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Martin Haspelmath

Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

e-mail: martin_haspelmath@[>>> Please remove the text! <<<]eva.mpg.de

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About me
Curriculum Vitae
Publications & Presentations

About me

I am a comparative linguist who studies the diversity of the world's grammatical and lexical systems and tries to understand what is universal about them. I am best known for coediting the "World atlas of language structures" (2005/2013), and as a co-founder of "Language Science Press". I am also an honorary (adjunct) professor at Leipzig University.

Curriculum Vitae

since 2020Senior research scientist at DLCE (MPI-EVA)
2015-2020Senior research scientist at DLCE (MPI-SHH Jena), ERC project leader at Leipzig University
1998-2015Senior research scientist at the Department of Linguistics (MPI-EVA Leipzig)
1994-1996Assistant professor, Freie Universität Berlin
1990-1993PhD in linguistics, Freie Universität Berlin
1985-1989MA in linguistics, University of Cologne and University at Buffalo
1983-1985Undergraduate student of linguistics, University of Vienna

Publications & Presentations

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form–frequency correspondences and predictability. Journal of Linguistics, 57(3), 605-633.
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Haspelmath, M. (2020). Human linguisticality and the building blocks of languages. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 3056.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale. Lingua Posnaniensis, 58(2), 33-63.
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Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. München: Max Planck Digital Library. Retrieved from http://wals.info/.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://apics-online.info.
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2023

Skirgård, H., Haynie, H. J., Blasi, D. E., Hammarström, H., Collins, J., Latarche, J. J., Lesage, J., Weber, T., Witzlack-Makarevich, A., Passmore, S., Chira, A.-M., Maurits, L., Dinnage, R., Dunn, M., Reesink, G., Singer, R., Bowern, C., Epps, P., Hill, J., Vesakoski, O., Robbeets, M., Abbas, N. K., Auer, D., Bakker, N. A., Barbos, G., Borges, R. D., Danielsen, S., Dorenbusch, L., Dorn, E., Elliott, J., Falcone, G., Fischer, J., Ghanggo Ate, Y., Gibson, H., Göbel, H.-P., Goodall, J. A., Gruner, V., Harvey, A., Hayes, R., Heer, L., Herrera Miranda, R. E., Hübler, N., Huntington-Rainey, B., Ivani, J. K., Johns, M., Just, E., Kashima, E., Kipf, C., Klingenberg, J. V., König, N., Koti, A., Kowalik, R. G., Krasnoukhova, O., Lindvall, N. L., Lorenzen, M., Lutzenberger, H., Martins, T. R., Mata German, C., van der Meer, S., Montoya Samamé, J., Müller, M., Muradoglu, S., Neely, K., Nickel, J., Norvik, M., Oluoch, C. A., Peacock, J., Pearey, I. O., Peck, N., Petit, S., Pieper, S., Poblete, M., Prestipino, D., Raabe, L., Raja, A., Reimringer, J., Rey, S. C., Rizaew, J., Ruppert, E., Salmon, K., Sammet, J., Schembri, R., Schlabbach, L., Schmidt, F. W., Skilton, A., Smith, W. D., de Sousa, H., Sverredal, K., Valle, D., Vera, J., Voß, J., Witte, T., Wu, H., Yam, S., Ye, J., Yong, M., Yuditha, T., Zariquiey, R., Forkel, R., Evans, N., Levinson, S. C., Haspelmath, M., Greenhill, S. J., Atkinson, Q. D., & Gray, R. D. (2023). Grambank reveals the importance of genealogical constraints on linguistic diversity and highlights the impact of language loss. Science Advances, 9: eadg6175.
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2022

Haspelmath, M. (2022). Ergative, absolutive, accusative and nominative as comparative concepts. In L. Iomdin, J. Milićević, & A. Polguère (Eds.), Lifetime linguistic inspirations: to Igor Mel’čuk from colleagues and friends for his 90th birthday (pp. 201-213). Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
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2021

