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Contact

Department of Primatology

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

phone: +49 (0)341 3550 - 200
fax: +49 (0)341 3550 - 299


Ammie Kalan

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Department of Primatology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig, Germany

phone: +49 341 3550 205
e-mail: ammie_kalan@[>>> Please remove the brackets! <<<]eva.mpg.de

Research Interests
Curriculum Vitae
Publications
Links

Research Interests

My primary research interest lies in animal communication and signalling behaviour. I am currently a postdoctoral researcher, investigating chimpanzee communicative behaviour within a cultural framework to contribute to our understanding of the behavioural flexibility of these animals. This work is conducted as part of the Pan African Programme: The Cultured Chimpanzee. My doctoral thesis investigated wild chimpanzee acoustic communication, where I also helped to develop a novel method for using vocalizations and auditory signals as a monitoring tool for primates living in a tropical rainforest. I continue to be interested in bridging the gap between behavioural research and applied conservation and hope to continue working on non-invasive monitoring methods.

Curriculum Vitae

Education

2009-2015

PhD Biology 

International Leipzig School of Human Origins
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology & University of Leipzig

Dissertation: “The socio-ecological context of chimpanzee acoustic communication and its potential for biomonitoring”. Supervised by Prof. Boesch and Dr. Kühl.

2007-2008

MSc. Primate Conservation
Oxford Brookes University, Oxford UK

Distinction for thesis titled “Feeding and nesting ecology of the western lowland gorilla in the Lac Télé Community Reserve, Republic of Congo”

2002-2006

BSc . Animal Biology

University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada

Work and Field Experience

2008

Lac Télé Community Reserve, Republic of Congo

Principal Investigator - Conducted field work for my MSc dissertation which included vegetation sampling, wild gorilla tracking, analyzing gorilla fecal samples, and recording direct and indirect feeding observations.

2006

Proyecto Carey, Drake Bay, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica

Field Research Assistant - Collected behavioural, demographic and botanical data for a project investigating the role of frugivores in rainforest regeneration.

2004-2007

Mountainview Conservation and Breeding Center, Fort Langley BC, Canada

Keeper’s Aid - Assisted keepers with cleaning, feeding and enrichment for a variety of species. Also helped with maintenance, administration, and funding at the facility.

2002

ECL Envirowest Consultants Ltd., Burnaby BC, Canada

Field Assistant - Assisted project biologist with field work to assess the environmental impact on natural ecosystems at proposed development sites in the lower mainland of BC.

Publications

2020

Barratt, C. D., Lester, J. D., Gratton, P., Onstein, R. E., Kalan, A. K., McCarthy, M., Bocksberger, G., White, L. C., Vigilant, L., Dieguez, P., Abdulai, B., Aebischer, T., Agbor, A., Assumang, A. K., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Buys, B., Carvalho, J. S., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dongmo, Z. N., Doumbé, O. A., Dupain, J., Duvall, C. S., Eno-Nku, M., Etoga, G., Galat-Luong, A., Garriga, R., Gatti, S., Ghiurghi, A., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Hakizimana, D., Haydar, N., Head, J. S., Hedwig, D., Herbinger, I., Hermans, V., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kouakou, C. Y., N’Goran, K. P., Langergraber, K. E., Lapuente, J., Laudisoit, A., Lee, K., Maisels, F., Moore, D., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Nkembi, L., Ntongho, A., Orbell, C., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A. K., Pintea, L., Plumptre, A. J., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sommer, V., Sop, T., Stewart, F. A., Sunderland-Groves, J., Tagg, N., Todd, A., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., VanLeeuwe, H., Vendras, E., Welsh, A., Wenceslau, J. F. C., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yoshihiro, N., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Boesch, C., Arandjelovic, M., & Kühl, H. S. (2020). Late Quaternary habitat suitability models for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) since the Last Interglacial (120,000 BP). bioRxiv.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   

