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Contact

Department of Primatology

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 200
fax: +49 (341) 3550 - 299

Publications

Books

Boesch, C. 2012: Wild Cultures: A Comparison between Chimpanzee and Human Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C. and O'Connell, S. 2012: Chimpanzee: The Making of the Film. Disney Editions New York
Boesch, C. 2009. The Real Chimpanzee: Sex Strategies in the Forest. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C. and Boesch-Achermann, H. 2000. The Chimpanzees of the Taï Forest: Behavioural Ecology and Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sanz Crickette M., Call, J., Boesch, C. 2013: Tool Use in Animals - Cognition and Ecology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C., Grundmann, E., Mulhauser, B. 2011: Manifeste pour les Grands Singes. Le Savoir Suisse, Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes.
Robbins, MM. and Boesch, C. (eds) 2011. Among African Apes: Stories and photos from the field. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hohmann, G. and Robbins, M. Boesch, C. 2006. Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reichard, U. and C. Boesch. 2003. Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C., Hohmann, G. and Marchant, L. 2002. Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
 

Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Menschenaffen: Begegnung mit unseren nächsten Verwandten. Stuttgart: Hirzel.
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Sanz, C. M., Call, J., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Tool use in animals: Cognition and ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Boesch, C. (2012). Wild cultures: A comparison between chimpanzee and human cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Boesch, C., Grundmann, E., & Mulhauser, B. (2011). Manifeste pour les grands singes. Lausanne: Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes.
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Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2011). Among African apes: Stories and photos from the field. Berkeley: Univ. of California Pr.
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Boesch, C. (2009). The real chimpanzee: Sex strategies in the forest. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2006). Feeding ecology in apes and other primates. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Tutin, C., Stokes, E., Boesch, C., Morgan, D., Sanz, C., Reed, T., Blom, A., Walsh, P., Blake, S., & Kormos, R. (2005). Regional action plan for chimpanzees and gorillas in west equatorial Africa. Washington, DC: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Conservation International.
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Kormos, R., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2003). Regional action plan for the conservation of chimpanzees in West Africa. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science.
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Kormos, R., Boesch, C., Bakarr, M. I., & Butynski, T. M. (Eds.). (2003). West African chimpanzees: Status survey and conservation action plan. Gland [et al]: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
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Kormos, R., Boesch, C., Bakarr, M. I., & Butynski, T. M. (Eds.). (2003). West African chimpanzees: status survey and conservation action plan. Gland: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
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Reichard, U. H., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2003). Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Boesch, C., Hohmann, G., & Marchant, L. F. (Eds.). (2002). Behavioural diversity in chimpanzees and bonobos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Pr.
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Boesch, C., & Boesch-Achermann, H. (2000). The chimpanzees of the Taï Forest: Behavioural ecology and evolution. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Publications

In preparation

Ban, S. D., N’Goran, E., Tako, A., N’Guessan, A., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (in preparation). Taï chimpanzees change their travel direction for rare feeding trees with fatty fruits.

Submitted

Oelze, V. M., Fahy, G. E., Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., Leinert, V., Lee, K., Eshuis, H., Seiler, N., Wessling, E. G., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (submitted). Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes.

In press

Behringer, V., Stevens, J. M. G., Kivell, T. L., Neufuss, J., Boesch, C., & Hohmann, G. (in press). Within arm's reach: measuring forearm length to assess growth patterns in captive bonobos and chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
Madinda, N. F., Ehlers, B., Wertheim, J. O., Akoua-Koffi, C., Bergl, R. A., Boesch, C., Boji Mungu Akonkwa, D., Eckardt, W., Fruth, B., Gillespie, T. R., Gray, M., Hohmann, G., Karhemere, S., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K., Muyembe, J. J., Nishuli, R., Pauly, M., Petrzelkova, K. J., Robbins, M. M., Todd, A., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T. S., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Peeters, M., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (in press). Testing host-virus co-divergence for close relatives of Merkel cell polyomavirus infecting African great apes. Journal of Virology.
Porter, L., Garber, P., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (in press). Using GIS to examine long-term foraging strategies in tamarins and chimpanzees. In C. Shaffer, F. Dolins, J. Hickey, N. Nibbelink, & L. Porter (Eds.), GPS and GIS for primatologists: A practical guide to spatial analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

2016

Janmaat, K., Boesch, C., Byrne, R., Chapman, C., Goné Bi, Z. B., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Wrangham, R., & Polansky, L. (2016). The spatio-temporal complexity of chimpanzee food: How cognitive adaptations can counteract the ephemeral nature of ripe fruit (advance online). American Journal of Primatology.
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Kühl, H. S., Kalan, A. K., Arandjelovic, M., Aubert, F., D'Auvergne, L., Goedmakers, A., Jones, S., Kehoe, L., Regnaut, S., Tickle, A., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Abwe, E. E., Angedakin, S., Agbor, A., Ayimisin, E. A., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Bonnet, M., Brazolla, G., Ebua Buh, V., Chancellor, R., Cipoletta, C., Cohen, H., Corogenes, K., Coupland, C., Curran, B., Deschner, T., Dierks, K., Dieguez, P., Dilambaka, E., Diotoh, O., Dowd, D., Dunn, A., Eshuis, H., Fernandez, R., Ginath, Y., Hart, J., Hedwig, D., Ter Heegde, M., Hicks, T. C., Imong, I. S., Jeffery, K. J., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Lapeyre, V., Lapuente, J., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Meier, A., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Mbi, T. J., Mihindou, V., Möbius, Y. B., Morgan, D., Morgan, B., Mulindahabi, F., Murai, M., Niyigabae, P., Normand, E., Ntare, N., Orsmby, L. J., Piel, A., Pruetz, J., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Vanleeuwe, H., Vergnes, V., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbuehler, K., & Boesch, C. (2016). Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing. Scientific Reports, 6: 22219.
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2015

