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Department of Primatology

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 200
fax: +49 (341) 3550 - 299


© C. Gomes

before 2006





Book chapters & monographs

* joint first author; ** joint senior author

Journal Articles (peer reviewed):


Hoppe, E., et al. (2015). Multiple cross-species transmission events of human adenoviruses (HAdV) during hominin evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution 10.1093/molbev/msv090.

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Weltring, A., Deschner, T. & Zuberbühler, K. (2015). Single aggressive interactions increase urinary glucocorticoid levels in wild male chimpanzees. PLoS One 10:e118695. [pdf]

Cheney, D.L., Crockford, C., Engh, A.L., Wittig, R.M. & Seyfarth, R.M. (2015) The costs of parental and mating efforts for male baboons. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 10.1007/s00265-014-1843-3 [pdf]

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M.* & Zuberbühler, K. (2014). An intentional vocalization draws others' attention: A playback experiment with wild chimpanzees. Animal Cognition doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0827-z [pdf]

Albrechtova, K., Papousek, I., De Nys, H., Pauly, M., Anoh, E., Mossoun, A., Dolejska, M., Masarikova, M., Metzger, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Akoua-Koffi, C., Wittig, R.M., Klimes, J., Cizek, A., Leendertz, F.H. & Literak, I. (2014). Low rates of antimicrobial-resistant enterobacteriaceae in wildlife in Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire, surrounded by villages with high prevalence of multiresistant ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in people and domestic animals. PLoS One 9:e113548. [pdf]

De Nys, H.M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Boesch, C., Dorny, P., Wittig, R.M.**, Mundry, R. & Leendertz, F.H. (2014) Malaraia parasite detection increases during pregnancy in wild chimpanzees. Malaria Journal 13:413 [pdf] [supplementary]

Wilson, M.L., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Furuichi, T., Gilby, I.C., Hashimoto, C., Hobaiter, C.L., Hohmann, G., Itoh, N., Koops, K., Lloyd, J.N., Matsuzawa, T., Mitani, J.C., Mjungu, D.C., Morgan, D., Muller, M.N., Mundry, R., Nakamura, M., Pruetz, J., Pusey, A.E., Riedel, J., Sanz, C., Schel, A.M., Simmons, N., Waller, M., Watts, D.P., White, F., Wittig, R.M., Zuberbühler, K. & Wrangham, R.W. (2014) Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts. Nature 513:414-417 [pdf]

Power, R., Salazar-Garcia, D.C., Wittig, R.M. & Henry, A.G. (2014) Assessing use and suitability of scanning electron microscopy in the analysis of micro remains in dental calculus. Journal of Archaeological Science 49:160-169 [pdf]

Langergraber, K.E., Rowney, C., Schubert, G., Crockford, C., Hobaiter, C., Wittig, R., Wrangham, R.W., Zuberbühler, K. & Vigilant, L. (2014) How old are chimpanzee communities? Time to the most recent common ancestor of the Y-chromosome in highly patrilocal societies. Journal of Human Evolution 69:1-7 [pdf]

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Langergraber, K.E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2014) Triadic social interactions operate across time: a field experiment with wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 281:20133155. [pdf] [supplementary]

Langergraber, K.E., Rowney, C., Crockford, C., Wittig, R., Zuberbühler, K. & Vigilant, L. (2014) Genetic analyses suggest no immigration of adult females and their offspring into the Sonso community of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. American Journal of Primatology. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Langergraber, K.E., Ziegler, T.E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2014) Food sharing is linked to urinary oxytocin levels and bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B 281:20133096. [pdf] [pdf supplementary]

Murthy, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Metzger, S., Nowak, K., De Nys, H., Boesch, C., Wittig, R.M., Jarvis, M.A., Leendertz, F.H. & Ehlers, B. (2013) Absence of frequent Herpesvirus transmission in non-human primate predator – prey system in the wild. Journal of Virology 87:10651-10659. [pdf]

De Nys, H., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Thiessen, U., Boesch, C., Wittig, R.M.**, Mundry, R. & Leendertz, F.H. (2013). Age-related effects on malaria parasite infection in wild chimpanzees. Biology Letters 9:20121160.  [pdf] [pdf supplement]

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M.*, Langergraber, K.E., Ziegler, T.E., Zuberbühler, K. & Deschner, T. (2013). Urinary oxytocin and social bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B. 280:20122765.  [pdf] [supplementary information]

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M.*, Mundry, R. & Zuberbühler, K. (2012). Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger. Current Biology 22:142-146. [pdf] [supplementary information]

Langergraber, K.E.,  Prüferc, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcette, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J.C. , Muller, M.N., Robbins, M.M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T.S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R.M., Wrangham, R.W., Zuberbühler, K., Pääbo, S. & Vigilant, L. (2012). Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 39: 15716-15721. [pdf]

2006 - 2010

Wittig, R.M. & Boesch, C. (2010). Receiving post-conflict affiliation from the enemy’s friend reconciles former opponents. PLoS ONE 5(11):e13995. [pdf]

