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Publications

In press

Colchero, F., Aburto, J., Archie, E., Boesch, C., Breuer, T., Campos, F., Collins, A., Conde, D., Cords, M., Crockford, C., Thompson, M. E., Fedigan, L., Fichtel, C., Groenenberg, M., Hobaiter, C., Kappeler, P., Lawler, R., Lewis, R., Machanda, Z., Manguette, M., Muller, M., Packer, C., Parnell, R., Perry, S., Pusey, A., Robbins, M. M., Seyfarth, R., Silk, J., Staerk, J., Stoinski, T., Stokes, E., Strier, K., Strum, S., Tung, J., Villavicencio, F., Wittig, R. M., Wrangham, R., Zuberbühler, K., Vaupel, J., & Alberts, S. (in press). The long lives of primates and the ‘invariant rate of ageing’ hypothesis. Nature Communications.

2021

Brakes, P., Carroll, E. L., Dall, S. R. X., Keith, S. A., McGregor, P. K., Mesnick, S. L., Noad, M. J., Rendell, L., Robbins, M. M., Rutz, C., Thornton, A., Whiten, A., Whiting, M. J., Aplin, L. M., Bearhop, S., Ciucci, P., Fishlock, V., Ford, J. K. B., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Simmonds, M. P., Spina, F., Wade, P. R., Whitehead, H., Williams, J., & Garland, E. C. (2021). A deepening understanding of animal culture suggests lessons for conservation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288: 20202718.
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Bueno de Mesquita, C. P., Nichols, L. M., Gebert, M. J., Vanderburgh, C., Bocksberger, G., Lester, J. D., Kalan, A. K., Dieguez, P., McCarthy, M., Agbor, A., Álvarez Varona, P., Ayimisin, A. E., Bessone, M., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Deschner, T., Egbe, V. E., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Grueter, C. C., Head, J. S., Hernandez-Aguilar, R. A., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Kadam, P., Kaiser, M., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Marrocoli, S., Morgan, D., Mugerwa, B., Mulindahabi, F., Neil, E., Niyigaba, P., Pacheco, L., Piel, A. K., Robbins, M. M., Rundus, A., Sanz, C. M., Sciaky, L., Sheil, D., Sommer, V., Stewart, F. A., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Vergnes, V., Wessling, E. G., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbühler, K., Gogarten, J. F., Heintz-Buschart, A., Muellner-Riehl, A. N., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., Fierer, N., Arandjelovic, M., & Dunn, R. R. (2021). Structure of Chimpanzee Gut Microbiomes across Tropical Africa. mSystems, 6(3): e01269-20.
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Fontsere, C., Alvarez‐Estape, M., Lester, J. D., Arandjelovic, M., Kuhlwilm, M., Dieguez, P., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Ayimisin, A. E., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Deschner, T., Eno‐Nku, M., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J. S., Kadam, P., Kalan, A. K., Kambi, M., Langergraber, K., Lapuente, J., Maretti, G., Ormsby, L. J., Piel, A., Robbins, M. M., Stewart, F., Vergnes, V., Wittig, R. M., Kühl, H. S., Marques‐Bonet, T., Hughes, D. A., & Lizano, E. (2021). Maximizing the acquisition of unique reads in noninvasive capture sequencing experiments. Molecular Ecology Resources, 21(3): 13300, pp. 745-761.
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Lester, J. D., Vigilant, L., Gratton, P., McCarthy, M. S., Barratt, C. D., Dieguez, P., Agbor, A., Álvarez-Varona, P., Angedakin, S., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Egbe, V. E., Eno-Nku, M., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J., Hedwig, D., Hernandez-Aguilar, R. A., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kaiser, M., Kalan, A. K., Kehoe, L., Kienast, I., Langergraber, K. E., Lapuente, J., Laudisoit, A., Lee, K., Marrocoli, S., Mihindou, V., Morgan, D., Muhanguzi, G., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Orbell, C., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Robbins, M. M., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sciaky, L., Siaka, A. M., Städele, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Vyalengerera, M. K., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbuehler, K., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., & Arandjelovic, M. (2021). Recent genetic connectivity and clinal variation in chimpanzees. Communications Biology, 4: 283.
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Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, A. M. (2021). Variability of weaning age in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 174(4): ajpa.24237, pp. 776-784.
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Robbins, A. M., Grueter, C. C., Abavandimwe, D., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2021). Dissecting the two mechanisms of scramble competition among the Virunga mountain gorillas. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 75(5): 82.
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Robbins, M. M. (2021). Assessing attitudes towards gorilla conservation via employee interviews. American Journal of Primatology, 83(4): e23191.
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Wertheim, J. O., Hostager, R., Ryu, D., Merkel, K., Angedakin, S., Arandjelovic, M., Ayimisin, A. E., Babweteera, F., Bessone, M., Brun-Jeffery, K. J., Dieguez, P., Eckardt, W., Fruth, B., Herbinger, I., Jones, S., Kuehl, H., Langergraber, K. E., Lee, K., Madinda, N. F., Metzger, S., Ormsby, L. J., Robbins, M. M., Sommer, V., Stoinski, T., Wessling, E. G., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2021). Discovery of novel herpes simplexviruses in wild gorillas, bonobos, and chimpanzees supports zoonotic origin of HSV-2. Molecular Biology and Evolution, msab072.
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Wright, E., Grawunder, S., Ndayishimiye, E., Galbany, J., McFarlin, S. C., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2021). Chest beats as an honest signal of body size in male mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Scientific Reports, 11: 6879.
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2020

