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Department of Primatology

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 200
fax: +49 (341) 3550 - 299

Publications

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Ban, S. D., N’Goran, E., Tako, A., N’Guessan, A., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (in preparation). Taï chimpanzees change their travel direction for rare feeding trees with fatty fruits.

Janmaat, K., Boesch, C., Byrne, R., Chapman, C., Goné Bi, Z. B., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Wrangham, R., & Polansky, L. (submitted). The spatio-temporal complexity of chimpanzee food: How a large-brained primate can counteract the ephemeral nature of its foods.
Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., & Kühl, H. S. (submitted). Evaluating human socio-economic development on biodiversity conservation: Improved education and access to fish protein, but not wealth, predict species preservation in West Africa.
Robbins, M. M. (submitted). Saving the gentle giants: Integrating behavioral ecology into conservation of Gorillas.

Janmaat, K., Ban, S. D., & Mundry, R. (in press). Ideas on how to clean and smooth track data collected with a handheld GPS. In C. Shaffer, F. Dolins, J. Hickey, N. Nibbelink, & L. Porter (Eds.), GPS and GIS for primatologists: A practical guide to spatial analysis. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Porter, L., Garber, P., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (in press). Using GIS to examine long-term foraging strategies in tamarins and chimpanzees. In C. Shaffer, F. Dolins, J. Hickey, N. Nibbelink, & L. Porter (Eds.), GPS and GIS for primatologists: A practical guide to spatial analysis. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Robbins, M. M. (in press). Gorillas: Reproductive strategies and sexual behavior. In P. Whelehan, & A. Bolin (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality. Wiley.

2015

Arandjelovic, M., Bergl, R. A., Ikfuingei, R., Jameson, C., Parker, M., & Vigilant, L. (2015). Detection dog efficacy for collecting faecal samples from the critically endangered Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) for genetic censusing. Royal Society Open Science, 2: 140423.
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Barelli, C., Mundry, R., Araldi, A., Hodges, K., Rocchini, D., & Rovero, F. (2015). Modeling primate abundance in complex landscapes: A case study from the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology, 36(2), 209-226.
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Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2015). Can fruiting plants control animal behaviour and seed dispersal distance? Behaviour, 152(3-4), 359-374.
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Boesch, C. (2015). Similarities between chimpanzee and human culture. In M. J. Gelfand, C.-Y. Chiu, & Y.-Y. Hong (Eds.), Handbook of advances in culture and psychology (Volume 5) (pp. 1-37). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Cheney, D. L., Crockford, C., Engh, A. L., Wittig, R. M., & Seyfarth, R. M. (2015). The costs of parental and mating effort for male baboons. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69(2), 303-312.
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Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., & Zuberbühler, K. (2015). An intentional vocalization draws others’ attention: A playback experiment with wild chimpanzees. Animal Cognition, 18(3), 581-591.
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D’arc, M., Ayouba, A., Esteban, A., Learn, G. H., Boué, V., Liegeois, F., Etienne, L., Tagg, N., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Madinda, N. F., Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Cournil, A., Ooms, M., Letko, M., Simon, V. A., Sharp, P. M., Hahn, B. H., Delaporte, E., Ngole, E. M., & Peeters, M. (2015). Origin of the HIV-1 group O epidemic in western lowland gorillas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(11), E1343-E1352.
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Eckhardt, N., Polansky, L., & Boesch, C. (2015). Spatial cohesion of adult male chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 77(2), 125-134.
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Fünfstück, T., Arandjelovic, M., Morgan, D. B., Sanz, C., Reed, P., Olson, S. H., Cameron, K., Ondzie, A., Peeters, M., & Vigilant, L. (2015). The sampling scheme matters: Pan troglodytes troglodytes and P. t. schweinfurthii are characterized by clinal genetic variation rather than a strong subspecies break. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156(2), 181-191.
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Gogarten, J. F., Jacob, A. L., Ghai, R. R., Rothman, J. M., Twinomugisha, D., Wasserman, M. D., & Chapman, C. A. (2015). Group size dynamics over 15+ years in an african forest primate community. Biotropica, 47(1), 101-112.
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Hedwig, D., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Contextual correlates of syntactic variation in mountain and western gorilla close-distance vocalizations: Indications for lexical or phonological syntax? Animal Cognition, 18(2), 423-435.
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Heinicke, S., Kalan, A. K., Wagner, O. J. J., Mundry, R., Lukashevich, H., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Assessing the performance of a semi-automated acoustic monitoring system for primates (advance online). Methods in Ecology and Evolution.
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Hoppe, E., Pauly, M., Gillespie, T. R., Akoua-Koffi, C., Hohmann, G., Fruth, B., Karhemere, S., Madinda, N. F., Mugisha, L., Muyembe, J.-J., Todd, A., Petrzelkova, K. J., Gray, M., Robbins, M. M., Bergl, R. A., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Boesch, C., Schubert, G., Leendertz, F. H., Ehlers, B., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). Multiple cross-species transmission events of human adenoviruses (HAdV) during hominine evolution (advance online). Molecular Biology and Evolution.
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Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., Stephens, C. R., Lormie, M., Tweh, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa. Biological Conservation, 182, 27-35.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2015). Wild chimpanzees modify food call structure with respect to tree size for a particular fruit species. Animal Behaviour, 101, 1-9.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Wagner, O. J. J., Heinicke, S., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Towards the automated detection and occupancy estimation of primates using passive acoustic monitoring. Ecological Indicators, 54, 217-226.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2015). The extent of cultural variation between adjacent chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) communities: A microecological approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156(1), 67-75.
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Moore, D. L., Langergraber, K. E., & Vigilant, L. (2015). Genetic analyses suggest male philopatry and territoriality in savanna-woodland chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Ugalla, Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology, 36(2), 377-397.
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Morgan, T., Uomini, N., Rendell, L., Chouinard-Thuly, L., Street, S., Lewis, H., Cross, C., Evans, C., Kearney, R., de la Torre, I., Whiten, A., & Laland, K. (2015). Experimental evidence for the co-evolution of hominin tool-making teaching and language. Nature Communications, 6: 6029.
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Moscovice, L. R., Deschner, T., & Hohmann, G. (2015). Welcome back: Responses of female bonobos (Pan paniscus) to fusions. PLoS One, 10(5): e0127305.
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Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). Dispersal patterns of females in the genus Gorilla. In T. Furuichi, J. Yamagiwa, & F. Aureli (Eds.), Dispersing primate females: Life history and social strategies in male-philopatric species. Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.
Rosenbaum, S., Hirwa, J., Silk, J., Vigilant, L., & Stoinski, T. (2015). Male rank, not paternity, predicts male–immature relationships in mountain gorillas, Gorilla beringei beringei. Animal Behaviour, 104, 13-24.
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Saéz, A. M., Weiss, S., Nowak, K., Lapeyre, V., Zimmermann, F., Düx, A., Kühl, H. S., Kaba, M., Regnaut, S., Merkel, K., Sachse, A., Thiesen, U., Villányi, L., Boesch, C., Dabrowski, P. W., Radonić, A., Nitsche, A., Leendertz, S. A. J., Petterson, S., Becker, S., Krähling, V., Couacy-Hymann, E., Akoua-Koffi, C., Weber, N., Schaade, L., Fahr, J., Borchert, M., Gogarten, J. F., Calvignac-Spencer, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2015). Investigating the zoonotic origin of the West African Ebola epidemic. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 7(1), 17-23.
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Schubert, G., Stockhausen, M., Hoffmann, C., Merkel, K., Vigilant, L., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). Targeted detection of mammalian species using carrion fly-derived DNA. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15(2), 285-294.
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Sirianni, G., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2015). When to choose which tool: Multidimensional and conditional selection of nut-cracking hammers in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 100, 152-165.
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Städele, V., Van Doren, V., Pines, M., Swedell, L., & Vigilant, L. (2015). Fine-scale genetic assessment of sex-specific dispersal patterns in a multilevel primate society. Journal of Human Evolution, 78, 103-113.
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Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2015). Social preferences influence the short-term exchange of social grooming among male bonobos. Animal Cognition, 18(2), 573-579.
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Surbeck, M., Deschner, T., Behringer, V., & Hohmann, G. (2015). Urinary C-peptide levels in male bonobos (Pan paniscus) are related to party size and rank but not to mate competition. Hormones and Behavior, 71, 22-30.
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Vigilant, L., Roy, J., Bradley, B. J., Stoneking, C. J., Robbins, M. M., & Stoinski, T. S. (2015). Reproductive competition and inbreeding avoidance in a primate species with habitual female dispersal. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69(7), 1163-1172.
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Wittig, R. M. (2015). Aggression, eine natürliche Anpassung an Konkurrenzsituationen. In G. Hartung, & M. Herrgen (Eds.), Interdisziplinäre Anthropologie: Jahrbuch 2/2014: Gewalt und Aggression (pp. 92-96). Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.
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Wittig, R. M., Crockford, C., Weltring, A., Deschner, T., & Zuberbühler, K. (2015). Single aggressive interactions increase urinary glucocorticoid levels in wild male chimpanzees. PLoS One, 10(2): e0118695.
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2014

Albrechtova, K., Papousek, I., Nys, H. M. d., Pauly, M., Anoh, E., Mossoun, A., Dolejska, M., Masarikova, M., Metzger, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Akoua-Koffi, C., Wittig, R. M., Klimes, J., Cizek, A., Leendertz, F. H., & Literak, I. (2014). Low rates of antimicrobial-resistant enterobacteriaceae in wildlife in Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire, surrounded by villages with high prevalence of multiresistant ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in people and domestic animals. PLoS One, 9(12): e113548.
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Arandjelovic, M., Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Genetic inference of group dynamics and female kin structure in a western lowland gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Primate Biology, 1(1), 29-38.
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Ban, S. D., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (2014). Taï chimpanzees anticipate revisiting high-valued fruit trees from further distances. Animal Cognition, 17(6), 1353-1364.
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Behringer, V., Deschner, T., Deimel, C., Stevens, J., & Hohmann, G. (2014). Age-related changes in urinary testosterone levels suggest differences in puberty onset and divergent life history strategies in bonobos and chimpanzees. Hormones and Behavior, 66(3), 525-533.
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Behringer, V., Deschner, T., Murtagh, R., Stevens, J. M., & Hohmann, G. (2014). Age-related changes in thyroid hormone levels of bonobos and chimpanzees indicate heterochrony in development. Journal of Human Evolution, 66(1), 83-88.
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Behringer, V., Deschner, T., Murtagh, R., Stevens, J. M., & Hohmann, G. (2014). In bonobos and chimpanzees age-related changes in urinary thyroid hormones indicate heterochrony in their development. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(S58), 75-76.
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Behringer, V., Stevens, J. M. G., Hohmann, G., Möstl, E., Selzer, D., & Deschner, T. (2014). Testing the effect of medical positive reinforcement training on salivary cortisol levels in bonobos and orangutans. PLoS One, 9(9): e108664.
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Borchers, C., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., Guilahoux, H., Ouattara, D., & Randler, C. (2014). Environmental education in Côte d'Ivoire/West Africa: Extra-curricular primary school teaching shows positive impact on environmental knowledge and attitudes. International Journal of Science Education, Part B, 4(3), 240-259.
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Campennì, M., & Schino, G. (2014). Partner choice promotes cooperation: The two faces of testing with agent-based models. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 344(7), 49-55.
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Chang, Z., Yang, B., Vigilant, L., Liu, Z., Ren, B., Yang, J., Xiang, Z., Garber, P. A., & Li, M. (2014). Evidence of male-biased dispersal in the endangered Sichuan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithexus roxellana). American Journal of Primatology, 76(1), 72-83.
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Cohen, E., Mundry, R., & Kirschner, S. (2014). Religion, synchrony and cooperation. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 4(1), 20-30.
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Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Ziegler, T. E., & Wittig, R. M. (2014). Endogenous peripheral oxytocin measures can give insight into the dynamics of social relationships: A review. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 8: 68.
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Cronin, K. A., Pieper, B., Van Leeuwen, E. J. C., Mundry, R., & Haun, D. B. M. (2014). Problem solving in the presence of others: How rank and relationship quality impact resource acquisition in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). PLoS One, 9(4): e93204.
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Dahlin, C. R., Young, A. M., Cordier, B., Mundry, R., & Wright, T. F. (2014). A test of multiple hypotheses for the function of call sharing in female budgerigars, Melopsittacus undulatus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(1), 145-161.
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De Nys, H. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Boesch, C., Dorny, P., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2014). Malaria parasite detection increases during pregnancy in wild chimpanzees. Malaria Journal, 13: 413.
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Douglas, P. H. (2014). Female sociality during the daytime birth of a wild bonobo at Luikotale, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Primates, 55(4), 533-542.
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Fahy, G. E., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., & Richards, M. P. (2014). Dietary ecology of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodyes verus) inferred from a comparison of behavioural and bone carbonate (d13C and d18O) and collagen (d13C and d15N) isotopic analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(S58), 115.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Fuller, B. T., Deschner, T., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2014). Stable nitrogen isotope analysis of dentine serial sections elucidate sex differences in weaning patterns of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(4), 635-642.
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Fruth, B., Bondjengo Ikombe, N., Kitengie Matshimba, G., Metzger, S., Musuyu Muganza, D., Mundry, R., & Fowler, A. (2014). New evidence for self-medication in bonobos: Manniophyton fulvum leaf- and stemstrip-swallowing from LuiKotale, Salonga National Park, DR Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 76(2), 146-158.
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Fünfstück, T., Arandjelovic, M., Morgan, D. B., Sanz, C., Breuer, T., Stokes, E. J., Reed, P., Olson, S. H., Cameron, K., Ondzie, A., Peeters, M., Kühl, H. S., Cipolletta, C., Todd, A., Masi, S., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Bradley, B. J., & Vigilant, L. (2014). The genetic population structure of wild western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) living in continuous rain forest. American Journal of Primatology, 76(9), 868-878.
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Gogarten, J. F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, S. A. J., Weiss, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Koné, I., Peeters, M., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., Hahn, B. H., & Leendertz, F. H. (2014). The ecology of primate retroviruses – An assessment of 12 years of retroviral studies in the Taï national park area, Côte d'Ivoire. Virology, 460-461, 147-153.
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Gogarten, J. F., Bonnell, T. R., Brown, L. M., Campennì, M., Wasserman, M. D., & Chapman, C. A. (2014). Increasing group size alters behavior of a folivorous primate. International Journal of Primatology, 35(2), 590-608.
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Grüter, C. C., Deschner, T., Behringer, V., Fawcett, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Socioecological correlates of energy balance using urinary C-peptide measurements in wild female mountain gorillas. Physiology & Behavior, 127, 13-19.
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Habumuremyi, S., Robbins, M. M., Fawcett, K. A., & Deschner, T. (2014). Monitoring ovarian cycle activity via progestagens in urine and feces of female mountain gorillas: A comparison of EIA and LC-MS measurements. American Journal of Primatology, 76(2), 180-191.
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Hedwig, D., Hammerschmidt, K., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2014). Acoustic structure and variation in mountain and western gorilla close calls: a syntactic approach. Behaviour, 151(8), 1091-1120.
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Hicks, T. C., Tranquilli, S., Kühl, H. S., Campbell, G., Swinkels, J., Darby, L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., & Menken, S. B. (2014). Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: Discovery of a large, continuous population of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Central Uele region of northern DRC. Biological Conservation, 171, 107-113.
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Hobaiter, C., Schel, A. M., Langergraber, K. E., & Zuberbühler, K. (2014). 'Adoption' by maternal siblings in wild chimpanzees. PLoS One, 9(8): e10377.
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Imong, I. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Bergl, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2014). Distinguishing ecological constraints from human activity in species range fragmentation: The case of Cross River gorillas. Animal Conservation, 17(4), 323-331.
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Imong, I. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Bergl, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2014). Informing conservation management about structural versus functional connectivity: A case-study of Cross River gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 76(10), 978-988.
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Janmaat, K., Polansky, L., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2014). Wild chimpanzees plan their breakfast time, type, and location. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(46), 16343-16348.
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Kopp, G. H., Ferreira da Silva, M. J., Fischer, J., Brito, J. C., Regnaut, S., Roos, C., & Zinner, D. (2014). The influence of social systems on patterns of mitochondrial DNA variation in baboons. International Journal of Primatology, 35(1), 210-225.
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Langergraber, K. E., Rowney, C., Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Genetic analyses suggest no immigration of adult females and their offspring into the Sonso community of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. American Journal of Primatology, 640-648.
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Langergraber, K. E., Rowney, C., Schubert, G., Crockford, C., Hobaiter, C., Wittig, R. M., Wrangham, R. W., Zuberbühler, K., & Vigilant, L. (2014). How old are chimpanzee communities? Time to the most recent common ancestor of the Y-chromosome in highly patrilocal societies. Journal of Human Evolution, 69, 1-7.
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Larsen, P. A., Heilman, A. M., & Yoder, A. D. (2014). The utility of PacBio circular consensus sequencing for characterizing complex gene families in non-model organisms. BMC Genomics, 15: 720.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2014). Tradition over trend: Neighboring chimpanzee communities maintain differences in cultural behavior despite frequent immigration of adult females. American Journal of Primatology, 76(7), 649-657.
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Moore, D. L., & Vigilant, L. (2014). A population estimate of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Ugalla region using standard and spatially explicit genetic capture–recapture methods. American Journal of Primatology, 76(4), 335-346.
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Moore, D. L., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Genetic diversity at the edge: Comparative assessment of Y-chromosome and autosomal diversity in eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Ugalla, Tanzania. Conservation Genetics, 15(3), 495-507.
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Oelze, V. M., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Richards, M. P., & Boesch, C. (2014). Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Human Evolution, 66(1), 95-106.
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Oelze, V. M., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Richards, M., & Boesch, C. (2014). Seasonality and niche partitioning among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(S58), 200.
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Power, R. C., Salazar García, D. C., Wittig, R. M., & Henry, A. G. (2014). Assessing use and suitability of scanning electron microscopy in the analysis of micro remains in dental calculus. Journal of Archaeological Science, 49, 160-169.
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Radonić, A., Metzger, S., Dabrowski, P. W., Couacy-Hymann, E., Schuenadel, L., Kurth, A., Mätz-Rensing, K., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. H., & Nitsche, A. (2014). Fatal monkeypox in wild-living sooty mangabey, Côte d’Ivoire, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 1009-1011.
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Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Variance in the reproductive success of dominant male mountain gorillas. Primates, 55(4), 489-499.
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Roy, J., Arandjelovic, M., Bradley, B. J., Guschanski, K., Stephens, C. R., Bucknell, D., Cirhuza, H., Kusamba, C., Kyungu, J. C., Smith, V., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Recent divergences and size decreases of eastern gorilla populations. Biology Letters, 10(11): 20140811.
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Roy, J., Gray, M., Stoinski, T., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Fine-scale genetic structure analyses suggest further male than female dispersal in mountain gorillas. BMC Ecology, 14: 21.
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Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Gray, M., Wright, E., Kato, R., Kabano, P., Basabose, A., Tibenda, E., Kühl, H. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Challenges in the use of genetic mark-recapture to estimate the population size of Bwindi mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Biological Conservation, 180, 249-261.
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Samuni, L., Mundry, R., Terkel, J., Zuberbühler, K., & Hobaiter, H. (2014). Socially learned habituation to human observers in wild chimpanzees. Animal Cognition, 17(4), 997-1005.
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Schreiweis, C., Bornschein, U., Burguière, E., Kerimoglu, C., Schreiter, S., Dannemann, M., Goyal, S., Rea, E., French, C. A., Puliyadi, R., Groszer, M., Fisher, S. E., Mundry, R., Winter, C., Hevers, W., Pääbo, S., Enard, W., & Graybiel, A. M. (2014). Humanized Foxp2 accelerates learning by enhancing transitions from declarative to procedural performance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(39), 14253-14258.
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Serckx, A., Huynen, M.-C., Bastin, J.-F., Hambuckers, A., Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Vimond, M., Raynaud, E., & Kühl, H. S. (2014). Nest grouping patterns of bonobos (Pan paniscus) in relation to fruit availability in a forest-savannah mosaic. PLoS One, 9(4): e93742.
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Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Abernethy, K., Amsini, F., Asamoah, A., Balangtaa, C., Blake, S., Bouanga, E., Breuer, T., Brncic, T. M., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Chapman, C. A., Davenport, T. R. B., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ekobo, A., Eno-Nku, M., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J. A., Head, J., Hega, M., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Holbech, L. H., Huijbregts, B., Kühl, H. S., Imong, I., Yeno, S.-L.-D., Linder, J., Marshall, P., Lero, P. M., Morgan, D., Mubalama, L., N'Goran, P. K., Nicholas, A., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dongmo, Z., Ofori-Amanfo, R., Ogunjemite, B. G., Petre, C.-A., Rainey, H. J., Regnaut, S., Robinson, O., Rundus, A., Sanz, C. M., Okon, D. T., Todd, A., Warren, Y., & Sommer, V. (2014). Protected areas in tropical Africa: Assessing threats and conservation activities. PLoS One, 9(12): e114154.
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Tweh, C. G., Lormie, M. M., Kouakou, C. Y., Hillers, A., Kühl, H. S., & Junker, J. (2014). Conservation status of chimpanzees Pan troglodytes verus and other large mammals in Liberia: A nationwide survey (advance online). Oryx.
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Wich, S. A., Garcia-Ulloa, J., Kühl, H. S., Humle, T., Lee, J. S., & Koh, L. P. (2014). Will oil palm's homecoming spell doom for Africa's great apes? Current Biology, 24(14), 1659-1663.
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Wilson, M. L., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Furuichi, T., Gilby, I. C., Hashimoto, C., Hobaiter, C. L., Hohmann, G., Itoh, N., Koops, K., Lloyd, J. N., Matsuzawa, T., Mitani, J. C., Mjungu, D. C., Morgan, D., Muller, M. N., Mundry, R., Nakamura, M., Pruetz, J., Pusey, A. E., Riedel, J., Sanz, C., Schel, A. M., Simmons, N., Waller, M., Watts, D. P., White, F., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., & Wrangham, R. W. (2014). Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts. Nature, 513, 414-417.
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Wittig, R. M., Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Langergraber, K. E., Ziegler, T. E., & Zuberbühler, K. (2014). Food sharing is linked to urinary oxytocin levels and bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1778): 20133096.
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Wittig, R. M., Crockford, C., Langergraber, K. E., & Zuberbühler, K. (2014). Triadic social interactions operate across time: a field experiment with wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences (London), 281(1779): 20133155.
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Wright, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Proximate mechanisms of contest competition among female Bwindi mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(11), 1785-1797.
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Wright, E., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Dominance rank differences in the energy intake and expenditure of female Bwindi mountain gorillas. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(6), 957-970.
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Zschoke, A., & Thomsen, R. (2014). Sniffing behaviours in guenons. Folia primatologica, 85(4), 244-251.
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2013

