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Publications

in review

Robbins, MM. In review. Saving the Gentle Giants: Integrating Behavioral Ecology into Conservation of Gorillas. In: Behavioral Ecology and Conservation. L. Karczmarski and J. Yamagiwa. Springer Press.

Robbins, AM and Robbins, MM. In review. Dispersal patterns of females in the genus Gorilla. In: Dispersing primate females - Life history and social strategy in male-philopatric groups, T Furuchi, J Yamagiwa, and F Aureli, eds. Springer Press.

in press

Gray, M, Roy, J, Vigilant, L, Fawcett, K, Basabose, A, Cranfield, M, Uwingeli, P, Mburanumwe, I, Kagoda, E, and Robbins, MM.  2013.  Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population.  Biological Conservation, 158: 230-238.

Grueter, CC, Ndamiyabo, F, Plumptre, AJ, Abavandimwe, D, Mundry, R, Fawcett, KA, and Robbins, MM.   2013. Long-term temporal and spatial dynamics of food availability for endangered mountain gorillas in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.  American Journal of Primatology, 75: 267-280.

Head, JS, Robbins, MM, Mundry, R, Makaga, L, and Boesch, C.  2012.  Remote video-camera traps measure habitat use and competitive exclusion among sympatric chimpanzee, gorilla and elephant in Loango National Park, Gabon.  Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28: 571-583.

Oelze, VM, Head, JS, Robbins, MM, Richards, M, & Boesch, C. In press. Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Human Evolution.

Robbins, MM. In press. Gorillas: Reproductive Strategies and Sexual Behavior. In: Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality. Whelehan, P. and Bolin, A., eds. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

2013

Grueter, CC, Robbins, MM, Ndagijimana, F, & Stoinski, TS. 2013. Possible tool use in a mountain gorilla. Behavioural Processes.

Habumuremyi, S, Robbins, MM, Fawcett, KA, & Deschner, T. 2013. Monitoring ovarian cycle activity via progestagens in urine and feces of female mountain gorillas: A comparison of EIA and LC-MS measurements. American Journal of Primatology.

Head, JS, Boesch, C, Robbins, MM, Rabanal, LI, Makaga, L, & Kuelhl, H. 2013. Effective socio-demographic population assessment of elusive species in ecology and conservation management. Ecology and Evolution, 3: 2903-2916.

Polansky, L and Robbins, MM. 2013. Generalized additive mixed models for disentangling long term trends, local anomalies, and seasonality in fruit tree phenology. Ecology and Evolution, 3: 3141-3151.

Robbins, MM. 2013. Gorillas Across Time and Space. In Primate Ethnographies, KB Strier, ed. Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Robbins, AM, Gray, M, Basabose, A, Uwingeli, P, Mburanumwe, I, Kagoda, E, & Robbins, MM. 2013. Impact of male infanticide on the social structure of mountain gorillas. PLoS ONE.

2012

Langergraber, KE, Prüferc, K, Rowney, C, Boesch, C, Crockford, C, Fawcett, K, Inouef, E, Inoue-Muruyama M, Mitani, JC, Muller, MN, Robbins, MM, Schubert, G, Stoinski, TS, Viola, B, Watts, D, Wittig, Rm, Wrangham, RW, Zuberbühler, K, Pääbo, S, and Vigilant, L. 2012. Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA.

Breuer, T, Robbins, AM, Boesch, C, Robbins, MM. 2012. Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas. Journal of Human Evolution, 62: 466-472.

Kasangaki, A, Bitariho, R, Shaw, P, Robbins, MM, & McNeilage, A. 2012. Long-term ecological and socio-economic changes in and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda. In: Long Term changes in Africa's Rift Valley: impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, Ed: Plumptre, A.J. Nova Science Publishers, New York.

2011

Robbins, MM, Gray, M, Fawcett, KA, Nutter, FB, Uwingeli, P, Mburanumwe, I, Kagoda, E, Basabose, A, Stoinski ,TS, Cranfield, MR, Byamukama, J, Spelman, LH, & Robbins, AM. 2011. Extreme Conservation Leads to Recovery of the Virunga Mountain Gorillas. PLoS ONE, 6: e19788.

Robbins, AM, Stoinski, T, Fawcett, K, & Robbins, MM. 2011. Lifetime reproductive success of female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146: 582-593.

