15: 281–306. [Reprinted in Liliane Tasmowski, Dominique Willems, eds.: Problems in syntax. (Studies in Language 2), 3–28. Ghent, 1983: Communication and Cognition.]

‘Verb agreement in Ket’. Folia Slavica 5: 115–127.


‘On the validity of typological studies: a reply to Smith’. Australian Journal of Linguistics 3: 93–98.

‘Switch-reference in Huichol: a typological study’. In John Haiman and Pamela Munro, eds.: Switch-Reference and Universal Grammar (Typological Studies in Language 2), 17–37. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


‘Agreement as a research tool’. Proceedings of the First Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, 13–26. Columbus: Ohio State University.

‘Explanation in language typology’. Cadernos de Estudos Lingüísticos (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem, Campinas, Brazil) 6: 59–70.

‘Form and function in explaining language universals’. In Brian Butterworth, Bernard Comrie, and Östen Dahl, eds.: Explanations for Language Universals (= Linguistics 21.1), 87–103. The Hague: Mouton.

(Bernard Comrie, Heather Holmback) ‘The future subjunctive in Portuguese: a problem in semantic theory’. Lingua 63: 213–253.

‘Language universals and linguistic argumentation: a reply to Coopmans’. Journal of Linguistics 20: 155–163.

‘Reflections on verb agreement in Hindi and related languages’. Linguistics 22: 857–864.

‘Les relations de temps dans le verbe’ [‘Relations of time in the verb’]. In Guy Serbat, ed.: É. Benveniste aujourd’hui, tome 1, 57–64. Paris: Société pour l’Information Grammaticale.

‘Russian’. In William S. Chisholm, Louis T. Milic, and John Greppin, eds.: Interrogativity (Typological Studies in Language 4), 7–46. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Some formal properties of focus in Modern Eastern Armenian’. Annual of Armenian Linguistics 5: 1–21.

‘Subject and object control: syntax, semantics, pragmatics’. Berkeley Linguistics Society 10: 450–464.

‘Towards a general theory of tense’. Cadernos de Estudos Lingüísticos (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem, Campinas, Brazil) 6: 164–168.

‘Why linguists need language acquirers’. In William E. Rutherford, ed.: Language Universals and Second Language Acquisition (Typological Studies in Language 5), 11– 32. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


‘Causative verb formation and other verb-deriving morphology’. In Timothy Shopen, ed.: Language Typology and Syntactic Description, volume III: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, 309–348. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Derivation, inflection, and semantic change in the development of the Chukchi verb paradigm’. In Jacek Fisiak, ed., Historical Semantics; Historical Word-Formation, 85–
95. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

(with Christian Lehmann) ‘On language typology’. In Hansjakob Seiler, Gunter Brettschneider, eds.: Language Invariants and Mental Operations: International Interdisciplinary Conference Held at Gummersbach/ Cologne, Germany, September 18­23, 1983. (Language Universals Series 5), 228–237. Tübingen: Narr.

(Bernard Comrie, Sandra A. Thompson) ‘Lexical nominalization’. In Timothy Shopen, ed.: Language Typology and Syntactic Description,volume III: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, 349–398. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Revised version in 2nd edition, 334–381. Cambridge, 2007: Cambridge University Press.]

(John Davies, Bernard Comrie) ‘A linguistic survey of the Upper Yuat’. In Papers in New Guinea Linguistics No. 22 (Pacific Linguistics, A-63), 275–312. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University.

(A.J. Borg, Bernard Comrie) ‘Object diffuseness in Maltese’. In Frans Plank, ed.: Objects: towards a theory of grammatical relations, 109–126. London: Academic Press.

‘Reply to Saksena: Further reflections on verb agreement in Hindi’. Linguistics 23: 143–145.

‘The Soviet Union’s 130 languages’. The Gamut 14: 74–81.


‘Conditionals: a typology’. In Elizabeth Closs Traugott et al., eds.: On Conditionals, 77-.99. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Contrastive linguistics and language typology’. In Dieter Kastovsky and Aleksander Szwedek, eds.: Linguistics Across Historical and Geographical Boundaries. Volume 2: Descriptive, Contrastive and Applied Linguistics, 1155–1163. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘The Maltese pharyngeal’. Zeitschrift für Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 39: 12–18.

‘Markedness, grammar, people, and the world’. In Fred R. Eckman, Edith A. Moravcsik, and Jessica R. Wirth, eds.: Markedness, 85–106. New York: Plenum.

‘On delimiting cases’. In Richard D. Brecht and James S. Levine, eds.: Case in Slavic, 86–106. Columbus: Slavica.

‘The possessive predicate in North African vernacular Arabic’. In Joshua A. Fishman et al., eds.: The Fergusonian Impact, volume 1: From Phonology to Society, 197–210. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Reflections on subject and object control’. Journal of Semantics 4: 47–65.

‘Tense and time reference: from meaning to interpretation in the chronological structure of a text’. Journal of Literary Semantics 15: 12–22.

‘Tense in indirect speech’. Folia Linguistica 20: 265–296.


‘Aspect in Slavic and neighboring languages’. In Gerd Hentschel, Gustav Ineichen, and Alek Pohl, eds.: Sprach-und Kulturkontakte im Polnischen: Gesammelte Aufsätze für A. de Vincenz zum 65. Geburtstag (Specimina Philologiae Slavicae, Supplementband 23), 25–29. München: Otto Sagner.

‘Grammatical relations, semantic roles and topic-comment structure in a New Guinea Highland language: Harway’. In Ross Steele and Terry Threadgold, eds.: Language Topics: Essays in Honour of Michael Halliday, volume 1, 355–366. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Introduction’. In Bernard Comrie, ed.: The World’s Major Languages, 1–29. London: Croom Helm and New York: Oxford University Press. Second edition 2009, pp. 1–22.

‘Russian’. In Bernard Comrie, ed.: The World’s Major Languages, 329–347. London: Croom Helm and New York: Oxford University Press. Second edition 2009, pp. 274-288.

‘Slavonic Languages’. In Bernard Comrie, ed.: The World’s Major Languages, 322–328. London: Croom Helm and New York: Oxford University Press. Second edition 2009, pp. 269–273.


‘Conjunction reduction in pro-drop languages: some Slavic evidence’. In Manfred Bierwisch, Wolfgang Motsch, and Ilse Zimmermann, eds.: Syntax, Semantik und Lexikon (Studia Grammatica 29), 83–87. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

‘Coreference and conjunction reduction in grammar and discourse’. In John A. Hawkins, ed.: Explaining Language Universals, 186–208. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

‘General features of Uralic languages’. In Denis Sinor, ed.: The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences.(Handbuch der Orientalistik, Achte Abteilung, Handbook of Uralic Studies), 451–477. Leiden: E. Brill.

‘Haruai verb structure and language classification in the Upper Yuat’. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 17: 140–160.

‘Linguistic typology’. Annual Review of Anthropology 17: 145–159.

‘Linguistic typology’. In Frederick J. Newmeyer, ed.: Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey, volume 1: Linguistic Theory: Foundations, 447–461. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Passive and voice’. In Masayoshi Shibatani, ed.: Passive and Voice (Typological Studies in Language 16), 9–23. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘The role of the field linguist’. Notes on Linguistics 41: 4–6.

‘Topics, grammaticalized topics, and subjects’. Berkeley Linguistics Society 14: 265–279.


‘Genetic classification, contact, and variation’. In Thomas J. Walsh, ed.: Synchronic and Diachronic Approaches to Linguistic Variation and Change (Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics 1988), 81–93. Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

‘Haruai attributes and processing explanations for word order’. In F.J. Heyvaert and F. Steurs, eds.: Worlds Behind Words: Essays in Honour of Prof. Dr. F.G. Droste on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Birthday. (Symbolae Facultatis Litterarum et Philosophiae Lovaniensis, Series C Linguistica, volume 6), 209–215. Leuven: Leuven University Press.

‘On a possible factor in the origin of Piawi personal pronouns’. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 20: 157–160.

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‘The phonology of Brazilian Portuguese hypocoristic kin terms'. In Ursula Klenk, Karl-Hermann Körner, and Wolf Thümmel, eds.: Variatio Linguarum: Beiträge zu Sprachvergleich und Sprachentwicklung (Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Gustav Ineichen), 63–66. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.

‘Some general properties of reference-tracking systems'. In Doug Arnold, Martin Atkinson, Jacques Durand, Claire Grover, and Louisa Sadler, eds.: Essays on Grammatical Theory and Universal Grammar, 37–51. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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(Bernard Comrie, Stephen Matthews) ‘Prolegomena to a typology of tough movement’. In William Croft, Keith Denning, and Suzanne Kemmer, eds.: Studies in Typology and Diachrony for Joseph H. Greenberg (Typological Studies in Language 20), 43–58. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

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‘Word order in the Germanic languages—subject–verb or verb-second?: Evidence from aphasia in Scandinavian languages’. In Lise Menn and Loraine K. Obler, eds.: Agrammatic Aphasia: A Cross-Language Narrative Sourcebook, volume 2, 1357–1364. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


‘Comment: Yiddish is Slavic?’. [Comment on Paul Wexler: ‘Yiddish—the fifteenth Slavic language. A study of partial language shift from Judeo-Sorbian to Yiddish’.] In Joshua A. Fishman, ed.: Yiddish—the Fifteenth Slavic Language (= International Journal of the Sociology of Language 91), 151–156. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

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‘Holistic versus partial typologies’. In Werner Bahner, Joachim Schildt, and Dieter Viehweger, eds.: Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Congress of Linguists, volume 1, 139–148. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. [also appeared in Vorabdruck der Plenarvorträge/ Preprints of the plenary session papers: XIV. Internationaler Linguistenkongress unter der Schirmherrschaft des CIPL/XIVth International Congress of Linguists Organized Under the Auspices of CIPL, Berlin 10.-15. August 1987, 213–232. Berlin, 1987: Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR.]

‘How much pragmatics and how much grammar: the case of Haruai’. In Jef Verschueren, ed.: Pragmatics at Issue, 81–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(Bernard Comrie, Mushira Eid) ‘Introduction’. In Bernard Comrie and Mushira Eid, eds.: Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics III (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 80), viii–xii. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Modality Without Modals’. In Piotr Kakietek, ed.: Problems in the Modality of Natural Language (Studies and Monographs 153), 29–33. Opole, Poland: The Pedagogical University of Opole.

‘On Haruai vowels’. In Andrew Pawley, ed.: Man and a Half: Essays in Pacific Anthropology in Honour of Ralph Bulmer, 393–397. Auckland: The Polynesian Society.

‘On so-called Raising in Russian’. In Maciej Grochowski and Daniel Weiss, eds.: Words are Physicians for an Ailing Mind (Sagners Slavistische Sammlung 17), 121–128. München: Otto Sagner.

‘On the importance of Arabic to general linguistic theory’. In Bernard Comrie and Mushira Eid, eds.: Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics III (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 80), 3–30. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘The syntactic typology of Harway (Wiyaw), a language of the New Guinea Highlands’. In B. Lakshmi Bai and B. Ramakrishna Reddy, eds.: Studies in Dravidian and General Linguistics: A Festschrift for Bh. Krishnamurti (Osmania University Publications in Linguistics 6), 427–436. Hyderabad: Osmania University.

