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Contact

Department of Primatology

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 200
fax: +49 (341) 3550 - 299

Publications

in press

Tweh, C.G., Lormie, M.M., Kouakou, C.Y., Hillers, A., Kuehl, H.S., Junker Conservation status of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and other large mammals across Liberia: results from a nationwide survey.  Oryx  (in press).

Robbins, MM. In press. Gorillas: Reproductive Strategies and Sexual Behavior. In Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality. Whelehan, P. and Bolin, A., eds. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

2014

Behringer, V.; Deschner, T.; Murtagh, R.; Stevens, J.M.G.; Hohmann, G. (2014)
Age-related changes in thyroid hormones of bonobos and chimpanzees indicate heterochrony in development. Journal of Human Evolution 66, 83-88

Fahy, G.E., Richards, M., Deschner, T., Fuller, B. Hublin, J.-J. and Boesch, C., (2014), Stable nitrogen isotope analysis of dentine serial sections elucidates weaning patterns in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Am. J. Phys. Anthropology DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22464

Fruth B, Ikombe NB, Matshimba GK, Metzger S, Muganza DM, Mundry R & Fowler A. (2014) New evidence for self-medication in bonobos: Manniophyton fulvum leaf- & stemstrip-swallowing from LuiKotale, Salonga National Park, DR Congo. American Journal of Primatology, 76(2), 146-158. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22217.

Fünfstück T, Arandjelovic M, Morgan DB, Sanz C,  Breuer T, Stokes EJ, Reed P, Olson SH, Cameron K, Ondzie A, Peeters M, Kühl HS, Cipolletta C, Todd A, Masi S, Doran-Sheehy DM, Bradley BJ, Vigilant L (2014) The genetic population structure of wild western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) living in continuous rainforest. American Journal of Primatology.

Habumuremyi, S, Robbins, MM, Fawcett, KA, & Deschner, T. 2014. Monitoring ovarian cycle activity via progestagens in urine and feces of female mountain gorillas: A comparison of EIA and LC-MS measurements. American Journal of Primatology, 76: 180-191.

Hedwig, D, Hammerschmidt, K, Mundry, R, Robbins, MM, & Boesch, C. (2014) Acoustic structure and variation in mountain and western gorilla close calls – a syntactic approach. Behaviour.

Langergraber K, Rowney C, Crockford C, Wittig R, Züberbuhler K, Vigilant L (2014) Genetic analyses suggest no immigration of adult females and their offspring into the Sonso community of chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. American Journal of Primatology Doi: 10.1002/ajp.22258.

Langergraber K, Rowney C, Schubert G, Crockford C, Hobaiter C, Wittig R, Wrangham R, Zuberbuhler K, Vigilant L (2014) How old are chimpanzee communities? TMRCAs of the Y-chromosome in highly patrilocal societies. Journal of Human Evolution doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.12.005.

Moore D, Vigilant L (2014) A population estimate of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)  in the Ugalla region using standard and spatially explicit genetic capture-recapture methods. American Journal of Primatology.

Thurston C. Hicks, Tranquilli, S., Kuehl, H., Campbell, G., Swinkels, G., Darby, L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., B.J. Menken, S. 2014 Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: Discovery of a large, continuous population of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Central Uele region of northern DRC. Biological Conservation DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.01.002

Oelze V.M., Head J.S., Robbins M.M., Richards M., Boesch C. (2014): Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 66, pp. 95-106.

Robbins, MM. 2014. Gorillas Across Time and Space. In Primate Ethnographies, KB Strier, ed. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Samuni L, Mundry R, Terkel J, Zuberbühler K, Hobaiter C. (2014). Socially learned habituation to human observers in wild chimpanzees. Animal Cognition doi: 10.1007/s10071-014-0731-6

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Langergraber, Kevin E., Ziegler, Toni E., Zuberbühler, K. 2014 Food sharing is linked to urinary oxytocin levels and bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of Royal Society, 281, 20133096

Wittig, R.M., Crockford, C., Langergraber, K.E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2014) Triadic social interactions operate across time: a field experiment with wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B, 281 20133155

2013

Beaune D., Fruth B., Bollache L., Hohmann G. & Bretagnolle F. 2013. Doom of the elephant-dependent trees in a Congo tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 295 : 109-117.

Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Muganza, M. D., Bretagnolle, F., Hohmann, G. & Fruth, B. (2013). Artificial Germination Activation of /Dialium corbisieri/ by Imitation of Ecological Process. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. DOI:10.1080/10549811.2013.780199

Beaune D, Bretagnolle F, Bollache L, Hohmann G, Surbeck M, Fruth B (2013). Seed dispersal strategies and the threat of defaunation in a Congo forest. Biodiversity and Conservation 22, 225-238

Beaune, D., Bretagnolle, F., Bollache, L., Hohmann, G., Surbeck, M., Bourson,C. & Fruth, B. (2013). The Bonobo–/Dialium/ Positive Interactions: Seed Dispersal Mutualism. American Journal of Primatology 75, 394-403.

Behringer, V.; Borchers, C.; Deschner, T; Möstl, E.; Selzer, D.; Hohmann, G. 2013 Measurements of salivary alpha amylase and salivary cortisol in hominoid primates reveal within-species consistency and between-species differences” PlosOne 8(4), e60773

Behringer, V.; Deschner, T., Murtagh, R., Stevens, J., Hohmann, G. (2013) Age-related changes in thyroid hormones of bonobos and chimpanzees indicate heterochrony in Development. Journal of Human Evolution 

Blasse, A., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Goffe, A. S., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Mother-Offspring Transmission and Age-Dependent Accumulation of Simian Foamy Virus in Wild Chimpanzees. Journal of Virology, 87(9), 5193-9204. doi:10.1128/JVI.02743-12.

Boesch, C. (2013). Ecology and cognition of tool use in chimpanzees. In C. M. Sanz, J. Call, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Tool use in animals: cognition and ecology (pp. 21-47). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.

Borchers, C., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., Guilahoux, H., Ouattara, D., & Randler, C. (2013). Environmental Education in Côte d’Ivoire/West Africa: Extra-Curricular Primary School Teaching Shows Positive Impact on Environmental Knowledge and Attitudes. International Journal of Science Education, Part B, 1–20. doi:10.1080/21548455.2013.803632

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Murayama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Pei J-C K, Vigilant L (2013) Inferring the evolutionary histories of divergences in Hylobates and Nomascus gibbons through multilocus sequence data. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:82,  DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-82.

Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Kutzner, N., Kühl, H., Boesch, C., Kappeler, P. M., Metzger, S., Schubert, G., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Carrion fly-derived DNA as a tool for comprehensive and cost-effective assessment of mammalian biodiversity. Molecular Ecology, 22(4), 915-924. doi:10.1111/mec.12183.

Coscolla, M., Lewin, A., Metzger, S. , Maetz-Rennsing, K., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Nitsche, A., Wojtek Dabrowski, P., Radonic, A., Niemann, S., Parkhill, J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Feldman, J., Comas, I., Boesch, C., Gagneux, S. and Leendertz, F.H. 2013. Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Isolate from a Wild Chimpanzee. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 19, No. 6, June 2013.

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M., Langergraber, K., Ziegler, T.E., Zuberbühler, K. & Deschner, T. (2013). Urinary oxytocin and social bonding in related and unrelated wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B.

De Nys, H. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Thiesen, U., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Age-related effects on malaria parasite infection in wild chimpanzees. Biology Letters, 9(4): 20121160. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2012.1160.

Fahy G.E., Richards M., Riedel J., Hublin J.J. and Boesch C. (2013). Stable isotope evidence of meat eating and hunting specialization in adult male chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110(15): 5829-5833.

Gray, M., Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Fawcett, K., Basabose, A., Cranfield, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population. Biological Conversation, 158, 230-238. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.09.018.

Grueter, C., Ndamiyabo, F., Plumtre, A. J., Abavandimwe, D., Mundry, R., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Long-Term Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Food Availability for Endangered Mountain Gorillas in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. American Journal of Primatology, 75(3), 267-280. doi:10.1002/ajp.22102.

Grueter, CC, Robbins, MM, Ndagijimana, F, & Stoinski, TS.  2013.  Possible tool use in a mountain gorilla.  Behavioural Processes,100: 160,162

Habumuremyi, S, Robbins, MM, Fawcett, KA, & Deschner, T. 2013. Monitoring ovarian cycle activity via progestagens in urine and feces of female mountain gorillas: A comparison of EIA and LC-MS measurements.  American Journal of Primatology

Head, J., Boesch, C., Robbins, M.M., Rabanal, L., Makaga, L., Kühl, H. 2013 Effective sociodemographic population assessment of elusive species in ecology and conservation management. Ecology and Evolution, 3:2903-2916

Hicks, C., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S. B. J. (2013). Impact of Humans on Long-Distance Communication Behaviour of Eastern Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 135-156. doi:10.1159/000350650.

Imong, I, Robbins, MM, Mundry, R, Bergl, R, Kuehl, HS. 2013. Distinguishing ecological constraints from human activity in species range fragmentation: the case of Cross River gorillas. Animal Conservation.

Janmaat, KRL, Ban, SD & Boesch, C (2013). Taï chimpanzees use botanical skills to discover fruit: what we can learn from their mistakes. Animal Cognition, DOI 10.1007/s10071-013-0617-z.

Kühl, H., Burghardt, T. (2013) Animal Biometrics: quantifying and detecting animal appearance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1681.

Langergraber, K. E., Mitani, J. C., Watts, D. P., & Vigilant, L. (2013). Male–female socio-spatial relationships and reproduction in wild chimpanzees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(6), 861-873. doi:10.1007/s00265-013-1509-6.

Langos, D., Kulik, L., Mundry, R., & Widdig, A. (2013). The impact of paternity on male–infant association in a primate with low paternity certainty. Molecular Ecology, 22(13), 3638-3651. doi:10.1111/mec.12328.

Moore D, Vigilant L (2013) Genetic diversity at the edge: Comparative assessment of Y-chromosome and autosomal diversity among eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Ugalla, Tanzania. Conservation Genetics. doi: 10.1007/s10592-0113-0556-x

Murai, M., Ruffler, H., Berlemont, A., Campbell, G., Esono, F., Agbor, A., Mbomio, D., Ebana, A., Nze, A., Kühl, H.S. (2013) Priority Areas for Large Mammal Conservation in Equatorial Guinea. Plos one DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075024

Murtagh, R., Behringer, V., Deschner, T. (2013) LC-MS as a method for non-invasive measurement of steroid hormones and their metabolites in urine and faeces of animals. Wien Tierärztl Monat - Vet Med Austria 100, 247-254.

Murthy, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Metzger, S., Nowak, K., De Nys, H., Boesch, C., Wittig, R.M., Jarvis, M.A., Leendertz, F.H. & Ehlers, B. (2013) Absence of frequent Herpesvirus transmission in non-human primate predator – prey system in the wild. Journal of Virology 87:10651-10659.

N’Goran, P.K., Kouakou, C. Y., N’goran, E.K., Konaté, S., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F.A., Kuehl, H., Boesch, C. (2013) Chimpanzee conservation status in the World Heritage Site Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire.International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 3, 326-336.

Ostner J, Vigilant L, Bhagavatula J, Franz M, Schülke O (2013) Stable heterosexual associations in a promiscuous primate. Animal Behaviour 86: 623-631. pdf

Polansky, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Long-term Changes in Fruit Phenology in a West African Lowland Tropical Rain Forest are Not Explained by Rainfall. Biotropica, 45(4), 434-440. doi:10.1111/btp.12033.

Polansky, L and Robbins, MM.   2013. Generalized additive mixed models for disentangling long term trends, local anomalies, and seasonality in fruit tree phenology.  Ecology and Evolution, 3: 3141-3151.

Prüfer, K., Langergraber, K. E., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2013). Reply to Gibb and Hills: Divergence times, generation lengths and mutation rates in great apes and humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(8): E612. doi:10.1073/pnas.1222027110.

Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Menschenaffen: Begegnung mit unseren nächsten Verwandten. Stuttgart: Hirzel.

Robbins, AM, Gray, M, Basabose, A, Uwingeli, P, Mburanumwe, I, Kagoda, E, & Robbins, MM.  2013.  Impact of male infanticide on the social structure of mountain gorillas.  PLoS ONE, 8:e78256

Robbins, MM.  2013.  Gorillas Across Time and Space.  In Primate Ethnographies, KB Strier, ed.  Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Sanz, C. M., Call, J., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Tool use in animals: cognition and ecology. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.

Schubert G, Vigilant L, Boesch C, Klenke R, Langergraber K, Mundry R, Surbeck M, Hohmann G (2013) Co-residence between males and their mothers and grandmothers is more frequent in bonobos than chimpanzees. PloS One8, e83870.

Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Intersexual dominance relationships and the influence of leverage on the outcome of conflicts in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) (advance online). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. doi:10.1007/s00265-013-1584-8.

Wittiger, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Female gregariousness in Western Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) is influenced by resource aggregation and the number of females in estrus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(7), 1097-1111. doi:10.1007/s00265-013-1534-5.

2012

Adlhoch, C. Kaiser, M., Loewa, A., Ulrich, M., Forbrig, C., Adjogoua, E.V., Akoua-Koffi, C. Couacy-Hymann, E., Leendertz, S.A., Rietschel, W., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Schneider, B.S., Leendertz, F.H. 2012. Diversity of Parvovirus 4-like Viruses in Humans, Chimpanzees, and Monkeys in Hunter-Prey Relationships. Emerging Infectious Diseases  Vol. 18, No. 5, May 2012

Beaune, D., Bollache, L., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G. & Bretagnolle, F. (2012). Density-dependent effect affecting elephant-seed dispersed tree recruitment (/Irvingia gabonensis/) in Congo forest. /Pachyderm/ *52,* 97-100.

