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Articles in peer-reviewed journals


[31] Kaiser TM, Clauss M, Schulz-Kornas E, A set of hypotheses on tribology of mammalian herbivore teeth. Surface Topography: Metrology and Properties 4:014003. DOI: 10.1088/2051-672X/4/1/014003.


[30] Taylor LA, Müller DWH, Schwitzer C, Kaiser TM, Clauss M, Schulz-Kornas E, Comparative analyses of tooth wear in free-ranging and captive wild equids. Equine Veterinary Journal, DOI: 10.1111/evj.12408.

[29] Wronski T, Schulz-Kornas E, The Farasan Gazelle – a frugivorous browser in an arid environment? Mammalian Biology 80(2):87-95.

[28] Ulbricht A, Maul LC, Schulz E, Can mesowear analysis be applied to small mammals? A pilot-study on leporids and murines. Mammalian Biology 80(1):14-20.

[27] Müller J, Clauss M, Codron D, Schulz E, Hummel J, Fortelius M, Kircher P, Hatt JM, Tooth length and incisal growth and wear in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus) fed diets of different abrasiveness. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition DOI: 10.1111/jpn.12226.


[26] Müller J, Clauss M, Codron D, Schulz E, Hummel J, Fortelius M, Kircher P, Hatt JM, Growth and wear of incisor and cheek teeth in domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) fed diets of different abrasiveness. Journal of Experimental Zoology A. 327:283-298.

[25] Taylor LA, Müller DWH, Schwitzer C, Kaiser TM, Codron D, Schulz E, Clauss M, Tooth wear in captive rhinoceroses (Diceros, Rhinoceros, Ceratotherium: Perissodactyla) differs from that of free-ranging conspecifics. Contributions to Zoology 83(2):107-117.


[24] Taylor LA, Kaiser TM, Schwitzer C, Müller DWH, Codron D, Clauss M, Schulz E, Detecting inter-cusp and inter-tooth wear patterns in Rhinocerotids. PLoSOne 8(12): e80921.

[23] Rozzi R, Winkler DE, de Vos J, Schulz E, Palombo MR, The enigmatic bovid Dubosia santeng (Dubois, 1891) from the Early-Middle Pleistocene of Java: a multiproxy approach to its palaeoecology. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 337:73-85.

[22] Winkler DE, van der Hoek Ostende LW, Schulz E, Calandra I, Gailer JP, Landwehr C, Kaiser TM, Dietary divergence in space and time – Lessons from the dwarf-goat Myotragus balearicus (Plio-Holocene, Mallorca, Spain). Mammalian Biology 78:430-437.

[21] Schulz E, Calandra I, Kaiser TM, Feeding ecology and chewing mechanics in hoofed mammals: 3D tribology of enamel wear. Wear 300 (1-2):169-179.

[20] Winkler DE, Schulz E, Calandra I, Gailer JP, Landwehr C, Kaiser TM, Indications for a dietary change in the extinct Bovid genus Myotragus (Plio-Holocene, Mallorca, Spain). GeoBios 46:143-150.

[19] Schulz E, Piotrowski V, Clauss M, Merceron G, Kaiser TM, The effect of abrasive silica particles on tooth wear of Oryctolagus cuniculus (Lagomorpha). PLoS ONE 8(2):e56167.

[18] Schulz E, Fraas S, Kaiser TM, Cunningham P, Wronski T, Food preferences and tooth wear in the sand gazelle (Gazella marica). Mammalian Biology 78(1):55-62.

[17] Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Historical distribution, habitat requirements and feeding ecology of the genus Equus (Perissodactyla). Mammal Review 43(2):111-123.

[16] Kaiser TM, Müller DWH, Fortelius M, Schulz E, Codron D, Clauss M, Hypsodonty and tooth facet development in relation to diet and habitat in herbivorous ungulates: implications for understanding tooth wear. Mammal Review 43(1):34-46.


[15] Calandra I, Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Teasing apart the contribution of hard items on 3D dental microtextures in primates. Journal of Human Evolution 63:85-98.


[14] Schulz E, Calandra I, Kaiser TM, Applying tribology to teeth of hoofed mammals. Scanning. 31:1-21.