Barelli, C., Mundry, R., Heistermann, M., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2013). Cues to androgens and quality in male gibbon songs. PLoS One, 8(12): 82748.
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Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Musuyu Muganza, D., Bretagnolle, F., Fruth, B., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Artificial germination activation of Dialium corbisieri by imitation of ecological process. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 32(6), 565-575.
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Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Bourson, C., Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2013). Ecological services performed by the bonobo (Pan paniscus): Seed dispersal effectiveness in tropical forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 29(5), 367-380.
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Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., Surbeck, M., & Fruth, B. (2013). Seed dispersal strategies and the threat of defaunation in a Congo forest. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22(1), 225-238.
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Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., Surbeck, M., Bourson, C., & Fruth, B. (2013). The bonobo – dialium positive interactions: Seed dispersal mutualism. American Journal of Primatology, 75(4), 394-403.
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Beaune, D., Fruth, B., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., & Bretagnolle, F. (2013). Doom of the elephant-dependent trees in a Congo tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 295, 109-117.
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Behringer, V., Borchers, C., Deschner, T., Möstl, E., Selzer, D., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Measurements of salivary alpha amylase and salivary cortisol in hominoid primates reveal within-species consistency and between-species differences. PLoS One, 8(4): e60773.
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Behringer, V., Deschner, T., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Growing up in the light of endocrinology: Life history features of Bonobos and Chimpanzees. Folia primatologica, 84, 248.
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Blasse, A., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Goffe, A. S., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Mother-offspring transmission and age-dependent accumulation of Simian foamy virus in wild chimpanzees. Journal of Virology, 87(9), 5193-5204.
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Boesch, C. (2013). Ecology and cognition of tool use in chimpanzees. In C. M. Sanz, J. Call, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Tool use in animals: cognition and ecology (pp. 21-47). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Boesch, C., & Deschner, T. (2013). Schimpansen - der Film: Forschung hinter den Kulissen [Website].

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Bonnel, T. R., Campennì, M., Chapman, C. A., Gogarten, J. F., Reyna-Hurtado, R. A., Teichroeb, J. A., Wasserman, M. D., & Sengupta, R. (2013). Emergent group level navigation: An agent-based evaluation of movement patterns in a folivorous primate. PLoS One, 8(10): e78264.
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Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Kutzner, N., Kühl, H., Boesch, C., Kappeler, P. M., Metzger, S., Schubert, G., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Carrion fly-derived DNA as a tool for comprehensive and cost-effective assessment of mammalian biodiversity. Molecular Ecology, 22(4), 915-924.
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Chan, Y.-C., Roos, C., Inoue-Murayama, M., Inoue, E., Shih, C.-C., Pei, K.-J.-C., & Vigilant, L. (2013). Inferring the evolutionary histories of divergences in Hylobates and Nomascus gibbons through multilocus sequence data. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13: 82.
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Coscolla, M., Lewin, A., Metzger, S., Maetz-Rennsing, K., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Nitsche, A., Dabrowski, P. W., Radonic, A., Niemann, S., Parkhill, J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Feldman, J., Comas, I., Boesch, C., Gagneux, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Novel mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolate from a wild chimpanzee. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 19(6), 969-976.
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Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., Langergraber, K., Ziegler, T. E., Zuberbühler, K., & Deschner, T. (2013). Urinary oxytocin and social bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1755): 20122765.
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Crockford, C., Wittig, R., & Zuberbühler, K. (2013). Chimpanzees distinguish acoustically similar alert hoos from resting hoos. Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 291-292.
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De Nys, H. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Thiesen, U., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Age-related effects on malaria parasite infection in wild chimpanzees. Biology Letters, 9(4): 20121160.
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Etiendem, D. N., Funwi-Gabga, N., Tagg, N., Hens, L., & Indah, E. K. (2013). The Cross River Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla diehli) at Mawambi Hills, South-West Cameroon: Habitat Suitability and Vulnerability to Anthropogenic Disturbance. Folia Primatologica, 84(1), 18-31.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Riedel, J., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2013). Stable isotope evidence of meat eating and hunting specialization in adult male chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(15), 5829-5833.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Riedel, J., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2013). The role of the hunter: stable isotope evidence of hunting in adult male chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl. 56, Special Issue, 121.
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Fruth, B., & Hohmann, G. (2013). The nature of the Bonobo society: A case study on the learning process of Primatologists. Folia primatologica, 84, 274.
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Gray, M., Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Fawcett, K., Basabose, A., Cranfield, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population. Biological Conversation, 158, 230-238.
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Grueter, C., Ndamiyabo, F., Plumtre, A. J., Abavandimwe, D., Mundry, R., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Long-term temporal and spatial dynamics of food availability for endangered mountain gorillas in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. American Journal of Primatology, 75(3), 267-280.
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Grüter, C. C., Abavandimwe, D., Fawcett, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcanoes: Females, food, and fitness. Homo: journal of comparative human biology, 64(2), 148-149.
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Grüter, C. C., Robbins, M. M., Ndagijimana, F., & Stoinski, T. S. (2013). Possible tool use in a mountain gorilla. Behavioural Processes, 100, 160-162.
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Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Rabanal, L. I., Makaga, L., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Effective sociodemographic population assessment of elusive species in ecology and conservation management. Ecology and Evolution, 3(9), 2903-2916.
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Hickey, J. R., Nackoney, J., Nibbelink, N. P., Blake, S., Bonyenge, A., Coxe, S., Dupain, J., Emetshu, M., Furuichi, T., Grossmann, F., Guislain, P., Hart, J., Hashimoto, C., Ikembelo, B., Ilambu, O., Inogwabini, B.-I., Liengola, I., Lokasola, A. L., Lushimba, A., Maisels, F., Masselink, J., Mbenzo, V., Mulavwa, N. M., Naky, P., Ndunda, N. M., Nkumu, P., Omasombo, V., Reinartz, G. E., Rose, R., Sakamaki, T., Strindberg, S., Takemoto, H., Vosper, A., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Human proximity and habitat fragmentation are key drivers of the rangewide bonobo distribution. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22(13/14), 3085-3104.
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Hicks, C., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S. B. J. (2013). Impact of humans on long-distance communication behaviour of eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 135-156.
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Hicks, T. C., Tranquilli, S., Kühl, H., Campbell, G., Swinkels, J., Darby, L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., & Menken, S. B. J. (2013). A large, continuous, and stable population of Eastern Chimpanzees inhabits the forest of Northern DR Congo. Folia primatologica, 84, 286-287.
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Janmaat, K. R. L., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2013). Taï chimpanzees use botanical skills to discover fruit: What we can learn from their mistakes. Animal Cognition, 16(6), 851-860.
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Janmaat, K., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2013). Chimpanzees use long-term spatial memory to monitor large fruit trees and remember feeding experiences across seasons. Animal Behaviour, 86(6), 1183-1205.
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Kalan, A., & Boesch, C. (2013). Do wild Chimpanzees have functionally referential food calls? Folia primatologica, 84, 290.
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Kirchner, S., Mätz-Rensing, K., Dorner, M. B., Leendertz, F. H., Dorner, B. G., & Leendertz, S. A. J. (2013). Necrotizing endometritis and isolation of an alpha-toxin producing strain of Clostridium septicum in a wild sooty mangabey from Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Medical Primatology, 42(4), 220-224.
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Kitchen, D. M., Cheney, D. L., Engh, A. L., Fischer, J., Moscovice, L. R., & Seyfarth, R. M. (2013). Male Baboon responses to experimental manipulations of loud “wahoo calls”: Testing an honest signal of fighting ability. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(11), 1825-1835.
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Kühl, H. S., & Burghardt, T. (2013). Animal biometrics: Quantifying and detecting phenotypic appearance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(7), 432-441.
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Kühl, H. S., & Burghardt, T. (2013). Fractal representation and recognition for animal biometrics: A reply to Jovani et al. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 28(9), 500-501.
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Langergraber, K. E., Mitani, J. C., Watts, D. P., & Vigilant, L. (2013). Male–female socio-spatial relationships and reproduction in wild chimpanzees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(6), 861-873.
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Langos, D., Kulik, L., Mundry, R., & Widdig, A. (2013). The impact of paternity on male–infant association in a primate with low paternity certainty. Molecular Ecology, 22(13), 3638-3651.
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Li, D., Grüter, C. C., Ren, B., Li, M., Peng, Z., & Wei, F. (2013). Distribution of sleeping sites of the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti) in the Samage Forest, China. Integrative Zoology, 8(4), 327-334.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2013). Conformity to group specific tool use behaviour among three neighbouring chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) communities in Cote d'Ivoire. Folia primatologica, 84, 298.
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Menzel, C., Fowler, A., Tennie, C., & Call, J. (2013). Leaf Surface Roughness Elicits Leaf Swallowing Behavior in Captive Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Bonobos (P. paniscus), but not in Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) or Orangutans (Pongo abelii). International Journal of Primatology, 34(3), 533-553.
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Mielke, A., & Zuberbühler, K. (2013). A method for automated individual, species and call type recognition in free-ranging animals. Animal Behaviour, 86(2), 475-482.
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Moscovice, L. R. (2013). Getting by with a little help from friends: The importance of social bonds for female primates. In M. L. Fisher, J. R. Garcia, & R. S. Chang (Eds.), Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women (pp. 63-84). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Murai, M., Ruffler, H., Berlemont, A., Campbell, G., Esono, F., Agbor, A., Mbomio, D., Ebana, A., Nze, A., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Priority areas for large mammal conservation in Equatorial Guinea. PLoS One, 8(9): e75024.
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Murtagh, R., Behringer, V., & Deschner, T. (2013). LC-MS as a method for non-invasive measurement of steroid hormones and their metabolites in urine and faeces of animals. Veterinary Medicine Austria, 100(9-10): 4, pp. 247-254. Retrieved from http://www.wtm.at/Archiv.html.
Murthy, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Metzger, S., Nowak, K., De Nys, H. M., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Jarvis, M. A., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2013). Absence of frequent herpesvirus transmission in a nonhuman primate predator-prey system in the wild. Journal of Virology, 87(19), 10651-10659.
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N’Goran, P. K., Kouakou, C. Y., N’goran, E. K., Konaté, S., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F. A., Kühl, H. S., & Boesch, C. (2013). Chimpanzee conservation status in the World Heritage Site Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 3(1), 326-336. Retrieved from http://www.ijias.issr-journals.org/abstract.php?article=IJIAS-13-090-02.
Neufuss, J., Deschner, T., Robbins, M., Pouydebat, E., & Kivell, T. (2013). Hand use during non-locomotor behaviours in the wild African Apes. Folia primatologica, 84, 307.
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Ostner, J., Vigilant, L., Bhagavatula, J., Franz, M., & Schülke, O. (2013). Stable heterosexual associations in a promiscuous primate. Animal Behaviour, 86(3), 623-631.
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Polansky, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Long-term changes in fruit phenology in a West African lowland tropical rain forest are not explained by rainfall. Biotropica, 45(4), 434-440.
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Polansky, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Generalized additive mixed models for disentangling long-term trends, local anomalies, and seasonality in fruit tree phenology. Ecology and Evolution, 3(9), 3141-3151.
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Prüfer, K., Langergraber, K. E., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2013). Reply to Gibb and Hills: Divergence times, generation lengths and mutation rates in great apes and humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(8): E612.
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Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Basabose, A., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Impact of male infanticide on the social structure of mountain gorillas. PLoS One, 8(11): e78256.
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Robbins, M. M. (2013). Gorillas across time and space. In K. B. Strier (Ed.), Primate Ethnographies (pp. 163-174). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Menschenaffen: Begegnung mit unseren nächsten Verwandten. Stuttgart: Hirzel.
Sanz, C. M., Call, J., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Tool use in animals: Cognition and ecology. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Schaumburg, F., Mugisha, L., Kappeler, P., Fichtel, C., Köck, R., Köndgen, S., Becker, K., Boesch, C., Peters, G., & Leendertz, F. (2013). Evaluation of non-invasive biological samples to monitor Staphylococcus aureus colonization in great apes and lemurs. PLoS One, 8(10): e78046.
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Schubert, G., Vigilant, L., Boesch, C., Klenke, R., Langergraber, K. E., Mundry, R., Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Co–residence between males and their mothers and grandmothers is more frequent in bonobos than chimpanzees. PLoS One, 8(12): e83870.
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Scuda, N., Madinda, N. F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Adjogoua, E. V., Wevers, D., Hofmann, J., Cameron, K. N., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Robbins, M., Boesch, C., Jarvis, M. A., Moens, U., Mugisha, L., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2013). Novel polyomaviruses of nonhuman primates: Genetic and serological predictors for the existence of multiple unknown polyomaviruses within the human population. PLoS Pathogens, 9(6): e1003429.
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Serckx, A., Huynen, M.-C., Beudels-Jamar, R. C., Bogaert, J., Mundry, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Optimizing scale search in species distribution models. Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 320-320.
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Sirianni, G., & Visalberghi, E. (2013). Wild Bearded Capuchins process cashew nuts without contacting caustic compounds. American Journal of Primatology, 75(4), 387-393.
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Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Intersexual dominance relationships and the influence of leverage on the outcome of conflicts in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(11), 1767-1780.
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Surbeck, M., Deschner, T., Weltring, A., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Cost of male mate competition in bonobos. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Suppl. 56, Special Issue, 267.
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Wittiger, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Female gregariousness in Western Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) is influenced by resource aggregation and the number of females in estrus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(7), 1097-1111.
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2012

Adlhoch, C., Kaiser, M., Loewa, A., Ulrich, M., Forbrig, C., Adjogoua, E. V., Akoua-Koffi, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Leendertz, S. A., Rietschel, W., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Schneider, B. S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2012). Diversity of parvovirus 4–like viruses in humans, chimpanzees, and monkeys in hunter–prey relationships. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(5), 589-862.
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Albert, F. W., Somel, M., Carneiro, M., Aximu-Petri, A., Halbwax, M., Thalmann, O., Blanco-Aguiar, J. A., Plyusnina, I. Z., Trut, L., Villafuerte, R., Ferrand, N., Kaiser, S., Jensen, P., & Pääbo, S. (2012). A comparison of brain gene expression levels in domesticated and wild animals. PLoS Genetics, 8(9): e1002962.
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Anthony, N. M., Mickala, P., Abernethy, K. A., Atteke, C., Bissiengou, P., Bruford, M. W., Dallmeier, F., Decaëns, T., Dudu, A., Freedman, A., Gonder, M. K., Hardy, O., Hart, J., Jeffery, K., Johnson, M., Pambo, F. K., Ley, A., Korte, L., Lahm, S. A., Lee, M., Lowenstein, J. H., Mboumba, J.-F., Bourobou, D. N., Ngomanda, A., Ntie, S., Sebag, D., Sullivan, J., Vanthomme, H., Vergnes, V., Verheyen, E., & Zimkus, B. (2012). Biodiversity and conservation genetics research in Central Africa: new approaches and avenues for international collaboration. Conservation Genetics Resources, 4(2), 523-525.
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Arandjelovic, M., & Thalmann, O. (2012). Microsatellites in historic and ancient DNA. In H. Kehrer-Sawatzki (Ed.), eLS. Chichester: Wiley Ltd.
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Beaune, D. (2012). Latest news from the bonobos: Pan paniscus myths and realities. Revue de primatologie, 4: 1090.
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Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Bretagnolle, F., & Fruth, B. (2012). Dung beetles are critical in preventing post-dispersal seed removal by rodents in Congo rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28(5), 507-510.
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Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Fruth, B., & Bretagnolle, F. (2012). Bush pig (Potamochoerus porcus) seed predation of bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) and other plant species in Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology, 50(4), 509-512.
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Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., & Bretagnolle, F. (2012). Density-dependent effect affecting elephant seed-dispersed tree recruitment (Irvingia gabonensis) in Congo Forest. Pachyderm, 52, 97-100. Retrieved from http://www.pachydermjournal.org/index.php/pachy/article/view/299/207.