‘Towards a history of Arabic Maltese’. In Alan S. Kaye, ed.: Semitic Studies in Honor of Wolf Leslau, volume 1, 234–244. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.


‘Altaic languages’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume I, 48–51. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Balto-Slavonic’. In Jadranka Gvozdanović, ed.: Indo-European Numerals (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs 57), 717–833. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Before complexity’. In John A. Hawkins and Murray Gell-Mann, eds.: The Evolution of Human Languages (Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity 11), 193–211. Redwood City, CA: Addison-Wesley.

‘Causative’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume I, 231–233. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Focus in Yukaghir’. In Howard I. Aronson, ed.: The Non-Slavic Languages of the USSR (Linguistic Studies, New Series), 55–69. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

‘Languages of the World’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume II, 305–310. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Quelques remarques sur les pronoms réfléchis en galicien’. In Wiesław Banys, Leszek Bednarczuk, Krzysztof Bogacki, eds.: Études de linguistique romane et slave (Studies dedicated to Stanisław Karolak on his 60th birthday), 105–109. Cracovie: Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna w Krakowie.

‘The recognition of the Piawi language family’. In Tom Dutton, Malcolm Ross, and Darrell Tryon, eds.: The Language Game: Papers in Memory of Donald C. Laycock (Pacific Linguistics C-100), 111–113. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University.

‘Siberian languages’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume III, 428–431. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Slavic languages’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume III, 452–455. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Turkic languages’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume IV, 187–188. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Ukrainian’. In William Bright, ed.: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, volume IV, 204–205. New York: Oxford University Press.

(Bernard Comrie, Uli Frauenfelder) ‘The verbal complex in Gurinerdeutsch’. Linguistics 30: 1031–1064.


‘Argument structure’. In Joachim Jacobs, Arnim von Stechow, Wolfgang Sternefeld, Theo Vennemann, eds.: Syntax: Ein internationales Handbuch zeitgenössischer Forschung/An International Handbook of Contemporary Research, 1. Halbband/Volume 1, 905–914. Berlin–New York: Walter de Gruyter.

(B. Comrie, W. Croft, C. Lehmann, D. Zaefferer) ‘A framework for descriptive grammars’. In André Crochetière, Jean-Claude Boulanger, Conrad Ouellon, eds.: Actes du XVe Congrès International des Linguistes/Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of Linguists, 159–170. Sainte-Foy: Les Presses de l’Université Laval.

‘La famiglia linguistica indoeuropea: prospettive genetiche e tipologiche’ [‘The Indo-European language family: genetic and typological perspectives’]. In Anna Giacalone Ramat and Paolo Ramat, eds.: Le lingue indoeuropee, 95–121. Bologna: Il Mulino. [2nd ed. 1994.] Reprinted in Enrico Campanile, Bernard Comrie, Calvert Watkins (eds.), Introduzione alla lingua e alla cultura degli Indoeuropei [Introduction to the Language and Culture of the Indo-Europeans], 99–129, Bologna, 2005: Il Mulino. English translation: ‘The Indo-European language family: genetic and typological perspectives’. In Anna Giacalone Ramat and Paolo Ramat, eds.: The Indo-European Languages, 74–97. London: Routledge, 1998.]

(Bernard Comrie, Greville G. Corbett) ‘Introduction’. In Bernard Comrie and Greville G. Corbett, eds.: The Slavonic Languages, 1–19. London: Routledge.

‘Language universals and linguistic typology: data-bases and explanations’. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 46: 3–14.

‘The phonology of heads in Haruai’. In Greville G. Corbett, Norman M. Fraser, and Scott McGlashan, eds.: Heads in Grammatical Theory, 36–43. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Some remarks on causatives and transitivity in Haruai’. In Bernard Comrie and Maria Polinsky, eds.: Causatives and Transitivity (Studies in Language Companion Series 23), 315–325. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Towards a general theory of tense’. In B. Lakshmi Bai and Aditi Mukherjee, eds.: Tense and Aspect in Indian Languages, 1–18. Hyderabad: Centre of Advanced Study in Linguistics, Osmania University and Booklinks Corporation.

‘Typology and reconstruction’. In Charles Jones, ed.: Historical Linguistics: Problems and Perspectives, 74–97. London: Longman.


‘Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages’. In R.E. Asher, ed.: The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 553–554. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

‘Coreference: between grammar and discourse’. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting, Kansai Linguistic Society, 1–10. Osaka: Kansai Linguistic Society.

‘An evaluation of Chukchee orthography’. In Howard I. Aronson, ed.: NSL.7 (Studies in the Non-Slavic Languages of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic Republics), 55–64. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

‘Gengo ruikeiron nyuumon’ [‘Introduction to language typology’]. 2 parts. Gengo 23.9: 78–85 and Gengo 23.10: 82–89. [Translation based on transcript of lectures.]

‘The languages of Northern Asia and Eastern Europe’. In Christopher Moseley and R.E. Asher, eds.: Atlas of the World’s Languages, 221–244 (incl. maps 58–65). London: Routledge. [Second edition, pp. 229–256. London, 2007: Routledge.]

‘Tense’. In R.E. Asher, ed.: The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 4558–4563. Oxford: Pergamon Press. [Reprinted in J.L. Mey and R.E. Asher, eds.: Concise Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, 994– 999, Oxford, 1998: Pergamon Press; and in K. Brown and J. Miller, eds.: Concise Encyclopedia of Grammatical Categories, 363–368, Oxford, 1999: Pergamon Press.]

‘Was Proto-Indo-European ergative?’ Bulletin of the Language Institute of Gakushuin University 17: 3–14.

‘Word order and word order change in Sino-Tibetan: Comments on the papers by James A. Matisoff, Randy J. LaPolla, Charles Li, and Masayuki Nakagawa’. In Hajime Kitamura, Tatso Nishida, and Yasuhiko Nagano, eds.: Current Issues in Sino-Tibetan Linguistics, 114–123. Osaka: The Organizing Committee of the 26th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics.


(Bernard Comrie, Kaoru Horie) ‘Complement clauses versus relative clauses: some Khmer evidence’. In Werner Abraham, T. Givón, Sandra A. Thompson, eds.: Discourse Grammar and Typology: Papers in Honor of John W.M. Verhaar (Studies in Language Companion Series 27), 65–75. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Focus in Malayalam: Synchrony and diachrony’. Journal of Asian and African Studies 48–49: 577–603.

‘La forma inversa: contribución de las lenguas indígenas americanas a la tipología lingüística’ [‘The inverse form: a contribution of indigenous languages of America to linguistic typology’]. In Ramón Arzápalo and Yolanda Lastra, eds.: Vitalidad e influencia de las lenguas indígenas en Latinoamérica, 15–28. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas.

‘German Perfekt and Präteritum: speculations on meaning and interpretation’. In F.R. Palmer, ed.: Grammar and meaning: essays in honour of Sir John Lyons, 148–161. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[Electronic publication] ‘Language’. In Encarta Encyclopedia 1996. Redmond, WA: Microsoft.

‘Natural and artificial international languages: a typologist’s assessment’. In Seykyey e uy philyosengkwa hankul uy sisacem [The need for a universal language and methods of its creation as suggested by hangul], 44–66 (Korean translation, 67–80). Seoul: Sejong University. [Symposium preprint. Formal publication in 1996.]

‘The Paleo-Klingon numeral system’. HolQeD 4.4: 6–10.

‘Serial verbs in Haruai (Papua New Guinea) and their theoretical implications’. In Janine Bouscaren, Jean-Jacques Franckel, Stéphane Robert, eds.: Langues et langage: Problèmes et raisonnement en linguistique, mélanges offerts à Antoine Culioli, 25–37. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

‘Tense and aspect’. In Joachim Jacobs, Arnim von Stechow, Wolfgang Sternefeld, Theo Vennemann, eds.: Syntax: An International Handbook of Contemporary Research, volume 2, 1244–1252. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

‘Typology’. In Jef Verschueren, Jan-Ola Östman, Jan Blommaert, eds.: Handbook of pragmatics: Manual, 551–553. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.


‘Adaptations of the Cyrillic Alphabet’. In Peter Daniels and William Bright, eds.: The World’s Writing Systems, 700–726. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Language contact in northeastern Siberia (Chukotka and Kamchatka)’. In Ernst Håkon Jahr and Ingvild Broch, eds.: Language Contact in the Arctic: Northern Pidgins and Contact Languages, 33–45. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Languages of Eastern and Southern Europe’. In Peter Daniels and William Bright, eds.: The World’s Writing Systems, 663–689. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Markedness’. In Jef Verschueren, Jan-Ola Östman, Jan Blommaert, and Chris Bulcaen, eds.: Handbook of Pragmatics 1996, 1–13. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Natural and artificial international languages: a typologist’s assessment’. Journal of Universal Language 1: 35–55. [See 1995 for preprint including Korean translation.]

‘Script Reform in and after the Soviet Union’. In Peter Daniels and William Bright, eds.: The World’s Writing Systems, 781–784. New York: Oxford University Press.

‘Some thoughts on being minimal’. In Robin Sackmann, ed.: Theoretical Linguistics and Grammatical Description: Papers in Honour of Hans-Heinrich Lieb on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 138), 77–87. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Sprache und Sprachen: Universalien und Typologie’. In Ewald Lang and Gisela Zifonun, eds.: Deutsch—typologisch, 16–30. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Tipologija padežnogo markirovanija predikativnych imen’ [‘Typology of case-markers of predicative substantives’]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 9: Filologija 3: 107–116. [English version appeared 1997 as ‘The typology of predicate case marking’.]

‘The unity of noun-modifying clauses in Asian languages’. In Pan-Asiatic Linguistics: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Languages and Linguistics, January 8–10, 1996, 1077–1088. Salaya, Thailand: Institute of Language and Culture for Rural Development, Mahidol University at Salaya.


‘Cross-linguistic typological variation, grammatical relations, and the Chinese language’. In Chiu-yu Tseng, ed.: Chinese Languages and Linguistics IV: Typological Studies of Languages in China (Symposium Series of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 2), 21–49. Taipei.

‘Formal approaches to Slavic linguistics: achievements and limitations’. In Wayles Browne, Ewa Dornisch, Natasha Kondrashova, Draga Zec, eds.: Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics 4 (1995) (Michigan Slavic Materials 39), 165–182. Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Studies.

[Electronic publication] ‘Language diversity’. In Geoffrey Nunberg and Thomas Wasow, eds.: The Field of Linguistics. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America.

‘Obščaja teorija glagol´nogo vida’ [‘General theory of verbal aspect’]. In M.Ju. Čertkova, ed.: Trudy aspektologičeskogo seminara Filologičeskogo fakul´teta MGU im. M.V. Lomonosova, volume 1, 115–121. Moscow: Izd-vo Moskovskogo universiteta.

‘On the origin of the Basic Variety’. Second Language Research 13: 367–373.

