21.11.2018 - 20:02
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Events

Neandertaler – Denisovaner – Moderner Mensch
November 26, 2018 18:00
Speaker: Professor Dr. Svante Pääbo
Öffentlicher Vortrag

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Location:
Universität Leipzig, Paulinum – Aula und Universitätskirche St. Pauli Augustusplatz 10, 04109 Leipzig

Abstract:
Wer sind wir und wie haben wir uns in den vergangenen 200.000 Jahren entwickelt? Was steckt in unseren Genen und wer sind unsere Vorfahren? Bringen unsere geerbten Gene Vorteile oder Nachteile im Krankheitsfall?

Mit diesen Fragen und Zeiträumen befassen sich Paläogenetiker – die Forscher des historischen menschlichen Erbguts. Professor Dr. Svante Pääbo, ein Spitzenvertreter des Faches, forscht und lehrt in Leipzig. Er führt uns in seinem Vortrag auf die Spuren des menschlichen Genoms und entdeckt dabei hochinteressante Zusammenhänge zwischen dem modernen Menschen und seinen Vorfahren, den Neandertalern und Denisovanern. Doch die Forschungsreise ist noch nicht beendet – unterwegs entstehen neue spannende Fragen, die für das Heute und Morgen des Menschen ausschlaggebend sind.

Die Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften Leopoldina, die Universität Leipzig und das Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie Leipzig möchten mit dieser Veranstaltung ihre enge Verbundenheit mit dem Wissenschaftsstandort Mitteldeutschland zum Ausdruck bringen. In der Eröffnung spricht die Sächsische Staatsministerin für Wissenschaft und Kunst, Dr. Eva-Maria Stange.

Svante Pääbo ist Mitglied der Nationalakademie Leopoldina, Direktor am Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie Leipzig und Honorarprofessor an der Universität Leipzig.

Weitere Details finden Sie unter www.leopoldina.org/paabo2018. Die Teilnahme ist kostenlos, eine vorherige Anmeldung ist nicht erforderlich.

Contact:
Sandra Jacob, -122 or -156

E-mail: jacob[>>> Please replace the brackets with an AT sign! <<<]eva.mpg.de
Website: http://www.leopoldina.org/veranstaltungen/veranstaltung/event/2641/

The origins and evolution of tuberculosis in the Americas
November 30, 2018 14:00
Speaker: Anne C. Stone, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, USA
The Institute Seminar Series

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Location:
MPI-EVA, Lecture hall, 2nd floor

Abstract:
- 14:00 Anne C. Stone: The origins and evolution of tuberculosis in the Americas

Tuberculosis (TB) has long been a scourge of humans, as well as other animals. Here, I will discuss how ancient DNA allows us to examine the history of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and related strains in the M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC) which cause the disease. In particular, I will focus on patterns of pathogen exchange before and after the “Age of Exploration/Colonization” and discuss ways that TB may have adapted to humans and other animals. We previously analyzed MTBC genomes from three 1000-year old skeletal TB cases from coastal Peru and found that they are closely related to strains in sea mammals (specifically Southern Hemisphere pinnipeds). However, it is unclear whether these pinniped-derived MTBC strains spread to inland parts of South America as well as North America by human-to-human transmission or whether different strains spread into the Americas via another route. After contact, European TB strains were introduced, apparently replacing pre-contact strains but the timing and extent of this is unknown. New analyses show evidence for the spread of pinniped-derived MTBC strains to people in non-coastal areas, likely due to human-to-human transmission. Our data also suggest that modern American strain distributions reflect the introduction of strains commonly circulating in the source areas of colonists.

- 15:30 Discussion and soft drinks just outside the lecture hall


Some information on the speaker and a list of her publications can be found at https://shesc.asu.edu/people/anne-stone


The series featuring internal and external speakers takes place roughly every 1-2 months on Friday early afternoons. The committee organizing the seminar series consists of: Bret Beheim, Catherine Crockford, Stephanie Melillo, Mark Stoneking, Sandra Jacob and Jörg Noack. Please contact any of them with comments or suggestions.

Contact:
Sandra Jacob, -122 or -156

E-mail: jacob[>>> Please replace the brackets with an AT sign! <<<]eva.mpg.de

Ttitle to be announced
January 18, 2019 14:00
Speaker: Karen J. Parker, Social Neurosciences Research Program, Stanford University
The Institute Seminar Series

more information

Location:
MPI-EVA, Lecture hall, 2nd floor

Abstract:
- 14:00 Karen J. Parker: Title to be announced

- 15:30 Discussion and soft drinks just outside the lecture hall


Some information on the speaker and a list of her publications can be found at https://profiles.stanford.edu/karen-parker


The series featuring internal and external speakers takes place roughly every 1-2 months on Friday early afternoons. The committee organizing the seminar series consists of: Bret Beheim, Catherine Crockford, Stephanie Melillo, Mark Stoneking, Sandra Jacob and Jörg Noack. Please contact any of them with comments or suggestions.

Contact:
Sandra Jacob, -122 or -156

E-mail: jacob[>>> Please replace the brackets with an AT sign! <<<]eva.mpg.de