Gillespie, T. R., Leendertz, F. H., The Great Ape Health Consortium, including authors, Deschner, T., Robbins, M. M., Wittig, R. M., & & others (2020). COVID-19: protect great apes during human pandemics. Nature, 579, 497-497.
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Gogarten, J. F., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Nunn, C. L., Ulrich, M., Saiepour, N., Nielsen, H. V., Deschner, T., Fichtel, C., Kappeler, P. M., Knauf, S., Müller-Klein, N., Ostner, J., Robbins, M. M., Sangmaneedet, S., Schülke, O., Surbeck, M., Wittig, R. M., Sliwa, A., Strube, C., Leendertz, F. H., Roos, C., & Noll, A. (2020). Metabarcoding of eukaryotic parasite communities describes diverse parasite assemblages spanning the primate phylogeny. Molecular Ecology, 20(1), 204-215.
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Gogarten, J. F., Rühlemann, M., Archie, E., Tung, J., Akoua-Koffi, C., Bang, C., Deschner, T., Muyembe-Tamfun, J.-J., Robbins, M. M., Schubert, G., Surbeck, M., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Baines, J. F., Franke, A., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2020). Primate phageomes are structured by superhost phylogeny and environment. bioRxiv.
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Granjon, A.-C., Robbins, M. M., Arinaitwe, J., Cranfield, M. R., Eckardt, W., Mburanumwe, I., Musana, A., Robbins, A. M., Roy, J., Sollmann, R., Vigilant, L., & Hickey, J. R. (2020). Estimating abundance and growth rates in a wild mountain gorilla population. Animal Conservation, 23(4), 455-465.
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Kalan, A. K., Kulik, L., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Haas, F., Dieguez, P., Barratt, C. D., Abwe, E. E., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Aubert, F., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Buh, V. E., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Curran, B., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dowd, D., Eno-Nku, M., Fay, M. J., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Llana, M., Marrocoli, S., Meier, A., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Normand, E., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Preece, J., Robbins, M. M., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Tennie, C., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Zuberbühler, K., & Kühl, H. S. (2020). Environmental variability supports chimpanzee behavioural diversity. Nature Communications, 11(1): 4451.
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Manguette, M., Breuer, T., Robeyst, J., Kandza, V. H., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Infant survival in western lowland gorillas after voluntary dispersal by pregnant females. Primates, 61, 743-749.
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Manguette, M., Robbins, A. M., Breuer, T., Stokes, E. J., Parnell, R. J., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Female dispersal patterns influenced by male tenure duration and group size in western lowland gorillas. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 74(7): 81.
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Ostrofsky, K. R., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Fruit-feeding and activity patterns of mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 173(1), 3-20.
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Seiler, N., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Ecological correlates of space use patterns in wild western lowland gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 82(9): e23168.
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Seiler, N., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Using long-term ranging patterns to assess within-group and between-group competition in wild mountain gorillas. BMC Ecology, 20: 40.
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Watson, S. K., Heesen, R., Hedwig, D., Robbins, M. M., & Townsend, S. W. (2020). An exploration of Menzerath's law in wild mountain gorilla vocal sequences. Biology Letters, 16(10): 20200380.
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Wright, E., Galbany, J., McFarlin, S. C., Ndayishimiye, E., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2020). Dominance rank but not body size influences female reproductive success in mountain gorillas. PLoS ONE, 15(6): e0233235.
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2019

Akayezu, P., van Duren, I. C., Groen, T. A., Grueter, C. C., & Robbins, M. M. (2019). Abundance and spatial distribution of the main food species for mountain gorillas in the Virunga Massif, Rwanda. Biodiversity and Conservation, 28(13), 3597-3620.
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Brakes, P., Dall, S. R. X., Aplin, L. M., Bearhop, S., Carroll, E. L., Ciucci, P., Fishlock, V., Ford, J. K. B., Garland, E. C., Keith, S. A., McGregor, P. K., Mesnick, S. L., Noad, M. J., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Robbins, M. M., Simmonds, M. P., Spina, F., Thornton, A., Wade, P. R., Whiting, M. J., Williams, J., Rendell, L., Whitehead, H., Whiten, A., & Rutz, C. (2019). Animal cultures matter for conservation. Science, 363(6431), 1032-1034.
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Kalan, A. K., Hohmann, G., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., McCarthy, M., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Bailey, E., Wilungula Balongelwa, C., Bessone, M., Bocksberger, G., Coxe, S. J., Deschner, T., Despres-Einspenner, M.-L., Dieguez, P., Fruth, B., Herbinger, I., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J. S., Kablan, Y. A., Langergraber, K. E., Lotana Lokasola, A., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Mbende, M., Moustgaard, J., N’Goran, P. K., Robbins, M. M., van Schijndel, J., Sommer, V., Surbeck, M., Tagg, N., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., & Kühl, H. S. (2019). Novelty response of wild African apes to camera traps. Current Biology, 29(7), 1211-1217.
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Manguette, M., Robbins, A. M., Breuer, T., Stokes, E. J., Parnell, R. J., & Robbins, M. M. (2019). Intersexual conflict influences female reproductive success in a female-dispersing primate. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 73(9): 118.
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Murthy, S., O’Brien, K., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Arandjelovic, M., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Bergl, R. A., Brazzola, G., Dieguez, P., Eno-Nku, M., Eshuis, H., Fruth, B., Gillespie, T. R., Yuh, Y. G., Gray, M., Herbinger, I., Jones, S., Kehoe, L., Kühl, H. S., Kujirakwinja, D., Lee, K., Madinda, N. F., Mitamba, G., Muhindo, E., Nishuli, R., Ormsby, L. J., Petrzelkova, K. J., Plumptre, A. J., Robbins, M. M., Sommer, V., Ter Heegde, M., Todd, A., Tokunda, R., Wessling, E. G., Jarvis, M. A., Leendertz, F. H., Ehlers, B., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2019). Cytomegalovirus distribution and evolution in hominines. Virus Evolution, 5(2): vez015.
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Robbins, M. M., Akantorana, M., Arinaitwe, J., Kabano, P., Kayijamahe, C., Gray, M., Guschanski, K., Richardson, J., Roy, J., Tindimwebwa, V., Vigilant, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2019). Dispersal and reproductive careers of male mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primates, 60(2), 133-142.
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van Casteren, A., Wright, E., Kupczik, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2019). Unexpected hard-object feeding in Western lowland gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 170(3), 433-438.
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Wright, E., Galbany, J., McFarlin, S. C., Ndayishimiye, E., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2019). Male body size, dominance rank and strategic use of aggression in a group-living mammal. Animal Behaviour, 151, 87-102.
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2018