Boesch, C. (2015). Similarities between chimpanzee and human culture. In M. J. Gelfand, C.-Y. Chiu, & Y.-Y. Hong (Eds.), Handbook of advances in culture and psychology (Volume 5) (pp. 1-37). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Cissewski, J., & Boesch, C. (2015). How great apes can do without language. Poster presented at Fourteenth Conference of the Gesellschaft für Primatologie (GfP), Leipzig.
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Cissewski, J., & Boesch, C. (2015). The role of 'natural meaning' in great ape communication. Poster presented at Spring Meeting of the Primate Society of Great Britain (PSGB), Roehampton, London.
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D’arc, M., Ayouba, A., Esteban, A., Learn, G. H., Boué, V., Liegeois, F., Etienne, L., Tagg, N., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Madinda, N. F., Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Cournil, A., Ooms, M., Letko, M., Simon, V. A., Sharp, P. M., Hahn, B. H., Delaporte, E., Ngole, E. M., & Peeters, M. (2015). Origin of the HIV-1 group O epidemic in western lowland gorillas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(11), E1343-E1352.
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De Nys, H. M., Madinda, N. F., Merkel, K., Robbins, M. M., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). A cautionary note on fecal sampling and molecular epidemiology in predatory wild great apes. American Journal of Primatology, 77(8), 833-840.
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Eckhardt, N., Polansky, L., & Boesch, C. (2015). Spatial cohesion of adult male chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 77(2), 125-134.
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Estienne, V., & Boesch, C. (2015). Underground honey extraction by chimpanzees, honey badgers and forest elephants in Loango National Park, Gabon. Folia primatologica, 86(4), 276-277.
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Fahy, G. E., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., & Richards, M. P. (2015). The effectiveness of using carbonate isotope measurements of body tissues to infer diet in human evolution: Evidence from wild western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Journal of Human Evolution, 88, 70-78.
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Hedwig, D., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Contextual correlates of syntactic variation in mountain and western gorilla close-distance vocalizations: Indications for lexical or phonological syntax? Animal Cognition, 18(2), 423-435.
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Hicks, T. C., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., Roessingh, P., & Menken, S. (2015). Chimpanzee tool use in northern DR Congo is not tied to abundance of insect prey. Folia primatologica, 86(4), 296.
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Hoppe, E., Pauly, M., Gillespie, T. R., Akoua-Koffi, C., Hohmann, G., Fruth, B., Karhemere, S., Madinda, N. F., Mugisha, L., Muyembe, J.-J., Todd, A., Petrzelkova, K. J., Gray, M., Robbins, M. M., Bergl, R. A., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Boesch, C., Schubert, G., Leendertz, F. H., Ehlers, B., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). Multiple cross-species transmission events of human adenoviruses (HAdV) during hominine evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(8), 2072-2084.
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Jirků, M., Votýpka, J., Petrželková, K. J., Jirků-Pomajbíková, K., Kriegová, E., Vodička, R., Lankester, F., Leendertz, S. A. J., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., Modrý, D., Ayala, F. J., Leendertz, F. H., & Lukeš, J. (2015). Wild chimpanzees are infected by Trypanosoma brucei. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 4(3), 277-282.
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Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Integrating wildlife conservation with conflicting economic land-use goals in a West African biodiversity hotspot. Basic and Applied Ecology, 16(8), 690-702.
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Junker, J., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., Stephens, C. R., Lormie, M., Tweh, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Education and access to fish but not economic development predict chimpanzee and mammal occurrence in West Africa. Biological Conservation, 182, 27-35.
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Kalan, A. K., & Boesch, C. (2015). Audience effects in chimpanzee food calls and their potential for recruiting others. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69(10), 1701-1712.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2015). Wild chimpanzees modify food call structure with respect to tree size for a particular fruit species. Animal Behaviour, 101, 1-9.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Wagner, O. J. J., Heinicke, S., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Towards the automated detection and occupancy estimation of primates using passive acoustic monitoring. Ecological Indicators, 54, 217-226.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2015). The extent of cultural variation between adjacent chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) communities: A microecological approach. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156(1), 67-75.
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Luncz, L. V., Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Primate archaeology reveals cultural transmission in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 370(1682): 0140348.
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Neufuss, J., Humle, T., Deschner, T., Robbins, M. M., Sirianni, G., Boesch, C., & Kivell, T. L. (2015). Diversity of hand grips and laterality in wild African apes. Folia primatologica, 86(4), 329.
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Saéz, A. M., Weiss, S., Nowak, K., Lapeyre, V., Zimmermann, F., Düx, A., Kühl, H. S., Kaba, M., Regnaut, S., Merkel, K., Sachse, A., Thiesen, U., Villányi, L., Boesch, C., Dabrowski, P. W., Radonić, A., Nitsche, A., Leendertz, S. A. J., Petterson, S., Becker, S., Krähling, V., Couacy-Hymann, E., Akoua-Koffi, C., Weber, N., Schaade, L., Fahr, J., Borchert, M., Gogarten, J. F., Calvignac-Spencer, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2015). Investigating the zoonotic origin of the West African Ebola epidemic. EMBO Molecular Medicine, 7(1), 17-23.
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Sanford, S. R., Boesch, C., & Stumpf, R. M. (2015). The effect of reproductive state on female-female associations in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156(S60), 275-276.
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Sirianni, G., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2015). When to choose which tool: Multidimensional and conditional selection of nut-cracking hammers in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 100, 152-165.
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Sirianni, G., Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Do chimpanzees anticipate an object's weight? A field experiment on the kinematics of hammer-lifting movements in the nut-cracking Tai chimpanzees. Folia primatologica, 86(4), 360-361.
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Smith, T. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Developmental defects in the teeth of three wild chimpanzees from the Taï forest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 157(4), 556-570.
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van Andel, A. C., Wich, S. A., Boesch, C., Koh, L. P., Robbins, M. M., Kelly, J., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Locating chimpanzee nests and identifying fruiting trees with an unmanned aerial vehicle. American Journal of Primatology, 77(10), 1122-1134.
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Visalberghi, E., Sirianni, G., Fragaszy, D., & Boesch, C. (2015). Percussive tool use by Taï Western chimpanzees and Fazenda Boa Vista bearded capuchin monkeys: A comparison. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 370(1682): 20140351.
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2014

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Genetic inference of group dynamics and female kin structure in a western lowland gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Primate Biology, 1(1), 29-38.
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Ban, S. D., Boesch, C., & Janmaat, K. (2014). Taï chimpanzees anticipate revisiting high-valued fruit trees from further distances. Animal Cognition, 17(6), 1353-1364.
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Borchers, C., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., Guilahoux, H., Ouattara, D., & Randler, C. (2014). Environmental education in Côte d'Ivoire/West Africa: Extra-curricular primary school teaching shows positive impact on environmental knowledge and attitudes. International Journal of Science Education, Part B, 4(3), 240-259.
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De Nys, H. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Boesch, C., Dorny, P., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2014). Malaria parasite detection increases during pregnancy in wild chimpanzees. Malaria Journal, 13: 413.
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Fahy, G. E., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., & Richards, M. P. (2014). Dietary ecology of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodyes verus) inferred from a comparison of behavioural and bone carbonate (d13C and d18O) and collagen (d13C and d15N) isotopic analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(S58), 115.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Fuller, B. T., Deschner, T., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2014). Stable nitrogen isotope analysis of dentine serial sections elucidate sex differences in weaning patterns of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(4), 635-642.
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Gogarten, J. F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, S. A. J., Weiss, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Koné, I., Peeters, M., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., Hahn, B. H., & Leendertz, F. H. (2014). The ecology of primate retroviruses – An assessment of 12 years of retroviral studies in the Taï national park area, Côte d'Ivoire. Virology, 460-461, 147-153.
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Hedwig, D., Hammerschmidt, K., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2014). Acoustic structure and variation in mountain and western gorilla close calls: a syntactic approach. Behaviour, 151(8), 1091-1120.
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Hicks, T. C., Tranquilli, S., Kühl, H. S., Campbell, G., Swinkels, J., Darby, L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., & Menken, S. B. (2014). Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence: Discovery of a large, continuous population of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Central Uele region of northern DRC. Biological Conservation, 171, 107-113.
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Janmaat, K., Polansky, L., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2014). Wild chimpanzees plan their breakfast time, type, and location. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(46), 16343-16348.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2014). Tradition over trend: Neighboring chimpanzee communities maintain differences in cultural behavior despite frequent immigration of adult females. American Journal of Primatology, 76(7), 649-657.
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Oelze, V. M., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Richards, M. P., & Boesch, C. (2014). Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Human Evolution, 66(1), 95-106.
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Oelze, V. M., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Richards, M., & Boesch, C. (2014). Seasonality and niche partitioning among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153(S58), 200.
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Radonić, A., Metzger, S., Dabrowski, P. W., Couacy-Hymann, E., Schuenadel, L., Kurth, A., Mätz-Rensing, K., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. H., & Nitsche, A. (2014). Fatal monkeypox in wild-living sooty mangabey, Côte d’Ivoire, 2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 20(6), 1009-1011.
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Wilson, M. L., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Furuichi, T., Gilby, I. C., Hashimoto, C., Hobaiter, C. L., Hohmann, G., Itoh, N., Koops, K., Lloyd, J. N., Matsuzawa, T., Mitani, J. C., Mjungu, D. C., Morgan, D., Muller, M. N., Mundry, R., Nakamura, M., Pruetz, J., Pusey, A. E., Riedel, J., Sanz, C., Schel, A. M., Simmons, N., Waller, M., Watts, D. P., White, F., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., & Wrangham, R. W. (2014). Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts. Nature, 513(7518), 414-417.
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2013