Behringer, V., Deschner, T., Möstl, E., Selzer, D., Hohmann, G. (2012) Stress affects salivary alpha-Amylase activity in bonobos. Physiology and Behavior 105: 476-482.

Behringer, V., Hohmann, G., Stevens, J.M.G., Weltring, A., Deschner, T. (2012) Adrenarche in bonobos (Pan paniscus): evidence from ontogenetic changes in urinary dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate levels. Journal of Endocrinology 214, 55–65

Boesch, C. 2012. From material to symbolic cultures: Culture in primates. In: Valsiner, J. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Boesch, C. 2012. The ecology and evolution of social behavior and cognition in primates. In Vonk, J. and Shackelford, T. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Borchers, C., & Randler, C. (2012). Sleep-Wake Cycle of Adolescents in Côte d'Ivoire: Influence of Age, Gender, Religion and Occupation. Chronobiology International, 29(10), 1366-1375. doi:10.3109/07420528.2012.741173.

Breuer, T., Robbins, A.M., Boesch, C., Robbins, M.M. 2012. Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas. Journal of Human Evolution, 62 (2012) 466e472

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Murayama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Vigilant L (2012) A comparative analysis of Y chromosome and mtDNA phylogenies of the Hylobates gibbons. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:150.

Chan, Y.-C., Roos, C., Inoue-Murayama, M., Inoue, E., Shih, C.-C., Pei, K.-J.-C., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Inferring the evolutionary histories of divergences in Hylobates and Nomascus gibbons through multilocus sequence data. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13(1): 82. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-82.

Chancellor RL, Langergraber K, Ramirez S, Rundus AS, Vigilant L (2012) Genetic sampling of unhabituated chimpanzees in Gishwati Forest Reserve, an isolated forest fragment in western Rwanda. International Journal of Primatology 33: 479-488.

Chang, Z., Liu, Z., Yang, J., Li, M., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Noninvasive genetic assessment of the population trend and sex ratio of the Shennongjia population of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Chinese Science Bulletin, 57(10), 1135-1141. doi:10.1007/s11434-011-4872-6.

Chang, Z. F., Luo, M. F., Liu, Z. J., Yang, J. Y., Xiang, Z. F., Li, M., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Human influence on the population decline and loss of genetic diversity in a small and isolated population of Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Genetica, 140(4-6), 105-114. doi:10.1007/s10709-012-9662-9.

Crockford, C., Wittig, R.M., Mundry, R., Zuberbuehler, K. (2012). Wild chimpanzees inform ignorant group members of danger. Current Biology 22: 142-146.

Curé, C., Mathevon, N., Mundry, R., & Aubin, T. (2012). Acoustic cues used for species recognition can differ between sexes and sibling species: evidence in shearwaters. Animal Behaviour, 84(1), 239-250. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.04.039

Deimel, C., Vitzthum, V. J., Schaebs, F. S., & Deschner, T. (2012). The banana effect: Are past and/or present lifestyles associated with ovarian hormone differences in women from the two Germanys? AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY, 24(2), 223-223. doi:10.1002/ajhb.22230

Deschner, T., Fuller, B. T., Oelze, V. M., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., Mundry, R., Richards, M. P., Ortmann, S., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Identification of energy consumption and nutritional stress by isotopic and elemental analysis of urine in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 26(1), 69-77. doi:10.1002/rcm.5312

Goffe, A. S., Blasse, A., Mundry, R., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2012). Detection of Retroviral Super-Infection from Non-Invasive Samples. PLoS One, 7(5): e36570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0036570

Gray, M., Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Fawcett, K., Basabose, A., Cranfield, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population (Advance online). Biological Conversation, 158, 230-238. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.09.018

Groeneveld LF, Atencia R, Garriga RM, Vigilant L (2012) High diversity at PRDM9 in chimpanzees and bonobos. PloS ONE 7(7) e39064.

Head JS, Robbins MM, Mundry R, Makaga L & Boesch C. 2012. Remote video camera traps measure habitat use and competitive exclusion among sympatric chimpanzee, gorilla and elephant in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28, 571–583.

Hesler N, Mundry R, Sacher T, Coppack T, Bairlein F & Dabelsteen T. 2012. Song repertoire size correlates with measures of body size in Eurasian blackbirds. Behavior: 149, 645–665.

Hicks, T. C., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S. B. (2012). Reactions of Bili-Uele Chimpanzees to Humans in Relation to Their Distance From Roads and Villages. American Journal of Primatology, 74(8), 721-733. doi:10.1002/ajp.22023.

Junker, J., Blake, S., Boesch, C., Campbell, G., du Toit, L., Duvall, C., Ekobo, A., Etoga, G., Galat-Luong, A., Gamys, J., Ganas-Swaray, J., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Granier, N., Hart, J., Head, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T.C., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I., Kuempel, N., Lahm, S., Lindsell, J., Maisels, F., McLennan, M., Martinez, L., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Mundry, R., N’Goran, P., Normand, E., Ntongho, A., Tiku Okon, D., Petre, C.-A., Plumptre, A., Rainey, H., Regnaut, S., Sanz, C.,Stokes, E, Tondossama, A., Tranquilli, S., Sunderland-Groves, J., Walsh, P., Warren, Y., Williamson, E.A. and Kuehl, H.S. Recent decline in suitable environmental conditions for African great apes 2012. Diversity and Distributions, (2012) 1–15, DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12005

Kühl, S.H., N´Guessan, A., Riedel, J., Metzger, S., Deschner, T. 2012 The Effect of Climate Fluctuation on Chimpanzee Birth Sex Ratio. Plos One, 04/2012 Vol 7 Issue 4, e35610

Langergraber, K., Pruefer, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcett, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J., Muller, M.N., Robbins, M.M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T.S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R.M., Wrangham, R.W., Zuberbuehler, K., Pääbo, S., Vigilant, L. 2012 Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. PNASAugust 13, 2012 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1211740109

Kulik, L., Muniz, L., Mundry, R., & Widdig, A. (2012). Patterns of interventions and the effect of coalitions and sociality on male fitness. Molecular Ecology, 21(3), 699-714. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05250.x

Luncz, L. V., Mundry, R., Boesch, C. 2012 Evidence for Cultural Differences between Neighboring Chimpanzee Communities. Current Biology 22, 1–5, May 22, 2012 - DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2012.03.031

Neubauer, S., Gunz, P., Schwarz, U., Hublin, J.-J. and C. Boesch (2012) Endocranial volumes in an ontogenetic sample of chimpanzees from the Taï Forest National Park, Ivory Coast. /American Journal of Physical Anthropology/. 147(2):319-325.

N´Goran, P. K., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., N´Goran, E.K., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F.A., Kühl, H.S. 2012 Hunting, Law Enforcement, and African Primate Conservation. Conservation Biology  DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01821.x

Scally, A., Dutheil, J. Y., Hillier, L. W., Jordan, G. E., Goodhead, I., Herrero, J., Hobolth, A., Lappalainen, T., Mailund, T., Marques-Bonet, T., McCarthy, S., Montgomery, S. H., Schwalie, P. C., Tang, Y. A., Ward, M. C., Xue, Y., Yngvadottir, B., Alkan, C., Andersen, L. N., Ayub, Q., Ball, E. V., Beal, K., Bradley, B. J., Chen, Y., Clee, C. M., Fitzgerald, S., Graves, T. A., Gu, Y., Heath, P., Heger, A., Karakoc, E., Kolb-Kokocinski, A., Laird, G. K., Lunter, G., Meader, S., Mort, M., Mullikin, J. C., Munch, K., O’Connor, T. D., Phillips, A. D., Prado-Martinez, J., Rogers, A. S., Sajjadian, S., Schmidt, D., Shaw, K., Simpson, J. T., Stenson, P. D., Turner, D. J., Vigilant, L., Vilella, A. J., Whitener, W., Zhu, B., Cooper, D. N., de Jong, P., Dermitzakis, E. T., Eichler, E. E., Flicek, P., Goldman, N., Mundy, N. I., Ning, Z., Odom, D. T., Ponting, C. P., Quail, M. A., Ryder, O. A., Searle, S. M., Warren, W. C., Wilson, R. K., Schierup, M. H., Rogers, J., Tyler-Smith, C., & Durbin, &. R. (2012). Insights into hominid evolution from the gorilla genome sequence. Nature, 483(7388), 169-175. doi:10.1038/nature10842.

Schaumburg, F., Alabi, A. S., Köck, R., Mellmann, A., Kremsner, P. G., Boesch, C., Becker, K., Leendertz, F. H., & Peters, G. (2012). Highly divergent Staphylococcus aureus isolates from African non-human primates. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4(1), 141-146. doi:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2011.00316.x.

Skinner, M.F., Skinner, M.M., Boesch, C. Developmental defects of the dental crown in chimpanzees from the Taï National Park, Côte D'Ivoire: coronal waisting. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 149: 272-282

Sommer, C., Todt, D., Ostreiher, R., & Mundry, R. (2012). Urgency-related alarm calling in Arabian babblers, Turdoides squamiceps: predator distance matters in the use of alarm call types. Behaviour, 149(7), 755-773. doi:10.1163/1568539X-00003003

Surbeck, M., Deschner, T., Schubert, G., Weltring, A., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Mate competition, testosterone and intersexual relationships in bonobos, Pan paniscus. Animal Behaviour, 83(3), 659-669. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.12.010.

Surbeck, M., Deschner, T. Weltring, A., Hohmann, G. 2012. Social correlates of variation in urinary cortisol in wild male bonobos (Pan paniscus). Homones and Behavior (2012) doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2012.04.013

van Leeuwen, E. J. C., Cronin, K. A., Haun, D. B., Mundry, R., & Bodamer, M. D. (2012). Neighbouring chimpanzee communities show different preferences in social grooming behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279(1746), 4362-4367. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.1543.

Vallo, P., Petrželková, K. J., Profousová, I., Petrášová, J., Pomajbíková, K., Leendertz, F., Hashimoto, C., Simmons, N., Babweteera, F., Machanda, Z., Piel, A., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Sommer, V., Furuichi, T., Fujita, S., Matsuzawa, T., Kaur, T., Huffman, M. A., & Modrý, D. (2012). Molecular diversity of entodiniomorphid ciliate Troglodytella abrassarti and its coevolution with chimpanzees./American Journal of Physical Anthropology,/ /148/(4), 525-533. doi:10.1002/ajpa.22100.

Vigilant L, Groeneveld LF (2012) Using genetics to understand primate social systems. Nature Education Knowledge 3(7):3.

Weltring, A., Schaebs, F., Perry, Susan E., Descher, T.: Simultaneous measurement of endogenous steroid hormones and their metabolites with LC-MS/MS in faeces of a New World primate species, Cebus capuchinus. Physiology & Behavior 105 (2012) 510–521

Wich, S., Fredriksson, G., Usher, G., Peters, H., Priatna, D., Basalamah, F., Susanto, W., & Kühl, H. (2012). Hunting of Sumatran orang-utans and its importance in determining distribution and density. Biological Conservation, 146(1), 163-169. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.006

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2011

Acerbi, A., Tennie, C., & Nunn, C. L. (2011). Modeling imitation and emulation in constrained search spaces. Learning & Behavior, 39(2), 104-114. doi:10.3758/s13420-010-0009-z

Adanu, J., V. Sommer and A. Fowler: Hunters, fire, cattle: conservation challenges in Eastern Nigeria, with special reference to chimpanzees. In: Primates of Gashaka : socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot. (Eds.) ed. by Volker Sommer and Caroline Ross. Developments in primatology : progress and prospects. Springer, Berlin (2011) 55-99.

Arandjelovic, M., J. Head, L. I. Rabanal, G. Schubert, E. Mettke, C. Boesch, M. M. Robbins and L. Vigilant: Non-Invasive Genetic Monitoring of Wild Central Chimpanzees. In: PLoS ONE 6, 3, 1-11, Seq. No.: e14761 (2011). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014761

Barelli, C., U. H. Reichard and R. Mundry: Is grooming used as a commodity in wild white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar?. In: Animal Behaviour 82, 4, 801-809 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.07.012

Behringer, V., T. Deschner, E. Möstl, D. Selzer and G. Hohmann: Stress affects salivary alpha-Amylase activity in bonobos. In: Physiology & Behavior 105, 2, 476-482 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.09.005

Boesch, C.: The diversity of the apes: what is the future?. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 155-172.

Boesch, C.: Life and death in the forest. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 30-42.

Boesch, C.: Our cousins in the forest - or bushmeat?. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 77-87.

Campbell, G., H. Kuehl, D. Diarrassouba, P. K. N'Goran and C. Boesch: Long-term research sites as refugia for threatened and over-harvested species. In: Biology Letters 7, 5, 723-726 (2011). doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.0155

Dubuc, C., L. Muniz, M. Heistermann, A. Engelhardt and A. Widdig: Testing the priority-of-access model in a seasonally breeding primate species. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65, 8, 1615-1627 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00265-011-1172-8

Fowler, A., A. Pascual-Garrido, U. Buba, S. Tranquilli, C. Akosim, C. Schoening and V. Sommer: Panthropology of the fourth chimpanzee: a contribution to cultural primatology. In: Primates of Gashaka : socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot. (Eds.) ed. by Volker Sommer and Caroline Ross. Developments in primatology : progress and prospects. Springer, Berlin (2011) 503-544. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-7403-7_13

Fürtbauer, I., Mundry, R., Heistermann, M., Schülke, O., & Ostner, J. (2011). You Mate, I Mate: Macaque Females Synchronize Sex not Cycles. PLoS ONE, 6(10): e26144, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026144.

Gomes, C. M. and C. Boesch: Reciprocity and trades in wild West African chimpanzees. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65, 11, 2183-2196 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00265-011-1227-x

Hauser, B., L. Mugisha, A. Preis and T. Deschner: LC-MS analysis of androgen metabolites in serum and urine from east African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii). In: General and Comparative Endocrinology 170, 1, 92-98 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.09.012

Head, J.: Keeping it in the family - tribal warfare between chimpanzee communities. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 101-115.