‘Slogovaja struktura i fonologičeskie čeredovanija v cezskom jazyke (na materiale cebarinskogo govora)’ [‘Syllable structure and phonological alternations in Tsez (Cebari dialect)’]. In Dagestanskij lingvističeskij sbornik 4 (Pamjati Georgija Andreeviča Klimova), 63–65. Moscow: Academia.

‘Some problems in the theory and typology of numeral systems’. In B. Palek, ed.: Proceedings of LP’96, 41–56. Prague: Charles University Press.

‘Tatar (Volga Tatar, Kazan Tatar) phonology’. In Alan S. Kaye, ed.: Phonologies of Asia and Africa, 899–911. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.

‘Tough movement and its analogs in Germanic languages’. In Stig Eliasson and Ernst Håkon Jahr, eds.: Language and its Ecology: Essays in Memory of Einar Haugen, 303– 321. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Turkic languages and linguistic typology’. Turkic Languages 1: 14–24.

‘Turkish phonology’. In Alan S. Kaye, ed.: Phonologies of Asia and Africa, 883–898. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.

‘The typology of predicate case marking’. In Joan Bybee, John Haiman, and Sandra A. Thompson, eds.: Essays on Language Function and Language Type, 39–50. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. [Russian version appeared 1996 as ‘Tipologija padežnogo markirovanija predikativnych imen’.]

‘Typology of Siberian languages’. In Kazuto Matsumura and Tooru Hayasi, eds.: The Dative and Related Phenomena, 255–284. Tokyo: Hituzi Syobo.

‘Uyghur phonology’. In Alan S. Kaye, ed.: Phonologies of Asia and Africa, 913–925. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.


‘Algunas observaciones sobre el origen de las lenguas criollas’ [‘Some observations on the origin of creole languages’]. In Zarina Estrada Fernández, Max Figueroa Esteva, Gerardo López Cruz, Andrés Acosta Félix, eds.: Cuarto Encuentro International de Lingüística en el Noroeste, Tomo I: Lenguas Indígenas, 17–33. Hermosillo, Sonora: Editorial Unison.

‘Attributive clauses in Asian languages: Towards an areal typology’. In Winfried Boeder, Christoph Schroeder, Karl Heinz Wagner, and Wolfgang Wildgen, eds.: Sprache in Raum und Zeit, In memoriam Johannes Bechert, Band 2: Beiträge zur empirischen Sprachwissenschaft, 51–60. Tübingen: Gunter Narr.

‘Ein Strukturrahmen für deskriptive Grammatiken: allgemeine Bemerkungen’ [‘A structural framework for descriptive grammars: general observations’]. In Dietmar Zaefferer, ed.: Deskriptive Grammatik und allgemeiner Sprachvergleich (Linguistische Arbeiten 383), 7–16. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘The great Daghestanian case hoax’. In Anna Siewierska and Jae Jung Song, eds.: Case, Typology and Grammar: In Honor of Barry J. Blake (Typological Studies in Language 38), 95–114. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Perspectives on grammaticalization’. In Toshio Ohori, ed.: Studies in Japanese Grammaticalization: Cognitive and Discourse Perspectives, 7–24. Tokyo: Kurosio Publishers.

‘Reference-tracking: description and explanation’. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF) 51: 335–346. [Spanish version appeared 1998 as ‘Seguimiento referencial: descripción y explicación’.]

‘Regular sound correspondences and long-distance genetic comparison’. In Joseph C. Salmons and Brian D. Joseph, eds.: Nostratic: Sifting the Evidence, 271–276. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Rethinking the typology of relative clauses’. Language Design 1: 59–86.

‘Seguimiento referencial: descripción y explicación’ [‘Reference tracking: description and explanation’]. In Juan de Dios Luque Durán and Antonio Pamies Bertrán, eds.: Estudios de Tipología Lingüística, 37–54. Granada: Granada Lingvistica. [English version appeared 1998 as ‘Reference-tracking: description and explanation’.]

‘South Asian languages and linguistic typology’. In Rajendra Singh, ed.: The Yearbook of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 237–246. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

‘Switch reference in Haruai: grammar and discourse’. In Marc Janse, ed.: Productivity and Creativity: Studies in General and Descriptive Linguistics in Honor of E.M. Uhlenbeck (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 116), 421–432. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Translatability and universals revisited’. In Leonid Kulikov and Heinz Vater, eds.: Typology of Verbal Categories: Papers Presented to Vladimir Nedjalkov on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday (Linguistische Arbeiten 382), 283–286 Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.


(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Agreement in Tsez’. In Greville G. Corbett, ed.: Agreement (= Folia Linguistica 33.2), 109–130. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Form and function in syntax: relative clauses in Tsez’. In Michael Darnell, Edith Moravcsik, Frederick Newmeyer, Michael Noonan, and Kathleen Wheatley, eds.: Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistics, volume II: Case Studies, 77–92. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Gender affixes in Tsez’. In Sheila Embleton, John E. Joseph and Hans-Josef Niederehe, eds.: The Emergence of the Modern Language Sciences: Studies on the Transition from Historical-Comparative to Structural Linguistics in Honour of E.F.K. Koerner, volume II: Methodological Perspectives and Applications, 279–288. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Gender in historical perspective: radial categories meet language change’. In Carol F. Justus and Edgar C. Polomé, eds.: Language Change and Typological Variation: In Honor of Winfred P. Lehmann on the Occasion of His 83rd Birthday, volume II: Grammatical Universals and Typology (Journal of Indo-European Studies, Monograph 31), 566–589. Washington DC: Institute for the Study of Man.

‘Grammatical gender systems: a linguist’s assessment’. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 28: 457–466.

‘Haruai numerals and their implications for the history and typology of numeral systems’. In Jadranka GvozdanoviD, ed.: Numeral Types and Changes Worldwide (Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs 118), 95–111. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Nostratic language and culture: some methodological reflections’. In Colin Renfrew and Daniel Nettle, eds.: Nostratic: Examining a Linguistic Macrofamily, 243–255. Cambridge: The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Possessor raising in a language that does not have any’. In Doris L. Payne and Emmanuel Barshi, eds.: External Possession, 523–542. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Reflexivity in Tsez’. In Ekaterina V. Rakhilina and Yakov G. Testelets, eds.: Typology and Linguistic Theory: From Description to Explanation, for the 60th Birthday of Aleksandr E. Kibrik, 319–339. Moscow: Jazyki russkoj kul´tury.

‘Relative clauses: structure and typology on the periphery of standard English’. In Peter Collins and David Lee, eds.: The Clause in English: In Honour of Rodney Huddleston (Studies in Language Companion Series 45), 81–91. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Some observations on class categorization in Tsez’. In Helma van den Berg, ed.: Studies in Caucasian Linguistics: Selected Papers of the Eighth Caucasian Colloquium, 125–139. Leiden: Research School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies (CNWS), Universiteit Leiden.

‘Sowjetische und russische Sprachenpolitik’ [‘Soviet and Russian Language Policy’]. In Helmut Jachnow, ed.: Handbuch der sprachwissenschaftlichen Russistik und ihrer Grenzdisziplinen, 817–842. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

‘Spatial cases in Daghestanian languages’. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 52: 108–117.

‘Typology’. In Robert A. Wilson and Frank C. Keil, eds.: The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences, 852–853. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


‘Evidentials: semantics and history’. In Lars Johanson and Bo Utas, eds.: Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian and Neighbouring Languages, 1–12. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘From potential to realization: an episode in the origin of language’. In Jacques Arends, ed.: Creoles, Pidgins, and Sundry Languages: Essays in Honor of Pieter Seuren. (= Linguistics 38.5), 989–1004. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. [Also appeared, with slight modifications under the title ‘From potential to realisation: an episode in the origin of language’. In Jürgen Trabant and Sean Ward, eds.: New Essays on the Origin of Language, 103–117. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.]

(with Kaoru Horie) ‘Introduction’. In Kaoru Horie, ed.: Complementation: Cognitive and functional perspectives, 1–10. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Language and prehistory: towards a multidisciplinary approach’. In V.V. Bykonja, E.G. Kotorova, O.A. Osipova, eds.: XXII Dul´zonovskie čtenija: Sravnitel´no-istoričeskoe i tipologičeskoe izučenie jazykov i kul´tur; prepodavanie nacional´nyx jazykov, čast´ II, 40–46. Tomsk: Tomskij gosudarstvennyj pedagogičeskij institut.

‘Language contact, lexical borrowing, and semantic fields’. In Dicky Gilbers, John Nerbonne and Jos Schaeken, eds.: Languages in Contact (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics 28), 73–86. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

‘Pragmatic binding: demonstratives as anaphors in Dutch’. In Matthew L. Juge and Jeri L. Moxley, eds.: Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 50–61. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.

‘Time in language’. Fremdsprachen Frühbeginn 6/2000: 10–12.
[German version appeared 2000 as ‘Zeit und Sprache’.]

‘Time depth in historical linguistics’. In Colin Renfrew, April McMahon, Larry Trask, eds.: Time Depth in Historical Linguistics, 33–43. Cambridge: The McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

‘Tsez as an intransitive language: as aspect of the structure of the Tsez verbal lexicon’. In

L.L. Iomdin and L.P. Krysin, eds.: Slovo v tekste i v slovare: Sbornik statej k semidesjatiletiju akademika Ju.D. Apresjana, 312–316. Moscow: Jazyki russkoj kul´tury.

‘Valency-changing derivations in Tsez’. In R.M.W. Dixon and Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, eds.: Changing Valency: Case Studies in Transitivity, 360–374. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Zeit und Sprache’ [‘Time and language’]. Primar 25: 4–6. [English version appeared 2000 as ‘Time and language’.]


‘Different views of language typology’. In Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher, and Wolfgang Raible, eds.: Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook, volume 1, 24–39. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

‘General comments: Documenting and/or preserving endangered languages’. In Lectures on Endangered Languages: 2 — From Kyoto Conference 2000 (ELPR Publication series C002), 213–221. Kyoto: Endangered Languages of the Pacific Rim.

‘Genetic affiliations of the Yeniseian languages’. Eurasian Studies Yearbook 73: 161–162.

‘Haruai kin terms’. In Andrew Pawley, Malcolm Ross, and Darrell Tryon, eds.: The Boy from Bundaberg: Studies in Melanesian Linguistics in Honour of Tom Dutton, 89–95. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

‘How independent is Tsezic morphology?’ In: Mary Andronis, Christopher Ball, Heidi Elston, and Sylvain Neuvel, eds: The Panels (CLS 37-2), 367-383. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

‘Languages of the world’. In Mark Aronoff and Janie Rees-Miller, eds.: The Handbook of Linguistics, 19–42. Oxford: Blackwell.

‘“Love your enemies”: Affective constructions in two Daghestanian languages’. In István Kenesei and Robert M. Harnish, eds.: Perspectives on Semantics, Pragmatics, and Discourse: A Festschrift for Ferenc Kiefer, 59–72. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Saving languages’. Pathways 2: 36–41.

‘The Slavonic world’. Lingua e Stile 36: 431–442.