Blasse, A., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Goffe, A. S., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Mother-offspring transmission and age-dependent accumulation of Simian foamy virus in wild chimpanzees. Journal of Virology, 87(9), 5193-5204.
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Boesch, C. (2013). Ecology and cognition of tool use in chimpanzees. In C. M. Sanz, J. Call, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Tool use in animals: cognition and ecology (pp. 21-47). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
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Boesch, C., & Deschner, T. (2013). Schimpansen - der Film: Forschung hinter den Kulissen [Website].
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Calvignac-Spencer, S., Merkel, K., Kutzner, N., Kühl, H., Boesch, C., Kappeler, P. M., Metzger, S., Schubert, G., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Carrion fly-derived DNA as a tool for comprehensive and cost-effective assessment of mammalian biodiversity. Molecular Ecology, 22(4), 915-924.
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Coscolla, M., Lewin, A., Metzger, S., Maetz-Rennsing, K., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Nitsche, A., Dabrowski, P. W., Radonic, A., Niemann, S., Parkhill, J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Feldman, J., Comas, I., Boesch, C., Gagneux, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Novel mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolate from a wild chimpanzee. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 19(6), 969-976.
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De Nys, H. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Thiesen, U., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Mundry, R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2013). Age-related effects on malaria parasite infection in wild chimpanzees. Biology Letters, 9(4): 20121160.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Riedel, J., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2013). Stable isotope evidence of meat eating and hunting specialization in adult male chimpanzees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(15), 5829-5833.
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Fahy, G. E., Richards, M. P., Riedel, J., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2013). The role of the hunter: stable isotope evidence of hunting in adult male chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 150(Suppl. 56), 121.
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Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Rabanal, L. I., Makaga, L., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Effective sociodemographic population assessment of elusive species in ecology and conservation management. Ecology and Evolution, 3(9), 2903-2916.
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Hicks, T. C., Tranquilli, S., Kühl, H., Campbell, G., Swinkels, J., Darby, L., Boesch, C., Hart, J., & Menken, S. B. J. (2013). A large, continuous, and stable population of Eastern Chimpanzees inhabits the forest of Northern DR Congo. Folia primatologica, 84, 286-287.
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Janmaat, K. R. L., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2013). Taï chimpanzees use botanical skills to discover fruit: What we can learn from their mistakes. Animal Cognition, 16(6), 851-860.
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Janmaat, K., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2013). Chimpanzees use long-term spatial memory to monitor large fruit trees and remember feeding experiences across seasons. Animal Behaviour, 86(6), 1183-1205.
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Kalan, A., & Boesch, C. (2013). Do wild Chimpanzees have functionally referential food calls? Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 290.
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Luncz, L. V., & Boesch, C. (2013). Conformity to group specific tool use behaviour among three neighbouring chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) communities in Cote d'Ivoire. Folia primatologica, 84(3-5), 298.
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Murthy, S., Couacy-Hymann, E., Metzger, S., Nowak, K., De Nys, H. M., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Jarvis, M. A., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2013). Absence of frequent herpesvirus transmission in a nonhuman primate predator-prey system in the wild. Journal of Virology, 87(19), 10651-10659.
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N’Goran, P. K., Kouakou, C. Y., N’goran, E. K., Konaté, S., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F. A., Kühl, H. S., & Boesch, C. (2013). Chimpanzee conservation status in the World Heritage Site Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 3(1), 326-336.
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Polansky, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Long-term changes in fruit phenology in a West African lowland tropical rain forest are not explained by rainfall. Biotropica, 45(4), 434-440.
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Schaumburg, F., Mugisha, L., Kappeler, P., Fichtel, C., Köck, R., Köndgen, S., Becker, K., Boesch, C., Peters, G., & Leendertz, F. (2013). Evaluation of non-invasive biological samples to monitor Staphylococcus aureus colonization in great apes and lemurs. PLoS One, 8(10): e78046.
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Schubert, G., Vigilant, L., Boesch, C., Klenke, R., Langergraber, K. E., Mundry, R., Surbeck, M., & Hohmann, G. (2013). Co–residence between males and their mothers and grandmothers is more frequent in bonobos than chimpanzees. PLoS One, 8(12): e83870.
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Scuda, N., Madinda, N. F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Adjogoua, E. V., Wevers, D., Hofmann, J., Cameron, K. N., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Robbins, M., Boesch, C., Jarvis, M. A., Moens, U., Mugisha, L., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2013). Novel polyomaviruses of nonhuman primates: Genetic and serological predictors for the existence of multiple unknown polyomaviruses within the human population. PLoS Pathogens, 9(6): e1003429.
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Wittiger, L., & Boesch, C. (2013). Female gregariousness in Western Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) is influenced by resource aggregation and the number of females in estrus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67(7), 1097-1111.
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2012

Adlhoch, C., Kaiser, M., Loewa, A., Ulrich, M., Forbrig, C., Adjogoua, E. V., Akoua-Koffi, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Leendertz, S. A., Rietschel, W., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Schneider, B. S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2012). Diversity of parvovirus 4–like viruses in humans, chimpanzees, and monkeys in hunter–prey relationships. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 18(5), 589-862.
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Boesch, C. (2012). Christophe Boesch [Q&A]. Current Biology, 22(22), R936-R937.
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Boesch, C. (2012). From material to symbolic cultures: Culture in primates. In J. Valsiner (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology (pp. 677-692). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Boesch, C. (2012). The ecology and evolution of social behavior and cognition in primates. In J. Vonk (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Evolutionary Psychology (pp. 486-503). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., & Robbins, M. M. (2012). Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas. Journal of Human Evolution, 62(4), 466-472.
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Deschner, T., Fuller, B. T., Oelze, V. M., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.-J., Mundry, R., Richards, M. P., Ortmann, S., & Hohmann, G. (2012). Identification of energy consumption and nutritional stress by isotopic and elemental analysis of urine in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 26(1), 69-77.
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Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Makaga, L., & Boesch, C. (2012). Remote video-camera traps measure habitat use and competitive exclusion among sympatric chimpanzee, gorilla and elephant in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28(6), 571-583.
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Janmaat, K., Ban, S., & Boesch, C. (2012). Do Tai chimpanzees use botanical knowledge in their search for fruit in large scale space. Cognitive Processing, 13(Suppl. 1), S17.
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Junker, J., Blake, S., Boesch, C., Campbell, G., du Toit, L., Duvall, C., Ekobo, A., Etoga, G., Galat-Luong, A., Gamys, J., Ganas-Swaray, J., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Granier, N., Hart, J., Head, J. S., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I. S., Kuempel, N., Lahm, S., Lindsell, J., Maisels, F., McLennan, M., Martinez, L., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Mundry, R., N'Goran, P. K., Normand, E., Ntongho, A., Okon, D. T., Petre, C.-A., Plumptre, A., Rainey, H., Regnaut, S., Sanz, C., Stokes, E., Tondossama, A., Tranquilli, S., Sunderland-Groves, J., Walsh, P., Warren, Y., Williamson, E. A., & Kuehl, H. S. (2012). Recent decline in suitable environmental conditions for African great apes. Diversity and Distributions, 18(11), 1077-1091.
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Langergraber, K., Pruefer, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcett, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J. C., Muller, M. N., Robbins, M. M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T. S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R., Wrangham, R. W., Zuberbühler, K., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(39), 15716-15721.
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Luncz, L. V., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2012). Evidence for cultural differences between neighboring chimpanzee communities. Current Biology, 22(10), 922-926.
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N'Goran, P. K., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., N'Goran, E. K., Herbinger, I., Yapi, F. A., & Kühl, H. (2012). Hunting, law enforcement, and African primate conservation. Conservation Biology, 26(3), 565-571.
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Neubauer, S., Gunz, P., Uta, S., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2012). Endocranial volumes in an ontogenetic sample of chimpanzees from the Taï Forest National Park, Ivory Coast. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(2), 319-325.
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Schaumburg, F., Alabi, A. S., Köck, R., Mellmann, A., Kremsner, P. G., Boesch, C., Becker, K., Leendertz, F. H., & Peters, G. (2012). Highly divergent Staphylococcus aureus isolates from African non-human primates. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4(1), 141-146.
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Singh, N., Harvati, K., & Boesch, C. (2012). Cranio-facial variation in sub-species of Pan. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(Suppl. 54), 270.
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Skinner, M. F., Skinner, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2012). Developmental defects of the dental crown in chimpanzees from the Taï National Park, Côte D'ivoire: Coronal waisting. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(2), 272-282.
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Tranquilli, S., Abedi-Lartey, M., Amsini, F., Arranz, L., Asamoah, A., Babafemi, O., Barakabuye, N., Campbell, G., Chancellor, R., Davenport, T. R., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Ellis, C., Etoga, G., Furuichi, T., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Greengrass, E., Hashimoto, C., Hart, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, T. C., Holbech, L. H., Huijbregts, B., Imong, I., Kumpel, N., Maisels, F., Marshall, P., Nixon, S., Normand, E., Nziguyimpa, L., Nzooh-Dogmo, Z., Okon, D. T., Plumptre, A., Rundus, A., Sunderland-Groves, J., Todd, A., Warren, Y., Mundry, R., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2012). Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters, 5(1), 48-55.
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Vallo, P., Petrželková, K. J., Profousová, I., Petrášová, J., Pomajbíková, K., Leendertz, F., Hashimoto, C., Simmons, N., Babweteera, F., Machanda, Z., Piel, A., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Sommer, V., Furuichi, T., Fujita, S., Matsuzawa, T., Kaur, T., Huffman, M. A., & Modrý, D. (2012). Molecular diversity of entodiniomorphid ciliate Troglodytella abrassarti and its coevolution with chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 148(4), 525-533.
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2011