Head, J. S., C. Boesch, L. Makaga and M. M. Robbins: Sympatric Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Loango National Park, Gabon: Dietary Composition, Seasonality, and Intersite Comparisons. In: International Journal of Primatology 32, 3, 755-775 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s10764-011-9499-6

Hesler, N., R. Mundry and T. Dabelsteen: Does song repertoire size in Common Blackbirds play a role in an intra-sexual context?. In: Journal of Ornithology 152, 3, 591-601 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s10336-010-0618-5

Hicks, C. (2011). Encounters with Bili chimpanzees in the undisturbed Gangu Forest. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African Apes: Stories and Photos from the Field (pp. 43-60). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.

Hohmann, G. and B. Fruth: Is blood thicker than water?. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 61-76.

Hoppe-Dominik, B., H. S. Kühl, G. Radl and F. Fischer: Long-term monitoring of large rainforest mammals in the Biosphere Reserve of Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In: African Journal of Ecology 49, 4, 450-458 (2011). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2011.01277.x

Janmaat, K. R. L., C. A. Chapman, R. Meijer and K. Zuberbühler: The use of fruiting synchrony by foraging mangabey monkeys: a ‘simple tool’ to find fruit. In: Animal Cognition 15, 1, 83-96 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s10071-011-0435-0

Kasangaki, A, Bitariho, R, Shaw, P, Robbins, MM, & McNeilage, A. 2011. Long-term ecological and socio-economic changes in and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda. In: Long Term changes in Africa's Rift Valley: impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, Ed: Plumptre, A.J. Nova Science Publishers, New York.

Köndgen, S., M. Leider, F. Lankester, A. Bethe, A. Lübke-Becker, F. H. Leendertz and C. Ewers: Pasteurella multocida Involved in Respiratory Disease of Wild Chimpanzees. In: PLoS ONE 6, 9, 1-9, Seq. No.: e24236 (2011). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024236

Kouakou, C. Y., C. Boesch and H. S. Kuehl: Identifying hotspots of chimpanzee group activity from transect surveys in Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In: Journal of Tropical Ecology 27, 6, 621-630 (2011). doi: 10.1017/S0266467411000423

Kulik, L., Muniz, L., Mundry, R., Widdig, A.: Patterns of interventions and the effect of coalitions and sociality on male fitness 2011 Molecular Ecology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05250.x

Langergraber, K. E., C. Boesch, E. Inoue, M. Inoue-Murayama, J. C. Mitani, T. Nishida, A. Pusey, V. Reynolds, G. Schubert, R. W. Wrangham, E. Wroblewski and L. Vigilant: Genetic and 'cultural' similarity in wild chimpanzees. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences 278, 1704, 408-416 (2011). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1112

Langergraber, K. E. and L. Vigilant: Genetic differences cannot be excluded from generating behavioural differences among chimpanzee groups. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences 278, 1715, 2094-2095 (2011). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2011.0391

Langergraber, K., G. Schubert, C. Rowney, R. Wrangham, Z. Zommers and L. Vigilant: Genetic differentiation and the evolution of cooperation in chimpanzees and humans. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278, 1717, 2546-2552 (2011). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2592

Lazenby, R. A., M. M. Skinner, J.-J. Hublin and C. Boesch: Metacarpal trabecular architecture variation in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Evidence for locomotion and tool-use?. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144, 2, 215-225 (2011). doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21390

Leendertz, F. H., N. Scuda, K. N. Cameron, T. Kidega, K. Zuberbühler, S. A. J. Leendertz, E. Couacy-Hymann, C. Boesch, S. Calvignac and B. Ehlers: African Great Apes Are Naturally Infected with Polyomaviruses Closely Related to Merkel Cell Polyomavirus{triangledown}. In: Journal of Virology 85, 2, 916-924 (2011). doi: 10.1128/JVI.01585-10

Leendertz, S. A. J., S. Locatelli, C. Boesch, C. Kücherer, P. Formenty, F. Liegeois, A. Ayouba, M. Peeters and F. H. Leendertz: No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (piliocolobus badius badius) to wild west african chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through hunting. In: BMC Microbiology 11, 24, 1-10 (2011). doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-24

Lima, M. R., R. H. Macedo, L. Muniz, A. Pacheco and J. A. Graves: Group Composition, Mating System, and Relatedness in the Communally Breeding Guira Cuckoo (Guira guira) in Central Brazil. In: The Auk 128, 3, 475-486 (2011). doi: 10.1525/auk.2011.10234

Mundry, R.: Issues in information theory-based statistical inference - a commentary from a frequentist's perspective. In: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65, 1, 57-68 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00265-010-1040-y

Neumann, C., J. Duboscq, C. Dubuc, A. Ginting, A. M. Irwan, M. Agil, A. Widdig and A. Engelhardt: Assessing dominance hierarchies: validation and advantages of progressive evaluation with Elo-rating. In: Animal Behaviour 82, 4, 911-921 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.07.016

Nunn, C. L., P. H. Thrall, F. H. Leendertz and C. Boesch: The Spread of Fecally Transmitted Parasites in Socially- Structured Populations. In: PLoS ONE 6, 6, 1-10, Seq. No.: e21677 (2011). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021677

Nyanganji, G., A. Fowler, A. McNamara and V. Sommer: Monkeys and apes as animals and humans: ethno-primatology in Nigeria's Taraba region. In: Primates of Gashaka : socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot. (Eds.) ed. by Volker Sommer and Caroline Ross. Developments in primatology : progress and prospects 35. Springer, Berlin (2011) 101-134.

Oelze, V. M., B. T. Fuller, M. P. Richards, B. Fruth, M. Surbeck, J.-J. Hublin and G. Hohmann: Exploring the contribution and significance of animal protein in the diet of bonobos by stable isotope ratio analysis of hair. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, 24, 9792-9797 (2011). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1018502108

Preis, A., L. Mugisha, B. Hauser, A. Weltring and T. Deschner: Androgen and androgen metabolite levels in serum and urine of East African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii): Comparison of EIA and LC–MS analyses. In: General and Comparative Endocrinology 174, 3, 335-343 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2011.09.010

Riedel, J., Franz, M., Boesch, C. 2011 How feeding competition determines female chimpanzee gregariousness and ranging in the Tai National Park, Côte d´Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology 73: 305-313

Robbins, A. M., T. Stoinski, K. Fawcett and M. M. Robbins: Lifetime Reproductive Success of Female Mountain Gorillas. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146, 4, 582-593 (2011). doi: 10.1002/ajpa.21605

Robbins, M. M.: Among silverbacks. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 143-154.

Robbins, M. M.: Discovering apes. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 17-29.

Robbins, M. M.: Introduction : who, what, where, and why. In: Among African apes: stories and photos from the field. (Eds.) ed. by Martha M. Robbins and Christophe Boesch. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley (2011) 1-16.

Robbins, M. M., C. Boesch (Eds.): Among African apes : stories and photos from the field. Univ. of California Pr., Berkeley (2011) xv, 182 p.

Robbins, M. M., M. Gray, K. A. Fawcett, F. B. Nutter, P. Uwingeli, I. Mburanumwe, E. Kagoda, A. Basabose, T. S. Stoinski, M. R. Cranfield, J. Byamukama, L. H. Spelman and A. M. Robbins: Extreme Conservation Leads to Recovery of the Virunga Mountain Gorillas. In: PLoS ONE 6, 6, 1-10, Seq. No.: e19788 (2011). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019788

Schubert, G., C. J. Stoneking, M. Arandjelovic, C. Boesch, N. Eckhardt, G. Hohmann, K. Langergraber, D. Lukas and L. Vigilant: Male-Mediated Gene Flow in Patrilocal Primates. In: PLoS ONE 6, 7, 1-10, Seq. No.: e21514 (2011). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021514

Smith, B. H. and C. Boesch: Mortality and the magnitude of the “wild effect” in chimpanzee tooth emergence. In: Journal of Human Evolution 60, 1, 34-46 (2011). doi: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.08.006

Sommer, V., J. Bauer, A. Fowler and S. Ortmann: Patriarchal chimpanzees, matriarchal bonobos: potential ecological causes of a Pan Dichotomy. In: Primates of Gashaka : socioecology and conservation in Nigeria's biodiversity hotspot. (Eds.) ed. by Volker Sommer and Caroline Ross. Developments in primatology : progress and prospects. Springer, Berlin (2011) 417-449.

Surbeck, M., R. Mundry and G. Hohmann: Mothers matter! Maternal support, dominance status and mating success in male bonobos (Pan paniscus). In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences 278, 1705, 590-598 (2011). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.1572

Thalmann, O., D. Wegmann, M. Spitzner, M. Arandjelovic, K. Guschanski, C. Leuenberger, R. A. Bergl and L. Vigilant: Historical sampling reveals dramatic demographic changes in western gorilla populations. In: BMC Evolutionary Biology 11, 1, 1-10, Seq. No.: 85 (2011). doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-85

Townsend, S. W., T. Deschner and K. Zuberbühler: Copulation Calls in Female Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) Convey Identity but Do Not Accurately Reflect Fertility. In: International Journal of Primatology 32, 4, 914-923 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s10764-011-9510-2

Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Amsini, F., Arranz, L., Asamoah, A., Babafemi, O., Barakabuye, N., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Davenport, T., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ellis, C., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T.,Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Greengrass, E., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T.H., Holbech, L., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I., Kumpel, N., Maisels, F., Marshall, P., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dogmo, Z., Tiku Okon, D., Plumptre, A., Rundus, A., Sunderland-Groves, J., Todd, A., Warren, Y., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., Kuehl, H. Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters 0 (2011) 1–8

Truong, C. V. C., L. F. Groeneveld, B. Morgenstern and E. Groeneveld: MolabIS - An integrated information system for storing and managing molecular genetics data. In: BMC Bioinformatics 12, 1, Seq. No.: 425 (2011). doi: 10.1186/1471-2105-12-425

Vigilant, L. and K. E. Langergraber: Inconclusive evidence for patrilocality in Neandertals. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, 18, E87-E87 (2011). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1100100108

Vitzthum, V. J., J. Thornburg, F. S. Schaebs, C. Deimel and T. Deschner: [Abstract] East meets West: Evaluations of the potential role of early life conditions on adult ovarian steroid levels in Mongolian and German women. In: American Journal of Human Biology 23, 2 (2011) 282-283. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.21153

Wevers, D., S. Metzger, F. Babweteera, M. Bieberbach, C. Boesch, K. Cameron, E. Couacy-Hymann, M. Cranfield, M. Gray, L. A. Harris, J. Head, K. Jeffery, S. Knauf, F. Lankester, S. A. J. Leendertz, E. Lonsdorf, L. Mugisha, A. Nitsche, P. Reed, M. Robbins, D. A. Travis, Z. Zommers, F. H. Leendertz and B. Ehlers: Novel Adenoviruses in Wild Primates: a High Level of Genetic Diversity and Evidence of Zoonotic Transmissions. In: Journal of Virology 85, 20, 10774-10784 (2011). doi: 10.1128/JVI.00810-11

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2010

Arandjelovic, M, Head, J, Boesch, C, Kuehl, HS, Robbins, MM, Maisels, F, Vigilant. (2010). Effective non-invasive genetic monitoring of multiple wild western gorilla groups. Biological Conservation, 1443:1780-1791.

Boesch, C., Bolé, C., Eckkhardt, N., Boesch, H. (2010). Altruism in forest chimpanzees: the case of adoption. PlosOne Vol. 5/1/e8901.

Boesch, C. (2010). Open peer commentary for BBS on Henrich, J. et al.. Away from Ethnocentrism and Anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of what makes us human”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33: 86-87.

Boos, K., Gutow, L., Mundry, R., Franke, H.-D. (2010). Sediment preference and burrowing behaviour in the sympatric brittlestars Ophiura albida. Forbes,1839 and Ophiura ophiura (Linnaeus, 1758) (Ophiuroidea, Echinodermata). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 393: 176–181.

Breuer, T, Robbins, AM, Olejniczak, C, Parnell, RJ, Stokes, EJ, & Robbins, MM. (2010). Variance in the male reproductive success of western gorillas: acquiring females is just the beginning. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 64: 515-528.

Chan Y-C, Roos C, Inoue-Muruyama M, Inoue E, Shih C-C, Pei K J-C, Vigilant L (2010) Mitochondrial genome sequences effectively reveal the phylogeny of Hylobates gibbons. PLoS ONE 5: e14419.

Cheney, D.L, Moscovice, L.R, Heesen, M., Mundry, R., Seyfarth, R.M. (2010). Contingent cooperation between wild female baboons. PNAS, 107: 9562-9566.

Fowler, A., Hohmann, G. (2010). Cannibalism in wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Lui Kotale. Amercian Journal of Primatology, 72, Vol. 6: 509-514.

Franz, M., Nunn, C.L. (2010). Investigating the impact of observation errors on the statistical performance of network-based diffusion analysis. Learning & Behavior. 38: 235-242.

Franz, M., Matthews, L.J. (2010). Social enhancement can create adaptive, arbitrary and maladaptive cultural traditions. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277, 1698: 3363-3372.

Franz, M., Caillaud, D. (2010). Fitting artificial neural network models to animal movement data: some necessary precautions. A comment on Dalziel et al. American Naturalist. 175: 759-761.

Fruth, B., Mato, B.K. & M.D. Muganza. (2010). Nkundo plant use (Cuvette Centrale, DRC) with a focus on indigenous knowledge and the application of aphrodisiacs. Brüne M., Salter F. & W.C. McGrew (eds.), Building Bridges between Anthropology, Medicine and Human Ethology. Bochum: European University Press, pp. 211-226.