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Behringer, V., Deschner, T., Möstl, E., Selzer, D., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Stress affects salivary alpha-Amylase activity in bonobos. Physiology & Behavior, 105(2), 476-482.
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Behringer, V., Hohmann, G., Stevens, J. M. G., Weltring, A., & Deschner, T. (2012). Adrenarche in bonobos (Pan paniscus): Evidence from ontogenetic changes in urinary dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels. Journal of Endocrinology, 214(1), 55-65.
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Boesch, C. (2012). Wild cultures: A comparison between chimpanzee and human cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Boesch, C. (2012). Christophe Boesch [Q&A]. Current Biology, 22(22), R936-R937.
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Boesch, C. (2012). From material to symbolic cultures: Culture in primates. In J. Valsiner (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology (pp. 677-692). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Boesch, C. (2012). The ecology and evolution of social behavior and cognition in primates. In J. Vonk (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology (pp. 486-503). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Borchers, C., & Randler, C. (2012). Sleep-Wake Cycle of Adolescents in Côte d'Ivoire: Influence of Age, Gender, Religion and Occupation. Chronobiology International, 29(10), 1366-1375.
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Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., & Robbins, M. M. (2012). Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas. Journal of Human Evolution, 62(4), 466-472.
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Chan, Y.-C., Roos, C., Inoue-Murayama, M., Inoue, E., Shih, C.-C., & Vigilant, L. (2012). A comparative analysis of Y chromosome and mtDNA phylogenies of the Hylobates gibbons. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12: 150.
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Chancellor, R. L., Langergraber, K., Ramirez, S., Rundus, A. S., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Genetic sampling of unhabituated chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Gishwati Forest Reserve, an isolated forest fragment in Western Rwanda. International Journal of Primatology, 33(2), 479-488.
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Chang, Z. F., Luo, M. F., Liu, Z. J., Yang, J. Y., Xiang, Z. F., Li, M., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Human influence on the population decline and loss of genetic diversity in a small and isolated population of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Genetica, 140(4-6), 105-114.
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Chang, Z., Liu, Z., Yang, J., Li, M., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Noninvasive genetic assessment of the population trend and sex ratio of the Shennongjia population of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(10), 1135-1141.
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Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Zuberbühler, K. (2012). Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger. Current Biology, 22(2), 142-146.
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Curé, C., Mathevon, N., Mundry, R., & Aubin, T. (2012). Acoustic cues used for species recognition can differ between sexes and sibling species: evidence in shearwaters. Animal Behaviour, 84(1), 239-250.
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Deimel, C., Vitzthum, V. J., Schaebs, F. S., & Deschner, T. (2012). The banana effect: Are past and/or present lifestyles associated with ovarian hormone differences in women from the two Germanys? American Journal of Human Biology, 24(2), 223-223.
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Deschner, T., Fuller, B. T., Oelze, V. M., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., Mundry, R., Richards, M. P., Ortmann, S., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Identification of energy consumption and nutritional stress by isotopic and elemental analysis of urine in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 26(1), 69-77.
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Goffe, A. S., Blasse, A., Mundry, R., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2012). Detection of retroviral super-infection from non-invasive samples. PLoS One, 7(5): e36570.
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Groeneveld, L. F., Atencia, R., Garriga, R. M., & Vigilant, L. (2012). High diversity at PRDM9 in chimpanzees and bonobos. PLoS One, 7(7): e39064.
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Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Makaga, L., & Boesch, C. (2012). Remote video-camera traps measure habitat use and competitive exclusion among sympatric chimpanzee, gorilla and elephant in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28(6), 571-583.
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Hesler, N., Mundry, R., Sacher, T., Coppack, T., Bairlein, F., & Dabelsteen, T. (2012). Song repertoire size correlates with measures of body size in Eurasian blackbirds. Behaviour, 149(6), 645-665.
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Hicks, T. C., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S. B. (2012). Reactions of Bili-Uele chimpanzees to humans in relation to their distance from roads and villages. American Journal of Primatology, 74(8), 721-733.
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Janmaat, K., Ban, S., & Boesch, C. (2012). Do Tai chimpanzees use botanical knowledge in their search for fruit in large scale space. Cognitive Processing, 13(Suppl. 1), S17-.
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Junker, J., Blake, S., Boesch, C., Campbell, G., du Toit, L., Duvall, C., Ekobo, A., Etoga, G., Galat-Luong, A., Gamys, J., Ganas-Swaray, J., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Granier, N., Hart, J., Head, J. S., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I. S., Kuempel, N., Lahm, S., Lindsell, J., Maisels, F., McLennan, M., Martinez, L., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Mundry, R., N'Goran, P. K., Normand, E., Ntongho, A., Okon, D. T., Petre, C.-A., Plumptre, A., Rainey, H., Regnaut, S., Sanz, C., Stokes, E., Tondossama, A., Tranquilli, S., Sunderland-Groves, J., Walsh, P., Warren, Y., Williamson, E. A., & Kuehl, H. S. (2012). Recent decline in suitable environmental conditions for African great apes. Diversity and Distributions, 18(11), 1077-1091.
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Kühl, H. S., N'Guessan, A., Riedel, J., Metzger, S., & Deschner, T. (2012). The effect of climate fluctuation on chimpanzee birth sex ratio. PLoS One, 7(4): e35610.
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Kulik, L., Muniz, L., Mundry, R., & Widdig, A. (2012). Patterns of interventions and the effect of coalitions and sociality on male fitness. Molecular Ecology, 21(3), 699-714.
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Langergraber, K., Pruefer, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcett, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J. C., Muller, M. N., Robbins, M. M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T. S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R., Wrangham, R. W., Zuberbühler, K., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(39), 15716-15721.
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Luncz, L. V., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2012). Evidence for cultural differences between neighboring chimpanzee communities. Current Biology, 22(10), 922-926.
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Moscovice, L. R., & Ziegler, T. E. (2012). Peripheral oxytocin in female baboons relates to estrous state and maintenance of sexual consortships. Hormones and Behavior, 62(5), 592-597.
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N'Goran, P. K., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., N'Goran, E. K., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F. A., & Kühl, H. (2012). Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation. Conservation Biology, 26(3), 565-571.
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Neubauer, S., Gunz, P., Uta, S., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2012). Endocranial volumes in an ontogenetic sample of chimpanzees from the Taï Forest National Park, Ivory Coast. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(2), 319-325.
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Scally, A., Dutheil, J. Y., Hillier, L. W., Jordan, G. E., Goodhead, I., Herrero, J., Hobolth, A., Lappalainen, T., Mailund, T., Marques-Bonet, T., McCarthy, S., Montgomery, S. H., Schwalie, P. C., Tang, Y. A., Ward, M. C., Xue, Y., Yngvadottir, B., Alkan, C., Andersen, L. N., Ayub, Q., Ball, E. V., Beal, K., Bradley, B. J., Chen, Y., Clee, C. M., Fitzgerald, S., Graves, T. A., Gu, Y., Heath, P., Heger, A., Karakoc, E., Kolb-Kokocinski, A., Laird, G. K., Lunter, G., Meader, S., Mort, M., Mullikin, J. C., Munch, K., O’Connor, T. D., Phillips, A. D., Prado-Martinez, J., Rogers, A. S., Sajjadian, S., Schmidt, D., Shaw, K., Simpson, J. T., Stenson, P. D., Turner, D. J., Vigilant, L., Vilella, A. J., Whitener, W., Zhu, B., Cooper, D. N., de Jong, P., Dermitzakis, E. T., Eichler, E. E., Flicek, P., Goldman, N., Mundy, N. I., Ning, Z., Odom, D. T., Ponting, C. P., Quail, M. A., Ryder, O. A., Searle, S. M., Warren, W. C., Wilson, R. K., Schierup, M. H., Rogers, J., Tyler-Smith, C., & Durbin, &. R. (2012). Insights into hominid evolution from the gorilla genome sequence. Nature, 483(7388), 169-175.
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Schaumburg, F., Alabi, A. S., Köck, R., Mellmann, A., Kremsner, P. G., Boesch, C., Becker, K., Leendertz, F. H., & Peters, G. (2012). Highly divergent Staphylococcus aureus isolates from African non-human primates. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4(1), 141-146.
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Singh, N., Harvati, K., & Boesch, C. (2012). Cranio-facial variation in sub-species of Pan. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(Suppl. 54), 270-270.
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Skinner, M. F., Skinner, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2012). Developmental defects of the dental crown in chimpanzees from the Taï National Park, Côte D'ivoire: Coronal waisting. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(2), 272-282.
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Sommer, C., Todt, D., Ostreiher, R., & Mundry, R. (2012). Urgency-related alarm calling in Arabian babblers, Turdoides squamiceps: predator distance matters in the use of alarm call types. Behaviour, 149(7), 755-773.
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Surbeck, M., Deschner, T., Schubert, G., Weltring, A., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Mate competition, testosterone and intersexual relationships in bonobos, Pan paniscus. Animal Behaviour, 83(3), 659-669.
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Surbeck, M., Deschner, T., Weltring, A., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Social correlates of variation in urinary cortisol in wild male bonobos (Pan paniscus). Hormones and Behavior, 62(1), 27-35.
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Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Amsini, F., Arranz, L., Asamoah, A., Babafemi, O., Barakabuye, N., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Davenport, T. R., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ellis, C., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Greengrass, E., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Holbech, L. H., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I., Kumpel, N., Maisels, F., Marshall, P., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dogmo, Z., Okon, D. T., Plumptre, A., Rundus, A., Sunderland-Groves, J., Todd, A., Warren, Y., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2012). Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters, 5(1), 48-55.
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Vallo, P., Petrželková, K. J., Profousová, I., Petrášová, J., Pomajbíková, K., Leendertz, F., Hashimoto, C., Simmons, N., Babweteera, F., Machanda, Z., Piel, A., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Sommer, V., Furuichi, T., Fujita, S., Matsuzawa, T., Kaur, T., Huffman, M. A., & Modrý, D. (2012). Molecular diversity of entodiniomorphid ciliate Troglodytella abrassarti and its coevolution with chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 148(4), 525-533.
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Van Leeuwen, E. J. C., Cronin, K. A., Haun, D. B. M., Mundry, R., & Bodamer, M. D. (2012). Neighbouring chimpanzee communities show different preferences in social grooming behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279, 4362-4367.
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Vigilant, L., & Groeneveld, L. F. (2012). Using genetics to understand primate social systems. Nature Education Knowledge, 3(10): 87. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/using-genetics-to-understand-primate-social-systems-71223219.
Vitzthum, V. J., Renbarger, J. L., Nephew, K. P., Li, L., Thornburg, J., Williams, S. R., & Deschner, T. (2012). Is genetic variation a source of individual and populational differences in ovarian hormone concentrations? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(Suppl. 54), 294-294.
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Weltring, A., Schaebs, F. S., Perry, S. E., & Deschner, T. (2012). Simultaneous measurement of endogenous steroid hormones and their metabolites with LC–MS/MS in faeces of a New World primate species, Cebus capucinus. Physiology & Behavior, 105(2), 510-521.
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Wich, S., Fredriksson, G., Usher, G., Peters, H., Priatna, D., Basalamah, F., Susanto, W., & Kühl, H. (2012). Hunting of Sumatran orang-utans and its importance in determining distribution and density. Biological Conservation, 146(1), 163-169.
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Acerbi, A., Tennie, C., & Nunn, C. L. (2011). Modeling imitation and emulation in constrained search spaces. Learning & Behavior, 39(2), 104-114.
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Adanu, J., Sommer, V., & Fowler, A. (2011). Hunters, fire, cattle: Conservation challenges in Eastern Nigeria, with special reference to chimpanzees. In V. Sommer, & C. Ross (Eds.), Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot (pp. 55-99). Berlin: Springer.
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Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Rabanal, L. I., Schubert, G., Mettke, E., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Non-Invasive genetic monitoring of wild central chimpanzees. PLoS ONE, 6(3): e14761.
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Barelli, C., Reichard, U. H., & Mundry, R. (2011). Is grooming used as a commodity in wild white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar? Animal Behaviour, 82(4), 801-809.
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Berghänel, A., Ostner, J., & Schülke, O. (2011). Coalitions destabilize dyadic dominance relationships in male Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). Behaviour, 148(11-13), 1257-1275.
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Berghänel, A., Ostner, J., Schröder, U., & Schülke, O. (2011). Social bonds predict future cooperation in male Barbary macaques, Macaca sylvanus. Animal Behaviour, 81(6), 1109-1116.
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Boesch, C. (2011). Life and death in the forest. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 30-42). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Boesch, C. (2011). Our cousins in the forest - or bushmeat? In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 77-87). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Boesch, C. (2011). The diversity of the apes: What is the future? In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 155-172). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., Diarrassouba, A., N'Goran, P. K., & Boesch, C. (2011). Long-term research sites as refugia for threatened and over-harvested species. Biology Letters, 7(5), 723-726.
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Fowler, A., Pascual-Garrido, A., Buba, U., Tranquilli, S., Akosim, C., Schoening, C., & Sommer, V. (2011). Panthropology of the fourth chimpanzee: a contribution to cultural primatology. In V. Sommer, & C. Ross (Eds.), Primates of Gashaka: socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot (pp. 503-544). Berlin: Springer.
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Fürtbauer, I., Heistermann, M., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2011). Concealed fertility and extended female sexuality in a non-human primate (Macaca assamensis). PLoS ONE, 6(8): e23105.
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Fürtbauer, I., Mundry, R., Heistermann, M., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2011). You mate, I mate: Macaque females synchronize sex not cycles. PLoS ONE, 6(10): e26144.
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Gomes, C. M., & Boesch, C. (2011). Reciprocity and trades in wild West African chimpanzees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(11), 2183-2196.
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Harris, T. R., Monfort, S. L., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Variation in sexual strategies and paternity skew in wild black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 144(S52), 157.
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Hauser, B., Mugisha, L., Preis, A., & Deschner, T. (2011). LC-MS analysis of androgen metabolites in serum and urine from east African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 170(1), 92-98.
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Head, J. (2011). Keeping it in the family - tribal warfare between chimpanzee communities. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 101-115). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Makaga, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2011). Sympatric chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Loango National Park, Gabon: Dietary composition, seasonality, and intersite comparisons. International Journal of Primatology, 32(3), 755-775.
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Hesler, N., Mundry, R., & Dabelsteen, T. (2011). Does song repertoire size in Common Blackbirds play a role in an intra-sexual context? Journal of Ornithology, 152(3), 591-601.
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Hicks, C. (2011). Encounters with Bili chimpanzees in the undisturbed Gangu Forest. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African Apes: Stories and Photos from the Field (pp. 43-60). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2011). Is blood thicker than water? In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 61-76). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
Hoppe-Dominik, B., Kühl, H. S., Radl, G., & Fischer, F. (2011). Long-term monitoring of large rainforest mammals in the Biosphere Reserve of Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. African Journal of Ecology, 49(4), 450-458.
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Janmaat, K. R. L., Chapman, C. A., Meijer, R., & Zuberbühler, K. (2011). The use of fruiting synchrony by foraging mangabey monkeys: A ‘simple tool’ to find fruit. Animal Cognition, 15(1), 83-96.
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Kasangaki, A., Bitariho, R., Shaw, P., Robbins, M. M., & McNeilage, A. (2011). Long-term ecological and socio-economic changes in and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South-Western Uganda. In A. J. Plumptre (Ed.), The Ecological Impact of Long-Term Changes in Africa's Rift Valley. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publ.
Köndgen, S., Leider, M., Lankester, F., Bethe, A., Lübke-Becker, A., Leendertz, F. H., & Ewers, C. (2011). Pasteurella multocida involved in respiratory disease of wild chimpanzees. PLoS One, 6(9): e24236.
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Kouakou, C. Y., Boesch, C., & Kuehl, H. S. (2011). Identifying hotspots of chimpanzee group activity from transect surveys in Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 27(6), 621-630.
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Langergraber, K. E., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Genetic differences cannot be excluded from generating behavioural differences among chimpanzee groups. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 278(1715), 2094-2095.
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Langergraber, K. E., Boesch, C., Inoue, E., Inoue-Murayama, M., Mitani, J. C., Nishida, T., Pusey, A., Reynolds, V., Schubert, G., Wrangham, R. W., Wroblewski, E., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Genetic and 'cultural' similarity in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 278(1704), 408-416.
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Langergraber, K., Schubert, G., Rowney, C., Wrangham, R., Zommers, Z., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Genetic differentiation and the evolution of cooperation in chimpanzees and humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 278(1717), 2546-2552.
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Lazenby, R. A., Skinner, M. M., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2011). Metacarpal trabecular architecture variation in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Evidence for locomotion and tool-use? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 144(2), 215-225.
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Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Cameron, K. N., Kidega, T., Zuberbühler, K., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Calvignac, S., & Ehlers, B. (2011). African great apes are naturally infected with polyomaviruses closely related to Merkel cell polyomavirus▿. Journal of Virology, 85(2), 916-924.
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Leendertz, S. A. J., Locatelli, S., Boesch, C., Kücherer, C., Formenty, P., Liegeois, F., Ayouba, A., Peeters, M., & Leendertz, F. H. (2011). No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (piliocolobus badius badius) to wild west african chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through hunting. BMC Microbiology, 11: 24.
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Mundry, R. (2011). Issues in information theory-based statistical inference - a commentary from a frequentist's perspective. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(1), 57-68.
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Nunn, C. L., Thrall, P. H., Leendertz, F. H., & Boesch, C. (2011). The spread of fecally transmitted parasites in socially-structured populations. PLoS One, 6(6): e21677.
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Nyanganji, G., Fowler, A., McNamara, A., & Sommer, V. (2011). Monkeys and apes as animals and humans: Ethno-primatology in Nigeria's Taraba region. In V. Sommer, & C. Ross (Eds.), Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot (pp. 101-134). Berlin: Springer.
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Oelze, V. M., Fuller, B. T., Richards, M. P., Fruth, B., Surbeck, M., Hublin, J.-J., & Hohmann, G. (2011). Exploring the contribution and significance of animal protein in the diet of bonobos by stable isotope ratio analysis of hair. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(24), 9792-9797.
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Ostner, J., Heistermann, M., & Schülke, O. (2011). Male competition and its hormonal correlates in Assamese macaques (Macaca assamensis). Hormones and Behavior, 59(1), 105-113.
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Preis, A., Mugisha, L., Hauser, B., Weltring, A., & Deschner, T. (2011). Androgen and androgen metabolite levels in serum and urine of East African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii): Comparison of EIA and LC–MS analyses. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 174(3), 335-343.
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Riedel, J., Franz, M., & Boesch, C. (2011). How feeding competition determines female chimpanzee gregariousness and ranging in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 73(4), 305-313.
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Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T., Fawcett, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2011). Lifetime reproductive success of female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146(4), 582-593.
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Robbins, M. M. (2011). Discovering apes. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 17-29). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Fawcett, K. A., Nutter, F. B., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., Basabose, A., Stoinski, T. S., Cranfield, M. R., Byamukama, J., Spelman, L. H., & Robbins, A. M. (2011). Extreme conservation leads to recovery of the Virunga Mountain gorillas. PLoS One, 6(6): e19788.
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Schubert, G., Stoneking, C. J., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Eckhardt, N., Hohmann, G., Langergraber, K., Lukas, D., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Male-mediated gene flow in patrilocal primates. PLoS One, 6(7): e21514.
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more

Smith, B. H., & Boesch, C. (2011). Mortality and the magnitude of the "wild effect" in chimpanzee tooth emergence. Journal of Human Evolution, 60(1), 34-46.
DOI   
Sommer, V., Bauer, J., Fowler, A., & Ortmann, S. (2011). Patriarchal chimpanzees, matriarchal bonobos: Potential ecological causes of a Pan Dichotomy. In V. Somme, & C. Ross (Eds.), Primates of Gashaka: Socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot (pp. 417-449). Berlin: Springer.
DOI   
Surbeck, M., Mundry, R., & Hohmann, G. (2011). Mothers matter! Maternal support, dominance status and mating success in male bonobos (Pan paniscus). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 278(1705), 590-598.
DOI   
Thalmann, O., Wegmann, D., Spitzner, M., Arandjelovic, M., Guschanski, K., Leuenberger, C., Bergl, R. A., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Historical sampling reveals dramatic demographic changes in western gorilla populations. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 11: 85, pp. 1-10.
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Townsend, S. W., Deschner, T., & Zuberbühler, K. (2011). Copulation calls in female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) convey identity but do not accurately reflect fertility. International Journal of Primatology, 32(4), 914-923.
DOI   
Truong, C. V. C., Groeneveld, L. F., Morgenstern, B., & Groeneveld, E. (2011). MolabIS - An integrated information system for storing and managing molecular genetics data. BMC Bioinformatics, 12: 425.
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Vigilant, L., & Langergraber, K. E. (2011). Inconclusive evidence for patrilocality in Neandertals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(18), E87-E87.
DOI   
Vitzthum, V. J., Thornburg, J., Schaebs, F. S., Deimel, C., & Deschner, T. (2011). East meets West: Evaluations of the potential role of early life conditions on adult ovarian steroid levels in Mongolian and German women. American Journal of Human Biology, 23(2), 282-283.
DOI   
Wevers, D., Metzger, S., Babweteera, F., Bieberbach, M., Boesch, C., Cameron, K., Couacy-Hymann, E., Cranfield, M., Gray, M., Harris, L. A., Head, J., Jeffery, K., Knauf, S., Lankester, F., Leendertz, S. A. J., Lonsdorf, E., Mugisha, L., Nitsche, A., Reed, P., Robbins, M., Travis, D. A., Zommers, Z., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2011). Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: A high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions. Journal of Virology, 85(20), 10774-10784.
DOI   