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Rabanal, L. I., Schubert, G., Mettke, E., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Non-Invasive genetic monitoring of wild central chimpanzees. PLoS ONE, 6(3): e14761.
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Boesch, C. (2011). Life and death in the forest. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 30-42). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Boesch, C. (2011). Our cousins in the forest - or bushmeat? In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 77-87). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Boesch, C. (2011). The diversity of the apes: What is the future? In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 155-172). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., Diarrassouba, A., N'Goran, P. K., & Boesch, C. (2011). Long-term research sites as refugia for threatened and over-harvested species. Biology Letters, 7(5), 723-726.
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Gomes, C. M., & Boesch, C. (2011). Reciprocity and trades in wild West African chimpanzees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(11), 2183-2196.
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Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Makaga, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2011). Sympatric chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Loango National Park, Gabon: Dietary composition, seasonality, and intersite comparisons. International Journal of Primatology, 32(3), 755-775.
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Kouakou, C. Y., Boesch, C., & Kuehl, H. S. (2011). Identifying hotspots of chimpanzee group activity from transect surveys in Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 27(6), 621-630.
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Langergraber, K. E., Boesch, C., Inoue, E., Inoue-Murayama, M., Mitani, J. C., Nishida, T., Pusey, A., Reynolds, V., Schubert, G., Wrangham, R. W., Wroblewski, E., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Genetic and 'cultural' similarity in wild chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 278(1704), 408-416.
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Lazenby, R. A., Skinner, M. M., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2011). Metacarpal trabecular architecture variation in the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes): Evidence for locomotion and tool-use? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 144(2), 215-225.
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Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Cameron, K. N., Kidega, T., Zuberbühler, K., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Calvignac, S., & Ehlers, B. (2011). African Great Apes Are Naturally Infected with Polyomaviruses Closely Related to Merkel Cell Polyomavirus. Journal of Virology, 85(2), 916-924.
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Leendertz, S. A. J., Locatelli, S., Boesch, C., Kücherer, C., Formenty, P., Liegeois, F., Ayouba, A., Peeters, M., & Leendertz, F. H. (2011). No evidence for transmission of SIVwrc from western red colobus monkeys (piliocolobus badius badius) to wild west african chimpanzees (pan troglodytes verus) despite high exposure through hunting. BMC Microbiology, 11: 24.
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Nunn, C. L., Thrall, P. H., Leendertz, F. H., & Boesch, C. (2011). The spread of fecally transmitted parasites in socially-structured populations. PLoS One, 6(6): e21677.
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Riedel, J., Franz, M., & Boesch, C. (2011). How feeding competition determines female chimpanzee gregariousness and ranging in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 73(4), 305-313.
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Schubert, G., Stoneking, C. J., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Eckhardt, N., Hohmann, G., Langergraber, K., Lukas, D., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Male-mediated gene flow in patrilocal primates. PLoS One, 6(7): e21514.
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Smith, B. H., & Boesch, C. (2011). Mortality and the magnitude of the "wild effect" in chimpanzee tooth emergence. Journal of Human Evolution, 60(1), 34-46.
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Wevers, D., Metzger, S., Babweteera, F., Bieberbach, M., Boesch, C., Cameron, K., Couacy-Hymann, E., Cranfield, M., Gray, M., Harris, L. A., Head, J., Jeffery, K., Knauf, S., Lankester, F., Leendertz, S. A. J., Lonsdorf, E., Mugisha, L., Nitsche, A., Reed, P., Robbins, M., Travis, D. A., Zommers, Z., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2011). Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: A high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions. Journal of Virology, 85(20), 10774-10784.
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2010

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Kuehl, H., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Maisels, F., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Effective non-invasive genetic monitoring of multiple wild western gorilla groups. Biological Conservation, 143(7), 1780-1791.
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Boesch, C. (2010). Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2-3), 86-87.
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Boesch, C., Bolé, C., Eckhardt, N., & Boesch, H. (2010). Altruism in forest chimpanzees: The case of adoption. PLoS One, 5(1): e8901.
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Carlson, K., Wrangham, R., Muller, M., Sumner, R., Morbeck, M. E., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2010). The locomotor repertoire of early Homo: Insights from chimpanzee variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 76.
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Ehlers, B., Spiess, K., Leendertz, F. H., Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Gatherer, D., & McGeoch, D. J. (2010). Lymphocryptovirus phylogeny and the origins of Epstein–Barr virus. Journal of General Virology, 91(3), 630-642.
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Junglen, S., Hedemann, C., Ellerbrok, H., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Diversity of STLV-1 strains in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) from Côte d'Ivoire. Virus Research, 150(1-2), 143-147.
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Kaiser, M., Löwa, A., Ulrich, M., Ellerbrok, H., Goffe, A. S., Blasse, A., Zommers, Z., Couacy-Hymann, E., Babweteera, F., Zuberbühler, K., Metzger, S., Geidel, S., Boesch, C., Gillespie, T. R., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Wild Chimpanzees Infected with 5 Plasmodium Species. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16(12), 1956-1959.
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Klee, S. R., Brzuszkiewicz, E. B., Nattermann, H., Brüggemann, H., Dupke, S., Wollherr, A., Franz, T., Pauli, G., Appel, B., Liebl, W., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Meyer, F.-D., Leendertz, F. H., Ellerbrok, H., Gottschalk, G., Grunow, R., & Liesegang, H. (2010). The genome of a bacillus isolate causing anthrax in chimpanzees combines chromosomal properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis virulence plasmids. PLoS One, 5(7): e10986.
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Köndgen, S., Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). Noninvasive monitoring of respiratory viruses in wild chimpanzees. EcoHealth, 7(3), 332-341.
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Leendertz, S. A. J., Junglen, S., Hedemann, C., Goffe, A., Calvignac, S., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). High Prevalence, Coinfection Rate, and Genetic Diversity of Retroviruses in Wild Red Colobus Monkeys (Piliocolobus badius badius) in Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Virology, 84(15), 7427-7436.
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Leendertz, S. A. J., Metzger, S., Skjerve, E., Deschner, T., Boesch, C., Riedel, J., & Leendertz, F. H. (2010). A longitudinal study of urinary dipstick parameters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Côte d'Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology, 72(8), 689-698.
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Néel, C., Etienne, L., Li, Y., Takehisa, J., Rudicell, R. S., Ndong, I., Moudindo, J., Mebenga, A., Esteban, A., Van Heuverswyn, F., Liegeois, F., Kranzusch, P. J., Walsh, P. D., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., Ndjango, J.-B.-N., Plantier, J.-C., Locatelli, S., Gonder, M. K., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Todd, A. F., Delaporte, E., Mpoudi-Ngole, E., Hahn, B. H., & Peeters, M. (2010). Molecular epidemiology of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in wild-living gorillas. Journal of Virology, 84(3), 1464-1476.
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Newton-Fisher, N. E., Thompson, M. E., Reynolds, V., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Paternity and social rank in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) from the Budongo Forest, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 142(3), 417-428.
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Rabanal, L. I., Kuehl, H., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biological Conservation, 143(4), 1017-1024.
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Smith, B. H., & Boesch, C. (2010). Magnitude of the "wild effect" in tooth emergence in chimpanzees of the Tai and Gombe forests. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 141(S50), 219.
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Smith, T. M., Smith, B. H., Reid, D. J., Siedel, H., Vigilant, L., Hublin, J.-J., & Boesch, C. (2010). Dental development of the Taï Forest chimpanzees revisited. Journal of Human Evolution, 58(5), 363-373.
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Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Male aggression and sexual coercion in wild West African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. Animal Behaviour, 79(2), 333-342.
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Wevers, D., Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Head, J., Ludwig, C., Kühn, J., & Ehlers, B. (2010). A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Virology Journal, 7(303): 7:303, pp. 1-8.
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Whiten, A. W., McGrew, W. C., Aiello, L. C., Boesch, C., Boyd, R., Byrne, R. W., Dunbar, R. I. M., Matsuzawa, T., Silk, J. B., Tomasello, M., Schaik, C. P. v., & Wrangham, R. (2010). Studying Extant Species to Model Our Past [Letter to the Editor]. Science, 327(5964), 410-410.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Receiving post-conflict affiliation from the enemy's friend reconciles former opponents. PLoS One, 5(11): e13995.
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2009