‘Theories of universal grammar in the late 20th century’. In Sylvain Auroux, E.F.K. Koerner, Hans-Josef Niederehe, Kees Versteegh, eds.: History of the Language Sciences: An International Handbook on the Evolution of the Study of Language from the Beginnings to the Present, volume 2, 1461–1467. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

‘Typology and the history of language’. In Walter Bisang, ed.: Aspects of Typology and Universals, 21–35. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

‘Vowel length and dialect variation in Tsez’. In Chris Schaner-Wolles, John Rennison, and Friedrich Neubarth, eds.: Naturally! Linguistic Studies in Honour of Wolfgang Ulrich Dressler Presented on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday, 81–86. Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier.


‘Farming dispersal in Europe and the spread of the Indo-European language family’. In Peter Bellwood and Colin Renfrew, eds.: Examining the Farming/Language Dispersal Hypothesis, 409–419. (McDonald Institute Monographs.) Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

‘Language key to puzzles of the past’. Language Magazine 1.10: 20–23.

‘Morphological alternations: Typology and diachrony’. In S. Bendjaballah, W.U. Dressler, O.E. Pfeiffer and M. Voeikova, eds.: Morphology 2000, 73–89. Amsterdam; John Benjamins.

‘Participles in Tsez: An emergent word class?’ In Joan L. Bybee and Michael Noonan, eds.: Complex Sentences in Grammar and Discourse: Essays in Honor of Sandra A. Thompson, 19–30. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Rethinking relative clause types: the Mediterranean area’. In Paolo Ramat and Thomas Stolz, eds.: Mediterranean Languages: Papers from the MEDTYP Workshop, Tirrenia, June 2000, 87–98. Bochum: Universitätsverlag Dr. N. Brockmeyer.

‘Supletivismo según la persona del receptor en el verbo “dar”’. In Rosa María Ortiz Ciscomani and Zarina Estrada Fernández, eds.: VI Encuentro Internacional de Lingüística en el Noroeste, tomo 2, 15–35. Hermosillo, Sonora: Editorial UniSon. [= Spanish version of Comrie 2003 ‘Recipient person suppletion ...’]

(Bernard Comrie, Gontzal Aldai) ‘Suppletion in the Old Basque verb “to give”: a typological perspective’. In Xabier Artiagoitia, Patxi Goenaga, and Joseba A. Lakarra, eds.: Erramu bonata: Festschrift for Rudolf P.G. de Rijk, 145–151. Bilbao/Bilbo: Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea.

‘Syoometu no kiki ni hinsita gengo no kiroku oyobi hozon’ [‘Documenting and/or preserving endangered languages’]. In Osahito Miyaoka and Maosamu Sakiyama, eds.: Syoometu no Kiki n Hinsita Sekai no Gengo [Endangered Languages in the World], 224–238. Tokyo: Akashi Shoten. [English version appeared 2007 as ‘Documenting and/or preserving endangered languages’.]

‘Typology and language acquisition: the case of relative clauses’. In Anna Giacalone Ramat, ed.: Typology and Second Language Acquisition, 19–37. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Verb stems and verb inflection in Bezhta’. In Wolfram Bublitz, Manfred von Roncador, and Heinz Vater, eds.: Philologie, Typologie und Sprachstructur/Philology, Typology and Language Structure: Festschrift für Winfried Boeder zum 65. Geburtstag/Festschrift for Winfried Boeder on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, 251–264. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.


(with Maria Polinsky) ‘Constraints on reflexivization in Tsez’. In Dee Ann Holisky and Kevin Tuite, eds.: Current Trends in Caucasian, East European and Inner Asian Linguistics: Papers in Honor of Howard I. Aronson, 265–289. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Language and prehistory: how linguists can cooperate with other sciences in uncovering prehistoric human population movements’. In Humanities: Essential Research for Europe, 19–32. Copenhagen: Danish Research Council for the Humanities.

‘Left, right, and the cardinal directions: some thoughts on consistency and usage’. In Erin Shay and Uwe Seibert, eds.: Motion, Direction and Location in Languages: In Honor of Zygmunt Frajzyngier, 51–58. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘A note on pharyngealization and umlaut in two Tsezic languages’. In Winfried Boeder, ed.: Kaukasische Sprachprobleme, 105–109. Oldenburg: Bibliotheks-und Informationssystem der Universität Oldenburg.

‘Numeral systems in the languages of Europe and North and Central Asia: preliminary results from the WALS (World Atlas of Linguistic Structures) database’. In Pirkko Suihkonen and Bernard Comrie, eds.: International Symposium on Deictic Systems and Quantification in Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia: Collection of Papers, 32–41. Izhevsk (Russia): Udmurt State University and Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

‘On explaining language universals’. In Michael Tomasello, ed.: The New Psychology of Language: Cognitive and Functional Approaches to Language Structure, Volume 2, 195–209. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

‘Recipient person suppletion in the verb “give”’. In Mary Ruth Wise, Thomas N. Headland, and Ruth M. Brend, eds.: Language and Life: Essays in Memory of Kenneth L. Pike, 265–281. Dallas: SIL International and The University of Texas at Arlington.

‘Reconstruction, typology and reality’. In Raymond Hickey, ed.: Motives for Language Change, 243–257. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‘Some thoughts on “give” in Austronesian and Papuan languages’. In Bambang Kaswanti Purwo, ed.: PELBBA 16, 1–22. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

‘Sprachtypologie’. [‘Linguistic typology’.] In Wilfried Seipel, ed.: Der Turmbau zu Babel: Ursprung und Vielfalt von Sprache und Schrift [The Tower of Babel: Origin and Diversity of Language and Script], Bd. II, 169–171. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien/Skira.

‘The verb-marking relative clause strategy, with special reference to Austronesian languages’. Linguistik Indonesia 21: 1–18.

‘When agreement gets trigger-happy’. Transactions of the Philological Society 101: 313– 337.

Yeniseic linguistics at the crossroads’. In Edward J. Vajda and D.S. Anderson, eds.: Studia Yeniseica in Honor of Heinrich Werner (=STUF 56.1/2), 8–11. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.


‘Analytische Tendenzen in den nichtindogermanischen Sprachen Europas’. In Uwe Hinrichs, ed.: Die europäischen Sprachen auf dem Wege zum analytischen Sprachtyp, 419–430. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

‘Imperatives and alignment typology in Tsezic languages: a typological investigation’. In A.P. Volodin, A.K. Ogloblin, A.L. Mal´c“ukov, S.Ju. Dmitrenko, eds.: Tipologic“eskie obosnovanija v grammatike. K 70-letiju professora V.S. Xrakovskogo, 224–231. Moscow: Znak.

‘Oblique-case subjects in Tsez’. In Peri Bhaskararao and Karumuri Venkata Subbarao, eds.: Non-nominative Subjects, Volume 1, 113–127. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘The search for the perfect numeral system, with particular reference to Southeast Asia’. Linguistik Indonesia 22: 137–145.

‘Suppletivizm po otnoéeniju k grammatic“eskomu licu recipienta pri glagole “dat´”’. In V.S. Xrakovskij, A.L. Mal´c“ukov, S.Ju. Dmitrenko, eds.: 40 let Sankt-Peterburgskoj tipologic“eskoj ékole, 191–213. Moscow: Znak. [= Russian version of Comrie 2003 ‘Recipient person suppletion ...’]

‘Tipología sintáctica: ¿hasta qué punto son exóticas las oraciones de relativo de las lenguas de tipo europeo?’ [‘Syntactic typology: Just how exotic ARE European-type relative clauses?’]. In Ricardo Mairal and Juana Gil, eds.: En torno a los universales lingüísticos [On Language Universals], 171–198. [Madrid]: Akal. [English version published 2006.]

‘West African logophorics and the typology of reference-tracking’. The Journal of West African Languages 30.2: 41–52.


‘Alignment of case marking’. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie, eds.: The World Atlas of Language Structures, 398–405. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

‘Creoles and complexity’. In James W. Minett and William S.-Y. Wang , eds.: Language Acquisition, Change and Emergence: Essays in Evolutionary Linguistics, 495–526. Kowloon: City University of Hong Kong Press.

‘Endangered numeral systems’. In Jan Wohlgemuth and Tyko Dirksmeyer (eds.): Bedrohte Vielfalt: Aspekte des Sprach(en)tods [Endangered Diversity: Aspects of Language Death], 203–230. Berlin: Weißensee Verlag.

(Bernard Comrie, Tania Kuteva) ‘The evolution of grammatical structures and “functional need” explanations’. In Maggie Tallerman, ed.: Language Origins: Perspectives on Evolution, 185–207. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

‘Grammatical gender and personification’. In Dorit Diskin Ravid and Hava Bat-Zeev Shyldkrot, eds.: Perspectives on Language and Language Development: Essays in Honor of Ruth A. Berman, 105–114. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

(Bernard Comrie, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Martin Haspelmath) ‘Introduction’. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie, eds.: The World Atlas of Language Structures, 1–8. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

‘Introduction to Caucasian’. Lingua 115.1-2 (Special issue Caucasian, ed. by Helma van den Berg): 1–4.

‘The languages of Siberia’. In Fèlix Martí, Paul Ortega, Itziar Idiazabal, Andoni Barreña, Patxi Juaristi, Carme Junyent, Belen Uranga, Estibaliz Amorrortu (eds.): Words and Worlds: World Languages Review, 120–121. [Bilbao:] UNESCO Etxea and Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

‘Numeral bases’. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie, eds.: The World Atlas of Language Structures, 530–533. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(Bernard Comrie, Tania Kuteva) ‘Relativization strategies’. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie, eds.: The World Atlas of Language Structures, 494–501. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

‘Sprachen, Gene und Vorgeschichte mit besonderer Berücksichtigung Europas’. In Günter Hauska, ed.: Gene, Sprachen und ihre Evolution: Wie verwandt sind die Menschen – wie verwandt sind ihre Sprachen?, 141–161. [Regensburg:] Universitätsverlag Regensburg.

‘La typologie des langues ouraliennes, comparées avec les autres grandes familles d’Eurasie septentrionale’ [‘Typology of the Uralic languages, in comparison with the other major language families of northern Eurasia’]. In M.M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest (ed.): Les langues ouraliennes aujourd’hui: Approche linguistique et cognitive / The Uralic Languages Today: A Linguistic and Cognitive Approach, 75–85. Paris: Librairie Honoré Champion.

(Tania Kuteva, Bernard Comrie) ‘The typology of relative clause formation in African languages’. In F.K. Erhard Voeltz (ed.): Studies in African Linguistic Typology, 209–228. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Writing systems’. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil, Bernard Comrie, eds.: The World Atlas of Language Structures, 568–571. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


(Bernard Comrie, Helma van den Berg) ‘Experiencer constructions in Daghestanian languages’. In Ina Bornkessel, Matthias Schlesewsky, Bernard Comrie, Angela D. Friederici (eds.): Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking: Theoretical, Typological, and Psycholinguistic Perspectives, 127–154. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

(Ina Bornkessel, Matthias Schlesewsky, Bernard Comrie, Angela D. Friederici) ‘Introduction’. In Ina Bornkessel, Matthias Schlesewsky, Bernard Comrie, Angela D. Friederici (eds.): Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking: Theoretical, Typological, and Psycholinguistic Perspectives, 1–13. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

‘Syntactic typology: just how exotic ARE European-type relative clauses?’ In Ricardo Mairal and Juana Gil (eds.): Linguistic Universals, 130–154. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Spanish version published 2004.]