2010

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Kuehl, H., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Maisels, F., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Effective non-invasive genetic monitoring of multiple wild western gorilla groups. Biological Conservation, 143(7), 1780-1791.
DOI   
Berghänel, A., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2010). Coalition formation among Barbary macaque males: the influence of scramble competition. Animal Behaviour, 80(1), 675-682.
DOI   
Blinkova, O., Victoria, J., Li, Y., Keele, B. F., Sanz, C. M., Ndjango, J.-B.-N., Peeters, M., Travis, D., Lonsdorf, E. V., Wilson, M. L., Pusey, A. E., Hahn, B. H., & Delwart, E. L. (2010). Novel circular DNA viruses in stool samples of wild-living chimpanzees. Journal of General Virology, 91, 74-86.
DOI   
Boesch, C. (2010). Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2-3), 86-87.
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Boesch, C., Bolé, C., Eckhardt, N., & Boesch, H. (2010). Altruism in forest chimpanzees: The case of adoption. PLoS One, 5(1): e8901.
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Boos, K., Gutow, L., Mundry, R., & Franke, H.-D. (2010). Sediment preference and burrowing behaviour in the sympatric brittlestars Ophiura albida Forbes, 1839 and Ophiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 393(1-2), 176-181.
DOI   
Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., Olejniczak, C., Parnell, R. J., Stokes, E. J., & Robbins, M. M. (2010). Variance in the male reproductive success of western gorillas: Acquiring females is just the beginning. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(4), 515-528.
DOI   
Caillaud, D., Crofoot, M. C., Scarpino, S. V., Jansen, P. A., Garzon-Lopez, C. X., Winkelhagen, A. J. S., Bohlman, S. A., & Walsh, P. D. (2010). Modeling the spatial distribution and fruiting pattern of a key tree species in a neotropical forest: Methodology and potential applications. PLoS One, 5(11): e15002.
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Capellini, I., Preston, B. T., McNamara, P., Barton, R. A., & Nunn, C. L. (2010). Ecological Constraints on Mammalian Sleep Architecture. In ed. by Patrick McNamara, Robert A. Barton, Charles L. Nunn (Ed.), Evolution of sleep: phylogenetic and functional perspectives (pp. 12-33). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Carlson, K., Wrangham, R., Muller, M., Sumner, R., Morbeck, M. E., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2010). The locomotor repertoire of early Homo: Insights from chimpanzee variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 76.
DOI   
Chan, Y.-C., Roos, C., Inoue-Murayama, M., Inoue, E., Shih, C.-C., Pei, K.-J.-C., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Mitochondrial genome sequences effectively reveal the phylogeny of Hylobates gibbons. PLoS One, 5(12): e14419.
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Cheney, D. L., Moscovice, L. R., Heesen, M., Mundry, R., & Seyfarth, R. M. (2010). Contingent cooperation between wild female baboons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(21), 9567-9571.
DOI   
Crofoot, M., Caillaud, D., Salvador, L., Scarpino, S., Boyer, D., Ryan, S., & Walsh, P. (2010). No need for violence: episodic memory and scramble competition can explain primate "war zones". American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 88-88.
DOI   
Deschner, T., Fuller, B. T., Oelze, V., Ortmann, S., Richards, M. P., & Hohmann, G. (2010). Monitoring nutritional stress with urinary delta N-15 and c/n ratios in captive bonobos. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 93-93.
DOI   
Ehlers, B., Spiess, K., Leendertz, F. H., Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Gatherer, D., & McGeoch, D. J. (2010). Lymphocryptovirus phylogeny and the origins of Epstein–Barr virus. Journal of General Virology, 91(3), 630-642.
DOI   
Fowler, A., & Hohmann, G. (2010). Cannibalism in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Lui Kotale. American Journal of Primatology, 72(6), 509-514.
DOI   
Franz, M., & Caillaud, D. (2010). Fitting Artificial Neural Network Models to Animal Movement Data: Some Necessary Precautions, a Comment on Dalziel et al. The American Naturalist, 175(6), 759-761.
DOI   
Franz, M., & Matthews, L. J. (2010). Social enhancement can create adaptive, arbitrary and maladaptive cultural traditions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 277(1698), 3363-3372.
DOI   
Franz, M., & Nunn, C. L. (2010). Investigating the impact of observation errors on the statistical performance of network-based diffusion analysis. Learning & Behavior, 38(3), 235-242.
DOI   
Fürtbauer, I., Schülke, O., Heistermann, M., & Ostner, J. (2010). Reproductive and Life History Parameters of Wild Female Macaca assamensis. International Journal of Primatology, 31(4), 501-517.
DOI   
Gillespie, T. R., Morgan, D., Deutsch, J. C., Kuhlenschmidt, M. S., Salzer, J. S., Cameron, K., Reed, T., & Sanz, C. (2010). A Legacy of Low-Impact Logging does not Elevate Prevalence of Potentially Pathogenic Protozoa in Free-Ranging Gorillas and Chimpanzees in the Republic of Congo: Logging and Parasitism in African Apes. EcoHealth, 6(4), 557-564.
DOI   
Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K., Robbins, M. M., Ssebide, B., Mbula, D., & Uwingeli, P. (2010). Censusing the mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes: Complete sweep method versus monitoring. African Journal of Ecology, 48(3), 588-599.
DOI   
Grueter, C. C., Li, D., Ren, B., & Wei, F. (2010). Feeding ecology of Yunnan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) in the Samage Forest, Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve, China. In Tilo Nadler, Benjamin Miles Rawson, Ngoc Thinh Van, & Frankfurt Zoological Society (Eds.), Conservation of primates in Indochina (pp. 157-169). Hanoi, Vietnam: Endangered Primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park, and Conservation International, Indo-Burma Program.
Harris, T. R. (2010). Multiple resource values and fighting ability measures influence intergroup conflict in guerezas (Colobus guereza). Animal Behaviour, 79(1), 89-98.
DOI   
Harris, T. R., Chapman, C. A., & Monfort, S. L. (2010). Small folivorous primate groups exhibit behavioral and physiological effects of food scarcity. Behavioral Ecology, 21(1), 46-56.
DOI   
Hofreiter, M., Kreuz, E., Eriksson, J., Schubert, G., & Hohmann, G. (2010). Vertebrate DNA in fecal samples from bonobos and gorillas: Evidence for meat consumption or artefact? PLoS One, 5(2): e9419.
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Hohmann, G., Potts, K., N'Guessan, A. K., Fowler, A., Mundry, R., Ganzhorn, J. U., & Ortmann, S. (2010). Plant foods consumed by Pan: Exploring the variation of nutritional ecology across Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(3), 476-485.
DOI   
Janmaat, K. R. L., & Chancellor, R. (2010). Exploring new areas: How important is long-term spatial memory for mangabey (Lophocebus albigena johnstonii) foraging efficiency? International Journal of Primatology, 31(5), 863-886.
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Junglen, S., Hedemann, C., Ellerbrok, H., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Diversity of STLV-1 strains in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) from Côte d'Ivoire. Virus Research, 150(1-2), 143-147.
DOI   
Kaiser, M., Löwa, A., Ulrich, M., Ellerbrok, H., Goffe, A. S., Blasse, A., Zommers, Z., Couacy-Hymann, E., Babweteera, F., Zuberbühler, K., Metzger, S., Geidel, S., Boesch, C., Gillespie, T. R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Wild Chimpanzees Infected with 5 Plasmodium Species. Emerging Infectius Diseases, 16(12), 1956-1959.
DOI   
Kirkpatrick, R. C., & Grüter, C. C. (2010). Snub-Nosed Monkeys: Multilevel Societies Across Varied Environments. Evolutionary Anthropology, 19(3), 98-113.
DOI   
Klee, S. R., Brzuszkiewicz, E. B., Nattermann, H., Brüggemann, H., Dupke, S., Wollherr, A., Franz, T., Pauli, G., Appel, B., Liebl, W., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Meyer, F.-D., Leendertz, F. H., Ellerbrok, H., Gottschalk, G., Grunow, R., & Liesegang, H. (2010). The genome of a bacillus isolate causing anthrax in chimpanzees combines chromosomal properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis virulence plasmids. PLoS One, 5(7): e10986.
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Köndgen, S., Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Noninvasive monitoring of respiratory viruses in wild chimpanzees. EcoHealth, 7(3), 332-341.
DOI   
Leendertz, S. A. J., Junglen, S., Hedemann, C., Goffe, A., Calvignac, S., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). High Prevalence, Coinfection Rate, and Genetic Diversity of Retroviruses in Wild Red Colobus Monkeys (Piliocolobus badius badius) in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Virology, 84(15), 7427-7436.
DOI   
Leendertz, S. A. J., Metzger, S., Skjerve, E., Deschner, T., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). A longitudinal study of urinary dipstick parameters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 72(8), 689-698.
DOI   
Li, Y., Jiang, Z., Li, C., & Grueter, C. C. (2010). Effects of Seasonal Folivory and Frugivory on Ranging Patterns in Rhinopithecus roxellana. International Journal of Primatology, 31(4), 609-626.
DOI   
Masello, J. F., Mundry, R., Poisbleau, M., Demongin, L., Voigt, C. C., Wikelski, M., & Quillfeldt, P. (2010). Diving seabirds share foraging space and time within and among species. Ecosphere, 1(6): 19.
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McNamara, P., Barton, R. A., & Nunn, C. L. (Eds.). (2010). Evolution of Sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives (1st ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Muniz, L., Perry, S., Manson, J. H., Gilkenson, H., Gros-Louis, J., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Male dominance and reproductive success in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) at Lomas Barbudal, Costa Rica. American Journal of Primatology, 72(12), 1118-1130.
DOI   
Néel, C., Etienne, L., Li, Y., Takehisa, J., Rudicell, R. S., Ndong, I., Moudindo, J., Mebenga, A., Esteban, A., Van Heuverswyn, F., Liegeois, F., Kranzusch, P. J., Walsh, P. D., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., Ndjango, J.-B.-N., Plantier, J.-C., Locatelli, S., Gonder, M. K., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Todd, A. F., Delaporte, E., Mpoudi-Ngole, E., Hahn, B. H., & Peeters, M. (2010). Molecular epidemiology of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in wild-living gorillas. Journal of Virology, 84(3), 1464-1476.
DOI   
Newton-Fisher, N. E., Thompson, M. E., Reynolds, V., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Paternity and social rank in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) from the Budongo Forest, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 142(3), 417-428.
DOI   
Nunn, C. L., McNamara, P., Capellini, I., Preston, B. T., & Barton, R. A. (2010). Primate sleep in phylogenetic perspective. In Patrick McNamara, Robert A. Barton, Charles L. Nunn (Ed.), Evolution of Sleep: Phylogenetic and Functional Perspectives (pp. 123-144). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Quillfeldt, P., Poisbleau, M., Mundry, R., & Masello, J. F. (2010). Are acoustical parameters of begging call elements of thin-billed prions related to chick condition? Acta Ethologica, 13(1), 1-9.
DOI   
Rabanal, L. I., Kuehl, H., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biological Conservation, 143(4), 1017-1024.
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Réale, D., Dingemanse, N. J., Kazem, A. J. N., & Wright, J. (2010). Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality. Evolutionary and ecological approaches to the study of personality, 3937-3946.
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Robbins, M. M. (2010). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell, Agustín Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Melissa Panger, and Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in Perspective 2nd ed. (pp. 326-339). New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Robbins, M. M. (2010). Long-term field studies of primates: Considering the past, present, and future. Evolutionary Anthropology, 19(3), 87-88.
DOI   
Rohland, N., Siedel, H., & Hofreiter, M. (2010). A rapid column-based ancient DNA extraction method for increased sample throughput. Molecular Ecology Resources, 10(4), 677-683.
DOI   
Sanz, C. M., Schöning, C., & Morgan, D. B. (2010). Chimpanzees prey on army ants with specialized tool set. American Journal of Primatology, 72(1), 17-24.
DOI   
Schülke, O., Bhagavatula, J., Vigilant, L., & Ostner, J. (2010). Social bonds enhance reproductive success in male macaques. Current Biology, 20(24), 2207-2210.
DOI   
Silk, J. B., Beehner, J. C., Bergman, T. J., Crockford, C., Engh, A. L., Moscovice, L. R., Wittig, R. M., Seyfarth, R. M., & Cheney, D. L. (2010). Strong and consistent social bonds enhance the longevity of female baboons. Current Biology, 20(15), 1359-1361.
DOI   
Smith, B. H., & Boesch, C. (2010). Magnitude of the "wild effect" in tooth emergence in chimpanzees of the Tai and Gombe forests. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 219-219.
DOI   
Smith, T. M., Smith, B. H., Reid, D. J., Siedel, H., Vigilant, L., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2010). Dental development of the Taï Forest chimpanzees revisited. Journal of Human Evolution, 58(5), 363-373.
DOI   
Spehar, S. N., Mathewson, P. D., Nuzuar, Wich, S. A., Marshall, A. J., Kühl, H. S., Nardiyono, & Meijaard, E. (2010). Estimating orangutan densities using the standing crop and marked nest count methods: Lessons learned for conservation. Biotropica, 42(6), 748-757.
DOI   
Sprau, P., & Mundry, R. (2010). Song type sharing in common nightingales, Luscinia megarhynchos, and its implications for cultural evolution. Animal Behaviour, 80(3), 427-434.
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Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Male aggression and sexual coercion in wild West African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. Animal Behaviour, 79(2), 333-342.
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Vigilant, L., Schubert, G., & Langergraber, K. (2010). Levels of genetic differentiation at a small geographic scale in human and chimpanzee societies. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50).
DOI   
Wevers, D., Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Head, J., Ludwig, C., Kühn, J., & Ehlers, B. (2010). A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Virology Journal, 7(303): 7:303, pp. 1-8.
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Whiten, A. W., McGrew, W. C., Aiello, L. C., Boesch, C., Boyd, R., Byrne, R. W., Dunbar, R. I. M., Matsuzawa, T., Silk, J. B., Tomasello, M., Schaik, C. P. v., & Wrangham, R. (2010). Studying Extant Species to Model Our Past [Letter to the Editor]. Science, 327(5964), 410-410.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Receiving post-conflict affiliation from the enemy's friend reconciles former opponents. PLoS One, 5(11): e13995.
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Zuberbühler, K., & Janmaat, K. (2010). Foraging cognition in nonhuman primates. In Michael L. Platt and Asif A. Ghazanfar (Ed.), Primate neuroethology (pp. 64-83). New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
DOI   

2009

Albert, F. W., Carlborg, O., Plyusnina, I. Z., Besnier, F., Hedwig, D., Lautenschläger, S., Lorenz, D., McIntosh, J., Neumann, C., Richter, H., Zeising, C., Kozhemyakina, T., Shchepina, O., Kratzsch, J., Trut, L. N., Teupser, D., Thiery, J., Schöneberg, T., Andersson, L., & Pääbo, S. (2009). Genetic architecture of tameness in a rat model of animal domestication. Genetics, 182(2), 541-554.
DOI   
Alvergne, A., Huchard, E., Caillaud, D., Charpentier, M. J. E., Setchel, J. M., Ruppli, C., Féjan, D., Martinez, L., Cowlishaw, G., & Raymond, M. (2009). Human Ability to Recognize Kin Visually Within Primates. International Journal of Primatology, 30(1), 199-210.
DOI   
Arandjelovic, M., Guschanski, K., Schubert, G., Harris, T. R., Thalmann, O., Siedel, H., & Vigilant, L. (2009). Two-step multiplex polymerase chain reaction improves the speed and accuracy of genotyping using DNA from noninvasive and museum samples. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9(1), 28-36.
DOI   
Barelli, C., & Heistermann, M. (2009). Monitoring female reproductive status in white-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) using fecal hormone analysis and patterns of genital skin swellings. In S. Lappan, & D. Whittaker (Eds.), The gibbons: New perspectives on small ape socioecology and population biology (pp. 313-325). New York [u.a.]: Springer.
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Blake, S., Deem, S. L., Mossimbo, E., Maisels, F., & Walsh, P. D. (2009). Forest Elephants: Tree Planters of the Congo. Biotropica, 41(4), 459-468.
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Boesch, C. (2009). The real chimpanzee: Sex strategies in the forest. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Boesch, C., Head, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution, 56(6), 560-569.
DOI   
Borchers, C., Riedel, J., Boesch, C., & Breuer, T. (2009). Deux programmes d'éducation environnementale pour la conservation des grands singes africains: Club Ebobo et Club P.A.N. La Revue de Primatologie, 1.
DOI   
Breuer, T., Breuer-Ndoundou Hockemba, M., Olejniczak, C., Parnell, R. J., & Stockes, E. J. (2009). Physical maturation, life-history classes and age estimates of free-ranging western gorillas - insights from Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 71(2), 106-119.
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Clauss, M., Nunn, C. L., Fritz, J., & Hummel, J. (2009). Evidence for a tradeoff between retention time and chewing efficiency in large mammalian herbivores. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 154(3), 376-382.
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Deschner, T., Deimel, C., Schaebs, F. S., Jurado, K., & Vitzthum, V. J. (2009). Comparison of Urinary PdG and Salivary Progesterone Levels for the Assessment of Ovarian Functioning: A Study of Nomadic Mongolian Herders. Folia Primatologica, 80(2), 156-156.
DOI   
Duckworth, A., Masello, J. F., Mundry, R., & Quillfeldt, P. (2009). Functional characterization of begging calls in thin-billed Prions Pachyptila belcheri chicks. Acta Ornithologica, 44(2), 127-137.
DOI   
Franz, M., & Nunn, C. L. (2009). Network-based diffusion analysis: a new method for detecting social learning. Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences, 276(1663), 1829-1836.
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Franz, M., & Nunn, C. L. (2009). Rapid evolution of social learning. Journal of Evolutionary Anthropology, 22(9), 1914-1922.
DOI   
Ganas, J., Nkurunungi, J. B., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). A preliminary study of the temporal and spatial biomass patterns of herbaceous vegetation consumed by mountain gorillas in an afromontane rain forest. Biotropica, 41(1), 37-46.
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Ganas, J., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Food choices of the mountain gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: The influence of nutrients, phenolics and availability. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25(2), 123-134.
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Genty, E., Breuer, T., Hobaiter, C., & Byrne, R. W. (2009). Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla): repertoire, intentionality and possible origins. Animal Cognition, 12(3), 527-546.
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Gladbach, A., Büßer, C., Mundry, R., & Quillfeldt, P. (2009). Acoustic parameters of begging calls indicate chick body condition in Wilson's storm-petrels Oceanites oceanicus. Journal of Ethology, 27(2), 267-274.
DOI   
Gomes, C. M., & Boesch, C. (2009). Wild chimpanzees exchange meat for sex on a long-term basis. PLoS One, 4(4): e5116.
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more