Boesch, C., Head, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution, 56(6), 560-569.
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Borchers, C., Riedel, J., Boesch, C., & Breuer, T. (2009). Deux programmes d'éducation environnementale pour la conservation des grands singes africains: Club Ebobo et Club P.A.N. La Revue de Primatologie, 1.
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Gomes, C. M., & Boesch, C. (2009). Wild chimpanzees exchange meat for sex on a long-term basis. PLoS One, 4(4): e5116.
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Gomes, C. M., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2009). Long-term reciprocation of grooming in wild West African chimpanzees. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B: Biological Sciences, 276(1657), 699-706.
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Herbinger, I., Papworth, S., Boesch, C., & Zuberbühler, K. (2009). Vocal, gestural and locomotor responses of wild chimpanzees to familiar and unfamiliar intruders: A playback study. Animal Behaviour, 78(6), 1389-1396.
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Jensen, S. A., Mundry, R., Nunn, C. L., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2009). Non-invasive body temperature measurement of wild chimpanzees using fecal temperature decline. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 45(2), 542-546.
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Kouakou, C. Y., Boesch, C., & Kuehl, H. (2009). Estimating chimpanzee population size with nest counts: Validating methods in Taï National Park. American Journal of Primatology, 71(6), 71-6.
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Kuehl, H., Nzeingui, C., Le Duc Yeno, S., Huijbregts, B., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2009). Discriminating between village and commercial hunting of apes. Biological Conservation, 142(7), 1500-1506.
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Leendertz, F. H., Deckers, M., Schempp, W., Lankester, F., Boesch, C., Mugisha, L., Dolan, A., Gatherer, D., McGeoch, D. J., & Ehlers, B. (2009). Novel cytomegaloviruses in free-ranging and captive great apes: Phylogenetic evidence for bidirectional horizontal transmission. Journal of General Virology, 90(10), 2386-2394.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2009). Sociality of the dispersing sex: The nature of social bonds in West African female chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Animal Behaviour, 77(2), 377-387.
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Morozov, V. A., Leendertz, F. H., Junglen, S., Boesch, C., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2009). Frequent foamy virus infection in free-living chimpanzees of the Taï National Park (Côte d'Ivoire). Journal of General Virology, 90, 500-506.
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N'Guessan, A. K., Ortmann, S., & Boesch, C. (2009). Daily energy balance and protein gain among Pan troglodytes verus in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Primatology, 30(3), 481-496.
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Normand, E., & Boesch, C. (2009). Sophisticated Euclidean maps in forest chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 77(5), 1195-1201.
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Normand, E., Ban, S. D., & Boesch, C. (2009). Forest chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) remember the location of numerous fruit trees. Animal Cognition, 12(6), 797-807.
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Nunn, C. L., Thrall, P. H., Bartz, K., Dasgupta, T., & Boesch, C. (2009). Do transmission mechanisms or social systems drive cultural dynamics in socially structured populations? Animal Behaviour, 77(6), 1515-1524.
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Rich, S. M., Leendertz, F. H., Xu, G., LeBreton, M., Djoko, C. F., Aminake, M. N., Takang, E. E., Diffo, J. L. D., Pike, B. L., Rosenthal, B. R., Formenty, P., Boesch, C., Ayala, F. J., & Wolfe, N. D. (2009). The origin of malignant malaria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(35), 14902-14907.
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Savini, T., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2009). Varying Ecological Quality Influences the Probability of Polyandry in White-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) in Thailand. Biotropica, 41(4), 503-513.
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Skinner, M. M., Gunz, P., Wood, B. A., Boesch, C., & Hublin, J.-J. (2009). Discrimination of extant Pan species and subspecies using the enamel-dentine junction morphology of lower molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 140(2), 234-243.
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2008

Aureli, F., Schaffner, C. M., Boesch, C., Bearder, S. K., Call, J., Chapman, C. A., Connor, R., Di Fiore, A., Dunbar, R. I. M., Henzi, S. P., Holekamp, K., Korstjens, A. H., Layton, R., Lee, P., Lehmann, J., Manson, J. H., Ramos-Fernandez, G., Strier, K. B., & van Schaik, C. P. (2008). Fission-Fusion Dynamics: New Research Frameworks. Current Anthroplogy, 49(4), 627-654.
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Barelli, C., Boesch, C., Heistermann, M., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Female white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) lead group movements and have priority of access to food resources. Behaviour, 145(7), 965-981.
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Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Mating patterns and sexual swellings in pair-living and multimale groups of wild white-handed gibbons, Hylobates lar. Animal Behaviour, 75(3), 991-1001.
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Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). New Perspectives on Mating Patterns and Sexual Swellings in Wild White-Handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar). Folia Primatologica, 79(3), 133-134.
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Boesch, C. (2008). Culture in evolution: Towards an integration of chimpanzee and human culture. In Melissa J. Brown (Ed.), Explaining Culture Scientifically (pp. 37-54). Seattle: University of Washington Press.
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Boesch, C. (2008). Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition: Reply to Tomasello and Call (2008). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 122(4), 453-455.
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Boesch, C. (2008). Why do chimpanzees die in the forest? The challenges of understanding and controlling for wild ape health. American Journal of Primatology, 70(8), 722-726.
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Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R. M., Möbius, Y., & Normand, E. (2008). Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: Lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology, 70(6), 519-532.
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Boesch, C., Gnakouri, C., Marques, L., Nohon, G., Herbinger, I., Lauginie, F., Boesch, H., Kouamé, S., Traoré, M., & Akindes, F. (2008). Chimpanzee conservation and theatre: A case study of an awareness project around the Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. In T. S. Stoinski, H. D. Steklis, & P. T. Mehlman (Eds.), Conservation in the 21st Century: Gorillas as a Case Study (pp. 128-135). New York: Springer.
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Boesch, C., Herbinger, I., & Boesch, H. (2008). The contribution of long-term research by the Taï Chimpanzee Project to conservation. In R. Wrangham, & E. Ross (Eds.), Science and Conservation in African Forests: The Benefits of Longterm Research (pp. 184-200). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
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Campbell, G., Kuehl, H., N'Goran, P. K., & Boesch, C. (2008). Alarming decline of West African chimpanzees in Côte d'Ivoire. Current Biology, 18(19), R903-R904.
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Carlson, K., Summer, D., Morbeck, M., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2008). Role of nonbehavioral factors in adjusting long bone diaphyseal structure in free-ranging Pan troglodytes. International Journal of Primatology, 29(6), 1401-1420.
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Hauser, B., Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2008). Development of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantification of endogenous steroids in primate urine. Folia Primatologica, 79(5), 336-337.
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Hauser, B., Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2008). Development of a liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of 23 endogenous steroids in small quantities of primate urine. Journal of Chromatography B, 862(1-2), 100-112.
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Hauser, B., Schulz, D., Boesch, C., & Deschner, T. (2008). Measuring urinary testosterone levels of the great apes—Problems with enzymatic hydrolysis using Helix pomatia juice. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 158(1), 77-86.
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Köndgen, S., Kuehl, H., Kouamé N'Goran, P., Walsh, P. D., Schenk, S., Ernst, N., Biek, R., Formenty, P., Mätz-Rensing, K., Schweiger, B., Junglen, S., Ellerbrok, H., Nitsche, A., Briese, T., Lipkin, W. I., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., & Leendertz, F. H. (2008). Pandemic human viruses cause decline of endangered great apes. Current Biology, 18(4), 260-264.
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Kuehl, H., Elzner, C., Möbius, Y., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2008). The price of play: Self-organized infant mortality cycles in chimpanzees. PLoS One, 3(6): e2440.
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Leendertz, F. H., Zirkel, F., Couacy-Hymann, E., Ellerbrok, H., Morozov, V. A., Pauli, G., Hedemann, C., Formenty, P., Jensen, S. A., Boesch, C., & Junglen, S. (2008). Interspecies transmission of simian foamy virus in a natural predator-prey system. Journal of Virology, 82(15), 7741-7744.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2008). Sexual differences in chimpanzee sociality. International Journal of Primatology, 29(1), 65-81.
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Liu, W., Worobey, M., Li, Y., Keele, B. F., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Guo, Y., Goepfert, P. A., Santiago, M. L., Ndjando, J.-B.-N., Néel, C., Clifford, S. L., Sanz, C. M., Kamenya, S., Wilson, M. L., Pusey, A. E., Gross-Camp, N., Boesch, C., Smith, V., Zamma, K., Huffman, M. A., Mitani, J. C., Watts, D. P., Peeters, M., Shaw, G. M., Switzer, W. M., Sharp, P. M., & Hahn, B. H. (2008). Molecular ecology and natural history of Simian foamy virus infection in wild-living chimpanzees. PLoS Pathogens, 4(7): e1000097.
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Möbius, Y., Boesch, C., Koops, K., Matsuzawa, T., & Humle, T. (2008). Cultural differences in army ant predation by West African chimpanzees? A comparative study of microecological variables. Animal Behaviour, 76(1), 37-45.
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Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(3), 263-274.
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Savini, T., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2008). Home-range characteristics and the influence of seasonality on female reproduction in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(1), 1-12.
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Skinner, M. M., Wood, B. A., Boesch, C., Olejniczak, A. J., Rosas, A., Smith, T. M., & Hublin, J.-J. (2008). Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids. Journal of Human Evolution, 54(2), 173-186.
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Zihlman, A. L., Stahl, D., & Boesch, C. (2008). Morphological variation in adult chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Côte D’Ivoire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(1), 34-41.
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2007

