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Study videos

  1. Warneken, F. & Tomasello, M. (2006). Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees. Science, 311, 1301-1303.
  2. Warneken, F., Chen, F., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Cooperative activities in young children and chimpanzees. Child Development, 77 (3), 640 – 663.
  3. Warneken, F., Hare, B., Melis, A.P., Hanus, D., & Tomasello, M. (2007). Spontaneous altruism by chimpanzees and young children. PLoS Biology, 5 (7), 1414 – 1420.

1. Warneken & Tomasello (2006) Science

helping study

Warneken, F. & Tomasello, M. (2006). Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees. Science, 311, 1301-1303.

1.1 CHILDREN STUDY

a. Clothespin Task
The adult accidentally drops a marker on the floor and unsuccessfully reaches for it.
click here

b. Cabinet Task
The adult wants to put magazines into a cabinet, but the doors are closed so that he bumps into it.
click here

c. Books Task
A book slips from a stack as the adult attempts to place it on top of the stack.
click here

d. Flap Task
A spoon drops through a hole and the adult unsuccessfully tries to grasp it through the small hole, ignorant of a flap on the side of the box.
click here

1.2 CHIMPANZEE STUDY

a. Lid Task (Alexandra)
The experimenter accidentally drops a lid on the floor and reaches for it.
click here

b. Sponge Task (Alexandra)
The experimenter uses a sponge to clean the table, but accidentally drops it on the floor and unsuccessfully reaches for it.
click here

c. Mould Task (Alexandra)
The experimenter is collecting objects, but some of them are out of her reach.
click here

d. Lid Task (Annet)
The experimenter accidentally drops a lid on the floor and reaches for it.
click here

2. Warneken, Chen, & Tomasello (2006) Child Development

coop

Warneken, F., Chen, F., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Cooperative activities in young children and chimpanzees. Child Development , 77 (3), 640 – 663.

The videoclips show examples of the cooperation tasks used with 18- and 24-month old children and human-raised chimpanzees. The rationale of these tasks was that they could not be performed successfully by one person acting alone. As denoted below, some clips show trials with interruption periods, during which the partner stopped his participation for 15 seconds in order to assess whether the subjects would request his cooperation.

2.1 CHILDREN

a. Tube with handles task (with interruption)
click here

b. Elevator task (under construction)

c. Double tube task (with interruption)
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d. Trampoline task
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2.2 CHIMPANZEES

a. Alexandra: Trapdoor task
click here

b. Annet: Trapdoor task (with interruption)
click here

3. Warneken, Hare, Melis, Hanus, & Tomasello (2007) PLoS Biology

Warneken, F., Hare, B., Melis, A.P., Hanus, D., & Tomasello, M. (2007). Spontaneous altruism by chimpanzees and young children. PLoS Biology, 5 (7), 1414 – 1420.

These videoclips show examples from three experiments with 18-month-old children and semi-free ranging chimpanzees. We found that both chimpanzees and human children helped altruistically, regardless of any expectation of reward (Experiment 1). They continued to help even when helping was made more effortful in that chimpanzees had to climb up into a raceway and children had to surmount an array of obstacles in order to help (Experiment 2). In the last experiment, chimpanzees helped other conspecifics: When one individual was unsuccessfully trying to open a door which was blocked by a chain, the other individual helped by releasing the chain.

3.1. Experiment 1.
Chimpanzee in condition Reaching/No Reward
click here

3.2. Experiment 1.
Child in condition Reaching/No Reward
click here

3.3. Experiment 2.
Chimpanzee in condition No Reaching.
click here

3.4. Experiment 2.
Child in condition Reaching.
click here

3.5. Experiment 3.
Chimpanzee helps in experimental condition.
click here

 

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