Gomes, C. M., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2009). Long-term reciprocation of grooming in wild West African chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B: Biological Sciences, 276(1657), 699-706.
DOI   
Grueter, C. C., & van Schaik, C. P. (2009). Sexual size dimorphism in Asian colobines revisited. American Journal of Primatology, 71(7), 609-616.
DOI   
Grueter, C. C., Jiang, X., Konrad, R., Fan, P., Guan, Z., & Geissmann, T. (2009). Are Hylobates lar Extirpated from China? International Journal of Primatology, 30(4), 553-567.
DOI   
Grueter, C. C., Li, D., Ren, B., Wei, F., & van Schaik, C. P. (2009). Dietary Profile of Rhinopithecus bieti and Its Socioecological Implications. International Journal of Primatology, 30(4), 601-624.
DOI   
Guschanski, K. (2009). Molecular ecology of an entire wild mountain gorilla population. PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Guschanski, K., Vigilant, L., McNeilage, A., Gray, M., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Counting elusive animals: Comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation, 142(2), 290-300.
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Harris, T. R., Caillaud, D., Chapman, C. A., & Vigilant, L. (2009). Neither genetic nor observational data alone are sufficient for understanding sex-biased dispersal in a social-group-living species. Molecular Ecology, 18(8), 1777-1790.
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Herbinger, I., Papworth, S., Boesch, C., & Zuberbühler, K. (2009). Vocal, gestural and locomotor responses of wild chimpanzees to familiar and unfamiliar intruders: A playback study. Animal Behaviour, 78(6), 1389-1396.
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Hohmann, G. (2009). The diets of non-human primates: Frugivory, food processing, and food sharing. In J.-J. Hublin (Ed.), The evolution of hominin diets: integrating approaches to the study of palaeolithic subsistence (pp. 1-14). Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.
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Hohmann, G., Mundry, R., & Deschner, T. (2009). The relationship between socio-sexual behavior and salivary cortisol in bonobos: Tests of the tension regulation hypothesis. American Journal of Primatology, 71(3), 223-232.
DOI   
Janmaat, K. R. L., Olupot, W., Chancellor, R. L., & Arlet, M. E. (2009). Long-term Site Fidelity and Individual Home Range Shifts in Lophocebus albigena. International Journal of Primatology, 30(3), 443-466.
DOI   
Jensen, S. A., Mundry, R., Nunn, C. L., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2009). Non-invasive body temperature measurement of wild chimpanzees using fecal temperature decline. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 45(2), 542-546.
DOI   
Junglen, S., Kurth, A., Kuehl, H., Quan, P.-L., Ellerbrok, H., Pauli, G., Nitsche, A., Nunn, C. L., Rich, S. M., Lipkin, W. I., Briese, T., & Leendertz, F. H. (2009). Examining landscape factors influencing relative distribution of mosquito genera and frequency of virus infection. EcoHealth, 6(2), 239-249.
DOI   
Kiefer, S., Sommer, C., Scharff, C., Kipper, S., & Mundry, R. (2009). Tuning towards tomorrow? Common nightingales Luscinia megarhynchos change and increase their song repertoires from the first to the second breeding season. Journal of Avian Biology, 40(2), 231-236.
DOI   
Kouakou, C. Y., Boesch, C., & Kuehl, H. (2009). Estimating chimpanzee population size with nest counts: Validating methods in Taï National Park. American Journal of Primatology, 71(6), 71-6.
DOI   
Kuehl, H., Nzeingui, C., Le Duc Yeno, S., Huijbregts, B., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2009). Discriminating between village and commercial hunting of apes. Biological Conservation, 142(7), 1500-1506.
DOI   
Langergraber, K. E., Mitani, J. C., & Vigilant, L. (2009). Kinship and social bonds in female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Primatology, 71(10), 840-851.
DOI   
Langergraber, K. E., Mitani, J. C., & Vigilant, L. (2009). Kinship and social bonds in wild female chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. Folia Primatologica, 80(2), 123-124.
DOI   
Leendertz, F. H., Deckers, M., Schempp, W., Lankester, F., Boesch, C., Mugisha, L., Dolan, A., Gatherer, D., McGeoch, D. J., & Ehlers, B. (2009). Novel cytomegaloviruses in free-ranging and captive great apes: Phylogenetic evidence for bidirectional horizontal transmission. Journal of General Virology, 90(10), 2386-2394.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2009). Sociality of the dispersing sex: The nature of social bonds in West African female chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Animal Behaviour, 77(2), 377-387.
DOI   
Masi, S., Cipolletta, C., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) change their activity patterns in response to frugivory. American Journal of Primatology, 71(2), 91-100.
DOI   
Masi, S., Cipolletta, C., Ortmann, S., Mundry, R., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Does a more frugivorous diet lead to an increase in energy intake and energy expenditure? The case of the western lowland gorillas at Bai-Hokou, Central African Republic. Folia Primatologica, 80(6), 372-373.
DOI   
Morozov, V. A., Leendertz, F. H., Junglen, S., Boesch, C., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2009). Frequent foamy virus infection in free-living chimpanzees of the Taï National Park (Côte d'Ivoire). Journal of General Virology, 90, 500-506.
DOI   
Moscovice, L. R., Heesen, M., Di Fiore, A., Seyfarth, R. M., & Cheney, D. L. (2009). Paternity alone does not predict long-term investment in juveniles by male baboons. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(10), 1471-1482.
DOI   
Mundry, R., & Nunn, C. L. (2009). Stepwise Model Fitting and Statistical Inference: Turning Noise into Signal Pollution. The American Naturalist, 173(1), 119-123.
DOI   
N'Guessan, A. K., Ortmann, S., & Boesch, C. (2009). Daily energy balance and protein gain among Pan troglodytes verus in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Primatology, 30(3), 481-496.
DOI   
Normand, E., & Boesch, C. (2009). Sophisticated Euclidean maps in forest chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 77(5), 1195-1201.
DOI   
Normand, E., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2009). Forest chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) remember the location of numerous fruit trees. Animal Cognition, 12(6), 797-807.
DOI   
Nunn, C. L. (2009). Using agent-based models to investigate primate disease ecology. In M. A. Huffman, & C. A. Chapman (Eds.), Primate parasite ecology: The dynamics and study of host-parasite relationships (pp. 83-110). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Nunn, C. L., Lindenfors, P., Pursall, E. R., & Rolff, J. (2009). On sexual dimorphism in immune function. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society B, 364(1513), 61-69.
DOI   
Nunn, C. L., Thrall, P. H., Bartz, K., Dasgupta, T., & Boesch, C. (2009). Do transmission mechanisms or social systems drive cultural dynamics in socially structured populations? Animal Behaviour, 77(6), 1515-1524.
DOI   
Preston, B. T., Capellini, I., McNamara, P., Barton, R. A., & Nunn, C. L. (2009). Parasite resistance and the adaptive significance of sleep. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 9: 7.
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Rich, S. M., Leendertz, F. H., Xu, G., LeBreton, M., Djoko, C. F., Aminake, M. N., Takang, E. E., Diffo, J. L. D., Pike, B. L., Rosenthal, B. R., Formenty, P., Boesch, C., Ayala, F. J., & Wolfe, N. D. (2009). The origin of malignant malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(35), 14902-14907.
DOI   
Richter, C., Mevis, L., Malaivijitnond, S., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2009). Social Relationships in Free-Ranging Male Macaca arctoides. International Journal of Primatology, 30(4), 625-642.
DOI   
Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Does dispersal cause reproductive delays in female mountain gorillas? Behaviour, 146(4-5), 525-549.
DOI   
Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Leave or conceive: Natal dispersal and philopatry of female mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcano region. Animal Behaviour, 77(4), 831-838.
DOI   
Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Socioecological influences on the dispersal of female mountain gorillas—evidence of a second folivore paradox. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(4), 477-489.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M. (2009). Male aggression towards females in mountain gorillas: Courtship or coercion? In Martin N. Muller and Richard W. Wrangham (Ed.), Sexual coercion in primates and humans: an evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females (pp. 112-127). Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.
Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, A. M. (2009). Population dynamics of the Bwindi mountain gorillas. Biological Conservation, 142(12), 2886-2895.
DOI   
Sanz, C. M., & Morgan, D. (2009). Flexible and persistent tool-using strategies in honey-gathering by wild chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology, 30(3), 411-427.
DOI   
Sanz, C. M., Call, J., & Morgan, D. (2009). Design complexity in termite-fishing tools of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Biology Letters, 5(3), 293-296.
DOI   
Savini, T., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2009). Varying Ecological Quality Influences the Probability of Polyandry in White-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) in Thailand. Biotropica, 41(4), 503-513.
DOI   
Sawyer, S. C., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). A novel food processing technique by a wild mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei). Folia Primatologica, 80(2), 83-88.
DOI   
Skinner, M. M., Gunz, P., Wood, B. A., Boesch, C., & Hublin, J.-J. (2009). Discrimination of extant Pan species and subspecies using the enamel-dentine junction morphology of lower molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 140(2), 234-243.
DOI   
Surbeck, M., Fowler, A., Deimel, C., & Hohmann, G. (2009). Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus). American Journal of Primatology, 71(2), 171-174.
DOI   
Tennie, C., & Hedwig, D. (2009). How latent solution experiments can help to study differences between human culture and primate traditions. In Emil Potocki and Juliusz Krasinski (Ed.), Primatology: theories, methods, and research (pp. 95-112). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.
Tennie, C., Gilby, I. C., & Mundry, R. (2009). The meat-scrap hypothesis: small quantities of meat may promote cooperative hunting in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(3), 421-431.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (2009). Elucidating population histories using genomic DNA sequences. Current Anthropology, 50(2), 201-212.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., & Guschanski, K. (2009). Using genetics to understand the dynamics of wild primate populations. Primates, 50(2), 105-120.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., & Langergraber, K. E. (2009). A genetic perspective on the evolution of cooperation in chimpanzees and humans. Folia Primatologica, 80(2), 107.
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Walsh, P. D., Bermejo, M., & Rodriguez-Teijeiro, J. D. (2009). Disease avoidance and the evolution of primate social connectivity: Ebola, bats, gorillas, and chimpanzees. In M. A. Huffman, & C. A. Chapman (Eds.), Primate parasite ecology: The dynamics and study of host-parasite relationships (pp. 183-198). Cambridge Univ. Pr.

2008

Acerbi, A., Marocco, D., & Vogt, P. (2008). Social learning in embodied agents. Connection Science, 20(2-3), 69-72.
DOI   
Acerbi, A., McNamara, P., & Nunn, C. L. (2008). To sleep or not to sleep: The ecology of sleep in artificial organisms. BMC Ecology, 8: 10.
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Aureli, F., Schaffner, C. M., Boesch, C., Bearder, S. K., Call, J., Chapman, C. A., Connor, R., Di Fiore, A., Dunbar, R. I. M., Henzi, S. P., Holekamp, K., Korstjens, A. H., Layton, R., Lee, P., Lehmann, J., Manson, J. H., Ramos-Fernandez, G., Strier, K. B., & van Schaik, C. P. (2008). Fission-Fusion Dynamics: New Research Frameworks. Current Anthroplogy, 49(4), 627-654.
DOI   
Barelli, C., Boesch, C., Heistermann, M., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Female white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) lead group movements and have priority of access to food resources. Behaviour, 145(7), 965-981.
DOI   
Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Mating patterns and sexual swellings in pair-living and multimale groups of wild white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar. Animal Behaviour, 75(3), 991-1001.
DOI   
Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). New Perspectives on Mating Patterns and Sexual Swellings in Wild White-Handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar). Folia Primatologica, 79(3), 133-134.
DOI   
Bergl, R. A., Bradley, B. J., Nsubuga, A. M., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Effects of habitat fragmentation, population size and demographic history on genetic diversity: the cross river gorilla in a comparative context. American Journal of Primatology, 70(9), 848-859.
DOI   
Boesch, C. (2008). Culture in evolution: Towards an integration of chimpanzee and human culture. In Melissa J. Brown (Ed.), Explaining Culture Scientifically (pp. 37-54). Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Boesch, C. (2008). Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition: Reply to Tomasello and Call (2008). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 122(4), 453-455.
DOI   
Boesch, C. (2008). Why do chimpanzees die in the forest? The challenges of understanding and controlling for wild ape health. American Journal of Primatology, 70(8), 722-726.
DOI   
Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R. M., Möbius, Y., & Normand, E. (2008). Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: Lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology, 70(6), 519-532.
DOI   
Boesch, C., Gnakouri, C., Marques, L., Nohon, G., Herbinger, I., Lauginie, F., Boesch, H., Kouamé, S., Traoré, M., & Akindes, F. (2008). Chimpanzee conservation and theatre: A case study of an awareness project around the Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In T. S. Stoinski, H. D. Steklis, P. T. Mehlmann (Ed.), Conservation in the 21st Century (pp. 128-135). New York [u.a.]: Springer.
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Boesch, C., Herbinger, I., & Boesch, H. (2008). The contribution of long-term research by the Taï Chimpanzee Project to conservation. In Richard Wrangham; Elizabeth Ross (Ed.), Science and Conservation in African Forests (pp. 184-200). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Bradley, B. J., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Genetic identification of elusive animals: Re-evaluating tracking and nesting data for wild western gorillas. Journal of Zoology, 275(4), 333-340.
DOI   
Breuer, T. (2008). Male reproductive success in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Breuer, T., & Hockemba, M. N. (2008). Fatal interaction between two male sitatungas (Tragelaphus spekei gratus) at Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology, 46(1), 110-112.
DOI   
Breuer, T., Stokes, E. J., Parnell, R. J., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2008). Male life history patterns and reproductive success in western gorillas - insights from Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 314-315.
DOI   
Caillaud, D., Levrero, F., Gatti, S., Menard, N., & Raymond, M. (2008). Influence of male morphology on male mating status and behavior during interunit encounters in Western Lowland Gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(4), 379-388.
DOI   
Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., N'Goran, P. K., & Boesch, C. (2008). Alarming decline of West African chimpanzees in Côte d'Ivoire. Current Biology, 18(19), R903-R904.
DOI   
Campbell, G., Teichroeb, J., & Paterson, J. D. (2008). Distribution of Diurnal Primate Species in Togo and Bénin. Folia Primatologica, 79(1), 15-30.
DOI   
Capellini, I., Barton, R. A., McNamara, P., Preston, B. T., & Nunn, C. L. (2008). Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Ecology And Evolution Of Mammalian Sleep. Evolution, 62(7), 1764-1775.
DOI   
Capellini, I., Nunn, C. L., McNamara, P., Preston, B. T., & Barton, R. A. (2008). Energetic constraints, not predation, influence the evolution of sleep patterning in mammals. Functional Ecology, 22(5), 847-853.
DOI   
Carlson, K., Summer, D., Morbeck, M., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2008). Role of nonbehavioral factors in adjusting long bone diaphyseal structure in free-ranging Pan troglodytes. International Journal of Primatology, 29(6), 1401-1420.
DOI   
Clauss, M., Streich, W. J., Nunn, C. L., Ortmann, S., Hohmann, G., Schwarm, A., & Hummel, J. (2008). The influence of natural diet composition, food intake level, and body size on ingesta passage in primates. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 150(3), 274-281.
DOI   
de Waal, F. B. M., Boesch, C., Horner, V., & Whiten, A. (2008). Comparing social skills of children and apes. Science, 319(5863), 569-569.
DOI   
Deschner, T., Kratzsch, J., & Hohmann, G. (2008). Urinary C-Peptide as a method for monitoring body mass changes in captive Bonobos (Pan Paniscus). Hormones and Behavior, 54(5), 620-626.
DOI   
Devos, C., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., Onononga, J. R., Laporte, N., & Huynen, M.-C. (2008). Comparing ape densities and habitats in northern Congo: surveys of sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in the Odzala and Ndoki regions. American Journal of Primatology, 70(5), 439-451.
DOI   
Devos, C., Walsh, P. D., Arnhem, E., & Huynen, M.-C. (2008). Monitoring population decline: can transect surveys detect the impact of the Ebola virus on apes? Oryx, 42(3), 367-374.
DOI   
Dittami, J., Katina, S., Möstl, E., Eriksson, J., Machatschke, I. H., & Hohmann, G. (2008). Urinary androgens and cortisol metabolites in field-sampled bonobos (Pan paniscus). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 155(3), 552-557.
DOI   
Ganas, J., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2008). Food choice strategies of Mountain Gorilla groups in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 331-332.
DOI   
Ganas, J., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2008). Food preferences of wild mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 70(10), 927-938.
DOI   
Guschanski, K., Caillaud, D., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Females shape the genetic structure of a gorilla population. Current Biology, 18(22), 1809-1814.
DOI   
Hauser, B., Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2008). Development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantification of endogenous steroids in primate urine. Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 336-337.
DOI   
Hauser, B., Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2008). Development of a liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of 23 endogenous steroids in small quantities of primate urine. Journal of Chromatography B, 862(1-2), 100-112.
DOI   
Hauser, B., Schulz, D., Boesch, C., & Deschner, T. (2008). Measuring urinary testosterone levels of the great apes—Problems with enzymatic hydrolysis using Helix pomatia juice. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 158(1), 77-86.
DOI   
Heilbronner, S. R., Rosati, A. G., Stevens, J. R., Hare, B., & Hauser, M. D. (2008). A fruit in the hand or two in the bush? Divergent risk preferences in chimpanzees and bonobos. Animal Behaviour, 4(3), 246-249.
DOI   
Hoffmann, M., Hawkins, C. E., & Walsh, P. D. (2008). Action needed to prevent extinctions caused by disease. Nature, 454(7201), 159-159.
DOI   
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2008). New records on prey capture and meat eating by bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Folia Primatologica, 79(2), 103-110.
DOI   
Inoue, E., Inoue-Murayama, M., Vigilant, L., Takenaka, O., & Nishida, T. (2008). Relatedness in wild chimpanzees: Influence of paternity, male philopatry, and demographic factors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 137(3), 256-262.
DOI   
Kakuschke, A., Valentine-Thon, E., Griesel, S., Rosenberger, T., Mundry, R., Siebert, U., & Prange, A. (2008). Blood metal levels and metal-influenced immune functions of harbour seals in captivity. Lingua, 56(4), 764-769.
DOI   
Knapp, M., Vigilant, L., & Hofreiter, M. (2008). Ancient DNA: Phylogenetic applications. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. New York: Wiley.
DOI   
Köndgen, S., Kuehl, H., Kouamé N'Goran, P., Walsh, P. D., Schenk, S., Ernst, N., Biek, R., Formenty, P., Mätz-Rensing, K., Schweiger, B., Junglen, S., Ellerbrok, H., Nitsche, A., Briese, T., Lipkin, W. I., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2008). Pandemic human viruses cause decline of endangered great apes. Current Biology, 18(4), 260-264.
DOI   
Krief, S., Jamart, A., Mah, S., Leendertz, F. H., Mätz-Rensing, K., Crespeau, F., Bain, O., & Guillot, J. (2008). Clinical and pathologic manifestation of oesophagostomosis in African great apes: does self-medication in wild apes influence disease progression? Journal of Medical Primatology, 37(4), 188-195.
DOI   
Kuehl, H., Elzner, C., Möbius, Y., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2008). The price of play: Self-organized infant mortality cycles in chimpanzees. PLoS One, 3(6): e2440.
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Kühl, H. S., Maisels, F., Ancrenaz, M., & Williamson, E. A. (2008). Best practice guidelines for surveys and monitoring of great ape populations. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