‘Transitivity pairs, markedness, and diachronic stability’. Linguistics 44.2 (Special issue Operations on Argument Structure, ed. by Daniel Hole and Peter Siemund), 303–318. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


‘The acquisition of relative clauses in relation to language typology’. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 29: 301–309.

‘Areal typology and the World Atlas of Linguistic Structures’. In S. Tsohatzidis et al. (eds.): Studies in Greek Linguistics 27: In Memoriam A.-F. Christidis, 23–40. Thessaloniki: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Institute of Modern Greek Studies (INS).

‘Areal typology of mainland Southeast Asia: what we learn from the WALS maps’. In Pranee Kullavanijaya (ed.): Trends in Thai Linguistics (=Manusya, Special Issue 13), 18–47. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

‘Documenting and/or preserving endangered languages’. In Osahito Miyaoka, Osamu Sakiyama, and Michael E. Krauss (eds.): The Vanishing Languages of the Pacific Rim, 25–34. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Japanese version appeared 2002 as ‘Syoometu no kiki ni hinsita gengo no kiroku oyobi hozon’.]

(Bernard Comrie and Madzhid Sh. Khalilov) ‘Durativnye i iterativnye glagoly v dagestanskix jazykax’. [‘Durative and iterative verbs in Daghestanian languages’.] In G. G. Gamzatov (ed.): Nasledie kak sistema cennostej [Heritage as a System of Values], 531–541. Makhachkala: Institut jazyka, literatury i iskusstva im. Gamzata Cadasy Dagestanskogo nauchnogo centra Rossijskoj akademii nauk.

(Bernard Comrie and Maria Polinsky) ‘Evidentials in Tsez’. In Zlatka Guentschéva and Jon Landaburu (eds.): L’énonciation médiatisée II: le traitement épistémologique de l’information: illustrations amérindiennes et caucasiennes, 335–350. Louvain: Peeters. (Bernard Comrie, Sandra A. Thompson) ‘Lexical nominalization’. In Timothy Shopen, ed.: Language Typology and Syntactic Description,volume III: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon, 2nd ed., 334–381. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [Revised version of Comrie and Thompson 1985.]

‘Modeling the past: the linguistic approach’. In Winfried Henke and Ian Tattersall (eds.): Handbook of Paleoanthropology, Volume 1: Principles, Methods, and Approaches, 747–767. Berlin: Springer.

‘Quelques remarques sur les verbes bitransitifs’ [‘Some remarks on ditransitive verbs’]. In M.M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest (ed.): Combat pour les langues du monde/Fighting for the World’s Languages: Hommage à Claude Hagège, 115–125. (Grammaire et Cognition 4–5.) Paris: L’Harmattan.

‘Tsez (Dido) morphology’. In Alan S. Kaye (ed.): Morphologies of Asia and Africa, 1193–1204. Winona Lake IN: Eisenbrauns.

‘Turkish morphology’. In Alan S. Kaye (ed.): Morphologies of Asia and Africa, 1161– 1169. Winona Lake IN: Eisenbrauns.


‘The areal typology of Chinese: between North and Southeast Asia’. In Redouane Djamouri, Barbara Meisterernst, and Rint Sybesma (eds.): Chinese Linguistics in Leipzig, 1–21. (Collection des Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale, 12.) Paris: École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Centre de Recherches Linguistiques sur l’Asie Orientale.

‘Basque, Romance, and areal typology: what do we learn from the World Atlas of Language Structures?’. In Hans-Jörg Döhla, Raquel Montero Muñoz, and Francisco Báez de Aguilar González (eds.): Lenguas en diálogo: el iberorromance y su diversidad lingüística y literaria, ensayos en homenaje a Georg Bossong, 55–63. Madrid; Iberoamericana/Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert.

‘Inflectional morphology and language contact, with special reference to mixed languages’. In Peter Siemund and Noemi Kintana (eds.): Language Contact and Contact Languages, 15–32. (Hamburg Studies on Multilingualism 7.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Languages, genes, and prehistory, with special reference to Europe’. In Bernard Laks, Serge Cleuziou, Jean-Paul Demoule, and Pierre Encrevé (eds.): Origin and Evolution of Languages: Approaches, Models, Paradigms, 40–62. London: Equinox.

‘Linguistic diversity in the Caucasus’. Annual Review of Anthropology 37: 131–148.

‘Prenominal relative clauses in verb-object languages’. Language and Linguistics 9: 723–733.

(Robert Nicolaï, Bernard Comrie) ‘Presentation’. In Robert Nicolaï and Bernard Comrie (eds.): Language Contact and the Dynamics of Langauge: Theory and Implications (= Journal of Language Contact, THEMA series, Number 2), 1–5. On-line publication http://www.jlc-journal.org. Nice: Robert Nicolaï, Institut universitaire de France et Université de Nice Chaire “Dynamique du langage et contact des langues”.

‘Tipologija leksičeskix zaimstvovanij’. In A.P. Derevjanko, G.G. Gamzatov, A.B. Kudelin, V.I. Vasil´ev, I.X. Urilov (eds.): Gorizonty sovremennogo gumanitarnogo znanija: k 80-letiju akademika G. G. Gamzatova [Horizons of Contemporary Knowledge in the Humanities: On the 80th Birthday of Academician G.G. Gamzatov], 379–382. Moscow: Nauka–Sobranie.

‘Voice in Malay/Indonesian – an outsider’s perspective’. In Katharina Endriati Sukamto (ed.): Kelana Bahana Sang Bahasawan, Bagian 1 [A Linguist’s Epic Journey, Part 1], 281–295. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Atma Jaya.

‘What is a passive?’. In Zarina Estrada Fernández, Søren Wichmann, Claudine Chamoreau, and Albert Álvarez González (eds.): Studies in Voice and Transitivity, 1–18. Munich: Lincom Europa.


(Bernard Comrie, Madzhid Khalilov) ‘Bezhta vocabulary’. In: Martin Haspelmath and Uri Tadmor (eds.): World Loanword Database. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library, 1344 entries. http://wold.livingsources.org/vocabulary/15.

(Michael Cysouw, Bernard Comrie) ‘How varied typologically are the languages of Africa?’ In Rudolf Botha and Chris Knight (eds.): The Cradle of Language, 189–203. (Studies in the Evolution of Language 12.) Oxford: Oxford University Press.

‘Maltese and the World Atlas of Language Structures’. In Bernard Comrie, Ray Fabri, Elizabeth Hume, Manwel Mifsud, Thomas Stolz, and Martine Vanhove (eds.): Introducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18–20 October, 2007, 3–11. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(Bernard Comrie, Madzhid Khalilov) ‘Loanwords in Bezhta, a Nakh-Daghestanian language of the North Caucasus’. In Martin Haspelmath and Uri Tadmor (eds.): Loanwords in the World’s Languages: A Comparative Handbook, 414-429. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.


'The Dene-Yeniseian hypothesis: an introduction'. in James Kari and Ben A. Potter
(eds.): The Dene-Yeniseian Connection (= Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska, New Series, vol. 5 (1-2)), 25–32. Fairbanks: Department of Anthropology,
University of Alaska Fairbanks.

(Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath, Bernard Comrie) 'Ditransitive constructions: A typological overview'. In Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath, and Bernard Comrie (eds.): Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook, 1–64. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

(Bernard Comrie, Lucía A. Golluscio, Hebe González, Alejandra Vidal) 'El Chaco como
área lingüística' ['The Chaco as a linguistic area']. In Zarina Estrada Fernández and
Ramón Arzápalo Marín (eds.): Estudios de lenguas amerindias 2: contribuciones al
estudio de las lenguas originarias de América [Studies on Amerindian Languages 2:
Contribtuions ot the Study of the Original Languages of America
], 85–131. Hermosillo: Editorial Unison.

'Japanese and the other languages of the world'. NINJAL Project Review 1: 29-45.

(Bernard Comrie, Martin Haspelmath, Andrej Malchukov) 'Questionnaire on ditransitive constructions'. In Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath, and Bernard Comrie (eds.): Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook, 65–73. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

(Edward J. Vajda, Bernard Comrie) 'Una relación genealógica entre lenguas del Nuevo
Mundo y de Siberia' ['A genealogical relation between languages of the New World and Siberia']. In Rosa María Ortiz Ciscomani (ed.): Análisis lingüístico: enfoques sincrónico, diacrónico e interdisciplinario [Linguistic Analysis: Synchronic, Diachronic, and Interdiscplinary Approaches], 291–306. Hermosillo: Universidad de Sonora.

'The role of verbal morphology in establishing genealogical relations among languages'. In Lars Johanson and Martine Robbeets (eds.): Transeurasian Verbal Morphology in a Comparative Perspective: Genealogy, Contact, Chance, 21–31. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


‘Action nominals between verbs and nouns’. In Bernard Comrie, Giuliana Fiorentino (eds.): Nouns and Nominalizations Cross-Linguistically (= Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 23), 7–20. Ospedaletto (Pisa): Pacini Editore.

‘Creoles and language typology’. In Claire Lefebvre (ed.): Creoles, Their Substrates, and Language Typology [Typological Studies in Language 95], 599–611. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Exploiting the World Atlas of Language Structures’. In Setsuko Arita et al. (eds.): Studies in Language Sciences 10: Papers from the Tenth Annual Conference of the Japanese Society for Language Sciences, 3–15. Tokyo: Kurosio.

(Bernard Comrie, Giuliana Fiorentino) ‘Introduction’. In Bernard Comrie, Giuliana Fiorentino (eds.): Nouns and Nominalizations Cross-Linguistically (= Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica 23), 1–5. Ospedaletto (Pisa): Pacini Editore.

‘Linguistics and typology from the vantage point of different languages’. In Michail L. Kotin and Elizaveta G. Kotorova (eds.): Geschichte und Typologie der Sprachsysteme/History and Typology of Language Systems, 17–27. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.


(Bernard Comrie, Diana Forker, Zaira Khalilova) ‘Adverbial clauses in the Tsezic languages’. In Volker Gast and Holger Diessel (eds.): Clause Linkage in Cross-Linguistic Perspective: Data-Driven Approaches to Cross-Clausal Syntax [Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs 249], 157–190. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

(Tania Kuteva, Bernard Comrie) ‘The evolution of language and elaborateness of grammar: The case of relative clauses in creole languages’. In Bernard Comrie and Zarina Estrada-Fernández (eds.): Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview, 27–46. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(Bernard Comrie, Zarina Estrada-Fernández) ‘Introduction’. In Bernard Comrie and Zarina Estrada Fernández (eds.): Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview, ix–xiii. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Introduction’. In Pirkko Suihkonen, Bernard Comrie, and Valery Solovyev (eds.): Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, xiii–xv. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

(Bernard Comrie, Michael Cysouw) ‘New Guinea through the eyes of WALS’. Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 30: 65–94.