Grüter, C. C., Robbins, A. M., Abavandimwe, D., Vecellio, V., Ndagijimana, F., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2018). Quadratic relationships between group size and foraging efficiency in a herbivorous primate. Scientific Reports, 8: 16718.
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Habumuremyi, S., Deschner, T., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2018). Male-female interactions in multimale groups of mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 80(11): e22910.
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Neufuss, J., Robbins, M. M., Bäumer, J., Humle, T., & Kivell, T. L. (2018). Manual skills for food processing by mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 127(3), 543-562.
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Robbins, M. M. (2018). Being a Good Guest - A Guide for Tourists Visiting Gorillas. Gorilla Journal, 56, 11-14.
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Seiler, N., Boesch, C., Stephens, C. R., Ortmann, S., Mundry, R., & Robbins, M. M. (2018). Social and ecological correlates of space use patterns in Bwindi mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 80(4): e22754.
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Thompson, N. E., Ostrofsky, K. R., McFarlin, S. C., Robbins, M. M., Stoinski, T. S., & Almécija, S. (2018). Unexpected terrestrial hand posture diversity in wild mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 166(1), 84-94.
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2017

Hoffmann, C., Zimmermann, F., Biek, R., Kuehl, H., Nowak, K., Mundry, R., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Arandjelovic, M., Blankenburg, A., Brazolla, G., Corogenes, K., Couacy-Hymann, E., Deschner, T., Dieguez, P., Dierks, K., Düx, A., Dupke, S., Eshuis, H., Formenty, P., Ginath Yuh, Y., Goedmakers, A., Gogarten, J. F., Granjon, A.-C., McGraw, S., Grunow, R., Hart, J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kiang, J., Langergraber, K., Lapuente, J., Lee, K., Leendertz, S. A., Léguillon, F., Leinert, V., Löhrich, T., Marrocoli, S., Mätz-Rensing, K., Meier, A., Merkel, K., Metzger, S., Murai, M., Niedorf, S., De Nys, H. M., Sachse, A., van Schijndel, J., Thiesen, U., Ton, E., Wu, D., Wieler, L. H., Boesch, C., Klee, S. R., Wittig, R. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2017). Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest. Nature, 548(7665), 82-86.
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Leeds, A., Lukas, K. E., Kendall, C. J., Slavin, M. A., Ross, E. A., Robbins, M. M., van Weeghel, D., & Bergl, R. A. (2017). Evaluating the effect of a year-long film focused environmental education program on Ugandan student knowledge of and attitudes toward great apes. American Journal of Primatology, 79(8): e22673.
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Neufuss, J., Robbins, M. M., Baeumer, J., Humle, T., & Kivell, T. L. (2017). Comparison of hand use and forelimb posture during vertical climbing in mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 164(4), 651-664.
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Seiler, N., Boesch, C., Mundry, R., Stephens, C. R., & Robbins, M. M. (2017). Space partitioning in wild, non-territorial mountain gorillas: The impact of food and neighbours. Royal Society Open Science, 4(11), 1-13.
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2016

Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2016). Sexual coercion and courtship by male western gorillas. Primates, 57(1), 29-38.
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Grueter, C. C., Robbins, A. M., Abavandimwe, D., Vecellio, V., Ndagijimana, F., Ortmann, S., Stoinski, T. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2016). Causes, mechanisms, and consequences of contest competition among female mountain gorillas in Rwanda. Behavioral Ecology, 27(3), 766-776.
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Grueter, C. C., Robbins, M. M., Abavandimwe, D., Ortmann, S., Mudakikwa, A., Ndagijimana, F., Vecellio, V., & Stoinski, T. S. (2016). Elevated activity in adult mountain gorillas is related to consumption of bamboo shoots. Journal of Mammalogy, 97(6), 1663-1670.
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Habumuremyi, S. (2016). Behavioral endocrinology of female mountain gorillas. PhD Thesis, Universität, Leipzig.
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Habumuremyi, S., Stephens, C. R., Fawcett, K. A., Deschner, T., & Robbins, M. M. (2016). Endocrine assessment of ovarian cycle activity in wild female mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Physiology & Behavior, 157, 185-195.
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Ham, S., Hedwig, D., Lappan, S., & Choe, J. C. (2016). Song functions in nonduetting gibbons: Evidence from playback experiments on Javan gibbons (Hylobates moloch). International Journal of Primatology, 37(2), 225-240.
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Imong, I. S., Kühl, H. S., Robbins, M. M., & Mundry, R. (2016). Evaluating the potential effectiveness of alternative management scenarios in ape habitat. Environmental Conservation, 43(2), 161-171.
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Janmaat, K., Boesch, C., Byrne, R., Chapman, C., Goné Bi, Z. B., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Wrangham, R., & Polansky, L. (2016). The spatio-temporal complexity of chimpanzee food: How cognitive adaptations can counteract the ephemeral nature of ripe fruit. American Journal of Primatology, 78(6), 626-645.
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Madinda, N. F., Ehlers, B., Wertheim, J. O., Akoua-Koffi, C., Bergl, R. A., Boesch, C., Akonkwa, D. B. M., Eckardt, W., Fruth, B., Gillespie, T. R., Gray, M., Hohmann, G., Karhemere, S., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Muyembe, J.-J., Nishuli, R., Pauly, M., Petrzelkova, K. J., Robbins, M. M., Todd, A., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T. S., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Peeters, M., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2016). Assessing host-virus codivergence for close relatives of merkel cell polyomavirus infecting african great apes. Journal of Virology, 90(19), 8531-8541.
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Oelze, V. M., Fahy, G. E., Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., Leinert, V., Lee, K., Eshuis, H., Seiler, N., Wessling, E. G., Head, J. S., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2016). Comparative isotope ecology of African great apes. Journal of Human Evolution, 101, 1-16.
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Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Breuer, T., Manguette, M., Stokes, E. J., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2016). Mothers may shape the variations in social organization among gorillas. Royal Society Open Science, 3: 160533.
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Robbins, M. M. (2016). Habituierung in Loango = Gorilla habituation for research and tourism in Loango National Park. Gorilla-Journal: Zeitschrift der Berggorilla- & Regenwald-Direkthilfe, 9-9.
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Robbins, M. M., Ando, C., Fawcatt, K. A., Grüter, C. C., Hedwig, D., Iwata, Y., Lodwick, J. L., Masi, S., Salmi, R., Stoinski, T. S., Todd, A., Vercellio, V., & Yamagiwa, J. (2016). Behavioral variation in gorillas: Evidence of potential cultural traits. PLoS One, 11(9): e0160483.
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Seiler, N., & Robbins, M. M. (2016). Factors influencing ranging on community land and crop raiding by mountain gorillas. Animal Conservation, 19(2), 176-188.
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2015

Ancrenaz, M., Cheyne, S., Humle, T., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). Impacts of industrial agriculture on ape ecology. In H. Rainer, A. White, & Arcus Foundation (Eds.), The state of the apes: Industrial agriculture and ape conservation. Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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D’arc, M., Ayouba, A., Esteban, A., Learn, G. H., Boué, V., Liegeois, F., Etienne, L., Tagg, N., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Madinda, N. F., Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Cournil, A., Ooms, M., Letko, M., Simon, V. A., Sharp, P. M., Hahn, B. H., Delaporte, E., Ngole, E. M., & Peeters, M. (2015). Origin of the HIV-1 group O epidemic in western lowland gorillas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(11), E1343-E1352.
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De Nys, H. M., Madinda, N. F., Merkel, K., Robbins, M. M., Boesch, C., Leendertz, F. H., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). A cautionary note on fecal sampling and molecular epidemiology in predatory wild great apes. American Journal of Primatology, 77(8), 833-840.
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Hans, J., Haubner, A., Arandjelovic, M., Bergl, R. A., Fünfstück, T., Gray, M., Morgan, D. B., Robbins, M. M., Sanz, C., & Vigilant, L. (2015). Characterization of MHC class II B polymorphism in multiple populations of wild gorillas using non-invasive samples and next-generation sequencing. American Journal of Primatology, 77(11), 1193-1206.
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Hedwig, D., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Audience effects, but not environmental influences, explain variation in gorilla close distance vocalizations. A test of the acoustic adaptation hypothesis. American Journal of Primatology, 77(12), 1239-1252.
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Hedwig, D., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2015). Contextual correlates of syntactic variation in mountain and western gorilla close-distance vocalizations: Indications for lexical or phonological syntax? Animal Cognition, 18(2), 423-435.
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Hoppe, E., Pauly, M., Gillespie, T. R., Akoua-Koffi, C., Hohmann, G., Fruth, B., Karhemere, S., Madinda, N. F., Mugisha, L., Muyembe, J.-J., Todd, A., Petrzelkova, K. J., Gray, M., Robbins, M. M., Bergl, R. A., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbühler, K., Boesch, C., Schubert, G., Leendertz, F. H., Ehlers, B., & Calvignac-Spencer, S. (2015). Multiple cross-species transmission events of human adenoviruses (HAdV) during hominine evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(8), 2072-2084.
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Hoppe​, E., Pauly​, M., Robbins, M. M., Gray​, M., Kujirakwinja​, D., Nishuli​, R., Mungu-Akonkwa​, D.-d.-B., Leendertz​, F. H., & Ehlers​, B. (2015). Phylogenomic evidence for recombination of adenoviruses in wild gorillas. Journal of General Virology, 96, 3090-3098.
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Imong, I. S. (2015). Spatial ecology and conservation of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). PhD Thesis, Univ., Leipzig.
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Imong, I. S. (2015). Spatial ecology and conservation of the Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). PhD Thesis, Universität, Leipzig.
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Masi, S., Mundry, R., Ortmann, S., Cipolletta, C., Boitani, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). The influence of seasonal frugivory on nutrient and energy intake in wild western gorillas. PLoS One, 10(7): e0129254.
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Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). Dispersal patterns of females in the genus Gorilla. In T. Furuichi, J. Yamagiwa, & F. Aureli (Eds.), Dispersing primate females: Life history and social strategies in male-philopatric species (pp. 75-104). Tokyo: Springer.
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Robbins, M. M. (2015). Gorillas. In P. Whelehan, & A. Bolin (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality (pp. 484-486). Chichester: Wiley.
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van Andel, A. C., Wich, S. A., Boesch, C., Koh, L. P., Robbins, M. M., Kelly, J., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Locating chimpanzee nests and identifying fruiting trees with an unmanned aerial vehicle. American Journal of Primatology, 77(10), 1122-1134.
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Vigilant, L., Roy, J., Bradley, B. J., Stoneking, C. J., Robbins, M. M., & Stoinski, T. S. (2015). Reproductive competition and inbreeding avoidance in a primate species with habitual female dispersal. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 69(7), 1163-1172.
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Wright, E. (2015). Feeding ecology of mountain gorillas: Impact of dominance rank food resources and seasonality. PhD Thesis, Univ., Leipzig.
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Wright, E., Grueter, C. C., Seiler, N., Abavandimwe, D., Stoinski, T. S., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). Energetic responses to variation in food availability in the two mountain gorilla populations (Gorilla beringei beringei). American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 158(3), 487-500.
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Wright, E., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2015). Feeding competition in female Bwindi mountain gorillas. Gorilla Journal, 51, 13-14. Retrieved from http://www.berggorilla.org/en/journal/issues/journal-no-51/.
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2014