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Boesch, C., Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Arandjelovic, M., Pika, S., Dieguez, P., Ayimisin, A. E., Barciela, A., Coupland, C., Egbe, V. E., Eno-Nku, M., Michael Fay, J., Fine, D., Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, R., Hermans, V., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Llana, M., Maretti, G., Morgan, D., Murai, M., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Ormsby, L. J., Orume, R., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Sanz, C., Sciaky, L., Stewart, F. A., Tagg, N., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., & Kühl, H. S. (2020). Chimpanzee ethnography reveals unexpected cultural diversity. Nature Human Behaviour.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Kalan, A. K. (2020). Another dimension to primate conservation: Human impact reduces behavioural diversity in wild chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica,91(3), 261.
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Kalan, A. K., Kulik, L., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Haas, F., Dieguez, P., Barratt, C. D., Abwe, E. E., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Aubert, F., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Buh, V. E., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Curran, B., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dowd, D., Eno-Nku, M., Fay, M. J., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Llana, M., Marrocoli, S., Meier, A., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Normand, E., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Preece, J., Robbins, M. M., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Tennie, C., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Zuberbühler, K., & Kühl, H. S. (2020). Environmental variability supports chimpanzee behavioural diversity. Nature Communications,11(1): 4451.
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Lester, J. D., Vigilant, L., Gratton, P., McCarthy, M., Barratt, C. D., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., Dieguez, P., Aebischer, T., Agbor, A., Varona, P. Á., Angedakin, S., Assumang, A. K., Aubertf, F., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Barubiyo, D., Bessone, M., Bonnet, M., Brazzola, G., Chancellor, R., Cipoletta, C., Cohen, H., Corogenes, K., Coupland, C., Curran, B., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dierks, K., Dilambaka, E., Dowd, D., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Egbe, V. E., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Imong, I., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kaiser, M., Kalan, A. K., Kambere, M., Kambere, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Lapeyre, V., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Llana, M., Manasseh, E.-N., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Martín, R., Meier, A., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Murai, M., Neil, E., Nicholl, S., Nixon, S., Niyigaba, P., Normand, E., Orbell, C., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Preece, J., Regnaut, S., Robbins, A. M., Sanz, C., Sciaky, L., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Telfer, P., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Vanleeuwe, H., Vergnes, V., Vyalengerera, M. K., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbühler, K., & Arandjelovic, M. (2020). Chimpanzee biogeography inferred from genetic diversity and effective migration. Folia Primatologica,91(3), 264-265.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Whiten, A., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., Brakes, P., Kalan, A. K., Kühl, H. S., Robbins, M. M., & Rutz, C. (2020). Primate culture and conservation. Folia Primatologica,91(3), 361.
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2019

Grawunder, S., Crockford, C., Kalan, A. K., Clay, Z., Stoessel, A., & Hohmann, G. (2019). Response to Garcia and Dunn: No evidence that maximum fundamental frequency reflects selection for signal diminution in bonobos Response. Current Biology,29(15), R734-R735.
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Kalan, A. K. (2019). Evidence for sexual dimorphism in chimpanzee vocalisations: A comparison of male and female call production and acoustic parameters. In C. Boesch, & R. M. Wittig (Eds.), The chimpanzees of the Taï forest: 40 years of research (pp. 410-421). Cambridge University Press.
BibTeX   Endnote   
Kalan, A. K. (2019). Human's impact on the behavior and cultural diversity of chimpanzees. The Science Breaker,5(4).
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Kalan, A. K., Carmignani, E., Kronland-Martinet, R., Ystad, S., Chatron, J., & Aramaki, M. (2019). Chimpanzees use tree species with a resonant timbre for accumulative stone throwing. Biology Letters,15(12): 20190747.
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Kalan, A. K., Hohmann, G., Arandjelovic, M., Boesch, C., McCarthy, M., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Bailey, E., Wilungula Balongelwa, C., Bessone, M., Bocksberger, G., Coxe, S. J., Deschner, T., Despres-Einspenner, M.-L., Dieguez, P., Fruth, B., Herbinger, I., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J. S., Kablan, Y. A., Langergraber, K. E., Lotana Lokasola, A., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Mbende, M., Moustgaard, J., N’Goran, P. K., Robbins, M. M., van Schijndel, J., Sommer, V., Surbeck, M., Tagg, N., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., & Kühl, H. S. (2019). Novelty response of wild African apes to camera traps. Current Biology,29(7), 1211-1217.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Kulik, L., Haas, F., Arandjelovic, M., Dieguez, P., Bocksberger, G., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Ayimisin, A. E., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dowd, D., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J. S., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Jones, S., Junker, J., Langergraber, K. E., Lapuente, J., Lee, K., Llana, M., Marrocoli, S., Martin, R., McCarthy, M., Meier, A., Morgan, D., Murai, M., Neil, E., Normand, E., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Regnaut, S., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., & Kalan, A. K. (2019). Inclusive chimpanzee conservation—Response. Science,364(6445), 1040-1041.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Kulik, L., Haas, F., Arandjelovic, M., Dieguez, P., Bocksberger, G., McElreath, M. B., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Ayimisin, A. E., Bailey, E., Barubiyo, D., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Danquah, E., Deschner, T., Dowd, D., Dunn, A., Egbe, V. E., Eshuis, H., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A.-C., Head, J. S., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Imong, I., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambere, M., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Llana, M., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Martin, R., Mbi, T. J., Meier, A., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Murai, M., Neil, E., Niyigaba, P., Ormsby, L. J., Orume, R., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Preece, J., Regnaut, S., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., van Schijndel, J., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Vendras, E., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yuh, Y. G., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbuehler, K., & Kalan, A. K. (2019). Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity. Science,363(6434), 1453-1455.
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2018