more

Lankester, F., Matz-Rensing, K., Kiyang, J., Jensen, S. A., Weiss, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2008). Fatal ulcerative colitis in a Western Lowland Gorilla. Journal of Medical Primatology, 37(6), 297-302.
DOI   
Leendertz, F. H., Zirkel, F., Couacy-Hymann, E., Ellerbrok, H., Morozov, V. A., Pauli, G., Hedemann, C., Formenty, P., Jensen, S. A., Boesch, C., & Junglen, S. (2008). Interspecies transmission of simian foamy virus in a natural predator-prey system. Journal of Virology, 82(15), 7741-7744.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2008). Sexual differences in chimpanzee sociality. International Journal of Primatology, 29(1), 65-81.
DOI   
Liu, W., Worobey, M., Li, Y., Keele, B. F., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Guo, Y., Goepfert, P. A., Santiago, M. L., Ndjando, J.-B.-N., Néel, C., Clifford, S. L., Sanz, C. M., Kamenya, S., Wilson, M. L., Pusey, A. E., Gross-Camp, N., Boesch, C., Smith, V., Zamma, K., Huffman, M. A., Mitani, J. C., Watts, D. P., Peeters, M., Shaw, G. M., Switzer, W. M., Sharp, P. M., & Hahn, B. H. (2008). Molecular ecology and natural history of Simian foamy virus infection in wild-living chimpanzees. PLoS Pathogens, 4(7): e1000097.
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Mevis, L., Richter, C., Ostner, J., & Schülke, O. (2008). Post-conflict behaviour in free-ranging male stumptail macaques (Macaca Arctoides). Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 361-362.
DOI   
Möbius, Y. B. (2008). Social and ecological influences on skill acquisition in wild chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Möbius, Y., Boesch, C., Koops, K., Matsuzawa, T., & Humle, T. (2008). Cultural differences in army ant predation by West African chimpanzees? A comparative study of microecological variables. Animal Behaviour, 76(1), 37-45.
DOI   
Mohneke, M., & Fruth, B. (2008). Bonobo (Pan paniscus) density estimation in the SW-Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo: Common methodology revisited. In T. Furuichi, & J. Thompson (Eds.), The bonobos: Behavior, ecology, and conservation (pp. 151-166). New York [u.a.]: Springer.
DOI   
Muniz, L. d. S. e. B. (2008). Genetic analyses of wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Muniz, L., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the white-faced capuchin monkey (Cebus capucinus) and cross-species amplification in other New World monkeys. Molecular Ecology Resources, 8(2), 402-405.
DOI   
Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(3), 263-274.
DOI   
Nunn, C. L., Thrall, P. H., Stewart, K. J., & Harcourt, A. H. (2008). Emerging infectious diseases and animal social systems. Evolutionary Ecology, 22(4), 519-543.
DOI   
Ostner, J. (2008). Dominance, aggression and physiological stress in wild male assamese macaques (Macaca Assamensis). Hormones and Behavior, 54(5), 613-619.
DOI   
Ostner, J. (2008). Male social relationships in wild assamese macaques (Macaca Assamensis). Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 369-370.
DOI   
Ostner, J., Kappeler, P., & Heistermann, M. (2008). Androgen and glucocorticoid levels reflect seasonally occurring social challenges in male redfronted lemurs (Eulemur fulvus rufus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 62(4), 627-638.
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Ostner, J., Nunn, C. L., & Schülke, O. (2008). Female reproductive synchrony predicts skewed paternity across primates. Behavioral Ecology, 19(6), 1150-1158.
DOI   
Perry, S., Manson, J. H., Muniz, L., Grios-Louis, J., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Kin-biased social behaviour in wild adult female white-faced capuchins, Cebus capucinus. Animal Behaviour, 76(1), 187-199.
DOI   
Richter, C., Mevis, L., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2008). Social relationships in free-ranging male stumptail macaques (Macaca Arctoides). Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 376-376.
DOI   
Riedel, J., Schumann, K., Kaminski, J., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2008). The early ontogeny of human – dog communication. Animal Behaviour, 75(3), 1003-1014.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M. (2008). Feeding competition and agonistic relationships among Bwindi gorilla beringei. International Journal of Primatology, 29(4), 999-1018.
DOI   
Savini, T., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Home-range characteristics and the influence of seasonality on female reproduction in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(1), 1-12.
DOI   
Schöning, C., Humle, T., Möbius, Y., & McGrew, W. C. (2008). The nature of culture: Technological variation in chimpanzee predation on army ants revisited. Journal of Human Evolution, 55(1), 48-59.
DOI   
Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2008). Male reproductive skew, paternal relatedness, and female social relationships. American Journal of Primatology, 70(7), 695-698.
DOI   
Schülke, O., Fischer, C., & Ostner, J. (2008). Female social relationships in two species of asian colobines, Trachypithecus Auratus and Presbytis Melalophos. Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 382-383.
DOI   
Schwemmer, P., Garthe, S., & Mundry, R. (2008). Area utilization of gulls in a coastal farmland landscape: habitat mosaic supports niche segregation of opportunistic species. Landscape Ecology, 23(3), 355-367.
DOI   
Skinner, M. M., Wood, B. A., Boesch, C., Olejniczak, A. J., Rosas, A., Smith, T. M., & Hublin, J.-J. (2008). Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids. Journal of Human Evolution, 54(2), 173-186.
DOI   
Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2008). Primate hunting by bonobos at Luikotale, Salonga National Park. Current Biology, 18(19), R906-R907.
DOI   
Tennie, C., Hedwig, D., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2008). An experimental study of nettle feeding in captive gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 70(6), 584-593.
DOI   
Thierry, B., Aureli, F., Nunn, C. L., Petit, O., Abegg, C., & de Waal, F. B. M. (2008). A comparative study of conflict resolution in macaques: insights into the nature of trait covariation. Animal Behaviour, 75(3), 847-860.
DOI   
Todd, A. F., Kühl, H. S., Cipolletta, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2008). Using dung to estimate gorilla density: Modeling dung production rate. International Journal of Primatology, 29(2), 549-563.
DOI   
Townsend, S. W., Deschner, T., & Zuberbühler, K. (2008). Female chimpanzees use copulation calls flexibly to prevent social competition. PLoS One, 3(6): e2431.
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Walker, R. S., & Hamilton, M. J. (2008). Reports - Life-History Consequences of Density Dependence and the Evolution of Human Body Size. Current Anthropology, 49(1), 115-122.
DOI   
Walker, R. S., Gurven, M., Burger, O., & Hamilton, M. J. (2008). The trade-off between number and size of offspring in humans and other primates. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 275(1636), 827-833.
DOI   
Walsh, P. D. (2008). A rant on infectious disease and ape research priorities. American Journal of Primatology, 70(8), 719-721.
DOI   
Zihlman, A. L., Stahl, D., & Boesch, C. (2008). Morphological variation in adult chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Côte D’Ivoire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(1), 34-41.
DOI   

2007

Altizer, S. M., Nunn, C. L., & Lindenfors, P. (2007). Do Threatened Hosts Have Fewer Parasites? A Comparative Study in Primates. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76(2), 304-314.
DOI   
Barelli, C. (2007). Female reproductive strategy and behavioral endocrinology in wild white-handed gibbons, 'Hylobates Lar'. PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2007). Sexual swellings in wild white-handed gibbon females (Hylobates lar) indicate the probability of ovulation. Hormones and Behavior, 51(2), 221-230.
DOI   
Bergl, R. A., & Vigilant, L. (2007). Genetic analysis reveals population structure and recent migration within the highly fragmented range of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla Gorilla Diehli). Molecular Ecology, 16(3), 501-516.
DOI   
Bertolani, P., & Boesch, C. (2007). Habituation of Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of the South Group at Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire: Empirical Measure of Progress. Folia Primatologica, 79(3), 162-171.
DOI   
Boesch, C. (2007). What makes us human (Homo Sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 121(3), 227-240.
DOI   
Boesch, C., Head, J., Tagg, N., Arandjelovic, M., Vigilant, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2007). Fatal chimpanzee attack in Loango National Park, Gabon. International Journal of Primatology, 28(5), 1025-1034.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., & Vigilant, L. (2007). Potential for female kin associations in wild western gorillas despite female dispersal. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Series B: Biological Sciences, 274(1622), 2179-2185.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Stiller, M., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Harris, T. R., Chapman, C. A., Vigilant, L., & Poinar, H. N. (2007). Plant DNA sequences from feces: Potential means for assessing diets of wild primates. American Journal of Primatology, 69(6), 699-705.
DOI   
Breuer, T., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2007). Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Physical Anthroplogy, 134(3), 369-382.
DOI   
Campos, F., Manson, J. H., & Perry, S. (2007). Urine washing and sniffing in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus): Testing functional hypotheses. International Journal of Primatology, 28(1), 55-72.
DOI   
Chi, F., Leider, M., Leendertz, F. H., Bergmann, C., Boesch, C., Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H., & Hakenbeck, R. (2007). New streptococcus pneumoniae clones in deceased wild chimpanzees. Journal of Bacteriology, 189(16), 6085-6088.
DOI   
Cipolletta, C., Spagnoletti, N., Todd, A. F., Robbins, M. M., Cohen, H., & Pacyna, S. (2007). Termite feeding by gorilla gorilla gorilla at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. International Journal of Primatology, 28(2), 457-476.
DOI   
Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2007). Can the patterns of sexual swelling cycles in female Taï chimpanzees be explained by the cost-of-sexual-attraction hypothesis? International Journal of Primatology, 28(2), 389-406.
DOI   
Gonedelé Bi, S., Sangáre, A., Cissé, G., Koné, I., Boesch, C., & Zinner, D. (2007). White-naped mangabey, a critically endangered species in jeopardy in Abidjan zoo, Côte d’Ivoire. International Zoo News, 54(6), 337-343.
Harris, T. R. (2007). Testing mate, resource and infant defence functions of intergroup aggression in non-human primates: issues and methodology. Behaviour, 144(12), 1521-1535.
DOI   
Harris, T. R., & Chapman, C. A. (2007). Variation in diet and ranging of black and white colobus monkeys in Kibale National Park, Uganda. Primates, 3, 208-221.
DOI   
Harris, T. R., & Monfort, S. L. (2007). Evaluating C peptide as a measure of net energy gain in Colobus Guereza. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 132(S44), 126-126.
DOI   
Hohmann, G. (2007). Researchers fight poaching with presence, not guns. Nature, 447(7148), 1052-1052.
DOI   
Hopkins, M. E., & Nunn, C. L. (2007). A global gap analysis of infectious agents in wild primates. Diversity and Distributions, 13(5), 561-572.
DOI   
Kuehl, H., Todd, A. F., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2007). Manipulating decay time for efficient large-mammal density estimation: Gorillas and dung height. Ecological Applications, 17(8), 2403-2414.
DOI   
Kuehl, H., Williamson, L., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., & Boesch, C. (2007). Launch of A.P.E.S. Database. Gorilla Journal, 34, 20-21. Retrieved from http://www.eva.mpg.de/primat/staff/kuehl/pdf/Kuehl_et_al_2007_Launch_of_the_APES_database.pdf.
Langergraber, K. E., Mitani, J. C., & Vigilant, L. (2007). The limited impact of kinship on cooperation in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 104(19), 7786-7790.
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Langergraber, K. E., Siedel, H., Mitani, J. C., Wrangham, R. W., Reynolds, V., Hunt, K. D., & Vigilant, L. (2007). The genetic signature of sex-biased migration in patrilocal chimpanzees and humans. PLoS One, 2(10): e973.
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Lindenfors, P., Nunn, C. L., & Barton, R. A. (2007). Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. BMC Biology, 5: 20.
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Lindenfors, P., Nunn, C. L., Jones, K. E., Cunningham, A. A., Sechrest, W., & Gittleman, J. L. (2007). Parasite species richness in carnivores: effects of host body mass, latitude, geographical range and population density. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(4), 496-509.
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Masi, S. (2007). Seasonal influence on foraging [strategies], activity and energy budgets of Western Lowland gorillas (gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Bai-Hokou, Central African Republic. PhD Thesis, Università Sapienza, Rom.
McGrew, W. C., Marchant, L. F., Beuerlein, M. M., Vrancken, D., Fruth, B., & Hohmann, G. (2007). Prospects for bonobo insectivory: Lui Kotal, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology, 28(6), 1237-1252.
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McNamara, P., & Nunn, C. L. (2007). Phylogeny of sleep and dreams. In Deirdre Barrett, Patrick McNamara (Ed.), The New Science of Dreaming (pp. 53-70). Portsmouth, NH: Praeger Publishers.
McNeilage, A., & Robbins, M. M. (2007). Primatology comes to Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 45(1), 1-3.
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Mercader, J., Barton, H., Gillespie, J., Harris, J., Kuhn, S., Tyler, R., & Boesch, C. (2007). 4,300-Year-old chimpanzee sites and the origins of percussive stone technology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(9), 3043-3048.
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Morgan, D., & Sanz, C. M. (2007). Best practice guidelines for reducing the impact of commercial logging on great apes in Western Equatorial Africa. Gland: The World Conservation Union (IUCN).
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Mundry, R., & Sommer, C. (2007). Discriminant function analysis with nonindependent data: consequences and an alternative. Animal Behaviour, 74(4), 965-976.
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Mundry, R., & Sommer, C. (2007). Ein neues Gefiedermerkmal zur Altersbestimmung bei adulten Nachtigallen, Luscinia megarhynchos. Limicola, 21(2), 131-139.
Nunn, C. L., Rothschild, B., & Gittleman, J. L. (2007). Why are some species more commonly afflicted by arthritis than others? A comparative study of spondyloarthropathy in primates and carnivores. Animal Cognition, 20(2), 460-470.
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Pedersen, A. B., Jones, K. E., Nunn, C. L., & Altizer, S. M. (2007). Infectious Diseases and Extinction Risk in Wild Mammals. Conservation Biology, 21(5), 1269-1279.
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Prepens, S., Kreuzer, K.-A., Leendertz, F. H., Nitsche, A., & Ehlers, B. (2007). Discovery of herpesviruses in multi-infected primates using locked nucleic acids (LNA) and a bigenic PCR approach. Virology Journal, 4: 84.
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Robbins, A. M., Robbins, M. M., & Fawcett, K. A. (2007). Maternal investment of the Virunga mountain gorillas. Ethology, 113(3), 235-245.
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Robbins, M. M. (2007). Book Review: Seasonality in Primates: Studies of Living and Extinct Human and Non-human Primates/ ed. by K. Diane, Brockman and Carel P. van Schaik. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005). - 604 S., ISBN 0-52-182069-3. Journal of Human Evolution, 53(2), 224-225.
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Robbins, M. M. (2007). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell, Agustín Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Melissa Panger, and Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in Perspective (pp. 305-321). New York: Oxford University Press.
Robbins, M. M., & Sawyer, S. C. (2007). Intergroup encounters in mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Behaviour, 144(12), 1497-1519.
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Robbins, M. M., Robbins, A. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2007). Socioecological influences on the reproductive success of female mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61(6), 919-931.
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Rosati, A. G., Stevens, J. R., Hare, B., & Hauser, M. D. (2007). The Evolutionary Origins of Human Patience: Temporal Preferences in Chimpanzees, Bonobos, and Human Adults. Current Biology, 17(19), 1663-1668.
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Sanz, C. M., & Morgan, D. (2007). Chimpanzee tool technology in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Journal of Human Evolution, 52(4), 420-433.
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Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., Strindberg, S., & Onononga, J. R. (2007). Distinguishing between the nests of sympatric chimpanzees and gorillas. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44(2), 263-272.
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Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2007). Physiological ecology of cheirogaleid primates: variation in hibernation and torpor. Acta Ethologica, 10(1), 13-21.
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Thalmann, O., Fischer, A., Lankester, F., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2007). The complex evolutionary history of gorillas: Insights from genomic data. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 24(1), 146-158.
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Verfuß, U. K., Honnef, C. G., Meding, A., Dähne, M., Mundry, R., & Benke, H. (2007). Geographical and seasonal variation of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) presence in the German Baltic Sea revealed by passive acoustic monitoring. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 87(1), 165-176.
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Vigilant, L. (2007). Bonobos. Current Biology, 17(3), R74-R75.
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Vigilant, L., Thalmann, O., Fischer, A., & Pääbo, S. (2007). The complex evolutionary history of gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 132(S44), 238-238.
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Walsh, P. D., Breuer, T., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., & Doran-Sheehy, D. M. (2007). Potential for Ebola transmission between gorilla and chimpanzee social groups. American Naturalist, 169(5), 684-689.
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Zihlman, A. L., Bolter, D. R., & Boesch, C. (2007). Skeletal and dental growth and development in chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte D'Ivoire. Journal of Zoology, 273(1), 63-73.
DOI   

