03.08.2020 - 18:00
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Department of Human Evolution

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (341) 3550 - 350
fax: +49 (0341) 3550 - 399

e-mail: streiber@[>>> Please remove the brackets! <<<]eva.mpg.de

Marcel Weiß

Postdoctoral Researcher

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Department of Human Evolution
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: 0049 (0) 341 3550 379
fax: 0049 (0) 341 3550 399
e-mail: marcel_weiss@[>>> Please remove the brackets! <<<]eva.mpg.de

Research Interests

I am a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Human Evolution at the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. My research topics include the development, evaluation and application of statistical methods for stone artifact analysis, the analysis of Lower Paleolithic, Early Middle Paleolithic and late Middle Paleolithic assemblages of the European Plain, as well as the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in central Europe.

In my PhD thesis, I analyzed late Middle Paleolithic open-air assemblages from the northern and central European Plain. I incorporated stone artifact assemblages from Germany, Poland, and western Russia. The multivariate analysis of these flake assemblages together with a subsequent evaluation of the results based on the analysis of general assemblage characteristics led to the conclusion that these assemblages cannot readily be broken down into typo-technological entities defined in the past.

Furthermore, using a combination of 3D geometric morphometrics and attribute based multivariate analysis, I was able to show that the concept of late Middle Paleolithic bifacial backed knives - or Keilmesser - is not restricted to only bifacial tools. Instead, this tool concept is also applied to simple edge retouched and unifacially shaped tools.

The methods developed during my PhD will now be enhanced, refined, and applied to additional late Middle Paleolithic as well as Middle to Upper Paleolithic transitional assemblages.

In addition to lithic analysis, I work on two main field projects. Through fieldwork at the late Middle Paleolithic open-air site Lichtenberg, Lower Saxony, our team investigates how Neanderthals adapted to climatic shifts at the northern border of their habitat during the last glacial period. The fieldwork at the Middle to Upper transitional cave site Ilsenhöhle Ranis, Thuringia, investigates the chronology, climatic conditions, and the makers of the transitional stone artefact assemblages in central Europe. 

I am involved in the following research projects:

  • The Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in central Germany: New excavations at the transitional site Ilsenhöhle Ranis, Thuringia.
  • Neanderthals in northern central Europe: The field project of the late Middle Paleolithic site Lichtenberg, Lower Saxony.
  • Middle- and Upper Pleistocene landscape evolution and early human dispersal in central Germany – Chronological investigations on Saalian- and Elsterian sediment archives in the type region.