Deichmann, J. L., Acevedo‐Charry, O., Barclay, L., Burivalova, Z., Campos‐Cerqueira, M., d'Horta, F., Game, E. T., Gottesman, B. L., Hart, P. J., Kalan, A. K., Linke, S., Nascimento, L. D., Pijanowski, B., Staaterman, E., & Aide, T. M. (2018). It's time to listen: There is much to be learned from the sounds of tropical ecosystems. Biotropica,50(5), 713-718.
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Grawunder, S., Crockford, C., Clay, Z., Kalan, A. K., Stevens, J. M., Stoessel, A., & Hohmann, G. (2018). Higher fundamental frequency in bonobos is explained by larynx morphology. Current Biology,28(20), R1188-R1189.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Kalan, A. K., & Boesch, C. (2018). Re-emergence of the leaf clip gesture during an alpha takeover affects variation in male chimpanzee loud calls. PeerJ,6: e5079.
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Pereira, J., Stephens, C. R., McCarthy, M., Dieguez, P., Kalan, A. K., Maldonado, N., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., & Arandjelovic, M. (2018). Chimp&See: An online citizen science platform for large-scale, remote video camera trap annotation of chimpanzee behaviour, demography and individual identification. Folia Primatologica,89, 208.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
van Casteren, A., Oelze, V. M., Angedakin, S., Kalan, A. K., Kambi, M., Boesch, C., Kühl, H. S., Langergraber, K. E., Piel, A. K., Stewart, F. A., & Kupczik, K. (2018). Food mechanical properties and isotopic signatures in forest versus savannah dwelling eastern chimpanzees. Communications Biology,1(1): 109.
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2017

Boesch, C., Kalan, A. K., Agbor, A., Arandjelovic, M., Dieguez, P., Lapeyre, V., & Kühl, H. S. (2017). Chimpanzees routinely fish for algae with tools during the dry season in Bakoun, Guinea. American Journal of Primatology,79(3): e22613.
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Haslam, M., Hernandez-Aguilar, R. A., Proffitt, T., Arroyo, A., Falótico, T., Fragaszy, D., Gumert, M., Harris, J. W. K., Huffman, M. A., Kalan, A. K., Malaivijitnond, S., Matsuzawa, T., McGrew, W., Ottoni, E. B., Pascual-Garrido, A., Piel, A., Pruetz, J., Schuppli, C., Stewart, F., Tan, A., Visalberghi, E., & Luncz, L. V. (2017). Primate archaeology evolves. Nature Ecology & Evolution,1, 1431-1437.
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2016