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Genetic inference of group dynamics and female kin structure in a western lowland gorilla population (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Primate Biology, 1(1), 29-38.
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Grüter, C. C., Deschner, T., Behringer, V., Fawcett, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Socioecological correlates of energy balance using urinary C-peptide measurements in wild female mountain gorillas. Physiology & Behavior, 127, 13-19.
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Habumuremyi, S., Robbins, M. M., Fawcett, K. A., & Deschner, T. (2014). Monitoring ovarian cycle activity via progestagens in urine and feces of female mountain gorillas: A comparison of EIA and LC-MS measurements. American Journal of Primatology, 76(2), 180-191.
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Hedwig, D., Hammerschmidt, K., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2014). Acoustic structure and variation in mountain and western gorilla close calls: a syntactic approach. Behaviour, 151(8), 1091-1120.
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Imong, I. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Bergl, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2014). Distinguishing ecological constraints from human activity in species range fragmentation: The case of Cross River gorillas. Animal Conservation, 17(4), 323-331.
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Imong, I. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Bergl, R., & Kühl, H. S. (2014). Informing conservation management about structural versus functional connectivity: A case-study of Cross River gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 76(10), 978-988.
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Oelze, V. M., Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Richards, M. P., & Boesch, C. (2014). Niche differentiation and dietary seasonality among sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park (Gabon) revealed by stable isotope analysis. Journal of Human Evolution, 66(1), 95-106.
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Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Variance in the reproductive success of dominant male mountain gorillas. Primates, 55(4), 489-499.
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Robbins, M. M. (2014). Gorillas across time and space. In K. B. Strier (Ed.), Primate Ethnographies (pp. 163-174). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
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Roy, J., Arandjelovic, M., Bradley, B. J., Guschanski, K., Stephens, C. R., Bucknell, D., Cirhuza, H., Kusamba, C., Kyungu, J. C., Smith, V., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Recent divergences and size decreases of eastern gorilla populations. Biology Letters, 10(11): 20140811.
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Roy, J., Gray, M., Stoinski, T., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2014). Fine-scale genetic structure analyses suggest further male than female dispersal in mountain gorillas. BMC Ecology, 14: 21.
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Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Gray, M., Wright, E., Kato, R., Kabano, P., Basabose, A., Tibenda, E., Kühl, H. S., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Challenges in the use of genetic mark-recapture to estimate the population size of Bwindi mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Biological Conservation, 180, 249-261.
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Wright, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Proximate mechanisms of contest competition among female Bwindi mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(11), 1785-1797.
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Wright, E., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2014). Dominance rank differences in the energy intake and expenditure of female Bwindi mountain gorillas. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(6), 957-970.
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2013

Gray, M., Roy, J., Vigilant, L., Fawcett, K., Basabose, A., Cranfield, M., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Genetic census reveals increased but uneven growth of a critically endangered mountain gorilla population. Biological Conversation, 158, 230-238.
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Grueter, C., Ndamiyabo, F., Plumtre, A. J., Abavandimwe, D., Mundry, R., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Long-term temporal and spatial dynamics of food availability for endangered mountain gorillas in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. American Journal of Primatology, 75(3), 267-280.
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Grüter, C. C., Robbins, M. M., Ndagijimana, F., & Stoinski, T. S. (2013). Possible tool use in a mountain gorilla. Behavioural Processes, 100, 160-162.
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Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Rabanal, L. I., Makaga, L., & Kühl, H. S. (2013). Effective sociodemographic population assessment of elusive species in ecology and conservation management. Ecology and Evolution, 3(9), 2903-2916.
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Polansky, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Generalized additive mixed models for disentangling long-term trends, local anomalies, and seasonality in fruit tree phenology. Ecology and Evolution, 3(9), 3141-3151.
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Robbins, A. M., Gray, M., Basabose, A., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2013). Impact of male infanticide on the social structure of mountain gorillas. PLoS One, 8(11): e78256.
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Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2013). Menschenaffen: Begegnung mit unseren nächsten Verwandten. Stuttgart: Hirzel.
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Scuda, N., Madinda, N. F., Akoua-Koffi, C., Adjogoua, E. V., Wevers, D., Hofmann, J., Cameron, K. N., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Robbins, M., Boesch, C., Jarvis, M. A., Moens, U., Mugisha, L., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2013). Novel polyomaviruses of nonhuman primates: Genetic and serological predictors for the existence of multiple unknown polyomaviruses within the human population. PLoS Pathogens, 9(6): e1003429.
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2012

Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., & Robbins, M. M. (2012). Phenotypic correlates of male reproductive success in western gorillas. Journal of Human Evolution, 62(4), 466-472.
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Head, J. S., Robbins, M. M., Mundry, R., Makaga, L., & Boesch, C. (2012). Remote video-camera traps measure habitat use and competitive exclusion among sympatric chimpanzee, gorilla and elephant in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 28(6), 571-583.
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Langergraber, K., Pruefer, K., Rowney, C., Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Fawcett, K., Inoue, E., Inoue-Muruyama, M., Mitani, J. C., Muller, M. N., Robbins, M. M., Schubert, G., Stoinski, T. S., Viola, B., Watts, D., Wittig, R., Wrangham, R. W., Zuberbühler, K., Pääbo, S., & Vigilant, L. (2012). Generation times in wild chimpanzees and gorillas suggest earlier divergence times in great ape and human evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(39), 15716-15721.
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Vallo, P., Petrželková, K. J., Profousová, I., Petrášová, J., Pomajbíková, K., Leendertz, F., Hashimoto, C., Simmons, N., Babweteera, F., Machanda, Z., Piel, A., Robbins, A. M., Boesch, C., Sanz, C., Morgan, D., Sommer, V., Furuichi, T., Fujita, S., Matsuzawa, T., Kaur, T., Huffman, M. A., & Modrý, D. (2012). Molecular diversity of entodiniomorphid ciliate Troglodytella abrassarti and its coevolution with chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 148(4), 525-533.
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2011

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Rabanal, L. I., Schubert, G., Mettke, E., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2011). Non-Invasive genetic monitoring of wild central chimpanzees. PLoS ONE, 6(3): e14761.
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Head, J. S., Boesch, C., Makaga, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2011). Sympatric chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) and gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in Loango National Park, Gabon: Dietary composition, seasonality, and intersite comparisons. International Journal of Primatology, 32(3), 755-775.
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Kasangaki, A., Bitariho, R., Shaw, P., Robbins, M. M., & McNeilage, A. (2011). Long-term ecological and socio-economic changes in and around Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South-Western Uganda. In A. J. Plumptre (Ed.), The Ecological Impact of Long-Term Changes in Africa's Rift Valley. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publ.
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Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T., Fawcett, K., & Robbins, M. M. (2011). Lifetime reproductive success of female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146(4), 582-593.
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Robbins, M. M. (2011). Among silverbacks. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 143-154). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Robbins, M. M. (2011). Discovering apes. In M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 17-29). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Robbins, M. M. (2011). Introduction: who, what, where, and why. In M. M. Robbins (Ed.), Among African apes: stories and photos from the field (pp. 1-16). Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
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Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2011). Among African apes: Stories and photos from the field. Berkeley: Univ. of California Pr.
BibTeX   Endnote   

Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Fawcett, K. A., Nutter, F. B., Uwingeli, P., Mburanumwe, I., Kagoda, E., Basabose, A., Stoinski, T. S., Cranfield, M. R., Byamukama, J., Spelman, L. H., & Robbins, A. M. (2011). Extreme conservation leads to recovery of the Virunga Mountain gorillas. PLoS One, 6(6): e19788.
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Wevers, D., Metzger, S., Babweteera, F., Bieberbach, M., Boesch, C., Cameron, K., Couacy-Hymann, E., Cranfield, M., Gray, M., Harris, L. A., Head, J., Jeffery, K., Knauf, S., Lankester, F., Leendertz, S. A. J., Lonsdorf, E., Mugisha, L., Nitsche, A., Reed, P., Robbins, M., Travis, D. A., Zommers, Z., Leendertz, F. H., & Ehlers, B. (2011). Novel adenoviruses in wild primates: A high level of genetic diversity and evidence of zoonotic transmissions. Journal of Virology, 85(20), 10774-10784.
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2010

Arandjelovic, M., Head, J., Kuehl, H., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Maisels, F., & Vigilant, L. (2010). Effective non-invasive genetic monitoring of multiple wild western gorilla groups. Biological Conservation, 143(7), 1780-1791.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

Breuer, T., Robbins, A. M., Olejniczak, C., Parnell, R. J., Stokes, E. J., & Robbins, M. M. (2010). Variance in the male reproductive success of western gorillas: Acquiring females is just the beginning. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(4), 515-528.
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Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K., Robbins, M. M., Ssebide, B., Mbula, D., & Uwingeli, P. (2010). Censusing the mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes: Complete sweep method versus monitoring. African Journal of Ecology, 48(3), 588-599.
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Néel, C., Etienne, L., Li, Y., Takehisa, J., Rudicell, R. S., Ndong, I., Moudindo, J., Mebenga, A., Esteban, A., Van Heuverswyn, F., Liegeois, F., Kranzusch, P. J., Walsh, P. D., Sanz, C. M., Morgan, D., Ndjango, J.-B.-N., Plantier, J.-C., Locatelli, S., Gonder, M. K., Leendertz, F. H., Boesch, C., Todd, A. F., Delaporte, E., Mpoudi-Ngole, E., Hahn, B. H., & Peeters, M. (2010). Molecular epidemiology of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in wild-living gorillas. Journal of Virology, 84(3), 1464-1476.
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Rabanal, L. I., Kuehl, H., Mundry, R., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2010). Oil prospecting and its impact on large rainforest mammals in Loango National Park, Gabon. Biological Conservation, 143(4), 1017-1024.
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Robbins, M. M. (2010). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell, Agustín Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Melissa Panger, and Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in Perspective 2nd ed. (pp. 326-339). New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Robbins, M. M. (2010). Long-term field studies of primates: Considering the past, present, and future. Evolutionary Anthropology, 19(3), 87-88.
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Wevers, D., Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Boesch, C., Robbins, M. M., Head, J., Ludwig, C., Kühn, J., & Ehlers, B. (2010). A novel adenovirus of Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Virology Journal, 7(303): 7:303, pp. 1-8.
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2009