2006

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., & Boesch, C. (2006). Environmental factors influencing the seasonality of estrus in chimpanzees. Primates, 47, 43-50.
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Bermejo, M., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J. D., Illera, G., Barroso, A., Vilà, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2006). Ebola Outbreak Killed 5000 Gorillas. Science, 314, 1564-1564.
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Biek, R., Walsh, P. D., Leroy, E. M., & Real, L. A. (2006). Recent common ancestry of Ebola Zaire virus found in a bat reservoir. PLoS Pathogens, 2(10): e90, pp. 885-886.
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Boesch, C., Boesch, H., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Cooperative hunting in chimpanzees: Kinship or mutualism? In P. M. Kappeler, & C. P. van Schaik (Eds.), Cooperation in primates and humans: Mechanisms and evolution (pp. 139-150). Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.
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Boesch, C., Goné Bi, Z. B., Anderson, D. P., & Stahl, D. (2006). Food choice in Taï chimpanzees: Are cultural differences present? In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins, Martha; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates (pp. 365-399). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C., Kohou, G., Néné, H., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Male competition and paternity in wild chimpanzees of the Taï forest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 130(1), 103-115.
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Borgerhoff Mulder, M., Nunn, C. L., & Towner, M. C. (2006). Cultural macroevolution and the transmission of traits. Evolutionary Anthropology, 15(2), 52-64.
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Bräuer, J., Kaminski, J., Riedel, J., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Making inferences about the location of hidden food: Social dog - casual ape. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 120(1), 38-47.
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Carlson, K., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Hunt, K. D., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2006). Locomotor behavior and long bone morphology in individual free-ranging chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution, 50(4), 394-404.
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Clarke, E., Reichard, U. H., & Zuberbühler, K. (2006). The syntax and meaning of wild gibbon songs. PLoS One, 1(1): e73.
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D'Amour, D. E., Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2006). Evidence of leopard predation on bonobos (Pan paniscus). Folia Primatologica, 77(3), 212-217.
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Eriksson, J., Siedel, H., Lukas, D., Kayser, M., Erler, A., Hashimoto, C., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Y-chromosome analysis confirms highly sex-biased dispersal and suggests a low male effective population size in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Molecular Ecology, 15(4), 939-949.
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Fischer, A., Pollack, J. L., Thalmann, O., Nickel, B., & Pääbo, S. (2006). Demographic history and genetic differentiation in apes. Current Biology, 16(11), 1133-1138.
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Fruth, B., & Hohmann, G. (2006). Social grease for females? Same sex genital contacts in wild bonobos. In V. Sommer, & P. L. Vasey (Eds.), Homosexual Behaviour in Animals: An Evolutionary Perspective (pp. 294-315). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., Beuerlein, M. M., & McGrew, W. C. (2006). Grooming hand clasp by bonobos of Lui Kotal, Democratic Republic of Congo. Pan African News, 13(1), 6-8.
Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K. A., Robbins, M. M., Ssebide, B., Mbula, D., & Uwingeli, P. (2006). Virunga Volcano Range mountain gorilla census: Joint organisers' report.?: UWA/ORTPN/ICCN.
Grimm, V., Berger, U., Bastiansen, F., Eliassen, S., Ginot, V., Giske, J., Goss-Custard, J., Grand, T., Heinz, S. K., Use, G., Huth, A., Jepsen, J. U., Jørgensen, C., Mooij, W. M., Mueller, B., Peer, G., Piou, C., Railsback, S. F., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2006). A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling, 198(1-2), 115-126.
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Harris, T. R. (2006). Between-group contest competition for food in a highly folivorous population of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61(2), 317-329.
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Harris, T. R. (2006). Within-and among-male variation in roaring by black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): What does it reveal about function? Behaviour, 143(2), 197-218.
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Harris, T. R., & Monfort, S. L. (2006). Mating behavior and endocrine profiles of wild black and white Colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): toward an understanding of their life history and mating system. American Journal of Primatology, 68(4), 383-396.
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Harris, T. R., Fitch, W. T., Goldstein, L. M., & Fashing, P. J. (2006). Black and White Colobus Monkey (Colobus guereza) Roars as a Source of Both Honest and Exaggerated Information About Body Mass. Ethology, 112(9), 911-920.
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Herbinger, I., & Boesch, C. (2006). Interactive theatre plays as an effective sensitization tool for the conservation of chimpanzees in West Africa. International Journal of Primatology, 27(Suppl. 1), 453-454.
Hermsdorf, F. (2006). Wild chimpanzee population genetics. PhD Thesis, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena.
Hohmann, G., Fowler, A., Sommer, V., & Ortmann, S. (2006). Frugivory and gregariousness of Salonga bonobos and Gashaka chimpanzees: The influence of abundance and nutritional quality of fruit. In G. Hohmann, M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Feeding ecology in Apes and other Primates (pp. 123-159). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge University Pr.
Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2006). Feeding ecology in apes and other primates. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Janmaat, K. (2006). Fruits of enlightenment. Fruit localization strategies in wild mangabey monkeys. PhD Thesis, Univ. of St. Andrews.
Janmaat, K., Byrne, R. W., & Zuberbühler, K. (2006). Evidence for a spatial memory of fruiting states of rainforest trees in wild mangabeys. Animal Behaviour, 72(4), 797-807.
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Janmaat, K., Byrne, R. W., & Zuberbühler, K. (2006). Primates take weather into account when searching for fruits. Current Biology, 16(12), 1232-1237.
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Kiefer, S., Spiess, A., Kipper, S., Mundry, R., Sommer, C., Hultsch, H., & Todt, D. (2006). First-Year Common Nightingales (Luscinia megarhynchos) Have Smaller Song-Type Repertoire Sizes Than Older Males. Ethology, 112(12), 1217-1224.
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Klee, S., Ozel, M., Appel, B., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Jacob, D., Holland, G., Leendertz, F. H., Pauli, G., Grunow, R., & Nattermann, H. (2006). Characterization of bacillus anthracis-like bacteria isolated from wild great apes from Côte d'Ivoire and Cameroon. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(15), 5333-5344.
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Kutsukake, N., & Nunn, C. L. (2006). Comparative tests of reproductive skew in male primates: the roles of demographic factors and incomplete control. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 60(5), 695-707.
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Leendertz, F. H., Lankester, F., Guislain, P., Néel, C., Drori, O., Dupain, J., Speede, S., Reed, P., Wolfe, N. D., Loul, S., Mpoudi-Ngole, E., Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H., & Leroy, E. M. (2006). Anthrax in Western and Central African great apes. American Journal of Primatology, 68(9), 928-933.
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Leendertz, F. H., Pauli, G., Mätz-Rensing, K., Boardman, W., Nunn, C. L., Ellerbrok, H., Jensen, S. A., Junglen, S., & Boesch, C. (2006). Pathogens as drivers of population declines: The importance of systematic monitoring in great apes and other threatened mammals. Biological Conservation, 131(2), 325-337.
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Leendertz, F. H., Yumlu, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Vigilant, L., Junglen, S., Schenk, S., & Ellerbrok, H. (2006). A new bacillus anthracis found in wild chimpanzees and a gorilla from West and Central Africa. PLoS Pathogens, 2(1): e8.
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Lehmann, J., Fickenscher, G., & Boesch, C. (2006). Kin biased investment in wild chimpanzees. Behaviour, 143(8), 931-955.
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McNeilage, A., Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Olupot, W., Babaasa, D., Bitariho, R., Kasangaki, A., Rainer, H., Asuma, S., Mugiri, G., & Baker, J. (2006). Census of the mountain gorilla Gorilla beringei beringei population in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Oryx, 40(4), 419-427.
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Morgan, D., & Sanz, C. M. (2006). Chimpanzee feeding ecology and comparisons with sympatric gorillas in the Goualougo Triangle, Republik of Congo. In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins, Martha M.; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates (pp. 97-122). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Morgan, D., Sanz, C. M., Onononga, J. R., & Strindberg, S. (2006). Ape abundance and habitat use in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. International Journal of Primatology, 27(1), 147-179.
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Mundry, R. (2006). Konferenz. In Milos Vec, Bettina Beer, Eva M Engelen, Julia Fischer, Alexandra M Freund, Rainer M Kiesow, Martin Korte, Ulrich Schollwöck, Hildegard Westphal (Ed.), Der Campus-Knigge: Von Abschreiben bis Zweitgutachten. München: C. H. Beck.
Muniz, L., Perry, S., Manson, J. H., Gilkenson, H., Gros-Louis, J., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Father–daughter inbreeding avoidance in a wild primate population. Current Biology, 16(5), R156-R157.
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Nunn, C. L. (2006). Immune defenses and primate behaviour. In D. W. Macdonald (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Mammals, 2nd ed. (pp. 284-285). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Nunn, C. L., & Altizer, S. M. (2006). Infectious Diseases in Primates: Behavior, Ecology and Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nunn, C. L., & Dokey, A.-T.-W. (2006). Ranging patterns and parasitism in primates. Biology Letters, 2(3), 351-354.
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Nunn, C. L., Mulder Borgerhoff, M., & Langley, S. (2006). Comparative Methods for Studying Cultural Trait Evolution: A Simulation Study. Cross-Cultural Research, 40(2), 177-209.
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Ostner, J. (2006). Quick guide: Macaques. Current Biology, 16(15), R569-R570.
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Ostner, J., Chalise, M. K., Koenig, A., Launhardt, K., Nikolei, J., Podzuweit, D., & Borries, C. (2006). What Hanuman langur males know about female reproductive status. American Journal of Primatology, 68(7), 701-712.
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Perry, S. (2006). What cultural primatology can tell anthropolgists about the evolution of culture. Annual Review of Anthropology, 35, 171-190.
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Perry, S., & Ordonez Jiménez, J. (2006). The effects of food size, rarity, and processing complexity on white-faced capuchins visual attention to foraging conspecifics. In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins Martha; Boesch, Christoph (Ed.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and other Primates (pp. 203-234). Cambridge: Univ. Press.
Riedel, J., Buttelmann, D., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) use a physical marker to locate hidden food. Animal Cognition, 9(1), 27-35.
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Robbins, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2006). Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 131(4), 511-521.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M. (2006). Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell; Augustin Fuentes; Katherine C. MacKinnon; Melissa Panger; Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in perspective (pp. 305-321). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Robbins, M. M., & Hohmann, G. (2006). Primate feeding ecology: An integrative approach. In G. Hohmann, M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and other Primates (pp. 1-13). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Robbins, M. M., Nkurunungi, J. B., & McNeilage, A. (2006). Variability of the feeding ecology of Eastern gorillas. In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins, Martha; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates (pp. 25-47). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Striano, T., Henning, A., & Stahl, D. (2006). Sensitivity to interpersonal timing at 3 and 6 months of age. Epigenetic robotics, 251-271.
DOI   
Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2006). The efficacy of female choice in chimpanzees of the Taï Forest, Côte d’Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 60(6), 749-765.
DOI   
Walsh, P. D. (2006). Commercial hunting and Ebola: dim prospects for African apes. In William F. Laurance, C. Peres (Ed.), Emerging threats to tropical forests (pp. 175-197). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

2005

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., Moermond, T. C., Bi, Z. B. G., & Boesch, C. (2005). Factors influencing tree phenology in Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Biotropica, 37(4), 631-640.
DOI   
Boesch, C. (2005). Joint cooperative hunting among wild chimpanzees: Taking natural observations seriously. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(5), 692-693.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J. (2005). Gorillas loom large: Book review of "Gorilla Biology" ed. by Andrea B. Taylor and "Mountain Gorillas" ed. by Martha M. Robbins. Evolutionary Anthropology, 14(1), 38-40.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Robbins, M. M., Williamson, E. A., Steklis, H. D., Gerald-Steklis, N., Eckhardt, N., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2005). Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: Silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(26), 9418-9423.
DOI   
Breuer, T., Ndoundou-Hockemba, M., & Fishlock, V. (2005). First observation of tool use in wild gorillas. PLoS Biology, 3(11): e380.
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Crockford, C., & Boesch, C. (2005). Call combinations in wild chimpanzees. Behaviour, 142, 397-421.
DOI   
Deschner, T., & Kpelle, D. (2005). Rapid assessment of the primates of Draw River, Boi-Tano and Krokosua Hills. Rap Bulletin of Biological Assessment, 36, 73-78.
Fichtel, C., Perry, S., & Gros-Louis, J. (2005). Alarm calls of white-faced capuchin monkeys: An acoustic analysis. Animal Behaviour, 70(1), 165-176.
DOI   
Ganas, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2005). Ranging behavior of the mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: A test of the ecological constraints model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(3), 277-288.
DOI   
Kaminski, J., Riedel, J., Call, J., & Tomasello, M. (2005). Domestic goats, Capra hircus, follow gaze direction and use social cues in an object choice task. Animal Behaviour, 69, 11-18.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2005). Bisexually bonded ranging in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(6), 525-535.
DOI   
Lukas, D., & Vigilant, L. (2005). Reply: Facts, faeces and setting standards for the study of MHC genes using noninvasive samples. Molecular Ecology, 14(5), 1601-1602.
DOI   
Lukas, D., Reynolds, V., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2005). To what extent does living in a group mean living with kin? Molecular Ecology, 14(7), 2181-2196.
DOI   
Manson, J. H., Perry, S., & Stahl, D. (2005). Reconciliation in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). American Journal of Primatology, 65(3), 205-219.
DOI   
Marshall, A. J., & Hohmann, G. (2005). Urinary testosterone levels of wild male bonobos (Pan paniscus) in the Lomako Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 65(1), 87-92.
DOI   
Ostner, J., Borries, C., Schülke, O., & Koenig, A. (2005). Sex allocation in a colobine monkey. Ethology, 111(10), 924-939.
DOI   
Reichard, U. H. (2005). Gibbon duets: What do they communicate. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 126(S40), 174-174.
Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2005). Fitness consequences of dispersal decisions for male mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(3), 295-309.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M., Robbins, A. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2005). Long-term dominance relationships in female mountain gorillas: Strength, stability and determinants of rank. Behaviour, 142, 779-809.
DOI   
Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2005). Big times for dwarfs: Social organization, sexual selection, and cooperation in the Cheirogaleidae. Evolutionary Anthropology, 14(5), 170-185.
DOI   
Striano, T., & Stahl, D. (2005). Sensitivity to triadic attention in early infancy. Developmental Science, 8(4), 333-343.
DOI   
Striano, T., Henning, A., & Stahl, D. (2005). Sensitivity to social contingencies between 1 and 3 months of age. Developmental Science, 8(6), 509-518.
DOI   
Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2005). Does promiscuous mating preclude female choice? Female sexual strategies in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(5), 511-524.
DOI   
Thalmann, O., Serre, D., Hofreiter, M., Lukas, D., Eriksson, J., & Vigilant, L. (2005). Nuclear insertions help and hinder inference of the evolutionary history of gorilla mtDNA. Molecular Ecology, 14(1), 179-188.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., Eriksson, J., Siedel, H., Lang, C., Erler, A., & Kayser, M. (2005). Contrasting patterns, of male, and female-mediated gene flow in wild bonobo populations.
DOI   
Walsh, P. D., & White, L. J. T. (2005). Evaluating the steady state assumption: Simulations of gorilla nest decay. Ecological Applications, 15(4), 1342-1350. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4543442.
Walsh, P. D., Biek, R., & Real, L. A. (2005). Wave-like spread of Ebola Zaire. PLoS Biology, 3(11): e371.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2005). How to repair relationships - reconciliation in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Ethology, 111(8), 736-763.
DOI   
Zihlman, A. L., & Boesch, C. (2005). Skeletal pathologies in wild chimpanzees from Tai National Forest, Cote d'Ivoire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 126(S40), 230.
DOI   

2004

Aitken, N. C., Smith, S., Schwarz, C., & Morin, P. A. (2004). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery in mammals: a targeted-gene approach. Molecular Ecology, 13, 1423-1431.
DOI   
Boubli, J. P., Eriksson, J., Wich, S., Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2004). Mesoscale transect sampling of trees in the Lomako-Yekokora interfluvium Democratic Republic of the Congo. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13, 2399-2417.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Lukas, D., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Dispersed male networks in western gorillas. Current Biology, 14, 510-513.
DOI   
Chambers, K. E., Reichard, U. H., Möller, A., Nowak, K., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Cross-species amplification of human microsatellite markers using noninvasive samples from white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar). American Journal of Primatology, 64(1), 19-27.
DOI   
Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Vigilant, L., & Boesch, C. (2004). Wild chimpanzees produce group-specific calls: A case for vocal learning? Ethology, 110, 221-243.
DOI   
Deschner, T. (2004). The function of sexual swellings in wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2004). Female sexual swelling size, timing of ovulation and male behavior in wild West African chimpanzees. Hormones and Behavior, 46, 204-215.
DOI   
Doran-Sheehy, D. M., & Boesch, C. (2004). Behavioral ecology of western gorillas: New insights from the field. American Journal of Primatology, 64(2), 139-143.
DOI   
Eriksson, J., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Rivers influence the population genetic structure of bonobos. Molecular Ecology, 13, 3425-3435.
DOI   
Fichtel, C. (2004). Reciprocal recognition of sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi) and redfronted lemur (Eulemur fulvus rufus) alarm calls. Animal Cognition, 7(1), 45-52.
DOI   
Ganas, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2004). Intrapopulation differences in ant eating in the mountain gorillas of Bwindi impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primates, 45, 275-278.
DOI   
Ganas, J., Robbins, M. M., Nkurunungi, J. B., Kaplin, B. A., & McNeilage, A. (2004). Dietary variability of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 25(5), 1043-1072.
DOI   
Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Rietschel, W., Couacy-Hymann, E., & Pauli, G. (2004). Non-invasive testing reveals a high prevalence of simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies in wild adult chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of General Virology, 85, 3305-3312.
DOI   
Leendertz, F. H., Ellerbrok, H., Boesch, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Mätz-Rensing, K., Hakenbeck, V., Abaza, P., Bergmann, C., Möbius, Y., Vigilant, L., Formenty, P., & Pauli, G. (2004). Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest. Nature, 430, 451-452.
DOI   
Leendertz, F. H., Junglen, S., Boesch, C., Formenty, P., Couacy-Hymann, E., Courgnaud, V., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2004). High variety of different simian T-cell leukemia virus type 1 strains in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Virology, 78(8), 4352-4356.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2004). To fission or to fusion: Effects of community size on wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) social organisation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 56, 207-216.
DOI   
Lukas, D., Bradley, B. J., Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Major histocompatibility complex and microsatellite variation in two populations of wild gorillas. Molecular Ecology, 13(11), 3389-3402.
DOI   
Manson, J. H., Gros-Louis, J., & Perry, S. (2004). Three Apparent Cases of Infanticide by Males in Wild White-Faced Capuchins (Cebus capucinus). Folia Primatologica, 75(2), 104-106.
DOI   
Manson, J. H., Navarrete, C. D., Silk, J. B., & Perry, S. (2004). Time-matched grooming in female primates?: New analyses from two species. Animal Behaviour, 67, 493-500.
DOI   
McGrew, W. C., Ensminger, A. L., Marchant, L. F., Pruetz, J. D., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Genotyping aids field study of unhabituated wild chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology, 63, 87-93.
DOI   
Nkurunungi, J. B., Ganas, J., Robbins, M. M., & Stanford, C. B. (2004). A comparison of two mountain gorilla habitats in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, 42, 289-297.
DOI   
Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Roeder, A. D., Morin, P. A., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape faces and the identification of an improved sample storage method. Molecular Ecology, 13(7), 2089-2094.
DOI   
Pääbo, S., Poinar, H. N., Serre, D., Jänicke-Després, V. R., Hebler, J., Rohland, N., Kuch, M., Krause, J., Vigilant, L., & Hofreiter, M. (2004). Genetic analyses from ancient DNA. Annual Review of Genetics, 38, 645-679.
DOI   
Perry, S., Barrett, H. C., & Manson, J. H. (2004). White-faced capuchin monkeys show triadic awareness in their choice of allies. Animal Behaviour, 67, 165-170.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M., & Robbins, A. M. (2004). Simulation of the population dynamics and social structure of the Virunga Mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 63(4), 201-223.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M., Bermejo, M., Cipolletta, C., Magliocca, F., Parnell, R. J., & Stokes, E. J. (2004). Social structure and life-history patterns in western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Primatology, 64, 145-159.
DOI   
Rohland, N., Siedel, H., & Hofreiter, M. (2004). Nondestructive DNA extraction method for mitochondrial DNA analyses of museum specimens. BioTechniques, 36(5), 814-821.
Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., & Gulick, S. (2004). New insights into chimpanzees, tools, and termites from the Congo Basin. American Naturalist, 164(5), 567-581.
DOI   
Smith, S., Aitken, N. C., Schwarz, C., & Morin, P. A. (2004). Characterization of 15 single nucleotide polymorphism markers for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Molecular Ecology, 4(3), 348-351.
DOI   
Thalmann, O., Hebler, J., Poinar, H. N., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Unreliable mtDNA data due to nuclear insertions: A cautionary tale from analysis of humans and other great apes. Molecular Ecology, 13(2), 321-335.
DOI   
Tomasello, M., & Stahl, D. (2004). Sampling children´s spontaneous speech: How much is enough? Journal of Child Language, 31, 101-121.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (2004). Chimpanzees. Current Biology, 14(10), R369-R371.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., & Bradley, B. J. (2004). Genetic variation in gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 64(2), 161-172.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., & Bradley, B. J. (2004). Gorillas. Current Biology, 14(19), R826-R827.
DOI   
Zihlman, A. L., Bolter, D. R., & Boesch, C. (2004). Wild chimpanzee dentition and its implications for assessing life history in immature hominin fossils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(29), 10541-10543.
DOI   

2003

Boesch, C. (2003). Cooperation Complexities among Tai chimpanzees. In Waal, Frans de.; Tyack, Peter L. (Ed.), Animal Social Complexity (pp. 93-110). Harvard: Harvard University Press.
Boesch, C. (2003). Is culture a golden barrier between human and chimpanzee? Evolutionary Anthropology, 12(2), 82-91.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J. (2003). Molecular ecology of wild gorillas. PhD Thesis, UMI, Ann Arbor.
Courgnaud, V., Formenty, P., Akoua-Koffi, C., Noe, R., Boesch, C., Delaporte, E., & Peeters, M. (2003). Partial molecular characterization of two simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV) from African colobids: SIVwrc from western red colobus (Piliocolobus badius) and SIVolc from olive colobus (Procolobus verus). Journal of Virology, 77(1), 744-748.
DOI   
Crockford, C., & Boesch, C. (2003). Context-specific calls in wild chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus: Analysis of barks. Animal Behaviour, 66(1), 115-125.
DOI   
Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2003). Sex skin swellings in wild west African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus): A reliable indicator of ovulation? Folia Primatologica, 74(4), 189-190.
DOI   
Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2003). Timing and probability of ovulation in relation to sex skin swelling in wild West African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. Animal Behaviour, 66(3), 551-560.
DOI   
Ehlers, B., Ochs, A., Leendertz, F. H., Goltz, M., Boesch, C., & Matz-Rensing, K. (2003). Novel simian homologues of Epstein-Barr virus. Journal of Virology, 77(19), 10695-10699.
DOI   
Fichtel, C., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2003). Responses of squirrel monkeys to their experimentally modified mobbing calls. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113(5), 2927-2932.
DOI   
Fragaszy, D. M., & Perry, S. (2003). The Biology of Traditions: Models and Evidence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fragaszy, D. M., & Perry, S. (2003). Towards a Biology of Traditions. In Fragaszy, Dorothy M.; Perry, Susan (Ed.), The Biology of Traditions: Models and Evidence (pp. 1-32). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gros-Louis, J., Perry, S., & Manson, J. H. (2003). Violent coalitionary attacks and intraspecific killing in wild white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus). Primates, 44(4), 341-346.
DOI   
Herbinger, I., Boesch, C., & Tondossama, A. (2003). Côte d'Ivoire. In Kormos, Rebecca; Boesch, Christophe; Bakarr, Mohamed I.; Butynski, Thomas M., & IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Eds.), West African Chimpanzee: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (pp. 99-109). Gland [et al.]: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Hofreiter, M., & Vigilant, L. (2003). Ancient human DNA: Phylogenetic applications. In David N. Cooper (Ed.), Nature encyclopedia of the human genome: vol. 1 (ABS - DIG) (pp. 116-119). London [et al]: Nature Publishers Group.
Hofreiter, M., Siedel, H., van Neer, W., & Vigilant, L. (2003). Mitochondrial DNA sequence from an enigmatic gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla uellensis). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 121(4), 361-368.
DOI   
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2003). Culture in Bonobos? Between-species and within-species variation in behavior. Current Anthropology, 44(4), 563-571.
DOI   
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2003). Intra- and inter-sexual aggression by bonobos in the context of mating. Behaviour, 140, 1389-1413. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4536099.
Kalpers, J., Williamson, E. A., Robbins, M. M., McNeilage, A., Nzamurambaho, A., Lola, N., & Mugiri, G. (2003). Gorillas in the crossfire: Population dynamics of the Virunga mountain gorillas over the past three decades. Oryx, 37(3), 326-337.
DOI   
Kitano, T., Schwarz, C., Nickel, B., & Pääbo, S. (2003). Gene diversity patterns at 10 X-chromosomal loci in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 20(8), 1281-1289.
DOI   
Kormos, R., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2003). Regional action plan for the conservation of chimpanzees in West Africa. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science.