Barelli, C., Heistermann, M., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2007). Sexual swellings in wild white-handed gibbon females (Hylobates lar) indicate the probability of ovulation. Hormones and Behavior, 51(2), 221-230.
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Bertolani, P., & Boesch, C. (2007). Habituation of Wild Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) of the South Group at Taï Forest, Côte d'Ivoire: Empirical Measure of Progress. Folia Primatologica, 79(3), 162-171.
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Boesch, C. (2007). What makes us human (Homo Sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 121(3), 227-240.
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Boesch, C., Head, J., Tagg, N., Arandjelovic, M., Vigilant, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2007). Fatal chimpanzee attack in Loango National Park, Gabon. International Journal of Primatology, 28(5), 1025-1034.
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Breuer, T., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2007). Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Physical Anthroplogy, 134(3), 369-382.
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Chi, F., Leider, M., Leendertz, F. H., Bergmann, C., Boesch, C., Schenk, S., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H., & Hakenbeck, R. (2007). New streptococcus pneumoniae clones in deceased wild chimpanzees. Journal of Bacteriology, 189(16), 6085-6088.
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Deschner, T., & Boesch, C. (2007). Can the patterns of sexual swelling cycles in female Taï chimpanzees be explained by the cost-of-sexual-attraction hypothesis? International Journal of Primatology, 28(2), 389-406.
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Gonedelé Bi, S., Sangáre, A., Cissé, G., Koné, I., Boesch, C., & Zinner, D. (2007). White-naped mangabey, a critically endangered species in jeopardy in Abidjan zoo, Côte d’Ivoire. International Zoo News, 54(6), 337-343.
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Kuehl, H., Todd, A. F., Boesch, C., & Walsh, P. D. (2007). Manipulating decay time for efficient large-mammal density estimation: Gorillas and dung height. Ecological Applications, 17(8), 2403-2414.
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Kuehl, H., Williamson, L., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., & Boesch, C. (2007). Launch of A.P.E.S. Database. Gorilla Journal, 34, 20-21.
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Mercader, J., Barton, H., Gillespie, J., Harris, J., Kuhn, S., Tyler, R., & Boesch, C. (2007). 4,300-Year-old chimpanzee sites and the origins of percussive stone technology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104(9), 3043-3048.
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Zihlman, A. L., Bolter, D. R., & Boesch, C. (2007). Skeletal and dental growth and development in chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte D'Ivoire. Journal of Zoology, 273(1), 63-73.
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2006

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., & Boesch, C. (2006). Environmental factors influencing the seasonality of estrus in chimpanzees. Primates, 47, 43-50.
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Boesch, C., Boesch, H., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Cooperative hunting in chimpanzees: Kinship or mutualism? In P. M. Kappeler, & C. P. van Schaik (Eds.), Cooperation in primates and humans: Mechanisms and evolution (pp. 139-150). Berlin: Springer.
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Boesch, C., Goné Bi, Z. B., Anderson, D. P., & Stahl, D. (2006). Food choice in Taï chimpanzees: Are cultural differences present? In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins, Martha; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates (pp. 365-399). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Boesch, C., Kohou, G., Néné, H., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Male competition and paternity in wild chimpanzees of the Taï forest. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 130(1), 103-115.
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Carlson, K., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Hunt, K. D., Nishida, T., Yamanaka, A., & Boesch, C. (2006). Locomotor behavior and long bone morphology in individual free-ranging chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution, 50(4), 394-404.
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Eriksson, J., Siedel, H., Lukas, D., Kayser, M., Erler, A., Hashimoto, C., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2006). Y-chromosome analysis confirms highly sex-biased dispersal and suggests a low male effective population size in bonobos (Pan paniscus). Molecular Ecology, 15(4), 939-949.
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Herbinger, I., & Boesch, C. (2006). Interactive theatre plays as an effective sensitization tool for the conservation of chimpanzees in West Africa. International Journal of Primatology, 27(Suppl. 1), 453-454.
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Klee, S., Ozel, M., Appel, B., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Jacob, D., Holland, G., Leendertz, F. H., Pauli, G., Grunow, R., & Nattermann, H. (2006). Characterization of bacillus anthracis-like bacteria isolated from wild great apes from Côte d'Ivoire and Cameroon. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(15), 5333-5344.
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Leendertz, F. H., Lankester, F., Guislain, P., Néel, C., Drori, O., Dupain, J., Speede, S., Reed, P., Wolfe, N. D., Loul, S., Mpoudi-Ngole, E., Peeters, M., Boesch, C., Pauli, G., Ellerbrok, H., & Leroy, E. M. (2006). Anthrax in Western and Central African great apes. American Journal of Primatology, 68(9), 928-933.
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Leendertz, F. H., Pauli, G., Mätz-Rensing, K., Boardman, W., Nunn, C. L., Ellerbrok, H., Jensen, S. A., Junglen, S., & Boesch, C. (2006). Pathogens as drivers of population declines: The importance of systematic monitoring in great apes and other threatened mammals. Biological Conservation, 131(2), 325-337.
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Leendertz, F. H., Yumlu, S., Pauli, G., Boesch, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Vigilant, L., Junglen, S., Schenk, S., & Ellerbrok, H. (2006). A new bacillus anthracis found in wild chimpanzees and a gorilla from West and Central Africa. PLoS Pathogens, 2(1): e8.
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Lehmann, J., Fickenscher, G., & Boesch, C. (2006). Kin biased investment in wild chimpanzees. Behaviour, 143(8), 931-955.
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Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2006). The efficacy of female choice in chimpanzees of the Taï Forest, Côte d’Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 60(6), 749-765.
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2005

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., Moermond, T. C., Bi, Z. B. G., & Boesch, C. (2005). Factors influencing tree phenology in Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Biotropica, 37(4), 631-640.
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Boesch, C. (2005). Joint cooperative hunting among wild chimpanzees: Taking natural observations seriously [Commentary on Tomasello, M. et al. (2005): Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, p. 675-735]. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(5), 692-693.
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Bradley, B. J., Robbins, M. M., Williamson, E. A., Steklis, H. D., Gerald-Steklis, N., Eckhardt, N., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2005). Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: Silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(26), 9418-9423.
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Crockford, C., & Boesch, C. (2005). Call combinations in wild chimpanzees. Behaviour, 142(4), 397-421.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2005). Bisexually bonded ranging in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(6), 525-535.
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Lukas, D., Reynolds, V., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2005). To what extent does living in a group mean living with kin? Molecular Ecology, 14(7), 2181-2196.
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Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2005). Does promiscuous mating preclude female choice? Female sexual strategies in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57(5), 511-524.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2005). How to repair relationships - reconciliation in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Ethology, 111(8), 736-763.
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Zihlman, A. L., & Boesch, C. (2005). Skeletal pathologies in wild chimpanzees from Tai National Forest, Cote d'Ivoire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 126(S40), 230.
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2004

Boesch, C. (2004). Evolution des Werkzeuggebrauchs und der Kooperation bei Schimpansen. In D. Geulen, & H. Veith (Eds.), Sozialisationstheorie interdisziplinär: aktuelle Perspektiven (pp. 25-33). Stuttgart: Lucius u. Lucius.
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Bradley, B. J., Doran-Sheehy, D. M., Lukas, D., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Dispersed male networks in western gorillas. Current Biology, 14, 510-513.
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Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Vigilant, L., & Boesch, C. (2004). Wild chimpanzees produce group-specific calls: A case for vocal learning? Ethology, 110(3), 221-243.
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Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2004). Female sexual swelling size, timing of ovulation and male behavior in wild West African chimpanzees. Hormones and Behavior, 46(2), 204-215.
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Doran-Sheehy, D. M., & Boesch, C. (2004). Behavioral ecology of western gorillas: New insights from the field. American Journal of Primatology, 64(2), 139-143.
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Eriksson, J., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Rivers influence the population genetic structure of bonobos (Pan paniscus). Molecular Ecology, 13(11), 3425-3435.
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Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Ellerbrok, H., Rietschel, W., Couacy-Hymann, E., & Pauli, G. (2004). Non-invasive testing reveals a high prevalence of simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 antibodies in wild adult chimpanzees of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of General Virology, 85, 3305-3312.
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Leendertz, F. H., Ellerbrok, H., Boesch, C., Couacy-Hymann, E., Mätz-Rensing, K., Hakenbeck, V., Abaza, P., Bergmann, C., Möbius, Y., Vigilant, L., Formenty, P., & Pauli, G. (2004). Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest. Nature, 430, 451-452.
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Leendertz, F. H., Junglen, S., Boesch, C., Formenty, P., Couacy-Hymann, E., Courgnaud, V., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2004). High variety of different simian T-cell leukemia virus type 1 strains in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Journal of Virology, 78(8), 4352-4356.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2004). To fission or to fusion: Effects of community size on wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) social organisation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 56(3), 207-216.
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Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Roeder, A. D., Morin, P. A., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape faeces and the identification of an improved sample storage method. Molecular Ecology, 13(7), 2089-2094.
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Zihlman, A. L., Bolter, D. R., & Boesch, C. (2004). Wild chimpanzee dentition and its implications for assessing life history in immature hominin fossils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(29), 10541-10543.
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2003