Boesch, C., Head, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution, 56(6), 560-569.
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Ganas, J., Nkurunungi, J. B., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). A preliminary study of the temporal and spatial biomass patterns of herbaceous vegetation consumed by mountain gorillas in an afromontane rain forest. Biotropica, 41(1), 37-46.
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Ganas, J., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Food choices of the mountain gorilla in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: The influence of nutrients, phenolics and availability. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25(2), 123-134.
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Guschanski, K., Vigilant, L., McNeilage, A., Gray, M., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Counting elusive animals: Comparing field and genetic census of the entire mountain gorilla population of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Biological Conservation, 142(2), 290-300.
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Masi, S., Cipolletta, C., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) change their activity patterns in response to frugivory. American Journal of Primatology, 71(2), 91-100.
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Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Does dispersal cause reproductive delays in female mountain gorillas? Behaviour, 146(4-5), 525-549.
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Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Leave or conceive: Natal dispersal and philopatry of female mountain gorillas in the Virunga volcano region. Animal Behaviour, 77(4), 831-838.
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Robbins, A. M., Stoinski, T. S., Fawcett, K. A., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). Socioecological influences on the dispersal of female mountain gorillas—evidence of a second folivore paradox. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63(4), 477-489.
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Robbins, M. M. (2009). Male aggression towards females in mountain gorillas: Courtship or coercion? In Martin N. Muller and Richard W. Wrangham (Ed.), Sexual coercion in primates and humans: an evolutionary perspective on male aggression against females (pp. 112-127). Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.
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Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Kagoda, E., & Robbins, A. M. (2009). Population dynamics of the Bwindi mountain gorillas. Biological Conservation, 142(12), 2886-2895.
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Sawyer, S. C., & Robbins, M. M. (2009). A novel food processing technique by a wild mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei). Folia Primatologica, 80(2), 83-88.
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2008

Ganas, J., Ortmann, S., & Robbins, M. M. (2008). Food preferences of wild mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 70(10), 927-938.
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Guschanski, K., Caillaud, D., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Females shape the genetic structure of a gorilla population. Current Biology, 18(22), 1809-1814.
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Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2008). Patterns of paternity and group fission in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 135(3), 263-274.
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Robbins, M. M. (2008). Feeding competition and agonistic relationships among Bwindi gorilla beringei. International Journal of Primatology, 29(4), 999-1018.
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2007

Boesch, C., Head, J., Tagg, N., Arandjelovic, M., Vigilant, L., & Robbins, M. M. (2007). Fatal chimpanzee attack in Loango National Park, Gabon. International Journal of Primatology, 28(5), 1025-1034.
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Breuer, T., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (2007). Using photogrammetry and color scoring to assess sexual dimorphism in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Physical Anthroplogy, 134(3), 369-382.
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Cipolletta, C., Spagnoletti, N., Todd, A. F., Robbins, M. M., Cohen, H., & Pacyna, S. (2007). Termite feeding by gorilla gorilla gorilla at Bai Hokou, Central African Republic. International Journal of Primatology, 28(2), 457-476.
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McNeilage, A., & Robbins, M. M. (2007). Primatology comes to Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 45(1), 1-3.
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Robbins, A. M., Robbins, M. M., & Fawcett, K. A. (2007). Maternal investment of the Virunga mountain gorillas. Ethology, 113(3), 235-245.
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Robbins, M. M. (2007). Book Review: Seasonality in Primates: Studies of Living and Extinct Human and Non-human Primates/ ed. by K. Diane, Brockman and Carel P. van Schaik. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2005). - 604 S., ISBN 0-52-182069-3. Journal of Human Evolution, 53(2), 224-225.
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Robbins, M. M. (2007). Gorillas: Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell, Agustín Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Melissa Panger, and Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in Perspective (pp. 305-321). New York: Oxford University Press.
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Robbins, M. M., & Sawyer, S. C. (2007). Intergroup encounters in mountain gorillas of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Behaviour, 144(12), 1497-1519.
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Robbins, M. M., Robbins, A. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2007). Socioecological influences on the reproductive success of female mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61(6), 919-931.
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2006