Head, J, Boesch, C, Makaga, L, Robbins, MM. 2011. Sympatric Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Loango National Park, Gabon: Dietary Composition, Seasonality, and Intersite Comparisons. International Journal of Primatology, 32: 755-775.

Wevers, D, Leendertz, FH, Scuda, N, Boesch, C, Robbins, MM, Head, J, Ludwig, C, Kühn, J, Ehlers, B. 2011. A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas.(Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Virology Journal, 7:303-311.

Kasangaki, A, Bitariho, R, Shaw, P, Robbins, MM, & McNeilage, A. In press. Long-term ecological and socio-economic changes in and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda. In: Long Term changes in Africa's Rift Valley: impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems, Ed: Plumptre, A.J. Nova Science Publishers, New York

Arandjelovic, M, Head, J, Rabanal, LI, Schubert, G, Mettke, E, Boesch, C, Robbins, MM, & Vigilant, L. 2011. Non-Invasive Genetic Monitoring of Wild Central Chimpanzees. PLoS ONE 6(3): e14761.

Robbins, MM and Boesch, C. 2011. Among African Apes: Stories and photos from the field. Berkeley: University of California Press.

2010

Robbins, MM. 2010. Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In: Primates in Perspective, 2nd edition. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, MacKinnon, KC, Bearder, S, & Stumpf, RM. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford. Pp. 326-339.

Robbins, MM. 2010. Long-Term Field Studies of Primates: Considering the Past, Present, and Future. Evolutionary Anthropology, 19: 87-88.

Arandjelovic, M, Head, J, Boesch, C, Kuehl, HS, Robbins, MM, Maisels, F, Vigilant. 2010. Effective non-invasive genetic monitoring of multiple wild western gorilla groups. Biological Conservation, 1443:1780-1791.

Breuer, T, Robbins, AM, Olejniczak, C, Parnell, RJ, Stokes, EJ, & Robbins, MM. 2010. Variance in the male reproductive success of western gorillas: acquiring females is just the beginning. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 64: 515-528.

Rabanal, LI, Kuehl, HS, Mundry, R, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. 2010. Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biological Conservation, 143: 1017-1024.

2009

Robbins, MM, Gray, M, Kagoda, E, & Robbins, AM. 2009. Population dynamics of the Bwindi mountain gorillas. Biological Conservation, 142: 2886-2895.

Robbins, MM. 2009. Male aggression towards females in mountain gorillas: courtship or coercion? In: Sexual coercion in primates: an evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females. M.N. Muller and R. Wrangham (eds). Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 112-127. 

Boesch, C, Head, J, & Robbins, MM. 2009 Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution 56: 560-569.

Ganas, J, Ortmann, S, & Robbins, MM. 2009. Food choices of the mountain gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: the influence of nutrients, phenolics, and availability. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25: 123-134. 

Gray, M, McNeilage, A, Fawcett, K, Robbins, MM, Ssebide, B, Mbula, D, & Uwingeli, P. 2009. Censusing the mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes: complete sweep method vs. monitoring. African Journal of Ecology, 48: 588-599.

Sawyer, SC and Robbins, MM. 2009. A novel food processing technique by a wild mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei). Folia Primatologica, 80: 83-88. 

Guschanski, K, Vigilant, L, McNeilage, A, Gray, M, Kagoda, E, and Robbins, MM. 2009. Counting elusive animals: comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation, 142: 290-300.

Masi, S, Cipolletta, C, and Robbins, MM. 2009. Activity patterns of western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 1-10.

Robbins, AM, Stoinski, TS, Fawcett, KA, Robbins, MM. 2009. Leave or conceive: natal dispersal and philopatry of female mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcano region. Animal Behaviour, 77: 831-838.

Robbins, AM, Stoinski, TS, Fawcett, KA, Robbins, MM. 2009. Socioecological influences on the dispersal of female mountain gorillas - evidence of a second folivore paradox. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 63: 477-489.

Robbins, AM, Stoinski, TS, Fawcett, KA, Robbins, MM. 2009. Does dispersal cause reproductive delays in female mountain gorillas? Behaviour, 146: 525-549.

2008

Ganas, J, Nkurunungi, JB, and Robbins, MM. 2008. Temporal and spatial variability of herbaceous vegetation consumed by mountain gorillas in an Afromontane rainforest. Biotropica, 41: 37-46.