‘So how long have each known us anyway?’. In Thomas Graf, Denis Paperno, Anna Szabolczi, and Jos Tellings (eds.): Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan (=University of California Working Papers in Linguistics 17), 65–68.

‘Some argument-structure properties of “give” in languages of Europe and Northern and Central Asia’. In Pirkko Sihkonen, Bernard Comrie, and Valery Solovyev (eds.): Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, 17–35. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

‘Sorbian numerals: a typological approach’. In Hauke Bartels and Gunter Spiess (eds.): Sorbian in Typological Perspective (STUF 65.3), 267–279. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.


(Comrie, Bernard, Diana Forker, Zaira Khalilova) ‘Alignment typology, reflexives, and reciprocals in Tsezic languages’. In Chundra Cathcart, Shinae Kang, and Clare S. Sandy (eds.): Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 37.2: Special Session on Languages of the Caucasus, 32-51. eLanguage.

‘Human themes in Spanish ditransitive constructions’. In Dik Bakker and Martin Haspelmath (eds.): Languages Across Boundaries: Studies in Memory of Anna Siewierska, 37-52. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

Reviews, Etc.


Bivon, R.: Element Order (Cambridge, 1971). Journal of Linguistics 9: 157–162.

Harrison, W., Y. Clarkson and S. Le Fleming: Colloquial Russian (London, 1973). Slavonic and East European Review 51: 596–597.

Harrison, W. and S. Le Fleming: Russian-English and English-Russian Dictionary (London, 1973). Slavonic and East European Review 51: 597–598.


‘Russian studies: language’. In Price, G., ed.: The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies 35 (1973), 772–780. London: Modern Humanities Research Association.

Nedjalkov, V.P.: Kauzativnye konstrukcii v nemeckom jazyke: analitičeskij kauzativ [Causative Constructions in German: the Analyutical Causative] (Leningrad, 1971). Lingua 35: 88–96.

Oesterby, M., ed.: Slovar´ Akademii rossijskoj, VII: Dopolnitel´nyj tom [Dictionary of the Russian Academy, VII: Supplementary Volume] (Odense, 1971). Slavonic and East European Review 52: 311–312.

Restan, P.: Sintaksis voprositel´nogo predloženija: obščij vopros, glavnym obrazom na materiale sovremennogo russkogo jazyka [Syntax of the Interrogative Sentence: Yes–No Questions, Primarily on the Basis of Contemporary Russian] (Oslo, 1972). Slavonic and East European Review 52: 457–459.


‘Russian studies: language’. In Price, G., ed.: The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies 36 (1974), 823–832. London: Modern Humanities Research Association.

Anderson, John: An Essay Concerning Aspect: Some Considerations of a General Character Arising from the Abbé Darrigol’s Analysis of the Basque Verb (The Hague, 1973). Lingua 37: 89–92.

Jackendoff, Ray S.: Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar (Cambridge, Mass., 1972). Linguistics 160: 71–85.

Kortlandt, F.H.H.: Slavic Accentuation: A Study in Relative Chronology (Lisse, 1975). Slavonic and East European Review 53: 634–635.

Peters, Stanley, ed.: Goals of Linguistic Theory (Englewood Cliffs, 1972). Linguistics 150: 99–118.

Pettersson, Thore: On Russian Predicates: A Theory of Case and Aspect (Göteborg, 1972). Modern Language Review 70: 470–471.

Radovich, Natalino: Analisi insiemistica del lessico slavo-ecclesiastico antico [Set-Theoretical Analysis of the Old Church Slavonic Lexicon] (Padua, 1974). Slavonic and East European Review 53: 635–636.


‘Russian studies: language’. In Price, G., ed.: The Year's Work in Modern Language Studies 37 (1975), 806–815. London: Modern Humanities Research Association.

Girke, Wolfgang and Helmut Jachnow: Sowjetische Soziolinguistik: Probleme und Genese [Soviet Sociolinguistics: Problems and Genesis] (Kronberg/Taunus, 1974). Language in Society 5: 242–243.

Harman, Gilbert, ed.: On Noam Chomsky: Critical Essays (New York, 1974) and Hiorth, Finngeir: Noam Chomsky, Linguistics and Philosophy (Oslo, 1974). The Philosophical Quarterly 26: 187–189.

Klimov, G.A.: Očerk obščej teorii èrgativnosti [Outline of a General Theory of Ergativity] (Moscow, 1973). Lingua 39: 252–260.

Sadock, Jerrold M.: Toward a Linguistic Theory of Speech Acts (New York, 1974). The Philosophical Quarterly 26: 285–287.

Xolodovič, A.A., ed.: Tipologija kauzativnyx konstrukcij: morfologičeskij kauzativ [Typology of Causative Constructions: the Morphological Causative] (Leningrad, 1969). Language 52: 479–488.


Holenstein, Elmar: Roman Jakobson’s Approach to Language: Phenomenological Structuralism (Bloomington, 1976). Times Higher Education Supplement 313: 19.

Li, Charles N., ed.: Subject and topic (New York, 1976). Lingua 43: 91–98.

Tereščenko, N.M.: Sintaksis samodijskix jazykov: prostoe predloženie [Syntax of the Samoyedic Languages: the Simple Sentence] (Leningrad, 1973). Études Finno-Ougriennes 12 (1975): 282–284.


Cranmer, David J.: Derived Intransitivity: A Contrastive Analysis of Certain Reflexive Verbs in German, Russian and English (Tübingen, 1976). Language 54: 704–707.

Dixon, R.M.W.: A Grammar of Yidiny (Cambridge, 1977). Lingua 46: 281–293.

Dixon, R.M.W., ed.: Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages (Canberra, 1976).Lingua 45: 79–90.

Svedstedt, Dag: Position of Objective Personal Pronouns: A Study of Word Order in Modern Russian (Stockholm, 1976). Slavonic and East European Review 56: 151–152.


‘The languages of Micronesia: some recent grammatical and lexicographical studies’. Linguistics 17: 1057–1071.

Agesthialingom, S. and K. Kushalappa Gowda, eds.: Dravidian Case Systems (Annamalainagar, 1976). Linguistics 17: 182–184.

Blake, Barry J.: Case Marking in Australian Languages (Canberra, 1977). Talanya 6: 110–113.

Dik, Simon C.: Functional Grammar (Amsterdam, 1978). Studies in Language 3: 267–276.

Jacobson, Steven A.: A Grammatical Sketch of Siberian Yupik Eskimo, As Spoken on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska (Fairbanks, 1977). Language 55: 751.

Jansen, Frank, ed.: Studies on Fronting (Lisse, 1978). Language 55: 958–959

Jones, Morris and Alan R. Thomas: The Welsh Language: Studies in its Syntax and Semantics (Cardiff, 1977). Linguistics 17: 347–348.

Kalectaca, Milo: Lessons in Hopi (Tucson, 1978). Linguistics 17: 181–182.

Norman, Jerry: A Concise Manchu-English Lexicon (Seattle, 1978). Language 55: 750-751.

Sizova, I.A.: Stanovlenie germanskogo glagol´nogo slovoobrazovanija: na materiale gotskogo jazyka [Origin of Germanic Verbal Derivation: on the Basis of Gothic Material] (Moscow, 1978). Language 55: 959–960..

Thelin, Nils B.: Towards a Theory of Aspect, Tense, and Actionality in Slavic (Uppsala, 1978). Language 55: 962–963.

van Schooneveld, C.H.: Semantic Transmutations: Prolegomena to a Calculus of Meaning, volume 1: The Cardinal Semantic Structure of Prepositions, Cases, and Paratactic Conjunctions (Bloomington, 1978). Language 55: 486–487.

Yallop, Colin: Alyawarra: An Aboriginal Language of Central Australia (Canberra, 1977). Linguistics 17: 184–185.

Zinkiewicz-Tomanek, Bożena: Struktura słowotwórcza przymiotników motywowanych wrażeniem przyimkowym we współczesnym języku rosyjskim [Derivational Structure of Adjectives Motivated by a Prepositional Expression in Contemporary Russian] (Wrocław, 1978). Language 55: 746.


‘Comments on Simon C. Dik, Functional Grammar’. In Kac, Michael, ed.: Current Syntactic Theories: Discussion Papers from the 1979 Milwaukee Syntax Conference, 29–33. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Adelaar, W.F.H.: Tarma Quechua: Grammar, Texts, Dictionary (Lisse, 1977). Lingua50: 181–189.

Foreword to: Babby, Leonard H.: Existential Sentences and Negation in Russian, xi–xix. Ann Arbor: Karoma.

Binnick, Robert I.: Modern Mongolian: A Transformational Syntax (Toronto, 1979). Language 56: 233–234.

Greenberg, Joseph H., Charles A. Ferguson and Edith A. Moravcsik, eds.: Universals of Human Language, volume III: Word Structure (Stanford, 1978). Language 56: 834–838.

Guxman, M.M., E.A. Makaev and V.N. Jarceva, eds.: Istoriko-tipologičeskaja morfologija germanskix jazykov [Historical–Typological Morphology of the Germanic Languages] (3 vols, Moscow, 1977–1978). Language 56: 228–229.

Isaev, M.I.: O jazykax narodov SSSR [On the Languages of the Peoples of the USSR] (Moscow, 1978). Language 56: 232–233.

Seiler, Hansjakob, ed.: Language Universals: Papers from the Conference Held at Gummersbach/Cologne, Germany, October 3-8, 1976 (Tübingen, 1979). Kratylos 24: 12–15.

Shimomiya, Tadao: Zur Typologie des Georgischen (verglichen mit dem Indogermanischem), mit einem Exkurs zur Sprachbundtheorie [On the Typology of Georgian (compared with Indo-European), with an Excursus on Sprachbund Theory] (Tokyo, 1979). Language 56: 233.

Stegemann, Jelle: Aspekte der kontrastiven Syntax am Beispiel des Niederländischen und Deutschen [Aspects of Contrastive Syntax Illustrated from Dutch and German] (Berlin, 1979). Linguistics 18: 950–951.

Wunderlich, Dieter: Foundations of Linguistics (Cambridge, 1979). The Philosophical Quarterly 30: 282–283.


Haarmann, H.: Elemente einer Soziologie der kleinen Sprachen Europas, II: Studien zur Multilingualismusforschung und Ausbaukomparatistik [Elements of a Sociology of the Small Languages of Europe, volume II: Studies on Multilingualism Research and Language Development Comparison] (Hamburg, 1979). Language 57: 780.

Haarmann, H.: Quantitative Aspekte des Multilingualismus: Studien zur Gruppenmehrsprachigkeit ethnischer Minderheiten in der Sowjetunion [Quantitative Aspects of Multilingualism: Studies on Group Multilingualism of Ethnic Minorities in the Soviet Union] (Hamburg, 1979). Language 57: 511–512.

Haarmann, H.: Spracherhaltung und Sprachwechsel als Problem der interlingualen Soziolinguistik: Studien zur Mehrsprachigkeit der Zigeuner in der Sowjetunion [Language Retention and Language Shift as a Problem of Interlingual Sociolinguistics: Studies on the Multilingualism of Gypsies in the Soviet Union] (Hamburg, 1979). Language 57: 242.