Grueter, C. C., Li, D., Ren, B., Wei, F. (2010). Feeding Ecology of Yunnan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) in the Samage Forest, Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve, China. Nadler, T., Rawson, B. M., Thinh, V. N. (eds.), Conservation of Primates in Indochina. Hanoi: Frankfurt Zoological Society and Conservation International, pp.: 157-169.

Harris, T. R., (2010). Multiple resource values and fighting ability measures influence intergroup conflict in guerezas (Colobus guereza). Animal Behaviour 79: 89-98.

Hofreiter, M., Kreuz, E., Eriksson, J., Schubert, G., Hohmann, G. (2010). Vetrebarte DNA in fecal samples from bonobos and gorillas: evidence for meat consumption or artefacts? PlosOne 5 (2) e9419.

Hohmann, G., Potts, K., N’Guessan, A., Fowler, A., Mundry, R., Ganzhorn, J.U., Ortmann, S. (2010). Plant foods consumed by Pan: exploring the variation of nutritional ecology across Africa. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141: 476-485.

Janmaat, K.R.L.,Chancellor, R.L. (2010). Exploring New Areas: How Important is Long-Term Spatial Memory for Mangabey (Lophocebus albigena johnstonii) Foraging Efficiency? International Journal of Primatology 31: 863-866.

Kirkpatrick, R. C., Grueter, C. C. (2010). Snub-nosed monkeys: multilevel societies in varied environments. Evolutionary Anthropology 19: 98-113.

Koendgen, S, Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. (2010). Noninvasive monitoring of respiratory viruses in Wild Chimpanzees. EcoHealth online, doi 10.1007/s10393-010-0340-z.

Langergraber KE, Boesch C, Inoue E, Inoue-Muruyama M, Mitani JC, Nishida T, Pusey A, Reynolds V, Schubert G, Wrangham RW, Wroblewski E, Vigilant L (2010) Genetic and ‘cultural’ similarity in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Leendertz, S.A., Metzger, S., Skjerve, E., Deschner, T., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., Leendertz, F. (2010). A longitudinal study of urinary dipstick paramenters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Côte d´Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 71:1-10.

Li, Y., Jiang, Z., Li, C., Grueter, C. C. (2010). Effects of seasonal folivory and frugivory on ranging patterns of Rhinopithecus roxellana. International Journal of Primatology 31: 609-626.

Masello, JF, Mundry, R, Poisbleau, M, Demongin, L, Voigt, CC, Wikelski, M & Quillfeldt, P. 2010. Diving seabirds share foraging space and time within and among species. Ecosphere, Volume 1(6) Article 19.

Mundry, R. (2010). Issues in information theory based statistical inference – a commentary from a frequentist's perspective. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. published online.

Muniz L, Perry S, Manson JH, Gilkenson, Gros-Louis J, Vigilant L (2010) Male dominance and reproductive success in wild white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) at Lomas Barbudal, Costa Rica. American Journal of Primatology 71: 1-13.

Newton-Fisher NE, Emery Thompson M, Reynolds V, Boesch C, Vigilant L (2010) Paternity and social rank in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) from the Budongo Forest, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142: 417-428.

Quillfeldt, P., Poisbleau, M., Mundry, R., Masello, J.F. (2010). Are acoustical parameters of begging call elements of thin-billed prions related to chick condition? Acta Ethologica, 13: 1-9.

Rabanal, L.I., Kuehl, H.S., Mundry, R., Robbins, M.M., Boesch, C. (2010). Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biological Conservation, 143: 1017-1024.

Riedel, J., Franz, M., Boesch, C.(2010). How feeding competition determines femal chimpanzees gregariousness and ranging in the Tai National Park, Côte d´Ivoire. Amercian Journal of Primatology 71:1-9.

Robbins, MM. (2010). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. Primates in Perspective, 2nd edition. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, MacKinnon, KC, Bearder, S, & Stumpf, RM. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford. Pp.: 326-339.

Robbins, MM. (2010). Long-Term Field Studies of Primates: Considering the Past, Present, and Future. Evolutionary Anthropology, 19: 87-88.

Schülke O, Bhagavatula J, Vigilant L, Ostner J (2010) Social bonds enhance reproductive success in male macaques. Current Biology 20: 2207-2210.

Smith, T.M., Smith, B.H., Reid, D.J., Siedel, H., Vigilant, L., Hublin, JJ, Boesch, C. (2010) Dental development of the Taï Forest chimpanzees revisited. Journal of Human Evolution, 58: 363-373.

Spehar, N.S., Mathewson, P.D., Nuzuar, Wich, S.A., Marshall, A.J., Kühl, H., Nardiyono, Meijaard, E. (2010) Estimating Orangutan densities using the standing crop and marked nest count methods: Lessons learned for conservation. Biotropica 1-10.

Sprau, P., Mundry, R. (2010). Song type sharing in common nightingales (Luscinia megarhynchos) and its implications for cultural evolution. Animal Behavior 80: 427-434.

Stumpf, R.M., Boesch, C. (2010) Male agression and sexual coercion in wild West African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Animal Behaviour 79: 333-342.

Surbeck, M., Mundry, R., Hohmann, G. (2010). Mothers matter! Maternal support, dominance status, and mating success in male bonobos (Pan paniscus). Proc. R. Soc. B. published online.

Wittig RM, Boesch C (2010): Receiving Post-Conflict Affiliation from the Enemy’s Friend Reconciles Former Opponents. PLoS ONE 5(11): e13995.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013995

Zuberbühler K., Janmaat K.R.L. (2010). Foraging cognition in non-human primates. In: Platt M.L. & Ghazanfar A.A. (eds.), Primate Neuroethology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp: 64-83.

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2009

Alvergne, A., E. Huchard, D. Caillaud, M. J. E. Charpentier, J. M. Setchel, C. Ruppli, D. Féjan, L. Martinez, G. Cowlishaw and M. Raymond (2009). Human ability to recognize kin visually within primates. International Journal of Primatology. 30: 1, 199-210.

Arandjelovic, M., K. Guschanski, G. Schubert, T. R. Harris, O. Thalmann, H. Siedel, L. Vigilant. Two-step multiplex polymerase chain reaction improves the speed and accuracy of genotyping using DNA from noninvasive and museum samples. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 1: 28-36 (2009).

Barelli, C. and M. Heistermann: Monitoring female reproductive status in White-Handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) using fecal hormone analysis and patterns of genital skin swellings. The gibbons : new perspectives on small ape socioecology and population biology. (Eds.) ed. by Susan Lappan; Danielle Whittaker; Thomas Geissmann. Developments in Primatology : Progress and Prospects. Springer, New York [u.a.] (2009) 313-325.

Blake, S., S. L. Deem, E. Mossimbo, F. Maisels and P. Walsh (2009). Forest Elephants: Tree Planters of the Congo. Biotropica 41, 4: 459-468.

Boesch, C, Head, J, & Robbins, MM. (2009). Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution 56: 560-569.

Boesch, C.: The Real Chimpanzee: Sex Strategies in the Forest. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge (2009) xvi: 181 S. p.

Borchers, C., Riedel, J., Boesch, C., Breuer, T. (2009). Deux programmes d’éducation environnementale pour la conservation des grands singes africains: Club Ebobo et Club P.A.N.. Revue de primatologie: [En ligne], 1.

Breuer, T., M. Breuer-Ndoundou Hockemba, C. Olejniczak, R. J. Parnell and E. J. Stockes: Physical maturation, life-history classes and age estimates of free-ranging western gorillas - insights from Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology 71: 2, 106-119.

Breuer, T, Robbins, AM, Olejniczak, C, Parnell, RJ, Stokes, EJ, & Robbins, MM. (2009). Variance in the male reproductive success of western gorillas: acquiring females is just the beginning. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology. 64 Vol 4: 515-528

Clauss, M., C. Nunn, J. Fritz and J. Hummel (2009). Evidence for a tradeoff between retention time and chewing efficiency in large mammalian herbivores. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 154: 3, 376-382.

Deschner, T., C. Deimel, F. S. Schaebs, K. Jurado and V. J. Vitzthum (2009). Comparison of Urinary PdG and Salivary Progesterone Levels for the Assessment of Ovarian Functioning: A Study of Nomadic Mongolian Herders. Folia Primatologica 80, 2: 156-156

Duckworth, A., Masello, J.F., Mundry, R., Quillfeldt, P. (2009). Functional characterization of begging calls in Thin-billed Prions Pachyptila belcheri chicks. Acta Ornithologica, 44: 127-137.

Ehlers, B., Spieß, K., Leendertz, F., Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Gatherer, D. and McGeoch, D. (2009). Lymphocryptovirus phylogeny and the origins of Epstein-Barr virus. Journal of General Virology, 10.1099/vir.0.017251-0.

Franz, M. and C. Nunn (2009). Network-based diffusion analysis: a new method for detecting social learning. Proceedings of the Royal Society B - Biological Sciences 276, 1663: 1829-1836.

Franz, M. and C. L. Nunn (2009). Rapid evolution of social learning. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22, 9: 1914-1922.

Ganas, J., J. B. Nkurunungi and M. M. Robbins (2009) A preliminary study of the temporal and spatial biomass patterns of herbaceous vegetation consumed by Mountain Gorillas in an afromontane rain forest. Biotropica 41, 1: 37-46.

Ganas, J, Ortmann, S, & Robbins, MM. (2009). Food choices of the mountain gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: the influence of nutrients, phenolics, and availability. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25: 123-134.

Genty, E., T. Breuer, C. Hobaiter and R. W. Byrne (2009). Gestural communication of the gorilla (Gorilla gorilla): repertoire, intentionality and possible origins. Animal Cognition 12, 3: 527-546.

Gladbach A, Büßer C, Mundry R, Quillfeldt P. (2009). Acoustic parameters of begging calls indicate chick body condition in Wilson's storm-petrels Oceanites oceanicus. J Ethol, 27: 267-274.

Gomes, C. M. and C. Boesch (2009). Wild Chimpanzees Exchange Meat for Sex on a Long-Term Basis. PLoS ONE 4, 4, Seq. No.: e5116.

Gomes, C. M., R. Mundry and C. Boesch (2009). Long-term reciprocation of grooming in wild West African chimpanzees. Proccedings of the Reoyal Society, Series B: Biological Sciences 276, 1657: 699-706.

Gray, M, McNeilage, A, Fawcett, K, Robbins, MM, Ssebide, B, Mbula, D, & Uwingeli, P. (2009). Censusing the mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes: complete sweep method vs. monitoring. African Journal of Ecology, 48: 588-599.

Grueter, C. C., D. Li, B. Ren, F. Wei and C. P. van Schaik (2009). Dietary Profile of Rhinopithecus bieti and Its Socioecological Implications. International Journal of Primatology 30, 4: 601-624.

Grueter, C. C. and C. P. van Schaik (2009). Sexual size dimorphism in Asian colobines revisited. American Journal of Primatology 71, 7: 609-616.

Grueter, C., X. Jiang, R. Konrad, P. Fan, Z. Guan and T. Geissmann (2009) Are Hylobates lar Extirpated from China?. International Journal of Primatology 30, 4: 553-567.

Guschanski, K, Vigilant, L, McNeilage, A, Gray, M, Kagoda, E, and Robbins, MM. (2009). Counting elusive animals: comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation, 142: 290-300.

Halbwax, M., C. K. Mahamba, A.-M. Ngalula and C. André (2009). Placental retention in a bonobo (Pan paniscus). Journal of Medical Primatology 38, 3: 171-174.

Harris, T.R., Chapman, C., Monfort, S. (2009). Small folivorous primate groups exhibit behavioral and physiological effects of food scarcity. Behavioral Ecology 21 (1): 46-56.

Harris, T. R., D. Caillaud, C. A. Chapman and L. Vigilant (2009) Neither genetic nor observational data alone are sufficient for understanding sex-biased dispersal in a social-group-living species. Molecular Ecology 18, 8: 1777-1790.

Herbinger, I., S. Papworth, C. Boesch and K. Zuberbühler (2009). Vocal, gestural and locomotor responses of wild chimpanzees to familiar and unfamiliar intruders: a playback study. Animal Behaviour 78, 6: 1389-1396.

Hohmann, G. (2009). The Diets of Non-Human Primates: Frugivory, Food Processing, and Food Sharing. In: Hublin, JJ (ed.), The evolution of hominin diets: integrating approaches to the study of palaeolithic subsistence. Vertebrate paleobiology and paleoanthropology series. Springer, Berlin: 1-14.

Hohmann, G., R. Mundry and T. Deschner (2009). The relationship between socio-sexual behavior and salivary cortisol in bonobos: tests of the tension regulation hypothesis. American Journal of Primatology 71, 3: 223-232.

Janmaat, K. R. L., W. Olupot, R. L. Chancellor and M. E. Arlet (2009). Long-term Site Fidelity and Individual Home Range Shifts in Lophocebus albigena. International Journal of Primatology 30, 3: 443-466.

Jensen, S. A., R. Mundry, C. L. Nunn, C. Boesch and F. H. Leendertz (2009). Non-invasive Body Temperature Measurement of Wild Chimpanzees Using Fecal Temperature Decline. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45, 2: 542-546.

Junglen S., Kurth A., Ellerbrok H., Pauli G., Nunn C., Kuehl H., Leendertz F. H. (2009). Examining Landscape Factors Influencing Relative Distribution of Mosquito Genera and Frequency of Virus Infection. EcoHealth, Vol. 6, 2: 239-249.

Kiefer, S., C. Sommer, C. Scharff, S. Kipper and R. Mundry (2009). Tuning towards tomorrow? Common nightingales Luscinia megarhynchos change and increase their song repertoires from the first to the second breeding season. Journal of Avian Biology 40, 2: 231-236.

Kouakou, C. Y., C. Boesch and H. Kühl (2009). Estimating chimpanzee population size with nest counts: validating methods in Taï National Park. American Journal of Primatology 71, 6: 71-6.