Guschanski, K, Caillaud, D, Robbins, MM, and Vigilant, L. 2008. Females shape the genetic structure of a gorilla population. Current Biology, 18: 1809-1814.

Nsubuga, AM, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C, and Vigilant, L. 2008. Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135: 265-274.

Robbins, MM. 2008. Feeding Competition and Female Social Relationships in Mountain Gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 29: 999-1018.

Ganas, J, Ortmann, S., and Robbins, MM. 2008. Food preferences of wild mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 70: 1-12.

2007

Robbins, MM & Sawyer, SC. 2007. Intergroup Encounters in Mountain Gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Behaviour, 144: 1497-1519.

Boesch, C, Head, J, Tagg, N, Arandjelovic, M, Vigilant, L, Robbins, MM. 2007. Fatal chimpanzee attack in Loango National Park, Gabon: observational and genetic evidence. International Journal of Primatology, 28: 1025-1034.

Breuer, T, Robbins, MM, and Boesch, C. 2007. Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 134: 369-382.

Robbins, MM. 2007. Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In: Primates in Perspective. Campbell, CJ, Fuentes, A, Panger, M, MacKinnon, KC, & Bearder, S. Oxford (eds) University Press, Oxford. Pp. 305-321.

Robbins, MM, Robbins, AM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD. 2007. Female reproductive success of the Virunga mountain gorillas: comparisons with the socioecological model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61: 919-931.

Robbins, MM. 2007. Seasonality in Primates: Studies of living and extinct human and non-human primates. Journal of Human Evolution, 53: 224-225. (book review)

Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM, Fawcett, K. 2007. Maternal investment of Virunga mountain gorillas. Ethology, 113: 235-245.

McNeilage, A and Robbins, MM. 2007. Primatology comes to Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 45, 1-3.

Cipolletta, C, Spagnolietti, N, Todd, A, Robbins, MM, Cohen, H, Pacyna, S. 2007. Termite feeding behavior of western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. International Journal of Primatology. 28: 457-476.

2006

Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD. 2006. Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 131:511-521.

McNeilage, A, Robbins, MM, Gray, M, Olupot, W, Babaasa, D, Bitariho, R, Kasangaki, A, Rainer, H, Asuma, S, Mugiri, G, Baker, J. 2006. Census of the mountain gorilla population in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Oryx 40: 419-427.

Gray, M, McNeilage, A, Fawcett, K, Robbins, MM, Ssebide, B, Mbula, D, Uwingeli, P. 2006. Virunga Volcano Range mountain gorilla census, 2003. Joint organisers’ report, UWA/ORTPN/ICCN.

Robbins, MM, Nkurunungi, JB, McNeilage, A. 2006. Variability of the Feeding Ecology of Eastern Gorillas. In: Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates. Hohmann, G, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 25-47.

Robbins, MM and Hohmann, G. 2006. Primate Feeding Ecology: An Integrative Approach. In: Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates. Hohmann, G, Robbins, MM, Boesch, C. (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Pp. 1-13.

 

2005

Robbins, MM, Robbins, AM, Gerald-Steklis, N, Steklis, HD.  2005.  Long-term dominance relationships in female mountain gorillas:  strength, stability and determinants of rank.  Behaviour, 142:779-809.

Bradley, BJ, Robbins, MM, Williamson, EA, Steklis, HD, Gerald Steklis, N, Eckhardt, N, Boesch, C, Vigilant, L.  2005.   Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multi-male groups.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA, 102: 9418-9423.

Robbins, AM, Robbins, MM.  2005.  Fitness consequences of dispersal decisions for male mountain gorillas (Gorilla beingei beringei).  Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology.  58:295-309.

Ganas, J, Robbins, MM.  2005. Ranging behavior of the mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: a test of the ecological constraints model.  Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology.  58: 277-288.

Ferriss, S., Robbins, MM, Williamson, E.A. 2005. Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). In: Caldecott, J., Miles, L. (eds)  The World Atlas of Great Apes and their Conservation. University California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California. Pp. 129-152.

2004

Robbins, MM & Robbins, AM.  2004.  Simulation of the population dynamics and social structure of the mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes.  American Journal of Primatology, 63: 201-223.

Robbins, MM, Bermejo, M, Cipolletta, C, Magliocca, F, Parnell, RJ, & E Stokes.  2004.  A comparative analysis of social structure and life history patterns in western lowland gorillas. American Journal of Primatology.  64: 145-159.