Gray, M., McNeilage, A., Fawcett, K. A., Robbins, M. M., Ssebide, B., Mbula, D., & Uwingeli, P. (2006). Virunga Volcano Range mountain gorilla census: Joint organisers' report.?: UWA/ORTPN/ICCN.
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Grimm, V., Berger, U., Bastiansen, F., Eliassen, S., Ginot, V., Giske, J., Goss-Custard, J., Grand, T., Heinz, S. K., Use, G., Huth, A., Jepsen, J. U., Jørgensen, C., Mooij, W. M., Mueller, B., Peer, G., Piou, C., Railsback, S. F., Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2006). A standard protocol for describing individual-based and agent-based models. Ecological Modelling, 198(1-2), 115-126.
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Hohmann, G., Robbins, M. M., & Boesch, C. (Eds.). (2006). Feeding ecology in apes and other primates. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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McNeilage, A., Robbins, M. M., Gray, M., Olupot, W., Babaasa, D., Bitariho, R., Kasangaki, A., Rainer, H., Asuma, S., Mugiri, G., & Baker, J. (2006). Census of the mountain gorilla Gorilla beringei beringei population in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Oryx, 40(4), 419-427.
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Robbins, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2006). Age-related patterns of reproductive success among female mountain gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 131(4), 511-521.
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Robbins, M. M. (2006). Diversity in ecology and behavior. In Christina J. Campbell; Augustin Fuentes; Katherine C. MacKinnon; Melissa Panger; Simon K. Bearder (Ed.), Primates in perspective (pp. 305-321). Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
BibTeX   Endnote   

Robbins, M. M., & Hohmann, G. (2006). Primate feeding ecology: An integrative approach. In G. Hohmann, M. M. Robbins, & C. Boesch (Eds.), Feeding Ecology in Apes and other Primates (pp. 1-13). Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Robbins, M. M., Nkurunungi, J. B., & McNeilage, A. (2006). Variability of the feeding ecology of Eastern gorillas. In Hohmann, Gottfried; Robbins, Martha; Boesch, Christophe (Ed.), Feeding Ecology of Apes and other Primates (pp. 25-47). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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2005

Bradley, B. J., Robbins, M. M., Williamson, E. A., Steklis, H. D., Gerald-Steklis, N., Eckhardt, N., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2005). Mountain gorilla tug-of-war: Silverbacks have limited control over reproduction in multimale groups. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(26), 9418-9423.
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Ferriss, S., Robbins, M. M., & Williamson, E. (2005). Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). In J. Caldecott (Ed.), The World Atlas of Great Apes and their Conservation (pp. 129-152). Berkeley [u.a.]: Univ. of California Pr.
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Ganas, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2005). Ranging behavior of the mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda: A test of the ecological constraints model. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(3), 277-288.
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Robbins, A. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2005). Fitness consequences of dispersal decisions for male mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 58(3), 295-309.
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Robbins, M. M., Robbins, A. M., Gerald-Steklis, N., & Steklis, H. D. (2005). Long-term dominance relationships in female mountain gorillas: Strength, stability and determinants of rank. Behaviour, 142, 779-809.
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2004

Ganas, J., & Robbins, M. M. (2004). Intrapopulation differences in ant eating in the mountain gorillas of Bwindi impenetrable National Park, Uganda. Primates, 45, 275-278.
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Ganas, J., Robbins, M. M., Nkurunungi, J. B., Kaplin, B. A., & McNeilage, A. (2004). Dietary variability of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 25(5), 1043-1072.
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Lukas, D., Bradley, B. J., Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Major histocompatibility complex and microsatellite variation in two populations of wild gorillas. Molecular Ecology, 13(11), 3389-3402.
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Nkurunungi, J. B., Ganas, J., Robbins, M. M., & Stanford, C. B. (2004). A comparison of two mountain gorilla habitats in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology, 42, 289-297.
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Nsubuga, A. M., Robbins, M. M., Roeder, A. D., Morin, P. A., Boesch, C., & Vigilant, L. (2004). Factors affecting the amount of genomic DNA extracted from ape faeces and the identification of an improved sample storage method. Molecular Ecology, 13(7), 2089-2094.
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Robbins, M. M., & Robbins, A. M. (2004). Simulation of the population dynamics and social structure of the Virunga Mountain gorillas. American Journal of Primatology, 63(4), 201-223.
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Robbins, M. M., Bermejo, M., Cipolletta, C., Magliocca, F., Parnell, R. J., & Stokes, E. J. (2004). Social structure and life-history patterns in western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). American Journal of Primatology, 64, 145-159.
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2003

Kalpers, J., Williamson, E. A., Robbins, M. M., McNeilage, A., Nzamurambaho, A., Lola, N., & Mugiri, G. (2003). Gorillas in the crossfire: Population dynamics of the Virunga mountain gorillas over the past three decades. Oryx, 37(3), 326-337.
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Robbins, M. M. (2003). Behavioral aspects of sexual selection in mountain gorillas. In Jones, Clara L. (Ed.), Sexual Selection & Reproductive Competition in Primates: New Perspectives and Directions (pp. 477-501). Norman, OK: American Society of Primatologists.
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Robbins, M. M., & McNeilage, A. (2003). Home range and frugivory patterns of mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. International Journal of Primatology, 24(3), 467-491.
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2001

Czekala, N. M., & Robbins, M. M. (2001). Assessment of reproduction and stress through hormone analysis in gorillas. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 317-339). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Robbins, M. M. (2001). Variation in the social system of mountain gorillas: The male perspective. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 29-58). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., & Stewart, K. J. (Eds.). (2001). Mountain gorillas: Three decades of research at Karisoke. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.
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Robbins, M. M., Sicotte, P., & Stewart, K. J. (2001). Mountain gorillas of the Virungas: A short history. In M. M. Robbins; P. Sicotte; K. J. Stewart (Ed.), Mountain Gorillas: Three Decades of Research at Karisoke (pp. 1-26). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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1999

Robbins, M. M. (1999). Male mating patterns in wild multimale mountain gorilla groups. Animal Behaviour, 57(5), 1013-1020.
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1998

Field, D., Chemnick, L., Robbins, M. M., Garner, K., & Ryder, O. A. (1998). Paternity determination in captive lowland gorillas and orangutans and wild mountain gorillas by microsatellite analysis. Primates, 39(2), 199-209.
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