[13] Merceron G, Kaiser TM, Kostopulos DS, Schulz E, Ruminant diets and the Miocene extinction of European great apes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 277: 3105-3112.


[12] Rivals F, Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Late and middle Pleistocene ungulates dietary diversity in Western Europe: variations of Neanderthal paleoenvironments through time and space. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 3388-3400.

[11] Kaiser TM, Brasch J, Castell JC, Schulz E, Clauss M, Tooth wear in captive wild ruminant species differs from that of free-ranging conspecific. Mammalian Biology. 74(6): 425-437.

[10] Rivals F, Schulz E, Kaiser TM. A new application for dental wear analyses: estimation of duration of hominid occupations in archaeological localities. Journal of Human Evolution 56:329-339.

[9] Schulz E, Fahlke JM, The diet of Metaschizotherium bavaricum (Chalicotheriidae, Mammalia) from the MN 5 of Sandelzhausen (Germany) implied by the mesowear method. Proceedings of the Sandelzhausen Symposium 2005, (Mainburg, Bavaria, Germany). Paläontologische Zeitschrift 83 (1):175-181.


[8] Rivals F, Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Climate related niche segregation and resource partitioning of the ungulate faunas of the Middle Pleistocene succession (OIS 14-12) of the Caune de l’Arago cave (France). Paleobiology 34(1):155-164.


[7] Merceron G, Schulz E, Kordos L, Kaiser TM, Environment of Dryopithecus brancoi at Rudabánya, Hungary: evidence from dental meso- and microwear analyses of large herbivorous mammals. Journal of Human Evolution 53:331-349.

[6] Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Feeding strategy of the Urus Bos primigenius BOJANUS 1827 from the Holocene of Denmark. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 259:155-164.

[5] Schulz E, Fahlke JM, Merceron G, Kaiser TM, Feeding ecology of the Chalicotheriidae (Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Ancylopoda). Results from dental micro- and mesowear analyses. Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins zu Hamburg 43:5-32.

[4] Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Stubbe A, Stubbe M, Samjaa R, Batsajchan N, Wussow J, Comparative demography and dietary resource partitioning of two wild ranging Asiatic equid populations. Erforschung biologischer Resourcen der Mongolei, Halle/Saale 10:77-90.


[3] Kaiser TM, Schulz E, Tooth wear gradients in zebra as an environmental proxy – A pilot study. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 103:187-210.

[2] Kaiser TM, Ansorge J, Arratia G, Bullwinkel V, Gunnel G, Herendeen PS, Jacobs B, Mingram J, Msuya C, Musolf A, Naumann R, Schulz E, Wilde V, The maar lake of Mahenge (Tanzania) – unique evidence of Eocene terrestrial environments in Sub-Saharan Africa. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften 157(3):99-120.


[1] Kaiser TM, Alberti G, Bullwinkel V, Michalik P, Msuya C, Schulz E, Mahenge – Ein Fenster zum Mitteleozän Afrikas. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 56:540-546.

Book Chapters 


[2] Bernor RB, Armour-Chelu MJ, Gilbert H, Kaiser TM, Schulz E, Equidae, in: Sanders W, Werdelin L (eds.), Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. California University Press, Berkeley, California. 35: 685-721. 


[1] Kaiser TM, Uerpmann HP, Schulz E, The Diet of Neolithic Wild Asses (Equus africanus, Equinae, Perissodactyla) from BHS 18 (Sharjah, United Arab Emirates). in: The Natural Environment of Jebel al-Buhais: Past and Present, Series: The Archaeology of Jebel al-Buhais, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, in: Uerpmann HP, Uerpmann M, Abboud Jasim S (eds.), Department of Culture and Information Government of Sharjah United Arab Emirates, Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters Universität Tübingen and Kerns Verlag Tübingen, 2:33-142.

Other Publications


[1] Schulz E, Kaiser TM, Valentin J, Delto C, Optische 3D-Oberflächenanalyse – Das Vermessen von Mikrotexturen auf Säugetierzähnen und Rekonstruieren von Nahrung und Klima. BIOforum 1:20-21.