Kuehl, H. S., C. Nzeingui, S. Le Duc Yeno, B. Huijbregts, C. Boesch and P. D. Walsh (2009). Discriminating between village and commercial hunting of apes. Biological Conservation 142, 7: 1500-1506.

Langergraber, K., J. Mitani and L. Vigilant (2009). Kinship and Social Bonds in Wild Female Chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda. Folia Primatologica 80, 2, 123-124.

Langergraber, K., J. Mitani and L. Vigilant 2009). Kinship and social bonds in female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Primatology 71, 10: 840-851.

Leendertz, F. H., M. Deckers, W. Schempp, F. Lankester, C. Boesch, L. Mugisha, A. Dolan, D. Gatherer, D. J. McGeoch and B. Ehlers (2009). Novel cytomegaloviruses in free-ranging and captive great apes : phylogenetic evidence for bidirectional horizontal transmission. Journal of General Virology 90, 10: 2386-2394.

Lehmann, J. and C. Boesch (2009). Sociality of the dispersing sex: the nature of social bonds in West African female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Animal Behaviour 77, 2: 377-387.

Masi, S, Cipolletta, C, and Robbins, MM. (2009). Activity patterns of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 1-10.

Morozov, V. A., F. H. Leendertz, S. Junglen, C. Boesch, G. Pauli and H. Ellerbrok (2009). Frequent foamy virus infection in free-living chimpanzees of the Taï National Park (Côte d'Ivoire). Journal of General Virology 90: 500-506.

Mundry, R. and C. L. Nunn (2009). Stepwise Model Fitting and Statistical Inference: Turning Noise into Signal Pollution. The American Naturalist 173, 1: 119-123.

Neel, C., Etienne, L., Li, Y., Takehisa, J., Rudicell, R., Ndong, I., Moudindo, J., Mebenga, A., Esteban, A., Van Heuverswyn, F., Liegeois, F., Kranzusch, P., Walsh, P., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Ndjango, J., Plantier, J.-C., Locatelli, S., Gonder, M., Leendertz, F., Boesch, C., Todd, A., Delaporte, E., Ngole, E., Hahn, B. and Peeters, M. (2009). Molecular epidemiology of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in wild-living gorillas. Journal of Virology: JVI.021 29-09vl.

N'Guessan, A. K., S. Ortmann and C. Boesch (2009). Daily Energy Balance and Protein Gain Among Pan troglodytes verus in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Primatology 30, 3: 481-496.

Normand, E. and C. Boesch (2009). Sophisticated Euclidean maps in forest chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour 77, 5: 1195-1201.

Normand, E., S. Dagui Ban and C. Boesch (2009). Forest chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) remember the location of numerous fruit trees. Animal Cognition 12, 6: 797-807.

Nunn, C. L., P. Lindenfors, E. R. Pursall and J. Rolff (2009). On sexual dimorphism in immune function. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society B 364, 1513: 61-69.

Nunn, C. L., P. H. Thrall, K. Bartz, T. Dasgupta and C. Boesch (2009). Do transmission mechanisms or social systems drive cultural dynamics in socially structured populations?. Animal Behaviour 77, 6: 1515-1524.

Preston, B. T., I. Capellini, P. McNamara, R. A. Barton and C. L. Nunn (2009). Parasite resistance and the adaptive significance of sleep. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9, Seq. No.: 7.

Rich, S. M., F. H. Leendertz, G. Xu, M. LeBreton, C. F. Djoko, M. N. Aminake, E. E. Takang, J. L. D. Diffo, B. L. Pike, B. R. Rosenthal, P. Formenty, C. Boesch, F. J. Ayala and N. D. Wolfe (2009). The origin of malignant malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106, 35: 14902-14907.

Robbins, A. M., T. Stoinski, K. Fawsett and M. M. Robbins (2009). Leave or conceive: natal dispersal and philopatry of female mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcano region. Animal Behaviour 77, 4: 831-838.

Robbins, A. M., T. S. Stoinski, K. A. Fawcett and M. M. Robbins (2009). Does dispersal cause reproductive delays in female mountain gorillas?. Behaviour 146, 4-5: 525-549.

Robbins, A. M., T. S. Stoinski, K. A. Fawsett and M. M. Robbins (2009). Socioecological influences on the dispersal of female mountain gorillas—evidence of a second folivore paradox. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63, 4: 477-489.

Robbins, MM, Gray, M, Kagoda, E, & Robbins, AM. (2009). Population dynamics of the Bwindi mountain gorillas. Biological Conservation, 142: 2886-2895.

Robbins, MM. (2009). Male aggression towards females in mountain gorillas: courtship or coercion? Sexual coercion in primates: an evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females. M.N. Muller and R. Wrangham (eds). Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 112-127.

Sanz, C. M., J. Call and D. Morgan (2009). Design complexity in termite-fishing tools of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Biology Letters 5, 3: 293-296.

Sanz, C. M. and D. B. Morgan (2009). Flexible and Persistent Tool-using Strategies in Honey-gathering by Wild Chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology 30, 3: 411-427.

Savini, T., C. Boesch and U. H. Reichard (2009).Varying Ecological Quality Influences the Probability of Polyandry in White-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) in Thailand. Biotropica 41, 4: 503-513.

Sawyer, S. C. and M. M. Robbins (2009). A Novel Food Processing Technique by a Wild Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei). Folia Primatologica 80, 2: 83-88.

Skinner, M. M., P. Gunz, B. A. Wood, C. Boesch and J.-J. Hublin (2009). Discrimination of extant Pan species and subspecies using the enamel-dentine junction morphology of lower molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 2: 234-243.

Surbeck, M., A. Fowler, C. Deimel and G. Hohmann (2009). Evidence for the consumption of arboreal, diurnal primates by bonobos (Pan paniscus). American Journal of Primatology 71, 2: 171-174.

Tennie, C., I. C. Gilby and R. Mundry (2009). The meat-scrap hypothesis: small quantities of meat may promote cooperative hunting in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63, 3: 421-431.

Vigilant, L. (2009). Elucidating Population Histories Using Genomic DNA Sequences. Current Anthropology 50, 2: 201-212.

Vigilant, L. and K. Guschanski (2009). Using genetics to understand the dynamics of wild primate populations. Primates 50, 2: 105-120.

Vigilant, L. and K. Langergraber (2009). A Genetic Perspective on the Evolution of Cooperation in Chimpanzees and Humans. Folia Primatologica 80, 2.

Walsh, P.D., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J.D., & Bermejo, M. (2009) Disease avoidance and the evolution of primate social connectivity: Ebola, bats, gorillas, and chimpanzees. in C. Chapman ed. Primate Disease Ecology, Cambridge University Press.

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2008

Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., Reichard, U. H. (2008). Mating patterns and sexual swellings in pair-living and multimale groups of wild white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar). Animal Behaviour, 75: 991-1001.

Barelli, C., Boesch, C. Heistermann, and Reichard, U. (2008). Female white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) lead group movements and have priority of access to food resources. Behaviour, 145: 965-981.

Bergl R, Bradley BJ, Nsubuga AM, Vigilant L (2008). Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation, population size and demographic history on primate populations: the Cross River gorilla in a comparative context. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 848-859.

Bertolani, P., Boesch, C. (2008) Habiuation of wild chimpanzees of he south group a Taї Forest, Côte d´Ivoire: empirical measure of progress. Folia Primatol 79: 162-171.

Boesch, C. (2008). Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition: Reply to Tomasello and Call (2008). Journal of Comparative Psychology, Vol 122, No. 4, 453-455

Boesch, C. (2008). Why do chimpanzees die in the forest? The challenges of understanding and controlling for wild ape health. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 722-726.

Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R., Moebius, Y. and Normand, E. (2008). Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 519-532.

Boesch, C. (2008). Culture in evolution: toward an integration of chimpanzee and human culture. In: Brown, M. (ed.), Explaining Culture Scientifically. Seattle: University of Washington Press, pp. 37-54.

Boesch, C., Gnakouri, C., Marques, L., Nohon, G., Herbinger, I., Lauginie, F., Boesch, H., Kouamé, S., Traoré M. and Akindes, F. (2008). Chimpanzee conservation and theatre: a case study of an awareness project around the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In: Stoinski, T., Steklis, D., Mehlman, P. (ed.), Conservation in the 21st Century: Gorillas as a Case Study. New York: Springer Science and Business Media.pp.128-135.

Boesch, C., Herbinger, I., Boesch, H., (2008). The contribution of long-term research by the Taï Chimpanzee Project to conservation. Science and Conservation in African Forests: In: Wrangham, R., Ross, E., The Benefits of Long-term Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 184-200.

Bradley BJ, Doran-Sheehy DM, Vigilant L (2008). Genetic identification of elusive animals: re-evaluating tracking and nesting data for wild western gorillas. Journal of Zoology, 275: 333-340.

Breuer, T. and Hockemba, M. N. (2008). Fatal interaction between two male sitatungas (Tragelaphus spekei gratus) at Mbeli Bai, Republic of Congo. African Journal of Ecology 46: 110-112.

Charpentier, M.J.E., Prugnolle, F., Gimenez, O. & Widdig, A. (2008). Genetic heterozygosity and sociality in a primate species. Behavior Genetics 38: 151-158.

Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., N´Goran, P., Boesch, C. (2008). Alarming decline of West African chimpanzees in Côte d'Ivoire. Current Biology, 18: R903-R904.

Clauss M, Ortmann S, Hohmann G, Schwarm A, Streich J, Hummel J, (2008). Ingesta retention in herbivore primates: composition of the natural diet and intake level overrule body size effects in the available data. Comp Biochem Physiol A 150: 274-281.

Deschner, T., Kratzsch, J. Hohmann, G. (2008) Urinary C-peptide as a method for monitoring body mass changes in captive bonobos (Pan paniscus). Hormones and Behavior, 54: 620-626.

Devos, C., Walsh, P. D., Arnhem, E., Huynen, M. C. (2008). Monitoring population decline: can transect surveys detect the impact of the Ebola virus on apes? Oryx, 42: 367-374.

Dittami J, Katina S, Moestl E, Eriksson J, Hohmann G, (2008). Urinary androgenes and cortisol metabolites in field-sampled bonobos (Pan paniscus). Gen Comp Endocrinol 155: 552-557.

Ganas, J, Nkurunungi, JB, and Robbins, MM. (2008). Temporal and spatial variability of herbaceous vegetation consumed by mountain gorillas in an Afromontane rainforest. Biotropica.

Ganas, J, Ortmann, S., and Robbins, MM. (2008). Food preferences of wild mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 1-12.

Guschanski, K, Caillaud, D, Robbins, MM, and Vigilant, L. (2008). Females shape the genetic structure of a gorilla population. Current Biology, 18:1809-1814.

Hauser, B.,Deschner, T., Boesch, C. (2008). Development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of 23 endogenous steroids in small quantities of primate urine. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 862: 100-12.

Hauser, B. Schulz, D. Boesch, C. & Deschner, T. (2008) Quantifying urinary testosterone levels of great apes - Problems with enzymatic hydrolysis using Helix pomatia juice. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 158: 77-86.

Hohmann G, Fruth B, (2008). New records on prey capture and meat eating by bonobos at Lui Kotale, Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. Folia primatol. 79: 103-110.

Inoue E, Inoue-Murayama M, Vigilant L, Takenaka O, Nishida T. (2008). Relatedness in wild chimpanzees: influence of paternity, male philopatry, and demographic factors. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 137: 256-262.

Kakuschke, A., Valentine-Thon, E., Griesel, S., Rosenberger, T., Mundry, R., Siebert, U., Prange, A. (2008). Blood metal levels and metal-influenced immune functions of harbour seals in captivity. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 764-769.

Knapp M, Hofreiter M, Vigilant L (2008) Ancient DNA: phylogenetic applications. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Wiley publishing group.

Koendgen, S., Kuehl, H., N'Goran P, K., Walsh, P. D., Schenk, S., Ernst, N., Biek, R., Formenty, P., Matz-Rensing, K., Schweiger, B., Junglen, S., Ellerbrok, H., Nitsche, A., Briese, T., Lipkin, W. I., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. H. (2008). Pandemic Human Viruses Cause Decline of Endangered Great Apes. Current Biology, 18, 1-5: 260-264

Kuehl, H., Elzner, C., Moebius, Y., Boesch, C., Walsh, P. (2008). The price of play: self-organized infant mortality cycles in chimpanzees. PlosOne Vol 3/6/e2440.

Lankester, F., Matz-Rensing, K., Kiyang, J., Jensen, S. A., Weiss, S., Leendertz, F.H. (2008). Fatal ulcerative colitis in a western lowland gorilla (gorilla gorilla gorilla). J Med Primatol.

Leendertz, F. H., Zirkel, F., Couacy-Hymann, E., Ellerbrok, H., Morozov, V. A., Pauli, G., Hedemann, C., Formenty, P., Jensen, S. A., Boesch, C., Junglen, S. et al. (2008). Interspecies transmission of simian foamy virus in a natural predator-prey system. J Virol 82: 7741-7744.

Lehmann, J. and Boesch, C. (2008). Sex differences in chimpanzee sociality. International Journal of Primatology 29: 65-81.

Möbius, Y., Boesch, C., Koops, K., Matsuzawa, T., Humle, T. (2008). Cultural differences in army ant predation by West African chimpanzees? A comparative study of microecological variables. Animal Behaviour 76: 37-45.

Muniz L, Vigilant L (2008). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the white-faced capuchin monkey (Cebus capucinus) and cross-species amplification in other New World monkeys. Molecular Ecology. Resources 8: 402-405.

Nsubuga AM, Robbins MM, Vigilant L (2008). Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 135: 263-274.

Perry S, Manson JH, Muniz L, Gros-Louis J, Vigilant L (2008). Kin-biased social behaviour in wild adult female white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). Animal Behavior, 76: 187-199.

Robbins, MM. (2008).Feeding Competition and Female Social Relationships in Mountain Gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 29, 999-1018.