Ganas, J, Robbins, MM, Nkurunungi, JB, Kaplin, BA, McNeilage, A.  2004.  Dietary variability of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.  International Journal of Primatology.  25: 1043-1072.

Ganas, J, Robbins, MM.  2004. Intrapopulation differences in ant eating in the mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.  Primates, 45: 275-279.

Nkurunungi, JB, Ganas, J, Robbins, MM, & CB Stanford.  2004.  A comparison of two mountain gorilla habitats in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.   African Journal of Ecology.  42: 289-297.

Nsubuga, AM, Robbins, MM, Roeder, AD, Morin, PA, Boesch,C, & L Vigilant.  2004.  Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape feces and the identification of an improved sample storage method.  Molecular Ecology, 13: 2089-2094.

Lukas, D, Bradley, BJ, Nsubuga, AM, Doran-Sheehy, D, Robbins, MM, & Vigilant, L.  2004.  Major histocompatibility complex and microsatellite variation in two populations of wild gorillas.  Molecular Ecology, 13: 3389-3402.

2003

Robbins, MM & McNeilage, A. 2003. Home range and frugivory patterns of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 24, 467 – 491.

Robbins, MM . 2003. Behavioral aspects of sexual selection in mountain gorillas. In: Jones,CL (ed) Sexual Selection & Reproductive Competition in Primates: New Perspectives and Directions. American Society of Primatologists, Norman, OK, Pp. 477-501.

Kalpers, J, Williamson, EA, Robbins, MM, McNeilage, A, Nzamurambaho, A, Ndakasi, L, & Murgiri, G. 2003. Gorillas in the crossfire: assessment of population dynamics of the Virunga mountain gorillas over the past three decades. Oryx, 37: 326-337.

2001

Robbins, MM . 2001. Variation in the social system of mountain gorillas: the male perspective. In: Robbins, MM, Sicotte, P, & KJ Stewart (eds) Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke. Pp. 29-58. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Czekala , NM & Robbins, MM. 2001. Assessment of reproduction and stress through hormone analysis in gorillas. In: Robbins, MM, Sicotte, P, & KJ Stewart (eds) Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke. Pp. 317-339. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stewart, KJ, Sicotte, P, & Robbins, MM. 2001. Mountain gorillas of the Virungas: a short history. In: Robbins, MM, Sicotte, P, & KJ Stewart (eds) Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke. Pp. 1-26. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

1999

Robbins, MM. 1999. Male mating patterns in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. Animal Behaviour, 57: 1013-1020.

1998

Field, D, Chemnick, L, Robbins, MM, Garner, K, & O. Ryder.1998. Paternity determination in captive lowland gorillas and orangutans and wild mountain gorillas by microsatellite analysis. Primates, 39: 199-209.

1997

Robbins, MM & NM Czekala. 1997. A preliminary investigation of urinary testosterone and cortisol levels in wild male mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 43: 51-64.

1996

Robbins, MM . 1996. Male-male interactions in heterosexual and all-male wild mountain gorilla groups. Ethology, 102: 942-965.

1995

Robbins, MM . 1995. A demographic analysis of male life history and social structure of mountain gorillas. Behaviour, 132: 21-47.

 


EDITED VOLUMES

Robbins, MM, Sicotte, P, & KJ Stewart.  2001.  Mountain Gorillas:  Three Decades of Research at Karisoke.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.

Hohmann, G, Robbins, MM, & Boesch, C.  2006.  Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.

Robbins, MM and Boesch, C.  2011.  Among African Apes:  Stories and photos from the field.  Berkeley:  University of California Press.

 


PROFESSIONAL SERVICES

Reviewer for the following journals and publishers:  Animal Behaviour, Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology, American Journal of Primatology, International Journal of Primatology, Animal Cognition, Behavioral Ecology, University of Chicago Press, Cambridge University Press.

Reviewer for the following granting agencies:  National Science Foundation, the Leakey Foundation, National Geographic Society.

Professional societies:  International Primate Society, German Primate Society

International Primate Society 2006 Conference, Scientific Committee Member

IUCN Section on Great Apes committee member

Evaluator for IUCN Red List Assessment of Gorilla beringei, 2008

Wildlife Conservation Society Fellow

Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Program Conservation Advisory Committee Member, 2009-2011.