Boesch, C. (2003). Complex Cooperation among Taï Chimpanzees. In F. B. M. d. Waal, & P. L. Tyack (Eds.), Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies (pp. 93-110). Harvard: Harvard University Press.
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Boesch, C. (2003). Is culture a golden barrier between human and chimpanzee? Evolutionary Anthropology, 12(2), 82-91.
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Courgnaud, V., Formenty, P., Akoua-Koffi, C., Noe, R., Boesch, C., Delaporte, E., & Peeters, M. (2003). Partial molecular characterization of two simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV) from African colobids: SIVwrc from western red colobus (Piliocolobus badius) and SIVolc from olive colobus (Procolobus verus). Journal of Virology, 77(1), 744-748.
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Crockford, C., & Boesch, C. (2003). Context-specific calls in wild chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus: Analysis of barks. Animal Behaviour, 66(1), 115-125.
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Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2003). Sex skin swellings in wild west African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus): A reliable indicator of ovulation? Folia Primatologica, 74(4), 189-190.
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Deschner, T., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., & Boesch, C. (2003). Timing and probability of ovulation in relation to sex skin swelling in wild West African chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus. Animal Behaviour, 66(3), 551-560.
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Ehlers, B., Ochs, A., Leendertz, F. H., Goltz, M., Boesch, C., & Matz-Rensing, K. (2003). Novel simian homologues of Epstein-Barr virus. Journal of Virology, 77(19), 10695-10699.
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Herbinger, I., Boesch, C., & Tondossama, A. (2003). Côte d'Ivoire. In R. Kormos, C. Boesch, M. I. Bakarr, T. M. Butynski, & IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC), Primate Specialist Group (Eds.), West African Chimpanzee: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (pp. 99-109). Gland: IUCN.
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Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Junglen, S., Pauli, G., & Ellerbrok, H. (2003). Characterization of a new simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (STLV-1) in a wild living chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) from Ivory Coast: Evidence of a new STLV-1 group? AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 19(3), 255-258.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2003). Social influences on ranging patterns among chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in the Tai National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology, 14(5), 642-649.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). "Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): An extension of the Relational Model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 54(5), 491-504.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Erratum to: "Decision-making" in conflicts of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): An extension of the relational model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 55(2), 209.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Food competition and linear dominance hierarchy among female chimpanzees of the Tai National Park. International Journal of Primatology, 24(4), 847-867.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). Linear dominance hierarchy due to contest competition among female chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Folia Primatologica, 74(4), 229-230.
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Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2003). The choice of post-conflict interactions in wild chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes). Behaviour, 140(11-12), 1527-1559.
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2002

Anderson, D. P., Nordheim, E. V., Boesch, C., & Moermond, T. C. (2002). Factors influencing fission-fusion grouping in chimpanzees in the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 90-101). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Boesch, C. (2002). Behavioural diversity in Pan. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 1-8). Cambridge: Cambridge Univertity Press.
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Boesch, C. (2002). Cooperative hunting roles among Tai chimpanzees. Human Nature, 13(1), 27-46.
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Boesch, C., Uehara, S., & Ihobe, H. (2002). Variations in chimpanzee-red colobus interactions. In Boesch, Christophe; Hohmann, Gottfried; Marchant, Linda F. (Ed.), Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos (pp. 221-230). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Bradley, B. J., Doran, D., Robbins, M. M., Williamson, E., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2002). Comparative analyses of genetic social structure in wild gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) using DNA from feces and hair. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 47-48.
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Chambers, K. E., Vigilant, L., Boesch, C., & Reichard, U. H. (2002). Within group relatedness and genetic mating systems in white-handed gibbons (Hylobates lar). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(S34), 52-53.
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Eriksson, J., Hohmann, G., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2002). Phylogeography and genetic diversity of wild bonobos (Pan paniscus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 68-68.
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Lehmann, J., & Boesch, C. (2002). Do chimpanzees in the Tai forest (Cote d'Ivoire) exhibit sex-specific ranging patterns? Advances in Ethology, 37, 51.
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Mercader, J., Panger, M. A., & Boesch, C. (2002). Chimpanzee-produced stone assemblages from the tropical forests of Tai, Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Human Evolution, 42(3), A23-A24.
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Mercader, J., Panger, M. A., & Boesch, C. (2002). Excavation of a chimpanzee stone tool site in the African rainforest. Science, 296(5572), 1452-1455.
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Reichert, K. E., Heistermann, M., Hodges, J. K., Boesch, C., & Hohmann, G. (2002). What females tell males about their reproductive status: Are morphological and behavioural cues reliable signals of ovulation in bonobos (Pan paniscus)? Ethology, 108(7), 583-600.
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Santiago, M. L., Rodenburg, C., Kamenya, S., Bibollet-Ruche, F., Gao, F., Bailes, E., Meleth, S., Soong, S., Kilby, M., Moldoveanu, Z., Fahey, B., Muller, M., Ayouba, A., Nerrienet, E., McClure, H., Heeney, J. H., Pusey, A. E., Collins, A., Boesch, C., Wrangham, R. W., Goodall, J., Sharp, P. M., Shaw, G. M., & Hahn, B. H. (2002). SIVcpz in wild chimpanzees. Science, 295(5554), 465.
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Stumpf, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2002). Female reproductive strategies in chimpanzees of the Tai Forest, Cote d'Ivoire: Do females exhibit preferences for particular males? American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 117(Suppl. 34), 151-151.
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2001

Boesch, C. (2001). Chimpanzee hunters: Chaos or cooperation in the forest? In L. A. Dugatkin (Ed.), Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology (pp. 453-465). Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Pr.
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Boesch, C. (2001). Le propre de l'Homme est-il humain? In Y. Coppens, & P. Picq (Eds.), Les Origines de l'Homme (pp. 170-199). Paris: Fayard.
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Boesch, C. (2001). Sacrileges are welcome in science! Opening a discussion about culture in animals. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(2), 327-328.
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Herbinger, I., Boesch, C., & Rothe, H. (2001). Territory Characteristics among Three Neighboring Chimpanzee Communities in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire. International Journal of Primatology, 22(2), 143-167.
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Hill, K., Boesch, C., Goodall, J., Pusey, A. E., Williams, J., & Wrangham, R. W. (2001). Mortality rates among wild chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution, 40(5), 437-450.
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Morin, P. A., Chambers, K. E., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2001). Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of DNA from noninvasive samples for accurate microsatellite genotyping of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Molecular Ecology, 10(7), 1835-1844.
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Vigilant, L., Hofreiter, M., Siedel, H., & Boesch, C. (2001). Paternity and relatedness in wild chimpanzee communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 98(23), 12890-12895.
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Whiten, A., & Boesch, C. (2001). The cultures of chimpanzees. Scientific American, 284(1), 60-67.
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Whiten, A., Goodall, J., McGrew, W. C., Nishida, T., Reynolds, V., Sugiyama, Y., Tutin, C., Wrangham, R. W., & Boesch, C. (2001). Charting cultural variation in chimpanzees. Behaviour, 138(11), 1481-1516.
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2000

Bradley, B. J., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2000). Identification and redesign of human microsatellite markers for genotyping wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) and gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) DNA from faeces. Conservation Genetics, 1(3), 289-292.
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1999