Savini, T., Boesch, C., Reichard, U. H. (2008). Home-range characteristics and the influence of seasonality on female reproduction in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Am J Phys Anthropol 135: 1-12.

Schoning, C., Humle, T., Möbius, Y., McGrew, W. C. (2008). The nature of culture: technological variation in chimpanzee predation on army ants revisited. Journal of Human Evolution 55: 48-59.

Schwemmer, P., Garthe, S., Mundry, R. (2008). Area utilization of gulls in a coastal farmland landscape: habitat mosaic supports niche segregation of opportunistic species. Landscape Ecology, 23: 355-367.

Skinner, M. M., Wood, B. A., Boesch, C., Olejniczak, A. J., Rosas, A., Smith, T. M., Hublin, J. J. (2008). Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids. J Hum Evol 54: 173-86.

Surbeck M, Hohmann G, (2008). Primate hunting by bonobos at LuiKotale, Salonga National Park. Current Biology 18: R906-907.

Thierry, B., F. Aureli, C.L. Nunn, O. Petit, C. Abegg, and F.B.M. de Waal (2008). A comparative study of conflict resolution in macaques: insights into the nature of trait co-variation. Animal Behaviour, Animal Behaviour, 75: 847-860.

Todd, A. F., Kuehl, H. S., Cipolletta, C., Walsh, P. D. (2008). Using dung to estimate gorilla density: modeling dung production rate. International Journal of Primatology 29: 549-563.

Townsend, S.W., Deschner, T. & Zuberbühler, K. (2008). Female chimpanzees use copulation calls flexibly to prevent social competition. PLoS One 3(6): e2431.

Waal de, F., Boesch, C., Horner, V. and Whiten, A. (2008). Comparing social skills of children and apes. Science letters 319: 569.

Zihlman, A. L., Stahl, D. Boesch, C. et al. (2008). Morphological variation in adult chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Am J Phys Anthropol 135: 34-41.

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2007

Altizer, S., C.L. Nunn, and P. Lindenfors (2007). Do threatened hosts have fewer parasites? A comparative study in primates. Journal of Animal Ecology, in press.

Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C. and Reichard, U. H. (in press): Mating patterns and sexual swellings in pair-living and multimale groups of wild white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar). Animal Behaviour.

Barelli, C. and Heistermann, M. (in press): Monitoring female reproductive status in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) using fecal hormone analysis and patterns of genital skin swellings. In: The Gibbons: New Perspectives on Small Ape Socioecology and Population Biology, Eds. Lappan, S. M., Whittaker, D. and Geissmann, T. (Berlin, Springer).

Barelli Claudia, Heistermann Michael, Boesch Christophe & Reichard Ulrich 2007 Sexual swellings in wild white-handed gibbon females (Hylobates lar) indicate the probability of ovulation. Hormones and Behavior.Feb,51(2),221-30 .

Bergl R, Vigilant L (2007) Genetic analysis reveals population structure and recent migration within the highly fragmented range of the Cross River gorilla. Molecular Ecology 16: 501-516

Boesch C, Head J, Tagg N, Arandjelovic M, Vigilant L, Robbins M (2007) Fatal chimpanzee attack in Loango National Park, Gabon: Observational and genetic evidence. International Journal of Primatology. 28-5

Boesch, C. (2007) What Makes Us Human (Homo sapiens)? The Challenge of Cognitive Cross-Species Comparison. Journal of Comparative Psychology. Vol. 121, No. 3, 227-240

Bradley BJ, Doran-Sheehy D, Vigilant L (2007) Potential for female kin associations in wild western gorillas despite female dispersal. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274: 2179-2185.

Bradley BJ, Stiller M, Doran-Sheehy DM, Harris T, Chapman CA, Vigilant L, Poinar H (2007) Plant DNA sequences from feces: Potential means for assessing diets of wild primates. American Journal of Primatology 69: 1-7.

Breuer, T. & Ndoundou Hockemba, M. (in press) Fatal interaction between two male Sitatungas (Tragelaphus spekei gratus) at Mbeli Bai, northern Congo. African Journal of Ecology

Breuer, T., Robbins, M.M., Boesch, C. (in press) Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Charpentier M.J.E., Widdig, A. & Alberts, S.C. (2007) Inbreeding depression in non-human primates: an historical review of methods and empirical data. American Journal of Primatology 69:1-17.

Chi, F., Leider, M., Leendertz, F., Bergmann, C., Boesch, C., Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H., Hakenbeck, R. 2007. New Streptococcus pneumoniae Clones in Deceased Wild Chimpanzees. J. Bacteriology 189: 6085-6088

Cipolletta, C, Spagnolietti, N, Todd, A, Robbins, MM, Cohen, H, Pacyna, S. 2007. Termite feeding behavior of western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. International Journal of Primatology. 28: 457-476.

Devos, C, Walsh, P., Arnhem, E., Huynen, M.C. Monitoring population decline: Ebola impact on apes at Lokoué Bai. Oryx, in press

Deschner, T. and Boesch, C. 2007. Can the Patterns of Sexual Swelling Cycles in Female Taï Chimpanzees be Explained by the Cost-of-Sexual-Attraction Hypothesis? International Journal of Primatology, Volume 28, Number 2, April 2007 , pp. 389-406(18)

Dittami, J., Katina, S., Möstl, E., Eriksson, J., Machatschke, I.H., Hohmann, G. (in press) Urinary androgens and cortisol metabolties in field-sampled bonobos (Pan paniscus), General and Comparative Endocrinology (2007)

Hauser, B. (2007). Development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of 23 endogenous steroids in small quantities of primate urine. Journal of Chromatography B. 862: 1-2, S. 100-112

Harris, T.R. (2007). Testing mate, resource, and infant defense functions of intergroup aggression in nonhuman primates: issues and methodology. Behaviour. 144, 1521-1535

Harris, T.R. and Chapman, C.A. (2007). Variation in the diet and ranging of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Primates 48: 208-221.

Harris, T. R. (2007). Evaluating C peptide as a measure of net energy gain in Colobus Guereza. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 132: S44, S. 126

Hohmann, G. (in press). The diets of non-human primates: frugivory, food processing, and food sharing. In: Hublin, J.-J., Richards, M.P. (Eds). The Evolution of Hominid Diets: Integrating Approaches to the Study of Palaeolithic Subsistence. Springer, Dordrecht.

Hohmann G, Fruth B (2007). New records on prey capture and meat eating by bonobos at LuiKotal, Salonga National Park. Folia primatologica.79:103-110

Hohmann, G. (2007). Researchers fight poaching with presence, not guns. Nature. 447: 7148, S. 1052

Hopkins, M. E. and C. L. Nunn (2007). A global gap analysis of infectious agents in wild primates. Diversity and Distributions.

Kuehl, H.S., Todd, A. & Walsh, P.D. Manipulating decay time for efficient large mammal density estimation: gorillas and dung height. Ecological Applications, in press

Kuehl, Hjalmar S., Liz Williamson, Chrickette Sanz, David Morgan and Christophe Boesch (2007). Launch of A.P.E.S. database. Gorilla Journal 34: 20-21

Langergraber KE, Mitani JC, Vigilant L (2007) The limited impact of kinship on cooperation in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 7786-7790

Langergraber KE, Siedel H, Mitani JC, Wrangham RW, Reynolds V, Hunt KD and Vigilant L (2007) The genetic signature of sex-biased migration in patrilocal chimpanzees and humans. PLoS One 10:e973.

Lindenfors, P. L., C. L. Nunn, R. A. Barton (2007). Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. BMC Biology, in press.

Lindenfors, P., C. L. Nunn, K. E. Jones, A. A. Cunningham, W. Sechrest, and J. L. Gittleman (2007). Parasite species richness in carnivores: effects of host body mass, latitude, geographic range and population density. Global Ecology and Biogeography (DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00301.x).

McGrew WC, Marchant LF, Beuerlein MM, Vrancken D, Fruth B, Hohmann G (in press) Prospects for bonobo insectivory: what's on the menu at Lui Kotal, Democratic Republic of Congo. Int Journal of Primatology.

McNamara, P., C. L. Nunn, R. A. Barton, E. Harris, and I. Capellini (2007). Phylogeny of sleep and dreams. In: The New Science of Dreaming: Vol. 1, Biology of REM Sleep. D. Barrett and P. McNamara, eds. Praeger Press, Westport CT, pp. 53-70.

McNeilage, A and Robbins, MM. 2007. Primatology comes to Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 45, 1-3.

Morgan, D., Sanz, C. 2007. Best Practice Guidelines for Reducing the Impact of Commercial Logging on Wild Apes in West Equatorial Africa. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (PSG). 32 pp.

Mundry, R. & Sommer, C. 2007. Ein neues Gefiedermerkmal zur Altersbestimmung bei adulten Nachtigallen, Luscinia megarhynchos. Limicola, 21, 131-139.

Mundry, R. & Sommer, C. 2007. Discriminant function analysis with nonindependent data: consequences and an alternative. Anim. Behav., 74, 965-976. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.12.028

Muniz L, Vigilant L (in press) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the white-faced capuchin monkey (Cebus capucinus) and cross-species amplification in other New World monkeys. Molecular Ecology Notes.

Nsubuga AM, Robbins MM, Vigilant L (in press) Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Nunn, C.L., P.H. Thrall, K. Stewart, A.H. Harcourt (in press). Emerging infectious diseases and animal social systems. Evolutionary Ecology.

Nunn, C. L., B. Rothschild, J. L. Gittleman (2007). Why are some species more commonly afflicted by arthritis than others? A comparative study of spondyloarthropathy in primates and carnivores. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:460-470.

Pedersen, A.B., K.E. Jones, C.L. Nunn, and S. Altizer (in press). Infectious disease and extinction risk in wild mammals. Conservation Biology.

Prepens, S., Kreuzer, K.-A., Leendertz, F.H. Nitsche, A., Ehlers, B. 2007. Discovery of herpesviruses in multi-infected primates 1 using locked nucleic acids (LNA) and a bigenic PCR approach. Virology Journal. 4:84.

Robbins, MM. In press. Feeding competition and female social relationships in mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology.

Robbins, MM. 2007. Seasonality in Primates: Studies of living and extinct human and non-human primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 53: 224-225. (book review)

Robbins, MM & Sawyer, SC. 2007. Intergroup Encounters in Mountain Gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Behaviour. 144,1497-1519

Robbins, MM. 2007. Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In: Primates in Perspective. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, Panger, M, MacKinnon, KC, & Bearder, S. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford. Pp. 305-321.

Robbins, MM, Robbins, AM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD. 2007. Female reproductive success of the Virunga mountain gorillas: comparisons with the socioecological model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61: 919-931.

Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM, Fawcett, K. 2007. Maternal investment of Virunga mountain gorillas. Ethology, 113: 235-245.

Sanz, C., Morgan, D. 2007.Chimpanzee Tool Technology in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Journal of Human Evolution, 52 (4): 420-433.

Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Strindberg, S., Onononga, J. R. 2007. Distinguishing between the Nests of Sympatric Chimpanzees and Gorillas in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44, 263-272.

Schöning, C. T. Humle, Y. Möbius, WC McGrew , in press. The nature of culture: Technological variation in chimpanzee predation on army ants. Journal of Human Evolution

Skinner, M. M.; Wood, B.; Boesch, C.; Oleijniczak, A.; Rosas, A.; Smith, T. M.; Hublin, J. J. (2007). Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids. Journal of Human Evolution

Thalmann O, Fischer A, Lankester F, Pääbo S, Vigilant L (2007) The complex evolutionary history of gorillas: insights from genomic data. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24: 146-158

Thierry, B., F. Aureli, C.L. Nunn, O. Petit, C. Abegg, and F.B.M. de Waal (in press). A comparative study of conflict resolution in macaques: insights into the nature of trait co-variation. Animal Behaviour.

Todd, A.F., Kuehl, H.S., Cipolletta, C. & Walsh, P.D. Using dung to estimate gorilla density: modeling dung deposition rate. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press

Walker, R: The trade-off between number and size of offspring in humans and other primates. Proceedings of The Royal Society B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.1511

Walsh, P.D., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J.D., & Bermejo, M. Disease avoidance and the evolutionof primate social connectivity: Ebola, bats, gorillas, and chimpanzees. in C. Chapman ed. Primate Disease Ecology, Cambridge University Press, in press

Walsh, P. D., Breuer, T., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Doran-Sheehy, D. 2007. Potential for Ebola Transmission between Gorilla and Chimpanzee Social Groups. American Naturalist, 169 (5), 684-689.

Widdig, A. (2007). Paternal kin discrimination: the evidence and likely mechanisms. Biological Reviews 82: 319-334.

Verfuß, U. K., Honnef, C. G., Meding,, A., Dähne, M., Mundry, R. & Benke, H. 2007. Geographical and seasonal variation of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) presence in the German Baltic Sea revealed by passive acoustic monitoring. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., 87, 165-176. doi: 10.1017/S0025315407054938.

Vigilant L (2007) Quick Guide: Bonobos. Current Biology 17: R74-75.

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2006

Anderson, D., Nordheim, E. and Boesch, C. 2006. Environmental factors influencing the seasonality of estrus in chimpanzees. Primates, 47: 43-50

Bermejo, M., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J.D., Illera, G., Barroso, A., Vilà, C. Walsh, P.D. 2006. Ebola outbreak kills 5000 gorillas. Science 314:1564.

Biek, R., Walsh, P.D., Leroy, E.M., & Real, L.A. 2006. Recent common ancestry of Ebola Zaire virus found in a bat reservoir. PLoS Pathogens 10:885-886.

Boesch, C., Kohou, G., Néné, H., and Vigilant, L. 2006. Male competition and paternity in wild chimpanzees of the Taï forest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130:103-115

Boesch C, Boesch H, Vigilant L (2006) Cooperative hunting in chimpanzees: kinship or mutualism? In: Cooperation in Primates and Humans, eds. Kappeler PM, van Schaik C. Springer-Verlag Berlin. pp. 139-150.