Haarmann, H., ed.: Wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Beiträge zur Erforschung indogermanischer, finnisch-ugrischer und kaukasischer Sprachen bei Pallas [Scientific– Historical Contributions to the Investigation of Indo-European, Finno-Ugric, and Caucasian Languages in Pallas] (Hamburg, 1979). Language 57: 487–488.

Nawata, T.: Shughni (Tokyo, 1979). Language 57: 243..

Vannebo, K.I.: Tempus og tidsreferanse: tidsdeixis i norsk [Tense and Time Reference: Temporal Deixis in Norwegian] (Oslo, 1979). Language 57: 234–235.

Wixman, Ronald: Language Aspects of Ethnic Patterns and Processes in the North Caucasus (Chicago, 1980). American Anthropologist 83: 438.


Batori, I.: Russen und Finnougrier: Kontakt der Völker und Kontakt der Sprachen [Russians and Finno-Ugrians: Contact of Peoples and Contact of Languages] (Wiesbaden, 1980). Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen 45: 267–272.

Fennell, T.G. and H. Gelsen: A Grammar of Modern Latvian (3 vols, The Hague, 1980). Linguistics 20: 559–560.

Key, Mary Ritchie: Catherine the Great’s Linguistic Contribution (1980). Language 58: 240.

Leite, C.C. Pereira (Madre Olívia) and R.C.P. Silveira (coords.): A Gramática Portuguesa na Pesquisa e no Ensino [Portuguese Grammar in Research and Teaching] (1980). Language 58: 246–247.

Lloyd, A.A.: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity (Amsterdam, 1979). Colloquia Germanica 15: 134–135.

Mayerthaler, W.: Morphologische Natürlichkeit [Morphological Naturalness] (Wiesbaden, 1981). Linguistics 20: 666–667.

Newman, L.W., ed.: The Comprehensive Russian Grammar of A.A. Barsov (Columbus, Ohio, 1980). Language 58: 249.

Schenker, A.M. and E. Stankiewicz, eds.: The Slavic Literary Languages: Formation and Development (New Haven, 1980). Language Problems and Language Planning 6: 336–339.

Vet, Co: Temps, aspects et adverbes de temps en français moderne: essai de sémantique formelle [Tenses, Aspects, and Time Adverbs in Modern French: an Attempt at a Formal Semantics] (Geneva, 1979). Language 58: 245.

Wurm, Stephen A., ed.: New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study, volume 3: Language, Culture, Society, and the Modern World (Canberra, 1977). Australian Journal of Linguistics 2: 128–33.


Lichtenberk, Frantisek: A Grammar of Manam (Honolulu, 1983). Linguistics 21: 919–921.

Mallinson, Graham and Barry J. Blake: Language Typology: Cross-Linguistic Studies in Syntax (Amsterdam, 1981). Language 59: 908–911.

Steube, A.: Temporale Bedeutung im Deutschen [Temporal Meaning in German] (Berlin, 1980). Language 59: 696.

Vago, Robert M., ed.: Issues in Vowel Harmony (Amsterdam, 1980). Journal of Linguistics 20: 188–192.


Andersen, Paul Kent: Word Order Typology and Comparative Constructions (Amsterdam, 1984). Diachronica 1: 255–260.

Bílý, M.: Intrasentential Pronominalization and Functional Sentence Perspective (1981). Language 60: 670.

Borg, A.J.: A Study of Aspect in Maltese (Ann Arbor, 1981). Language 60: 462–463.

Corbett, G.G.: Hierarchies, Targets and Controllers: Agreement Patterns in Slavic (London, 1983). Journal of Linguistics 20: 413–414.

Ellis, C. Douglas: Spoken Cree (West Coast of James Bay) (Edmonton, 1983). Linguistics 22: 246–247.

Jacquot, André: Les Classes nominales dans les langues bantoues des groupes B.10, B.20, B.30 (Gabon-Congo) [Noun Classes in the Bantu Languages of Groups B.10, B.20, B.30 (Gabon-Congo)] (Paris, 1983). Linguistics 22: 142–143.

Jakobson, Roman: Russian and Slavic Grammar, Studies 1931–1981 (Berlin, 1984). Linguistics 22: 547–551.

Malotki, Ekkehart: Hopi Time: A Linguistic Analysis of the Temporal Concepts in the Hopi Language (Berlin, 1983). Australian Journal of Linguistics 4: 131–133.

Sgall, Petr, Eva Hajičova, and Eva Buranova: Aktuální členění věty v češtině [Functional Sentence Perspective of the Sentence in Czech] (Prague, 1980). Language 60: 670–1.

Tauli, Valter: Standard Estonian Grammar, part II: Syntax (Uppsala, 1983). Linguistics 22: 248.


Broch, Ingvild and Ernst Håkon Jahr: Russenorsk—et pidginspråk i Norge [Russenorsk: a Pidgin Language in Norway] (Oslo, 1984). Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift 1: 44–48.

Hajdú, P. and L. Honti, eds.: Studien zur phonologischen Beschreibung uralischer Sprachen [Studies on the Phonological Description of Uralic Languages] (Budapest, 1984). Language 61: 721.

Helimski, Eugene: The language of the first Selkup books (Szeged, 1983). Language 61: 722.

Nedjalkov, V.P., ed.: Tipologija rezul´tativnyx konstrukcij (rezul´tativ, stativ, passiv, perfekt) [Typology of Resultative Constructions (Resultative, Stative, Passive, Perfect)] (Leningrad, 1983). Language 61: 707–708.

Nawata, Tetsuo: Mazandarani (Tokyo, 1984). Language 61: 720–721.

Nawata, Tetsuo: Parachi (Tokyo, 1983). Language 61: 226–227.

Seiler, Hansjakob and Christian Lehmann, eds.: Apprehension: das sprachliche Erfassen von Gegenständen. Teil I: Bereich und Ordnung der Phänomene and Hansjakob Seiler and Franz Josef Stachowiak, eds.: Apprehension: das sprachliche Erfassen von Gegenständen. Teil II: Die Techniken und ihr Zusammenhang in Einzelsprachen [Apprehension: The Linguistic Understanding of Objects, Part I: Domain and Ordering of the Phenomena, Part II: The Techniques and Their Interrelationships in Individual Languages] (Tübingen, 1982). Studies in Language 9: 459–462.

Toba, Sueyoshi: Khaling (Tokyo, 1984). Language 61: 722–723.

Payne, R.M., ed.: Language in Tunisia (Tunis, 1983). Language 61: 733.

Versteegh, Kees: Pidginization and Creolization: The Case of Arabic (Amsterdam, 1984). Linguistics 23: 496–498.


‘Relational grammar: Whence, where, whither?’ Rev. of Perlmutter, David M., ed.: Studies in Relational Grammar I (Chicago, 1983) and Perlmutter, David M. and Carol G. Rosen, eds.: Studies in Relational Grammar II (Chicago, 1984). Linguistics 24: 773–89.

Abraham, Werner, ed.: The Formal Syntax of the Westgermania (Amsterdam, 1983). Studies in Language 10: 241–247.

Andersson, Sven-Gunnar and Sigmund Kvam: Satzverschränkung im heutigen Deutsch [Clause Boundary Crossing in Modern German] (Tübingen, 1984) and Sigmund Kvam: Linksverschachtelung im Deutschen und Norwegischen [Leftward Extraction in German and Norwegian] (Tübingen, 1983). Linguistics 24: 1133–1134.

Erguvanlı, Eser E.: The Function of Word Order in Turkish Grammar (Berkeley, 1984). Language 62: 221–222.

Finer, Daniel L.: The Formal Grammar of Switch-Reference (New York, 1985). Linguistics 24: 439–446.

Heath, Jeffrey: Nunggubuyu Myths and Ethnographic Texts (Canberra, 1980); Nunggubuyu Dictionary (Canberra, 1981); Functional Grammar of Nunggubuyu (Canberra, 1984). American Anthropologist 88: 191–192.

Klein-Andreu, Flora, ed.: Discourse Perspectives on Syntax (New York, 1983). Language 62: 163–166.

Lehmann, Christian: Der Relativsatz: Typologie seiner Strukturen, Theorie seiner Funktionen, Kompendium seiner Grammatik [The Relative Clause: Typology of its Structures, Theory of its Functions, Compendium of its Grammar] (Tübingen, 1984). Linguistics 24: 446–453.

Pusztay, János: Die Pur-Mundart des Waldjurakischen [The Pur Dialect of Forest Yurak] (Szeged, 1984). Language 62: 222–223.

Ramat, Paolo: Linguistica tipologica [Typological Linguistics] (Bologna, 1984), Linguistics 24: 822–824.

Suárez, Jorge A.: La lengua tlapaneca de Malinaltepec [The Tlapaneca Language of Malinaltepec] (Mexico, 1983). Language 62: 223–224.


Ambrazas, V. et al., Grammatika litovskogo jazyka [Grammar of the Lithuanian Language] (Vilnius, 1985). Language 63: 918.

Heine, Bernd and Ulrike Claudi: On the Rise of Grammatical Categories: Some Examples from Maa (Berlin, 1986). Language 63: 918–919.

Kreindler, Isabelle T., ed.: Sociolinguistic Perspectives on Soviet National Languages: Their Past, Present and Future (Berlin, 1985). Linguistics 25: 791–792.

Krishnamurti, B. and J.P.L. Gwynn: A Grammar of Modern Telugu (Delhi, 1985). Linguistics 25: 616–617.

Lightner, Theodore M.: Introduction to English Derivational Morphology (Amsterdam, 1983). Linguistics 25: 1180–1183.

Nagaraja, K.S.: Khasi: A Descriptive Analysis (Pune, 1985). Language 63: 440.

Sampson, Geoffrey: Writing Systems (London, 1985). Linguistics 25: 788–791.


Bruce, Les: The Alamblak Language of Papua New Guinea (East Sepik) (Canberra, 1984). Language and Linguistics in Melanesia 19: 129–134.

Foley, William A.: The Papuan Languages of New Guinea (Cambridge, 1986). Journalof Linguistics 24: 224–227.

Gordon, Lynn: Maricopa Morphology and Syntax (Berkeley, 1986). Linguistics 26: 159-160.

Lindstedt, Jouko: On the Semantics of Tense and Aspect in Bulgarian (1985). Lingua 74: 72–74.

Marchese, Lynell: Tense/Aspect and the Development of Auxiliaries in Kru Languages (Dallas, 1986). Language 64: 212–213.

Maslov, Yuriy S., ed.: Contrastive Studies in Verbal Aspect in Russian, English, French and German (Heidelberg, 1985). Linguistics 26: 160–162.

Natarajan, G.V.: Abujhmaria Grammar (1985). Language 64: 430.

Plank, Frans, ed.: Relational Typology (Berlin, 1985). Journal of Linguistics 24: 563–564.


Décsy, Gyula: A Select Catalog of Language Universals (Bloomington, IN, 1988). Diachronica 6: 137–139.

Dixon, R.M.W., ed.: Studies in Ergativity (Amsterdam, 1987). Linguistics 27: 364–368.