Formenty, P., Boesch, C., Dind, F., Donati, F., Steiner, C., Wyers, M., & Le Guenno, B. (1999). Ebola virus outbreak among wild chimpanzees living in a rain forest of Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179(Suppl 1), 120-126.
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Gagneux, P., Boesch, C., & Woodruff, D. (1999). Female reproductive strategies, paternity, and community structure in wild West African chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 57(1), 19-32.
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Gagneux, P., Wills, C., Gerloff, U., Tautz, D., Morin, P. A., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Hohmann, G., Ryder, O. A., & Woodruff, D. (1999). Mitochondrial sequences show diverse evolutionary histories of African hominids. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 96(9), 5077-5082.
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Whiten, A., Goodall, J., McGrew, W. C., Nishida, T., Reynolds, V., Yugiyama, Y., Tutin, C., Wrangham, R. W., & Boesch, C. (1999). Cultures in chimpanzees. Nature, 399, 682-685.
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Wyers, M., Formenty, P., Cherel, Y., Guigand, L., Boesch, C., & Le Guenno, B. (1999). Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies of lesions associated with Ebola virus in a naturally infected chimpanzee. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 179 (Supplement 1), S54-S59.
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1998

Arcadi, A. C., Robert, D., & Boesch, C. (1998). Buttress drumming by wild chimpanzees: Temporal patterning, phrase integration into loud calls, and preliminary evidence for individual distinctiveness. Primates, 39(4), 505-518.
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Boesch, C. (1998). Adoption, Social signals, Dominance. In P. Calow (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management. Oxford: Blackwell.
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Boesch, C., & Tomasello, M. (1998). Chimpanzee and human cultures. Current Anthropology, 39(5), 591-614.
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Le Guenno, B., Formenty, P., & Boesch, C. (1998). Ebola virus outbreaks in the Ivory Coast and Liberia, 1994 - 1995. In H.-D. Klenk (Ed.), Marburg and Ebola viruses (pp. 77-84). Berlin: Springer.
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1997

Boesch, C. (1997). Evidence for dominant wild female chimpanzees investing more in sons. Animal Behaviour, 54(4), 811-815.
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Braga, J., & Boesch, C. (1997). Further data about venous channels in South African Plio-Pleistocene hominids. Journal of Human Evolution, 33(4), 423-447.
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Gagneux, P., Boesch, C., & Woodruff, D. S. (1997). Microsatellite scoring errors associated with noninvasive genotyping based on nuclear DNA amplified from shed hair. Molecular Ecology, 6(9), 861-868.
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Gagneux, P., Woodruff, D. S., & Boesch, C. (1997). Furtive mating in female chimpanzees. Nature, 387(6631), 358-359.
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1996

Boesch, C. 1996. Social grouping in Taï chimpanzees. In Great Apes Societies (Eds. W. McGrew., L. Marchant and T. Nishida), pp. 101-113. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boesch, C. 1996. Three approaches for assessing chimpanzee culture. In Reaching into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes (Eds. Russon, A. E., Bard, K. and Parker, S.T.). pp. 404-429. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boesch, C. 1996. The emergence of cultures among wild chimpanzees. In Evolution of Social Behaviour Patterns in Primates and Man (Eds. Runciman W. G., Maynard-Smith, J. and R. I. M. Dunbar). pp. 251-268. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the British Academy.

Boesch, C. 1996. The question of culture. News and Views. Nature 379: 207-208. pdf

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1996. Rain forest chimpanzees: the human connection. Nature and Resources, 32(1): 26-32.

Boesch-Achermann, H. and Boesch, C. 1996. Kulturwesen, Panda Magazin 2/96, 26-31.

1995

Boesch, C. 1995. Innovation in wild chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology 16(1): 1-16. pdf

Le Guenno, B., Formenty, P., M. Wyers, and Boesch, C. 1995. Isolation and partial characterization of a new Ebola strain. The Lancet 345: 1271-1274. pdf

Marchesi, P. Marchesi, N., Fruth, B. and Boesch, C. 1995. Census and distribution of chimpanzees in Côte d'Ivoire. Primates 36(4): 591-607. pdf

1994

Boesch, C. 1994. Hunting strategies of Gombe and Taï chimpanzees. In: Chimpanzee Cultures (R. Wrangham, W. McGrew, F. de Waal and P. Heltne, Eds), pp. 77-91. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Boesch, C. 1994. Chimpanzees - red colobus: A predator-prey system. Animal Behaviour 47(5): 1135-1148. pdf

Boesch, C. 1994. Cooperative hunting in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour 48(3): 653-667. pdf

Boesch, C. and Boesch-Achermann, H. 1994. Technique et culture chez les chimpanzés sauvages. Technique et Cultures 23-24: 1-27.

Boesch, C., Esser, J., Allefort, P., Couturier, G. and Merz, G. 1994. La Faune. In Le Parc National de Taï, Côte d'Ivoire. Tropenbos Series 8, 72-93.

Boesch-Acherman, H. and Boesch, C. 1994. The Taï chimpanzee project in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa. Pan Africa News 1(1): 5-7. pdf

Boesch, C. Marchesi, P., Marchesi, N., Fruth, B., Joulian, F. 1994. Is nut cracking in wild chimpanzees a cultural behaviour? Journal of Human Evolution 26: 325-338. pdf

Boesch-Acherman, H. and Boesch, C. 1994. Hominisation in the rainforest: The chimpanzee's piece to the puzzle. Evolutionary Anthropology 3(1): 9-16. pdf

1993

Boesch, C. 1993. Towards a new image of culture in wild chimpanzees? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16(3): 514-515.

Boesch, C. 1993. Aspects of transmission of tool use in wild chimpanzees. In Tools, Language and Cognition in Human Evolution, (Eds. K. Gibson and T. Imgold), pp. 171-183. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1993. Different hand postures for pounding nuts with natural hammers by wild chimpanzees. In: Hands of the Primates (Eds. H. Preuschoft and D. Chivers), pp. 31-43. Wien: Springer-Verlag.

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1993. Diversity of tool use and tool making in wild chimpanzees. In Use of Tools in Human and Non-Human Primates (Eds. A. Berthelet and J. Chavaillon), pp. 158-168. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Boesch-Acherman, H. and Boesch, C. 1993. Tool use in wild chimpanzees: New light from Dark forests. Current Directions in Psychological Science 18-21. pdf

Günther, M. and Boesch, C. 1993. Energetic cost of nut-cracking behavior in wild chimpanzees. In: Hands of the Primates (Eds. H. Preuschoft and D. Chivers), pp. 109-129. Wien: Springer-Verlag.

1992

Boesch, C. 1992. New elements about a theory of mind in wild chimpanzees. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15(1): 149. pdf

Boesch-Achermann, H. and Boesch, C. 1992. Forest close-ups. BBC Wildlife Magazine 10(1): 14-20.

Boesch-Achermann, H. and Boesch, C. 1992. Verblüffend menschlich: Westafrikas Schimpansen. Das Tier 5: 8-17.

1991

Boesch, C. 1991. Handedness in wild chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology 12(6): 541-558. pdf

Boesch, C. 1991. Symbolic communication in wild chimpanzees? Human Evolution 6 (1): 81-90. pdf

Boesch, C. 1991. Teaching in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour, 41(3): 530-532. pdf

Boesch, C. 1991. The effects of leopard predation on grouping patterns in forest chimpanzees. Behaviour, 117 (3-4): 220-242. pdf

Boesch, C. and Boesch-Achermann, H. 1991. Dim forest, bright chimps. Natural History 9/91 (50-57).

Boesch, C. and Boesch-Achermann, H. 1991. Les chimpanzés et l'outil. La Recherche, 233: 724-731.

1990

Boesch, C. 1990. First hunters of the forest. New Scientist, 19 May, 38-41. pdf

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1990. Adventures in Eating. BBC Wildlife Magazine 8(10): 668-672.

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1990. Tool use and tool making in wild chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica 54: 86-99. pdf

1989

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1989. Hunting behavior of wild chimpanzees in the Taï National Park. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78: 547-573. pdf

1988

Boesch, C. 1988. West African Oasis. WWF Report 8/9/88.

1984

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1984. Mental map in wild chimpanzees: An analysis of hammer transports for nut cracking. Primates 25: 160-170. pdf

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1984. Possible causes of sex differences in the use of natural hammers by wild chimpanzees. Journal of Human Evolution 13: 415-440. pdf

Guillaum et, J.L. and Boesch, C. 1984. Le parc national et la protection de la nature. In: Recherches et aménagement en milieu forestier tropical humide: Le Projet Tai de Côte d'Ivoire. Notes techniques du MAB 15, UNESCO: Paris.

1983

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1983. Optimisation of nut-cracking with natural hammers by wild chimpanzees. Behaviour 83: 256-286. pdf

1981

Boesch, C. and Boesch, H. 1981. Sex differences in the use of natural hammers by wild chimpanzees: A preliminary report. Journal of Human Evolution. 10: 585-593. pdf

1978

Boesch, C. 1978. Nouvelles observations sur les chimpanzés de la forêt de Taï ( Côte d'Ivoire). Terre et Vie 32: 195-201.