Silk, J.B., Beehner, J.C., Bergman, T.J., Crockford, C., Engh, A.L., Moscovice, L.R., Wittig, R.M., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney D.L. (2010). Strong and consistent social bonds enhance the longevity og female baboons. Current Biology 20:1359-1361. [pdf]

Silk, J.B., Beehner, J.C., Bergman, T.J., Crockford, C., Engh, A.L., Moscovice, L.R., Wittig, R.M., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney D.L. (2010). Female chacma baboons form strong, equitable and enduring social bonds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64:1733-1747. [pdf]

Moscovice, L.R., DiFiorie, A., Crockford, C., Kitchen, D.M., Wittig, R., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (2010). Hedging their bets? Male and female chacma baboons form friendships based on likelihood of paternity. Animal Behaviour 79:1007-1015. [pdf]

Silk, J.B., Beehner, J.C., Bergman, T.J., Crockford, C., Engh, A.L., Moscovice, L.R., Wittig, R.M., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney D.L. (2009). The benefits of social capital: Close social bonds among female baboons enhance offspring survival. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276:3099-3104. [pdf]

Amati, S., Babweteera, F. & Wittig, R.M. (2008). Snare removal by a chimpanzee of the Sonso community, Budongo Forest (Uganda). Pan African News 15(1):6-8. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Lehmann, J., Whitten, P.L., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney D.L. (2008). Focused grooming networks and stress alleviation in wild female baboons. Hormones & Behavior 54:170-177. [pdf]

Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R., Moebius, Y. & Normand E. (2008). Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in the Taï National Park: Lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology 70:519-532. [pdf]

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M.*, Whitten, P.L., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (2008). Social stressors and coping mechanisms in wild female baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus). Hormones & Behavior 53:254-265. [pdf]

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M.*, Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (2007). Baboons eavesdrop to deduce mating opportunities. Animal Behaviour 73:885-890. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Wikberg, E., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (2007). Kin-mediated reconciliation substitutes for direct reconciliation in female baboons. Proceedings of the Royal Society B274:1109-1115. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (2007). Vocal support in Chacma baboons (Papio hamadryas ursinus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61:899-909. [pdf]

before 2006

Wittig, R.M. & Boesch, C. (2005). How to repair relationships – reconciliation in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Ethology 111:736–763. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M. & Boesch, C. (2003). The choice of post-conflict interactions in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behaviour 140:1527–1559. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M. & Boesch, C. (2003). “Decision-making” in conflicts of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): An extension of the Relational Model. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 54:491–504. [pdf] [pdfErratum]

Wittig, R.M. & Boesch C. (2003). Food competition and linear dominance hierarchy among female chimpanzees of the Taï National Park. International Journal of Primatology 24:847–867. [pdf]


Gogarten, J.F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, S.A.J., Weiss, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Koné, I., Peeters, M., Wittig, R.M., Boesch, C., Hahn, B.H. & Leendertz, F.H. (2014) The ecology of primate retroviruses – An assessment of 12 years of retroviral studies in the Taï National Park area, Côte d'Ivoire. Virology 460/461:147-153. [pdf]

Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Ziegler, T.E. & Wittig, R.M. (2014) Endogenous peripheral oxytocin measures can give insight into the dynamics of social relationships: a review. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 8:68 [pdf]

Wittig, R.M. (2011). Media Review:A comprehensive guide to chimpanzee behaviour. Review of the audio-visual encyclopedia on ‘Chimpanzee Behavior in the Wild’. American Journal of Primatology 73. [pdf]

Fraser, O.N., Koski, S.E., Wittig, R.M. & Aureli, F. (2009). Opinion Article: Why are bystanders friendly to recipients of aggression? Communicative and Integrative Biology 2(3):1-7. [pdf]


Wittig, R.M. (2015) Aggression, eine natürliche Anpassung an Konkurrenzsituationen. Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie 2:92-96. [pdf]

Book Chapters & Monographs

Zuberbuehler, K. & Wittig, R.M. (2011). Field experiments with non-human primates: A tutorial. In: Field and laboratory methods in primatology: A practical guide, 2nd edition, (Setchell, J.M. & Curtis, D.J., editors), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 207-224. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M. (2010). Function and cognitive underpinnings of post-conflict affiliation in wild chimpanzees. In: Chimpanzee Mind (Lohnsdorf, E., Ross, S. & Matsuzawa, T., editors), Chicago, IL, Chicago University Press, pp. 208-219. [pdf]

Kitchen, D.M., Cheney, D.L., Seyfarth, R.M., Beehner, J.C., Bergman, T.J., Crockford, C., Engh, A.L., Fischer, J. & Wittig, R.M.  (2009). Costs and consequences of male aggression directed at female chacma baboons. In: Male Coercion in Primates, (Muller, M. & Wrangham, R., editors), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp  128-156. [pdf]

Wittig, R.M. (2004). Conflict management in wild chimpanzees. University of Leipzig, Leipzig pp.160 [pdf]

Wittig, R. (1996) Änderungen der Verhaltensprofile bei Schimpansen einer Gehegegruppe während der Integration zweier Artgenossen. University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld pp.95 [pdf]

latest update

December 2014