Borgerhoff Mulder, M., C.L. Nunn & M.C. Towner (2006). Macroevolutionary studies of cultural trait transmission. Evolutionary Anthropology 15: 52-64.

Carlson, K., Doran-Sheehy, D., Hunt, K., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A. and Boesch, C. 2006. Locomotor behavior and long bone morphology in individual free-ranging chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution , 50(4): 394-404.

Clegg S, Wildlife Anthrax Epizootic Workshop Working Group. 2006. Preparedness for anthrax epizootics in wildlife areas. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no07/06-0458.htm

D'Amour DE ; Hohmann G ; Fruth B (2006) Evidence of leopard predation on bonobos (Pan paniscus) FOLIA PRIMATOLOGICA. 2006. 77(3). Pgs: 212-217

Eriksson J, Siedel H, Lukas D, Kayser M, Erler A, Hashimoto C, Hohmann G, Boesch C, Vigilant L (2006) Y-chromosome analysis confirms highly sex-biased dispersal and suggests a low male effective population size in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Molecular Ecology, 15(4): 939-949.

Fruth B; Hohmann G ; Beuerlein MM ; McGrew WC 2006 Grooming hand clasp by bonobos of Lui Kotal, Democratic Republic of Congo. Pan Africa News. 2006. 13(1). Pgs: 6-8

Fruth, B. & Muganza, M., 2006 Traditional use of wild rainforest plants by the Nkundo, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Proceedings of the IVth International Congress of Ethnobotany (ICEB 2005); Istanbul, Turkey. 2006: Pgs. 471-473

Fruth, B. & Hohmann G. 2006 Social grease for females? Same sex genital contacts in wild bonobos ;Homosexual Behaviour in Animals: An Evolutionary Perspective; eds: Volker Sommer & Paul Vasey; Cambridge University Press 2006; Pgs: 294-315.

Gray, M, McNeilage, A, Fawcett, K, Robbins, MM, Ssebide, B, Mbula, D, Uwingeli, P. 2006. Virunga Volcano Range mountain gorilla census, 2003. Joint organisers' report, UWA/ORTPN/ICCN.

Griesel, S., Mundry, R., Kakuschke, A., Fonfara, S., Siebert, U. & Prange, A. 2006. Mineral elements and essential trace elements in blood of seals of the North Sea measured by total-reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 61, 1158-1165. doi:10.1016/j.sab.2006.07.008.

Grimm, V, Berger, U, Bastiansen, F, Eliassen, S, Ginot, V, Giske, J, Goss-Custard, J, Grand, T, Heinz, SK, Use, G, Huth, A, Jepsen, JU, Jǿrgensen, C, Mooij, WM, Mueller, B, Pe'er, G, Piou, C, Railsback, SF, Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM, Rossmanith, E, Rueger, N, Strand, E, Souissi, S, Stillman, RA, Vabǿ, Visser, U, DeAngelis, DL. 2006. A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling, 198: 115-126.

Harris, T.R. (2006). Evidence for between group contest competition for food in a highly folivorous population of black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61:317-329.

Harris, T.R. (2006). Within- and among-male variation in roaring by black and white colobus conkeys (Colobus guereza): what does it reveal about function? Behaviour 143: 197-218.

Harris, T.R.; Fitch, W.T.; Goldstein, L.M.; and Fashing, P.J. (2006). Black and white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) roars as a source of both honest and exaggerated information about body mass. Ethology 112: 911-920.

Harris, T.R. and Monfort, S.L. (2006). Mating behavior and endocrine profiles in wild black and white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza): toward an understanding of life history and mating system. American Journal of Primatology 68: 383-396.

Hohmann, G. and Robbins, M. Boesch, C. 2006. Feeding Ecology in Humans and other Animals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Hohmann G, Fowler A, Sommer V, Ortmann S (2006). Frugivory and gregariousness of Salonga bonobos and Gashaka chimpanzees: the influence of abundance and nutritional quality of fruit. In Hohmann, Robbins, Boesch. Feeding Ecology in Apes and other Primates, pp. 123-159, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Kiefer, S., Spiess, A., Kipper, S., Mundry, R., Sommer, C., Hultsch, H. & Todt, D. 2006. First-Year Common Nightingales (Luscinia megarhynchos) Have Smaller Song-Type Repertoire Sizes Than Older Males. Ethology, 112, 1217-1224

Kipper, S., Mundry, R., Sommer, C., Hultsch, H. & Todt, D. 2006. Song repertoire size is correlated with body measures and arrival date in common nightingales, Luscinia megarhynchos. Anim. Behav., 71, 211-217. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2005.04.011

Klee, S., Ozel, M., Appel, B., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Jacob, D., Holland, G., Leendertz, F., Pauli, G., Grunow, R. and Nattermann, H. 2006. Characterisation of Bacillusanthracis-like bacteria isolated from wild great apes from Côte d'Ivoire and Cameroon. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(15): 5333-5344.

Kutsukake, N., and C.L. Nunn (2006). Comparative tests of reproductive skew in male primates: the roles of female mating behavior and incomplete control. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 60: 695-707.

Leendertz, F., Lankester, F., Guislain, P., Néel, C., Drori, O., Dupain, J., Speede, S., Reed, P., Wolfe, N., Loul, S., Mpoudi-Ngole, V. Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H. and Leroy, E. 2006. Anthrax in Western and Central African great apes. American Journal of Primatology, Volume 68, Issue 9 , Pages 928 - 933

Leendertz, F., Pauli, G., Maetz-Rensing, K., Boardman, W., Nunn, C., Ellerbrok, H., Jensen, S., Junglen, S. and Boesch, C. 2006. Pathogens as drivers of population declines: the importance of systematic monitoring in great apes and other threatened mammals. Biological Conservation, 131: 325-337.

Leendertz, F., Yumlu, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Vigilant, L., Junglen, S., Schenk, S. and Ellerbrok, H. 2006. A new Bacillus anthracis found in wild chimpanzees and gorilla from West and Central Africa. PLoS Pathogens, 2(1): 1-4

Lehmann, J., Fickenscher, G. and Boesch, C. In press. Kin biased investment in wild chimpanzees. Behaviour Volume 143, Number 8 / August, 2006: 931-955

McNeilage, A, Robbins, MM, Gray, M, Olupot, W, Babaasa, D, Bitariho, R, Kasangaki, A, Rainer, H, Asuma, S, Mugiri, G, Baker, J. 2006. Census of the mountain gorilla population in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Oryx 40: 419-427.

Morgan, D., Sanz, C., Onononga, J.R., and Strindberg, S. (2006) Ape Abundance and Habitat Use in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo.International Journal of Primatology, 27 (1), 147-179.

Morgan, D., and Sanz, C. (2006). Chimpanzee Feeding Ecology and Comparisons with Sympatric Gorillas in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Book chapter prepared for Primate Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates: Ecological, Physiological, and Behavioural Aspects, edited by G. Hohmann, M. Robbins, and C. Boesch, pp. 97-122

Mundry, R. 2006. Konferenz. In Vec, M., Beer, B., Engelen, E.-M., Fischer, J., Freund, A. M., Kiesow, R. M., Korte, M., Schollwöck, U. & Westphal, H. (Hrsg.). Der Campus-Knigge. C. H. Beck. München.

Muniz L, Perry S, Manson JH, Gilkenson H, Gros-Louis J, Vigilant L (2006) Father-daughter inbreeding avoidance in a wild primate population. Current Biology 16: R156-157

Nunn, C.L. and A.T.W. Dokey (2006). Territoriality and parasitism in primates. Biology Letters 2: 351-354.

Nunn, C.L., M. Borgerhoff Mulder & S. Langley (2006). Comparative methods for studying cultural trait evolution: a simulation study. Cross-Cultural Research 40:177-209.

Nunn, C.L. and S.M Altizer (2006). Infectious diseases in primates: behavior, ecology and evolution. Oxford University Press (Series in Ecology and Evolution).

Nunn, C.L. (2006). Immune defenses and primate behaviour. In: Encyclopedia of Mammals, D. MacDonald, ed.

Robbins, AM, Robbins MM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD. 2006. Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 131:511-521.

Robbins, MM. 2006. Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In: Primates in Perspective. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, Panger, M, MacKinnon, KC, & Bearder, S. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford. Pp. 305-321.

Robbins, MM, Nkurunungi, JB, McNeilage, A. 2006. Variability of the Feeding Ecology of Eastern Gorillas. In: Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates. Hohmann, G, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 25-47.

Robbins, MM and Hohmann, G. 2006. Primate Feeding Ecology: An Integrative Approach. In: Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates. Hohmann, G, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 1-13.

Sanz, C., and Morgan, D. (2006).Chimpanzee Tool Technology in the Goualougo Triangle, Republic of Congo. Journal of Human Evolution. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.11.001

Stumpf, R. and Boesch, C. 2006. The efficiency of female choice in chimpanzees of the Taï forest, Côte d'Ivoire. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 60: 749-765.

Träger, I., Masello, J. F., Mundry, R. & Quillfeldt, P. 2006. Do Acoustic Parameters of Begging Calls of Cory's Shearwaters Calonectris diomedea Reflect Chick Body Condition? Waterbirds 29: 315-320.

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2005

Boesch, C., Gnakouri, C., Marques, L., Nohon, G., Herbinger, I., Lauginie, F., Boesch, H., Kouamé, S., Traoré M. and Akindes, F.2005. Chimpanzee conservation and theatre: a case study on an awareness project around the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In Conservation in the 21st Century: Gorillas as a Case Study (Eds, Stoinski, T., Mehlman, P. and Steklis, D.). New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers

Bradley B. J., Robbins M. M., Williamson E. A., Steklis H. D., Steklis N. G., Eckhardt N., Boesch C., and Vigilant L. (2005) Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: Silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups. PNAS vol. 102 no. 26, 9418-9423.

Breuer, T., Ndoundou-Hockemba, M. & Fishlock, V. (2005) First observation of tool use in wild gorillas. PLoS Biol, 3(11):e380.

Deschner, T.; Kpelle, D.; Rapid assessment of the primates of Draw River, Boi-Tano and Krokosua Hills, Rap Bulletin of Biological Assessment 36, 73-78 (2005)

Ganas Jessica, Robbins Martha M. (2005) Ranging behavior of the mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: a test of the ecological constraints model. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 58: 277-288

Lukas D, Reynolds V, Boesch C and Vigilant L (2005) To what extent does living in a group mean living with kin? Molecular Ecology 14:2181-2196.

Lukas D and Vigilant L (2005) Reply: Facts, faeces and setting standards for the study of MHC genes using noninvasive samples. Molecular Ecology 14: 1601-1602

Robbins Andrew M., Robbins Martha M. (2005) Fitness consequences of dispersal decisions for male mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 58: 295-309

Robbins, MM. (2005). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In: Primates in Perspective. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, Panger, M, MacKinnon, KC, & Bearder, S. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford.

Robbins, MM, Nkurunungi, JB, McNeilage, A. (2005). Variability of the Feeding Ecology of Eastern Gorillas. In: Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates. Hohmman, G, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Robbins, MM, Robbins, AM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD. (2005). Long-term dominance relationships in female mountain gorillas: strength, stability and determinants of rank. Behaviour.

Thalmann O, Serre D, Hofreiter M, Lukas D, Eriksson J and Vigilant L (2005) Nuclear insertions help and hinder inference of the evolutionary history of gorilla mtDNA. Molecular Ecology 14:179-188.

Wittig, R. M.; Boesch, C.; How to Repair Relationships - Reconciliation in Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) [Artikel] Ethology 111 (8), 736-763 (2005)

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2004

Andrew J. Marshall and Gottfried Hohmann (2004) Preliminary report on urinary testosterone levels of wild male bonobos, Pan paniscus, in the Lomako Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo. American Journal of Primatology, accepted.

Barelli, C. and Reichard, U. H. (2004). Flexible group structure and dynamic pairrelationships in a white-handed gibbon group (Hylobates lar): a case study. Folia Primatologica 75 (S1), 356-357.

Bradley BJ, Doran-Sheehy DM, Lukas D, Boesch C and Vigilant L (2004) Dispersed male networks in western gorillas. Current Biology 14: 510-513.

Boubli Jean Philippe, Eriksson Jonas, Wich Serge, Hohmann Gottfried, and Fruth Barbara (2004) Mesoscale transect sampling of trees in the Lomako-Yekokora interfluvium Democratic Republic of the Congo. Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 2399.

Chambers KE, Reichard UH, Möller A, Nowak K, and Vigilant L (2004) Cross-species amplification of human microsatellite markers using non- invasive samples from white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) American Journal of Primatology 64: 19-27.

Crockford C, Herbinger I, Vigilant L and Boesch C (2004) Wild chimpanzees produce group-specific calls: a case for vocal learning? Ethology 110: 221-243

Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, K. & Boesch, C (2004). Female sexual swelling size, timing of ovulation and male behavior in wild West African chimpanzees. Hormones and Behavior 46, 204-215

Eriksson J, Hohmann G, Boesch C and Vigilant L (2004) Rivers influence the population genetic structure of bonobos. Molecular Ecology 13: 3425-3435.

Ganas J., Robbins M. M. (2004) Intrapopulation differences in ant eating in the mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primates (2004) 45:275-278

Ganas J., Robbins M. M., Boscoe Nkurunungi J., Kaplin B. A., and McNeilage A. (2004) Dietary Variability of Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 25, No. 5, October 2004

Leendertz Fabian H., Boesch Christophe, Ellerbrok Heinz, Rietschel Wolfram, Couacy-Hymann Emmanuel, and Pauli Georg (2004) Non-invasive testing reveals a high prevalence of simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies in wild adult chimpanzees of the Tai¨ National Park, Coˆ te d'Ivoire. Journal of General Virology (2004), 85, 3305-3312.