Ehrich, Veronika and Heinz Vater: Temporalsemantik: Beiträge zur Linguistik der Zeitreferenz [Temporal Semantics: Contributions to the Linguistics of Time Reference] (Tübingen, 1988). Language 65: 885–886.

Harris, Martin and Paolo Ramat, eds.: Historical Development of Auxiliaries (Berlin, 1987). Kratylos 34: 31–34.

Visser, L.E. and C.L. Voorhoeve: Sahu–Indonesian–English Dictionary and Sahu Grammar Sketch (Dordrecht, 1987). Lingua 79: 245–247.


Lehmann, Winfred P., ed.: Language Typology 1987: Systematic Balance in Language (Amsterdam, 1990). Diachronica 7: 273–276.

Michailovksky, Boyd: La langue hayu (Paris, 1988). Linguistics 27: 1094–1095.


Collis, Dirmid R.F., ed.: Arctic Languages: An Awakening (Paris, 1990). Language 67:624–627.

Edgar, John: A Masalit Grammar, With Notes on Other Languages of Darfur and Wadai (Berlin, 1989). Lingua 83: 87–88.

Eid, Mushira, ed.: Perspectives on Arabic linguistics I : papers from the first annual symposium on Arabic linguistics. (Amsterdam, 1990). Al-Arabiyya: journal of the American Association of Teachers of Arabic 24: 129–130.

Hagège, Claude: La langue palau: une curiosité typologique [The Palauan Language: A Typological Curiosity]. (Munich, 1986). Lingua 84: 62–64.

Harris, Alice C.: Diachronic Syntax: The Kartvelian Case (Orlando, 1985). Linguistics 29: 325–329.

Hovdhaugen, Even, Ingjerd Hoëm, Consulata Mahina Iosefo, Arnfinn Muruvik Vonen: A Handbook of the Tokelau Language (Oxford, 1989). Linguistics 29: 1180–1181.

Jacob, Judith M.: Introduction to Cambodian (Oxford, 1990). Language 67: 654.

Kaye, Alan S.: Nigerian Arabic–English Dictionary (Malibu, 1986). Lingua 83: 361–362.

Kulonen, Ulla-Maija: The Passive in Ob-Ugrian (Helsinki, 1989). Language 67: 186– 187.

McGregor, William: A Functional Grammar of Gooniyandi (Amsterdam, 1990). Linguistics 29: 749–750.

Postal, Paul M. and Brian D. Joseph, eds.: Studies in Relational Grammar 3 (Chicago, 1990). Linguistics 29: 1173–1179.

Ruhlen, Merrit: A Guide to the World’s Languages, volume 1: Classification (Stanford, 1987). Linguistics 29: 315–319.

Szemerényi, Oswald: Einführung in die vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft (Darmstadt, 1989). Language 67: 199–200.


‘Amazonian languages: some recent work’. Rev. of Derbyshire, Desmond C. and Geoffrey K. Pullum, eds., Handbook of Amazonian Languages, 3 volumes (Berlin, 1986, 1990, 1991). Linguistics 30: 399–407.

Kuhn, Wilfried: Untersuchungen zum Problem der seriellen Verben. Vorüberlegungen zu ihrer Grammatik und exemplarische Analyse des Vietnamesischen [Investigations on the Problem of Serial Verbs. Initial Considerations on Their Grammar and Illustrative Analysis of Vietnamese] (Tübingen, 1990). Linguistics 30: 412–413.


Cumming, Susanna: Functional Change: The Case of Malay Constituent Order (Berlin, 1991). Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift. 11: 87–88.

Dixon, R.M.W., comp. and ed.: Words of Our Country: Stories, Place Names and Vocabulary in Yidiny, the Aboriginal Language of the Cairns-Yarrabah Region (St Lucia, Queensland, 1991). Language 69: 198.

Dixon, R.M.W., W.S. Ramson and Mandy Thomas: Australian Aboriginal Words in English: Their Origin and Meaning (Melbourne, 1990). Language 69: 198–199.

Fanning, Buist M.: Verbal Aspect in New Testament Greek (Oxford, 1990). Linguistics 31: 1174–1178.

Fife, James: The Semantics of the Welsh Verb: A Cognitive Approach (Cardiff, 1990). Linguistics 31: 572–574.

Fujii, Noriko: Historical Discourse Analysis: Grammatical Subject in Japanese (Berlin, 1991). Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift. 11: 89–90.

Harris, Alice C., ed.: The Indigenous Languages of the Caucasus, volume 1: The Kartvelian Languages (Delmar, NY, 1991). Linguistics 31: 980–982.

Holzknecht, Susanne C.: The Markham languages of Papua New Guinea (Canberra, 1989). Oceanic linguistics 32.1: 183–186.

Lehmann, Winfred P. and Helen-Jo Jakusz Hewitt, eds.: Language Typology 1988: Typological Methods in Reconstruction (Amsterdam, 1991). Language 69: 210–211.

Osada, Toshiki: A Reference Grammar of Mundari (Tokyo, 1992). Linguistics 31: 1181– 1182.

Singler, John Victor, ed.: Pidgin and Creole Tense–Mood–Aspect Systems (Amsterdam, 1990). Language 69: 389–392.

Starostin, S.A.: Altajskaja problema i proisxoždenie japonskogo jazyka [The Altaic Problem and the Origin of the Japanese Language] (Moscow, 1991). Language 69: 828–832.

Wade, Terence: A Comprehensive Russian Grammar (Oxford, 1992). Language Quarterly 31: 121–124.


Donaldson, Bruce C.: A Grammar of Afrikaans (Berlin, 1993). Linguistics 32: 1109– 1113.

Jungmann, Paul and J.J.S. Weitenberg: A Reverse Analytical dictionary of Classical Armenian (Berlin, 1993). Linguistics 32: 366–367.

Milroy, James and Lesley Milroy, eds.: Real English: The Grammar of English Dialects in the British Isles (London, 1993). Linguistics 32: 356–360.

Rising, David P.: Switch Reference in Koasati Discourse (Dallas/Arlington, 1992). Language 70: 403–404.

Seiler, Hansjakob and Waldfried Premper, eds.: Partizipation: Das sprachliche Erfassen von Sachverhalten [Participation: The Linguistic Comprehension of Situations] (Tübingen, 1991). Kratylos 39: 22–26.

Thieroff, Rolf and Joachim Ballweg, eds.: Tense Systems in European Languages (Tübingen, 1994). Journal of Linguistics 30: 298–299.

Thomas, George: Linguistic Purism (London, 1992). Language 70: 844–866.


Aronson, Howard I., ed.: Non-Slavic Languages of the USSR: Papers from the Fourth Conference (Columbus, OH, 1994). Slavic and East European Journal 39: 652–654.

Asher, R.E. (Editor-in-chief) and J.M.Y. Simpson (Co-ordinating editor): The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (Oxford, 1994). Language 71: 146–150.

Axelrod, Melissa: The Semantics of Time: Aspectual Categorialization in Koyukon Athabaskan (Lincoln, NE, 1993). Language 71: 187–188.

Bergsland, Knut and Moses L. Dirks, eds.: Unangam ungiikangin kayux tunusangin / Unangam ungiikangis ama tunuzangis / Aleut tales and narratives (Fairbanks, 1990) and Bergsland, Knut: Aleut dictionary / Unangam tunudgusii: An unabridged lexicon of the Aleutian, Pribilof, and Commander Islands Aleut language (Fairbanks, 1994). Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift 13: 123–125.

Colarusso, John: A grammar of the Kabardian language (Calgary, 1992). Canadian journal of linguistics 40.3: 351–355.

Granberry, Julian: A Grammar and Dictionary of the Timucua Language (Tuscaloosa, AL, 1993). Language 71: 195–196.

Honti, László: Die Grundzahlwörter der uralischen Sprachen [The basic number words of the Uralic Languages] (Budapest, 1993). Language 71: 408–409. Jazyki mira: Ural´skie jazyki. [Languages of the world: Uralic languages.] (Moscow, 1993). Studies in Language 19: 573–575.

Johanson, Lars: Strukturelle Faktoren in türkischen Sprachkontakten [Structural Factors in Turkic Language Contacts] (Stuttgart, 1992). Rivista di Linguistica 7: 391–394. [Reprinted in Lars Johanson: Structural Factors in Turkic Language Contacts, vii–xii. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon.]

Kayser, Alois, MSC: Nauru Grammar (Yarralumla, Australia, 1993). Language 71: 411–412.

Michaelis, Susanne: Komplexe Syntax im Seychellen-Kreol [Complex Syntax in Seychelles Creole] (Tübingen, 1994). Language 71: 418–419.

O’Connor, Mary Catherine: Topics in Northern Pomo grammar (New York, 1992). Linguistics 33: 123–130.

Payne, Thomas Edward: The Twins Stories: Participant Coding in Yagua Narrative (Berkeley, 1992). Language 71: 208–209.

Plag, Ingo: Sentential Complementation in Sranan: On the Formation of an English-Based Creole Language (Tübingen, 1993). Language 71: 423–424.

Foreword to: Shibatani, Masayoshi and Theodora Bynon, eds.: Approaches to Language Typology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Zavala, Roberto: El kanjobal de San Miguel Acatán [The Kanjobal of San Miguel Acatán] (Mexico City, 1992). Language 71: 215–216.


de Reuse, William Joseph: Siberian Yupik Eskimo: The Language and Its Contacts with Chukchi (Salt Lake City, 1994). Anthropological Linguistics: 145–147.

Forward to: Dyer, Donald: Studies in Moldovan: The History, Culture, Language and Contemporary Politics of the People of Moldova (East European Monographs 454), vii–ix. Boulder: East European Monographs.

Fabri, Ray: Kongruenz und die Grammatik des Maltesischen [Agreement and the Grammar of Maltese] (Tübingen, 1993). Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 49: 190–191.

Gamble, Geoffrey, ed.: Yokuts Texts (Berlin, 1994). Linguistics 34: 187–188.

Gamkrelidze, Thomas V.: Alphabetic Writing and the Old Georgian Script: A Typology and Provenience of Alphabetic Writing Systems (Delmar, NY, 1994). Linguistics 34: 184–186.

Wichmann, Søren: The Relationship Among the Mixe-Zoquean Languages of Mexico (Salt Lake City, 1995). Linguistics 34: 864–867.


Agius, Dionisius A.: Siculo Arabic (London, 1996). Linguistics 35: 600–602.

Ambrazas, Vytautas, ed.: Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos gramatika [A Grammar of Modern Lithuanian] (Vilnius, 1994). Language 73: 207.

Dziwirek, Katarzyna: Polish Subjects (New York, 1994). Language 73: 210–211.

Pagliuca, William: Perspectives on Grammaticalization (Amsterdam, 1994). Diachronica 14: 163–166.

(with Maria Polinsky) van den Berg, Helma: A Grammar of Hunzib (with Texts and Lexicon) (Munich, 1995). Linguistics 35: 605–609.

van den Berg, René: Muna–English Dictionary (Leiden, 1996). Linguistics 35: 602–603.

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