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Kormos, R., Boesch, C., Bakarr, M. I., & Butynski, T. M. (Eds.). (2003). West African chimpanzees: Status survey and conservation action plan. Gland [et al]: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

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Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Junglen, S., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2003). Characterization of a new simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (STLV-1) in a wild living chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) from Ivory Coast: Evidence of a new STLV-1 group? AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 19(3), 255-258.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2003). Social influences on ranging patterns among chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology, 14(5), 642-649.
DOI   
Lessig, R., Willuweit, S., Krawczak, M., Wu, F.-C., Pu, C.-E., Kim, W., Henke, L., Henke, J., Miranda, J., Hidding, M., Benecke, M., Schmitt, C., Magno, M., Calacal, G., Delfin, F. C., de Ungria, M. C. A., Elias, S., Augustin, C., Tun, Z., Honda, K., Kayser, M., Gusmao, L., Amorim, A., Alves, C., Hou, Y., Keyser, C., Ludes, B., Klintschar, M., Immel, U. D., Reichenpfader, B., Zaharova, B., & Roewer, L. (2003). Asian online Y-STR Haplotype Reference Database. Legal Medicine, 5(Suppl.1), S160-S163.
DOI   
Manson, J. H. (2003). Foreword. In C. B. Jones (Ed.), Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Primates: New Perspectives and Directions (pp. xiii-xv). Norman, OK: American Society of Primatologists.
Muniz, L., Macedo, R. H. F., & Graves, J. A. (2003). Isolation and characterization of dinucleotide microsatellite loci in communally breeding Guira cuckoos (Aves: Cuculidae). Molecular Ecology Notes, 3(2), 209-211.
DOI   
Perry, S. (2003). Coalitionary aggression in white-faced capuchins: Cebus capucinus. In Waal, F. B. M. de; Tyack, P. (Ed.), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture and Individualized Societies (pp. 111-114). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Perry, S. (2003). Conclusions and research agendas. In Fragaszy, Dorothy; Perry, Susan (Ed.), The Biology of Traditions: Models and Evidence (pp. 426-440). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Perry, S., & Manson, J. H. (2003). Traditions in monkeys. Evolutionary Anthropology, 12(2), 71-81.
DOI   
Perry, S., Baker, M., Fedigan, L., Gros-Louis, J., Jack, K., MacKinnon, K. C., Manson, J. H., Panger, M. A., Pyle, K., & Rose, L. M. (2003). Social conventions in wild white-faced capuchin monkeys - Evidence for traditions in a neotropical primate. Current Anthropology, 44(2), 241-268.
DOI   
Perry, S., Manson, J. H., Dower, G., & Wikberg, E. (2003). White-Faced Capuchins Cooperate to Rescue a Groupmate from a Boa constrictor. Folia Primatologica, 74(2), 109-111.
DOI   
Perry, S., Panger, M. A., Rose, L. M., Baker, M., Gros-Louis, J., Jack, K., MacKinnon, K. C., Manson, J. H., Fedigan, L., & Pyle, K. (2003). Traditions in white-faced capuchin monkeys. In Fragaszy, Dorothy M.; Perry, Susan (Ed.), The Biology of Traditions: Models and Evidence (pp. 391-425). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reichard, U. H. (2003). Monogamy: past and present. In Reichard, Ulrich H.; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals (pp. 3-25). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reichard, U. H. (2003). Social monogamy in gibbons: the male perspective. In Reichard, Ulrich H.; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals (pp. 190-213). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reichard, U. H., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2003). Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robbins, M. M. (2003). Behavioral aspects of sexual selection in mountain gorillas. In Jones, Clara L. (Ed.), Sexual Selection & Reproductive Competition in Primates: New Perspectives and Directions (pp. 477-501). Norman, OK: American Society of Primatologists.
Robbins, M. M., & McNeilage, A. (2003). Home range and frugivory patterns of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 24(3), 467-491.
DOI   
Rose, L. M., Perry, S., Panger, M. A., Jack, K., Gros-Louis, J., MacKinnon, K. C., Manson, J. H., & Vogel, E. (2003). Interspecific interactions between Cebus capucinus and other species: Data from three Costa Rican sites. International Journal of Primatology, 24(4), 759-796.
DOI   
Stahl, D., & Kaumanns, W. (2003). Food competition in captive female sooty mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus atys). Primates, 44(3), 203-216.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (2003). Genetic perspectives on Pan troglodytes verus. In Kormos, Rebecca; Boesch, Christophe; Bakarr, Mohamed I.; Butynski, Thomas M., & IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Eds.), West African Chimpanzees: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (pp. 21-23). Gland [et al.]: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Wittig, R. M. (2003). Conflict management in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). PhD Thesis, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig.
Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). "Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): An extension of the Relational Model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 54(4), 491-504.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Erratum to: "Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): An extension of the relational model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 55(2), 209-209.
DOI   
Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Food competition and linear dominance hierarchy among female chimpanzees of the Tai National Park. International Journal of Primatology, 24(4), 847-867.
DOI   
Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Linear dominance hierarchy due to contest competition among female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Folia Primatologica, 74(4), 229-230.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). The choice of post-conflict interactions in wild chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes). Behaviour, 140(11/12), 1527-1559. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4536105.

2002

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., Boesch, C., & Moermond, T. C. (2002). Factors influencing fission-fusion grouping in chimpanzees in the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 90-101). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C. (2002). Behavioural diversity in Pan. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 1-8). Cambridge: Cambridge Univertity Press.
Boesch, C. (2002). Cooperative hunting roles among Tai chimpanzees. Human Nature, 13(1), 27-46.
DOI   
Boesch, C., Hohmann, G., & Marchant, L. F. (2002). Behavioural diversity in chimpanzees and bonobos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Pr.
Boesch, C., Uehara, S., & Ihobe, H. (2002). Variations in chimpanzee-red colobus interactions. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 221-230). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bradley, B. J., & Vigilant, L. (2002). False alleles derived from microbial DNA pose a potential source of error in microsatellite genotyping of DNA from faeces. Molecular Ecology Resources, 2(4), 602-605.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., & Vigilant, L. (2002). The evolutionary genetics and molecular ecology of chimpanzees and bonobos. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioral Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 259-279). Cambridge: Cambridge University Pr.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Doran, D., Robbins, M. M., Williamson, E., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2002). Comparative analyses of genetic social structure in wild gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) using DNA from feces and hair. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 47-48.
DOI   
Chambers, K. E. (2002). What is monogamy? Evolutionary Anthropology, 11(2), 37-39.
DOI   
Chambers, K. E., Vigilant, L., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2002). Within group relatedness and genetic mating systems in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(S34), 52-53.
DOI   
Ebersberger, I., Metzler, D., Schwarz, C., & Pääbo, S. (2002). Genomewide comparison of DNA sequences between humans and chimpanzees. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70(6), 1490-1497.
DOI   
Enard, W., Ebersberger, I., Fischer, A., Heißig, F., Hellmann, I., Höffner, B., Khaitovich, P., Kitano, T., Köhler, K., Metzler, D., Nickel, B., Przeworski, M., Schwarz, C., Nowick, K., Wiebe, V., Winkler, M., Zöllner, S., & Pääbo, S. (2002). Functional genomics in the chimpanzee. Progress-Report 1999-2002 / German Human Genome Project, 112-113.
Eriksson, J., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2002). Phylogeography and genetic diversity of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 68-68.
DOI   
Fruth, B., & Hohmann, G. (2002). How bonobos handle hunts and harvests: Why share food? In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 231-243). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2002). Dynamics in social organization of bonobos (Pan paniscus). In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 138-150). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2002). Do chimpanzees in the Tai forest (Cote d'Ivoire) exhibit sex-specific ranging patterns? Advances in Ethology, 37, 51.
Lehmann, J., Pryce, C. R., Jongen-Relo, A. L., Stohr, T., Pothuizen, H. H. J., & Feldon, J. (2002). Comparison of maternal separation and early handling in terms of their neurobehavioral effects in aged rats. Neurobiology of Aging, 23(3), 457-466.
DOI   
Lehmann, J., Weizman, R., Leschiner, S., Feldon, J., & Gavish, M. (2002). Peripheral benzodiazepine receptors reflect trait (early handling) but not state (avoidance learning). Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 73(1), 87-93.
DOI   
Mercader, J., Panger, M. A., & Boesch, C. (2002). Chimpanzee-produced stone assemblages from the tropical forests of Tai, Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Human Evolution, 42(3), A23-A24.
DOI   
Mercader, J., Panger, M. A., & Boesch, C. (2002). Excavation of a chimpanzee stone tool site in the African rainforest. Science, 296(5572), 1452-1455.
DOI   
Panger, M. A., Perry, S., Rose, L. M., Gros-Louis, J., Vogel, E., MacKinnon, K. C., & Baker, M. (2002). Cross-side differences in the foraging behavior of white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 119(1), 52-66.
DOI   
Reichert, K. E., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., Boesch, C., & Hohmann, G. (2002). What females tell males about their reproductive status: Are morphological and behavioural cues reliable signals of ovulation in bonobos (Pan paniscus)? Ethology, 108(7), 583-600.
DOI   
Santiago, M. L., Rodenburg, C., Kamenya, S., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Gao, F., Bailes, E., Meleth, S., Soong, S., Kilby, M., Moldoveanu, Z., Fahey, B., Muller, M., Ayouba, A., Nerrienet, E., McClure, H., Heeney, J. H., Pusey, A. E., Collins, A., Boesch, C., Wrangham, R. W., Goodall, J., Sharp, P. M., Shaw, G. M., & Hahn, B. H. (2002). SIVcpz in wild chimpanzees. Science, 295(5554), 465.
DOI   
Smith, S., Vigilant, L., & Morin, P. A. (2002). The effects of sequence length and oligonucleotide mismatches on 5 ' exonuclease assay efficiency. Nucleic Acids Research, 30(20): e111.
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more

Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2002). Female reproductive strategies in chimpanzees of the Tai Forest, Cote d'Ivoire: Do females exhibit preferences for particular males? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 151-151.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (2002). Moving and mixing: Book review of Mapping Human History by Steve Olsen. Science, 297, 775.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (2002). Technical challenges in the microsatellite genotyping of a wild chimpanzee population using feces. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11(Suppl. 1), 162-165.
DOI   
Wittig, R. M. (2002). Die anderen Vettern aus dem Wald - 25 Jahre Tai Schimpansen Projekt, Côte d'Ivoire, Westafrika. Phyllodrom Journal, 49-53.

2001

Boesch, C. (2001). Chimpanzee hunters: Chaos or cooperation in the forest? In L. A. Dugatkin (Ed.), Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology (pp. 453-465). Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Pr.
Boesch, C. (2001). Le propre de l'Homme est-il humain? In Y. Coppens, & P. Picq (Eds.), Les Origines de l'Homme (pp. 170-199). Paris: Fayard.
Boesch, C. (2001). Sacrileges are welcome in sciences! Opening a discussion about animal culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(2), 327-328.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2001). Identification and redesign of human microsatellite markers for genotyping wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) DNA from faeces. Conservation Genetics, 1(3), 289-292.
DOI   
Bradley, B. J., Chambers, K. E., & Vigilant, L. (2001). Accurate DNA-based sex identification of apes using non-invasive samples. Conservation Genetics, 2(2), 179-181.
DOI   
Czekala, N. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2001). Assessment of reproduction and stress through hormone analysis in gorillas. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 317-339). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Herbinger, I., Boesch, C., & Rothe, H. (2001). Territory characteristics among three neighbouring chimpanzee communities in the Taï National Park, Ivory Coast. International Journal of Primatology, 32(2), 143-167.
DOI   
Hill, K., Boesch, C., Goodall, J., Pusey, A. E., Williams, J., & Wrangham, R. W. (2001). Mortality rates among wild chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution, 40(5), 437-450.
DOI   
Janmaat, K. (2001). Travel leadership in wild Thomas langurs. Who wins the conflict? Master Thesis, Univ. of Amsterdam, Amsterdam.
Morin, P. A., Chambers, K. E., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2001). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of DNA from noninvasive samples for accurate microsatellite genotyping of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Molecular Ecology, 10(7), 1835-1844.
DOI   
Robbins, M. M. (2001). Variation in the social system of mountain gorillas: The male perspective. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 29-58). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., & Stewart, K. J. (Eds.). (2001). Mountain gorillas: Three decades of research at Karisoke. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., & Stewart, K. J. (2001). Mountain gorillas of the Virungas: A short history. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 1-26). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vigilant, L., Hofreiter, M., Siedel, H., & Boesch, C. (2001). Paternity and relatedness in wild chimpanzee communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 98(23), 12890-12895.
DOI   
Warren, K. S., Verschoor, E. J., Langenhuijzen, S., Heriyanto, S. R. A., Vigilant, L., & Heeney, J. H. (2001). Speciation and intra-subspecific variation of Bornean orang-utans, Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 18(4), 472-480. Retrieved from http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/4/472.full.
Whiten, A., & Boesch, C. (2001). The cultures of chimpanzees. Scientific American, 284, 60-67.
DOI   
Whiten, A., Goodall, J., McGrew, W. C., Nishida, T., Reynolds, V., Sugiyama, Y., Tutin, C., Wrangham, R. W., & Boesch, C. (2001). Charting cultural variation in chimpanzees. Behaviour, 138(11), 1481-1516.
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2000

Boesch, C., & Boesch-Achermann, H. (2000). The chimpanzees of the Taï Forest: Behavioural ecology and evolution. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
Crockford, C. (2000). Les chimpanzés du Parc National de Taï utilisent-ils des signaux référentiels ou symboliques? Sempérvira, 9, 41-44.
Deschner, T. (2000). Gonflements sexuels chez les femelles chimpanzés dans le Parc National de Taï: Un signal honnête de l'évolution? Sempérvira, 9, 54-58.
Di Benedetto, G., Nasidze, I., Stenico, M., Nigro, L., Krings, M., Lanzinger, M., Vigilant, L., Stoneking, M., Pääbo, S., & Barbujani, G. (2000). Mitochondrial DNA sequences in prehistoric human remains from the Alps. European Journal of Human Genetics, 8(9), 669-677.

more

Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., & Stumpf, R. M. (2000). Reproductive strategies of female chimpanzees in the Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire. Sempérvira, 9, 45-53.
Goné Bi, Z. B. (2000). Distribution spatio-temporelle des plantes dont les fruits sont consommés par les chimpanzés du Parc National de Taï. Sempérvira, 9, 36-40.
Herbinger, I. (2000). Territorialité chez les chimpanzés. Sempérvira, 9, 59-65.
Hohmann, G. (2000). Association and social interactions between strangers and residents in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Primates, 42(1), 91-99.
DOI   
Hohmann, G., & Fruth, B. (2000). Use and function of genital contacts among female bonobos. Animal Behaviour, 60(1), 107-120.
DOI   
Rogers, J., Mahaney, M. C., Witte, S. M., Nair, S., Newman, D., Wedel, S., Rodriguez, L. A., Rice, K. S., Slifer, S. H., Perelygin, A., Slifer, M., Palladino-Negro, P., Newman, T., Chambers, K. E., Joslyn, G., Parry, P., & Morin, P. A. (2000). A Genetic Linkage Map of the Baboon (Papio hamadryas) Genome Based on Human Microsatellite Polymorphisms. Genomics, 67(3), 237-247.
DOI   
Sommer, V., & Reichard, U. H. (2000). Rethinking monogamy: the gibbon case. In Kappeler, Peter (Ed.), Primate Males (pp. 159-168). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Zinner, D., & Deschner, T. (2000). Sexual swellings in female hamadryas baboons after male take-overs: Deceptive swellings as a possible female counter-strategy against infanticide. American Journal of Primatology, 52(4), 157-168.
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1999

Bradley, B. J. (1999). Levels of selection, altruism and primate behavior. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 74(2), 171-194. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2665094.
Formenty, P., Boesch, C., Dind, F., Donati, F., Steiner, C., Wyers, M., & Le Guenno, B. (1999). Ebola virus outbreak among wild chimpanzees living in a rain forest of Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179(Suppl 1), 120-126.
DOI   
Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., & McGrew, W. C. (1999). The Pan species. In P. Dolhinow (Ed.), The Non-human Primates (pp. 64-72). Mountain View: Mayfield.
Gagneux, P., Boesch, C., & Woodruff, D. (1999). Female reproductive strategies, paternity, and community structure in wild West African chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 57(1), 19-32.
DOI   
Gagneux, P., Wills, C., Gerloff, U., Tautz, D., Morin, P. A., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., Ryder, O. A., & Woodruff, D. (1999). Mitochondrial sequences show diverse evolutionary histories of African hominids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 96(9), 5077-5082.
DOI   
Gerloff, U., Hartung, B., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., & Tautz, D. (1999). Intracommunity relationships, dispersal pattern and paternity success in a wild living community of bonobos (Pan paniscus) determined from DNA analysis of faecal sample. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 266(1424), 1189-1195. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/51365.
Robbins, M. M. (1999). Male mating patterns in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. Animal Behaviour, 57(5), 1013-1020.
DOI   
Vigilant, L. (1999). An evaluation of techniques for the extraction and amplification of DNA from naturally shed hairs. Biological Chemistry, 380(11), 1329-1331.
DOI   
Vigilant, L., & Pääbo, S. (1999). A chimpanzee millenium. Biological Chemistry, 380(12), 1353-1354.
DOI   
Whiten, A., Goodall, J., McGrew, W. C., Nishida, T., Reynolds, V., Yugiyama, Y., Tutin, C., Wrangham, R. W., & Boesch, C. (1999). Cultures in chimpanzees. Nature, 399, 682-685.
DOI   
Wyers, M., Formenty, P., Cherel, Y., Guigand, L., Boesch, C., & Le Guenno, B. (1999). Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies of lesions associated with Ebola filovirus (CI-strain) in a naturally infected chimpanzee. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179 (Suppl 1), S54-S59.
DOI   

1998

Arcadi, A. C., Robert, D., & Boesch, C. (1998). Buttress drumming by wild chimpanzees: Temporal patterning, phrase integration into loud calls, and preliminary evidence for individual distinctiveness. Primates, 39(4), 505-518.
DOI   
Boesch, C., & Tomasello, M. (1998). Chimpanzee and human cultures. Current Anthropology, 39(5), 591-614.
DOI   
Brockelman, W. Y., Reichard, U. H., Treesucon, U., & Raemaekers, J. J. (1998). Dispersal, pair formation and social structure in gibbons (Hylobates lar). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 42(5), 329-339.
DOI   
Field, D., Chemnick, L., Robbins, M. M., Garner, K., & Ryder, O. A. (1998). Paternity determination in captive lowland gorillas and orangutans and wild mountain gorillas by microsatellite analysis. Primates, 39(2), 199-209.
DOI   
Le Guenno, B., Formenty, P., & Boesch, C. (1998). Ebola virus outbreaks in the Ivory Coast and Liberia, 1994 - 1995. In H.-D. Klenk (Ed.), Marburg and Ebola viruses (pp. 77-84). Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.
Reichard, U. H. (1998). Sleeping sites, sleeping places, and presleep behavior of gibbons (Hylobates lar). American Journal of Primatology, 46(1), 35-62.
DOI