Leendertz F. H., Ellerbrok H., Boesch C., Couacy-Hymann E., Mätz-Rensing K., Hakenbeck V, Bergmann C., Abaza P., Junglen S., Moebius Y., Vigilant L., Formenty P., & Pauli G. (2004) Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest. NATURE VOL 430: 451-452

Leendertz Fabian H. , Sandra Junglen, Christophe Boesch, Pierre Formenty, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Valerie Courgnaud, Georg Pauli, and Heinz Ellerbrok (2004) High Variety of Different Simian T-Cell Leukemia Virus Type 1 Strains in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, Apr. 2004, p. 4352-4356

Leendertz F. H., Ellerbrok H., Boesch C., Couacy-Hymann E., Mätz-Rensing K., Hakenbeck R., Bergmann C., Abaza P., Junglen S., Moebius Y., Vigilant L., Formenty P., Pauli G. 2004. Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest. Nature, 430:451-452.

Lukas D, Bradley BJ, Nsubuga AM, Doran-Sheehy D, Robbins M, Vigilant L (2004) Major histocompatibility complex and microsatellite variation in two populations of wild gorillas. Molecular Ecology 13: 3389-3402.

McGrew WC, Ensminger AL, Marchant LF, Pruetz JD and Vigilant L (2004) Genotyping aids field study of unhabituated chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology 63: 87-93.

Nsubuga AM, Robbins MM, Roeder A, Morin P, Boesch C and Vigilant L (2004) Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape feces and the identification of an improved sample storage method. Molecular Ecology 13: 2089-2094.

Pääbo S, Poinar H, Serre D, Jaenicke-Després V, Hebler J, Rohland N, Kuch M, Krause J, Vigilant L and Hofreiter M (2004) Genetic analyses from ancient DNA. Annual Review of Genetics 38: 645-79.

Robbins M. M., Robbins A. M. (2004) Simulation of the Population Dynamics and Social Structure of the Virunga Mountain Gorillas. American Journal of Primatology 63:201-223

Robbins M. M., Bermelo M., Cipolletta C., Magliocca F., Parnell R. J., and Stokes E. (2004) Social Structure and Life-History Patterns in Western Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Primatology 64:145-159

Rohland N, Siedel H and Hofreiter M (2004) Nondestructive DNA extraction method for mitochondrial DNA analysis of museum specimens. Biotechniques 36: 814-821

Thalmann O, Serre D, Hofreiter M, Lukas D, Eriksson J and Vigilant L (in press) Sequences in the mist- new insights into gorilla population history derived from molecular fossils. Molecular Ecology

Thalmann O, Hebler J, Poinar H, Pääbo S and Vigilant L (2004) Unreliable mtDNA data due to nuclear insertions: a cautionary tale from analysis of humans and other great apes. Molecular Ecology 13:321-335.

Vigilant L and Bradley BJ (2004) Genetic variation in gorillas. American Journal of Primatology 64: 161-172.

Vigilant L and Bradley BJ (2004) Quick Guide: Gorillas. Current Biology 14: R826-827.

Vigilant L (2004) Quick Guide: Chimpanzees. Current Biology 14: R369-371

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2003

Bernhard Ehlers, Andreas Ochs, Fabian Leendertz, Michael Goltz, Christophe Boesch, and Kerstin Mätz-Rensing (2003) Novel Simian Homologues of Epstein-Barr Virus. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, Oct. 2003, p. 10695-10699

Christophe Boesch (2003) Is Culture a Golden Barrier Between Human and Chimpanzee? Evolutionary Anthropology 12, S. 82-91.

Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, K. & Boesch, C. 2003. Timing and probability of ovulation in relation to sex skin swelling in wild West African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. Animal Behaviour, 66, 551-560.

Ehlers B., Ochs A., Leendertz F. H., Goltz M., Boesch C., Mätz-Rensing K. 2003. Novel simian homologues of Epstein-Barr virus. J. Virol. 77:10695-9.

Hofreiter M and Vigilant L (2003) Ancient human DNA: phylogenetic applications. In the online Encyclopedia of the Human Genome, Nature publishing group.

Hofreiter M, Siedel H and Vigilant L (2003) Mitochondrial DNA sequence from a vanished remnant gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla uellensis). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 121: 361-368

Leendertz, F. H., Boesch C., Junglen S., Pauli G., Ellerbrok H. 2003. Characterisation of a new Simian T-lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in a wild living chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) from Ivory Coast: Evidence for a new STLV-1 group? Sequence Note. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses 19:255-258.

Robbins Martha M., McNeilage Alastair (2003) Home Range and Frugivory Patterns of Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 24, No. 3, 467-491

Roman M.Wittig and Christophe Boesch (2003) The choice of post-conflict interactions in wild chimpanzees (pan troglodytes). Behaviour 140, 1527-1559

Vigilant L (2003) Genetic perspectives on Pan troglodytes verus. In: The West African Chimpanzee: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, eds. Kormos R, Boesch C and Bakarr M. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group.

Wittig, Roman Martin and Boesch, Christophe (2003) " Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes): an extension of the Relational Model. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 54:491-504

Wittig, Roman M. and Boesch, C. (2003) "Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes): an extension of the Relational Model. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 55:209

Wittig, Roman M. and Boesch, C. (2003) Food Competition and Linear Dominance Hierarchy among Female Chimpanzees of the Ta National Park. International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 24, No. 4

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2002

Bradley BJ and Vigilant L (2002) The evolutionary genetics and molecular ecology of chimpanzees and bonobos. In: Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos eds. Boesch C, Hohmann G, and Marchant L, Cambridge University Press.

Bradley BJ and Vigilant L (2002) False alleles derived from microbial DNA pose a potential source of error in microsatellite genotyping of DNA from feces. Molecular Ecology Notes 2: 602-605.

Smith S, Vigilant L and Morin P (2002) The effects of sequence length and oligonucleotide mismatches on 5' exonuclease assay efficiency. Nucleic Acids Research 30: e111.

Vigilant L (2002) Moving and mixing- Book review of Mapping Human History by Steve Olson. Science 297: 775

Vigilant L (2002) Technical challenges in the microsatellite genotyping of a wild chimpanzee population using feces. Evolutionary Anthropology S1: 162-165.

Wittig, Roman M. (2002) Die anderen Vettern aus dem Wald - 25 Jahre Taï Schimpansen Projekt, Côte d'Ivoire, Westafrika. Phyllodrom, Journal 2002: 49-53

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2001

Bradley BJ, Chambers K and Vigilant L 2001 Accurate DNA-based sex identification of apes using non-invasive samples. Conservation Genetics2: 179-181.

Czekala, N. & Robbins, M. M. 2001. Assessment of reproduction and stress through hormone analysis in gorillas. In Mountain gorillas: three decades of research at Karisoke (Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., Stewart, K. J., eds.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Hohmann G. (2001) Association and social interactions between strangers and residents in bonobos (pan paniscus). Primates, 42(1): 91-99.

Morin, P.A., Chambers, K.E., Boesch, C., and L. Vigilant 2001 Quantitative PCR analysis of DNA from noninvasive samples for accurate microsatellite genotyping of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Molecular Ecology 10: 1835-1844.

Robbins, M. M. 2001. Variation in the social system of mountain gorillas: the male perspective. In Mountain gorillas: three decades of research at Karisoke (Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., Stewart, K. J., eds.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Stewart, K. J., Sicotte, P. & M. M. Robbins. 2001. Mountain gorillas of the Virungas: a short history. In Mountain gorillas: three decades of research at Karisoke (Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., Stewart, K. J., eds.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Vigilant L, Hofreiter M, Siedel H, and Boesch C 2001 Paternity and relatedness in wild chimpanzee communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98: 12890-12895.

Warren KS, Verschoor EJ, Langenhuijzen S, Heriyanto, Swan RA, Vigilant L and Heeney JH 2001 Speciation and intra-subspecific variation of Bornean orang-utans, Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18: 472-480.

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2000

Boesch, C. & H. Boesch-Achermann. 2000. The Chimpanzees of the Taï Forest: Behavioural Ecology and Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 316 pp.

Bradley, B.J., Boesch, B., and L. Vigilant 2000. Identification and redesign of human microsatellite markers for gentoyping wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) DNA from faeces. Conservation Genetics 1: 289-292.

Crockford, C. 2000. Les chimpanzés du Parc National de Taï utilisent-ils des signaux référentiels ou symboliques? In: Etat des recherches en cours dans le Parc National de Taï (Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., eds.). Sempérvira. 9, pp. 41:44.

Deschner, T. 2000. Gonflements sexuels chez les femelles chimpanzés dans le Parc National de Taï: Un signal honnête de l'évolution? In: Etat des recherches en cours dans le Parc National de Taï (Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., eds.). Sempérvira. 9, pp. 54:58.

DiBenedetto, G., Nasidze, I. S., Stenico, M., Nigro, L., Krings, M., Lanzinger, M., Vigilant, L., Stoneking, M., Pääbo, S. & G. Barbujani. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA sequences in prehistoric human remains from the Alps. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 8, pp. 669:677.

Goné Bi, B. Z. 2000. Distribution spatio-temporelle des plantes dont les fruits sont consommés par les chimpanzés du Parc National de Taï. In: Etat des recherches en cours dans le Parc National de Taï (Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., eds.). Sempérvira. 9, pp. 36:40.

Herbinger, I. 2000. Territorialité chez les chimpanzés. In: Etat des recherches en cours dans le Parc National de Taï (Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., eds.). Sempérvira. 9, pp. 59:65.

Hohmann G. & B. Fruth. 2000. Use and function of genital contacts among female bonobos. Animal Behavior. 60, pp.107:120.

Sommer, V. & U. Reichard. 2000. Rethinking monogamy: the gibbon case. In: Primate Males (Kappeler, P. M., ed.). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 159:168.

Stumpf, R. 2000. Reproductive Strategies of Female Chimpanzees in the Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire. In: Etat des recherches en cours dans le Parc National de Taï (Girardin, O., Koné, I., Yao, T., eds.). Sempérvira. 9, pp. 45:53.

Zinner, D. & T. Deschner. 2000. Sexual swellings in female hamadryas baboons after male take-overs: Deceptive swellings as a possible female counter-strategy against infanticide. American Journal of Primatology. 52, pp. 157:168.

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1999

Bradley, B. J. 1999. Levels of selection, altruism and primate behavior. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 74 (2), pp. 171:194.

Formenty, P., Boesch, C., Dind, F., Donati, F., Steiner, C., Wyers, M. & B. Le Guenno. 1999. Outbreak of Ebola in wild chimpanzees. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 179 (1), pp. 120:129.

Fruth, B., Hohmann, G. & W. C. McGrew. 1999. The Pan species. In: The Non-human Primates (Dolhinow, P., Fuentes, A. eds.), pp. 64:72, Mayfield, Mountain View.

Gagneux, P., Boesch, C. & D. Woodruff. 1999. Female reproductive strategies, paternity, and community structure in wild West African chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour. 57, pp. 19:32.

Gagneux, P., Wills, C., Gerloff, U., Tautz, D., Morin, P., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., Ryder, O. & D. Woodruff. 1999. Mitochondrial sequences show diverse evolutionary histories of African hominids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 96, pp. 5077:5082.

Gerloff, U., Hartung, B., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G. & D. Tautz. 1999. Intracommunity relationships, dispersal pattern and paternity success in a wild living community of bonobos (Pan paniscus) determined from DNA analysis of fecal sample. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B. 266, pp. 1189:1195.

Hohmann, G., Gerloff, U., Tautz, D. & B. Fruth. 1999. Social bonds and genetic ties: kinship, association and affiliation in a community of bonobos (Pan paniscus). Behaviour. 136, pp. 1219:1235.

Robbins, M. M. 1999. Male mating patterns in wild multi-male mountain gorilla groups. Animal Behavior. 57, pp. 1013:1020.

Vigilant, L. 1999. An evaluation of techniques for the extraction and amplification of DNA from naturally shed hairs. Biological Chemistry. 380, pp. 1329:1331.

Vigilant, L. & S. Pääbo. 1999. A chimpanzee millenium. Biological Chemistry. 380, pp. 1353:1354.

Whiten, A., Goodall, J., McGrew, W., Nishida, T., Reynolds, V., Yugiyama, Y., Tutin, C., Wrangham, R. & C. Boesch. 1999. Cultures in chimpanzees. Nature. 399, pp. 682:685.

Wyers, M., Formenty, P., Cherel, Y., Guigand, L., Boesch, C. & B. Le Guenno. 1999. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies of lesions associated with Ebola filovirus (CI-strain) in a naturally infected chimpanzee. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 179 (1), pp. 54:59.

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1998

Arcadi, C., Robert, D. & C. Boesch. 1998. Buttress drumming by wild chimpanzees: Temporal patterning, phrase integration into loud calls, and preliminary evidence for individual distinctiveness. Primates. 39 (4), pp. 505:518.

Boesch, C. & M. Tomasello. 1998. Chimpanzee and human cultures. Current Anthropology. 39 (5), pp. 591:614.

Brockelman, W. Y.; Reichard, U., Treesucon, U. & J. J. Raemaekers. 1998. Dispersal, Pair Formation and Social Structure in Gibbons (Hylobates lar). Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology. 42, pp. 329:339 (1998).

Field, D., Chemnick, L., Robbins, M. M., Garner, K. & O. Ryder. 1a998. Paternity determination in captive lowland gorillas and orangutans and wild mountain gorillas by microsatellite analysis. Primates. 39 (2), pp. 199:209.

Le Guenno, B., Formenty, P. & C. Boesch. 1998. Ebola virus outbreaks in the Ivory Coast and Liberia, 1994 - 1995. In: Marburg and Ebola Viruses (Klenk, H.-D., ed.), Berlin, Springer Verlag, pp. 77:84.

Reichard, U. 1998. Sleeping Sites, Sleeping Places, and Presleep Behavior of Gibbons (Hylobates lar). American Journal of Primatology. 46, pp. 35:62.

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