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Inga Bergmann

Doctoral Student

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Department of Human Evolution
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: 0049 (0) 341 3550 751
fax: 0049 (0) 341 3550 399
e-mail: inga_bergmann@[>>> Please remove the text! <<<]eva.mpg.de

Research Interests
Curriculum Vitae

Research Interests

I am a PhD student at the IMPRS Leipzig School of Human Origins in the Department of Human Evolution at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. My thesis concerns the morphological variability and evolution of the mandible in Homo sapiens and its ancestors. My methodological approach benefits from the technical possibilities of geometrics morphometrics and virtual anthropology.

The mandible is the hardest and most durable bone in our skeleton, predestining it to be a valuable research object in fossil sites. Its morphology indicates a high degree of sexual dimorphism, functionality and species affiliation. Thus, our mandible carries some important signals of human evolution in the form of size and shape features, defining us as Homo sapiens. But what exactly are those traits and when did they evolve? Which ones are unique to us and how many do we share with our ancestors Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis? Although there are general morphological trends in the evolution of the Homo lineage it has never been easy to define anatomical modernity, be it in regard of the mandible, the cranium or other skeletal parts. In my thesis I try to catch mandibular morphology in a temporal and geographical aspect, investigating Middle and Late Pleistocene specimens from all over the world. Three dimensional data, derived from CT-scans, will enable me to quantify mandibular shape variation and to determine how size affects shape. This has proved to be an adequate approach in order to disentangle the complex biological pattern that has rendered the phenotype of our mandible how it is today.

Curriculum Vitae


2014-present PhD student
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology,
Dep. Human Evolution
& IMPRS Leipzig School of Human Origins
2011-2013 M.Sc. Paleoanthropology,
University of Tübingen
2008-2011 B.A. Prehistoric Archaeology,
University of Jena

Fieldwork/ Professional Experience

2013 Excavation Ellwangen
(Germany, Medieval),
anthropological documentation
2012-2013 Research assistant
in project The Role of Culture in Early Expansion of Humans
Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
& University of Tübingen
2013 Excavation Sefunim
(Israel, Middle/ Upper Paleolithic),
University of Tübingen
2012 Excavation Schöningen
(Germany, Lower Paleolithic),
University of Tübingen
2012 Excavation Hohle Fels
(Germany, Middle/ Upper Paleolithic),
Univ. Tübingen
2011 Research Assistant
Museum for Prehistoric Archaeology
Neubrandenburg (GER),
2010 Research Assistant during relocation and inventory of the osteological collection of Kapellendorf (GER)
State Office for Culture and Preservation of Historical Monuments
in Thuringia & German Society for Biological Anthropology
2009-2010 Excavation Wetzlar-Dalheim C86
(Iron Age/ Roman Empire)
Universities of Jena and Marburg
2009 Excavation Würzburg
(Germany, Medieval)
Office for Excavation and Documentation Heyse, Bavaria

Conference presentations



10th International Meeting of the German Society of Biological Anthropology 2nd-6th September, Bolzano (Italy), podium presentation titled "Sexual dimorphism in human mandibular morphology - temporally biased?", nominated among the top three of 22 junior scientists


6th Annual Meeting of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution 14th-17th September, Madrid, podium presentation titled "Variability and Evolution of mandible morphology in Homo sapiens and its ancestors"



Bergmann, I., Reyes-Centeno, H., Wahl, J., & Harvati, K. (in preparation). The temporal gradient of sexual dimorphism in human mandibular morphology from the Neolithic until modern times.

Bergmann, I., Hublin, J.-J., Ben-Ncer, A., Sbihi-Alaoui, F. Z., Gunz, P., & Freidline, S. E. (2022). The relevance of late MSA mandibles on the emergence of modern morphology in Northern Africa. Scientific Reports, 12: 8841.
Open Access    DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Bergmann, I., Hublin, J.-J., Gunz, P., & Freidline, S. E. (2021). How did modern morphology evolve in the human mandible? The relationship between static adult allometry and mandibular variability in Homo sapiens. Journal of Human Evolution, 157: 103026.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Chen, F., Welker, F., Shen, C.-C., Bailey, S. E., Bergmann, I., Davis, S., Xia, H., Wang, H., Fischer, R., Freidline, S. E., Yu, T.-L., Skinner, M. M., Stelzer, S., Dong, G., Fu, Q., Dong, G., Wang, J., Zhang, D., & Hublin, J.-J. (2019). A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau. Nature, 569 (7756 ), 409-412.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Hublin, J.-J., Ben-Ncer, A., Bailey, S. E., Freidline, S. E., Neubauer, S., Skinner, M. M., Bergmann, I., Le Cabec, A., Benazzi, S., Harvati, K., & Gunz, P. (2017). New fossils from Jebel Irhoud (Morocco) and the Pan-African origin of Homo sapiens. Nature, 546(7657), 289-292.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Bergmann, I., Bock, C., Ebert, J., Enders, S., Müller, S., Otto, G., Pasda, C., Weiß, J., & Zeiß, D. (2012). Jung- und spätpaläolithische Freilandfundstellen im Tal der Weißen Elster (Mitteldeutschland). Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt, 42(4), 439-451.
BibTeX   Endnote   

Bergmann, I., Dahlmann, A., Pasda, C., & Weiß, J. (2011). Etzdorf "am Nassen Wald": Steinartefakte aus Thüringen und ihre Diskussion im Rahmen des späten Jungpaläolithikums. Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt, 41(3), 319-337.
BibTeX   Endnote   

Meeting Abstracts

Bergmann, I., Hublin, J.-J., Gunz, P., & Freidline, S. E. (2020). How did mandibular morphology evolve in H. sapiens? A geometric morphometrics approach to the role of allometry during the emergence of our species. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 171(S69), 25-25.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Bergmann, I., Freidline, S. E., Gunz, P., & Hublin, J.-J. (2017). Variability and evolution of mandible morphology among Homo sapiens and its ancestors in Europe, Africa and Western Asia. In Proceedings of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution (PESHE) (5, pp. 49).
Open Access    BibTeX   Endnote   


Freidline, S., Westaway, K., Joannes-Boyau, R., Duringer, P., Ponche, J.-L., Morley, M., Hernandez, V. P., McAllister-Hayward, M., McColl, H., Zanolli, C., Gunz, P., Bergmann, I., Sichanthongtip, P., Sihanam, D., Boualaphane, S., Luangkhoth, T., Souksavatdy, V., Dosseto, A., Boesch, Q., Patole-Edoumba, E., Aubaile, F., Crozier, F., Suzzoni, E., Frangeul, S., Bourgon, N., Zachwieja, A., Dunn, T., Bacon, A.-M., Hublin, J.-J., Shackelford, L., & Demeter, F. (2023). Early presence of Homo sapiens by 86-68 kyrs in Southeast Asia at Tam Pà Ling cave, Northern Laos. Research Square.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   


Bergmann, I. (2023). Variability and evolution of mandible morphology in Homo sapiens and its ancestors. PhD Thesis, Universität, Leipzig.
BibTeX   Endnote