Kalan, A., Piel, A. K., Mundry, R., Wittig, R. M., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2016). Passive acoustic monitoring reveals group ranging and territory use: A case study of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Frontiers in Zoology,13: 34.
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Kühl, H. S., Kalan, A. K., Arandjelovic, M., Aubert, F., D'Auvergne, L., Goedmakers, A., Jones, S., Kehoe, L., Regnaut, S., Tickle, A., Ton, E., van Schijndel, J., Abwe, E. E., Angedakin, S., Agbor, A., Ayimisin, E. A., Bailey, E., Bessone, M., Bonnet, M., Brazolla, G., Ebua Buh, V., Chancellor, R., Cipoletta, C., Cohen, H., Corogenes, K., Coupland, C., Curran, B., Deschner, T., Dierks, K., Dieguez, P., Dilambaka, E., Diotoh, O., Dowd, D., Dunn, A., Eshuis, H., Fernandez, R., Ginath, Y., Hart, J., Hedwig, D., Ter Heegde, M., Hicks, T. C., Imong, I. S., Jeffery, K. J., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K. E., Lapeyre, V., Lapuente, J., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Meier, A., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Mbi, T. J., Mihindou, V., Möbius, Y. B., Morgan, D., Morgan, B., Mulindahabi, F., Murai, M., Niyigabae, P., Normand, E., Ntare, N., Orsmby, L. J., Piel, A., Pruetz, J., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Vanleeuwe, H., Vergnes, V., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbuehler, K., & Boesch, C. (2016). Chimpanzee accumulative stone throwing. Scientific Reports,6: 22219.
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2015

Heinicke, S., Kalan, A. K., Wagner, O. J. J., Mundry, R., Lukashevich, H., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Assessing the performance of a semi-automated acoustic monitoring system for primates. Methods in Ecology and Evolution,6(7), 753-763.
DOI    BibTeX   Endnote   
Kalan, A. (2015). The socio-ecological context of chimpanzee acoustic communication and its potential for biomonitoring. PhD Thesis, Univ., Leipzig.
BibTeX   Endnote   
Kalan, A. K., & Boesch, C. (2015). Audience effects in chimpanzee food calls and their potential for recruiting others. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology,69(10), 1701-1712.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., & Boesch, C. (2015). Wild chimpanzees modify food call structure with respect to tree size for a particular fruit species. Animal Behaviour,101, 1-9.
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Kalan, A. K., Mundry, R., Wagner, O. J. J., Heinicke, S., Boesch, C., & Kühl, H. S. (2015). Towards the automated detection and occupancy estimation of primates using passive acoustic monitoring. Ecological Indicators,54, 217-226.
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2013

Kalan, A., & Boesch, C. (2013). Do wild Chimpanzees have functionally referential food calls? Folia primatologica,84(3-5), 290.
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2010

Kalan, A. K., Madzoké, B., & Rainey, H. J. (2010). A preliminary report on feeding and nesting behavior of swamp gorillas in the Lac Télé Community Reserve. Mammalia,74(4), 439-442.
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2009

Kalan, A. K., & Rainey, H. J. (2009). Hand-clapping as a communicative gesture by wild female swamp gorillas. Primates,50(3), 273-275.
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Presentations

Kalan, Ammie, Mundry, R. and Boesch, C. February 2015. Chimpanzee food calls: the effects of socio-ecological context on structure and production. Presentation at the 14th Conference of the Gesellschaft für Primatologie. Leipzig, Germany. (1st prize for student presentation).

Kalan, Ammie and Hjalmar Kuehl. February 2013. Passive acoustic monitoring of primates in Tai forest: a novel approach. Invited speaker for primate conservation seminar series at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford UK.

Kalan, Ammie and Christophe Boesch. September 2013. Wild chimpanzees modify food calls with respect to type and quantity. Presentation at the 5th Congress of the European Federation for Primatology. Antwerp, Belgium.

Links

Club P.A.N.(Personnes, Animaux et Nature): http://clubpan.blogspot.com/

Wild Chimpanzee Foundation: http://www.wildchimps.org

A.P.E.S Database: http://apes.eva.mpg.de/