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form–frequency correspondences and predictability. Journal of Linguistics, 57(3), 605-633.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). General linguistics must be based on universals (or non-conventional aspects of language). Theoretical Linguistics, 47(1-2), 1-31.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). How to tear down the walls that separate linguists: Continuing the quest for clarity about general linguistics. Theoretical Linguistics, 47(1-2), 137-154.
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2020

Haspelmath, M. (2020). The morph as a minimal linguistic form. Morphology, 30(2), 117-134.
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Haspelmath, M. (2020). Human linguisticality and the building blocks of languages. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 3056.
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Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M. (2020). Grammaticalization in Creole languages: Accelerated functionalization and semantic imitation. In W. Bisang, & A. L. Malchukov (Eds.), Grammaticalization scenarios, volume 2: Grammaticalization scenarios from Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific (pp. 1109-1128). De Gruyter Mouton.
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2019

Haspelmath, M. (2019). Ergativity and depth of analysis. Rhema, 2019(4), 108-130.
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Haspelmath, M. (2019). Differential place marking and differential object marking. Language Typology and Universals, 72(3), 313-334.
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Haspelmath, M. (2019). Can cross-linguistic regularities be explained by constraints on change? In K. Schmidtke-Bode, N. Levshina, S. M. Michaelis, & I. A. Seržant (Eds.), Explanation in typology: Diachronic sources, functional motivations and the nature of the evidence (pp. 1-23). Berlin: Language Science Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2019). Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking. Te Reo, 62(1), 93-115.
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2018

Haspelmath, M. (2018). Revisiting the anasynthetic spiral. In H. Narrog, & B. Heine (Eds.), Grammaticalization from a typological perspective (pp. 97-115). Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Forkel, R., List, J.-M., Greenhill, S. J., Rzymski, C., Bank, S., Cysouw, M., Hammarström, H., Haspelmath, M., Kaiping, G. A., & Gray, R. D. (2018). Cross-Linguistic Data Formats, advancing data sharing and re-use in comparative linguistics. Scientific Data, 5: 180205.
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Haspelmath, M. (2018). The last word on polysynthesis: A review article. Linguistic Typology, 22, 307-326.
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2017

Haspelmath, M. (2017). Explaining alienability contrasts in adpossessive constructions: Predictability vs. iconicity. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 36(2), 193-231.
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Haspelmath, M., & Karjus, A. (2017). Explaining asymmetries in number marking: Singulatives, pluratives, and usage frequency. Linguistics, 55(6), 1213-1235.
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Blasi, D. E., Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M. (2017). Grammars are robustly transmitted even during the emergence of Creole languages. Nature Human Behaviour, 1, 723-729.
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Haspelmath, M. (2017). Some principles for language names. Language Documentation and Conservation, 11, 81-93. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24725.
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Haspelmath, M. (2017). An interview on linguistic variation with Martin Haspelmath. Isogloss: A journal on variation of Romance and Iberian languages studies, 3, 99-102.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. (2017). Analytic and synthetic: Typological change in varieties of European languages. In I. Buchstaller, & B. Siebenhaar (Eds.), Language variation – European perspectives VI: Selected papers from the Eighth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 8), Leipzig, May 2015 (pp. 3-22). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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2016

Haspelmath, M. (2016). Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale. Lingua Posnaniensis, 58(2), 33-63.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). The challenge of making language description and comparison mutually beneficial. Linguistic Typology, 20(2), 299-303.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). The serial verb construction: Comparative concept and cross-linguistic eneralizations. Language and Linguistics, 17(3), 291-319.
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2015

Comrie, B., Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., Malchukov, A., & Wichmann, S. (2015). Introduction. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 3-26). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Grossman, E., & Haspelmath, M. (2015). The Leipzig-Jerusalem transliteration of Coptic. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 145-153). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). A grammatical overview of Egyptian and Coptic. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 103-143). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Descriptive scales versus comparative scales. In I. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, A. L. Malchukov, & M. D. Richards (Eds.), Scales and hierarchies: A cross-disciplinary perspective (pp. 45-58). Berlin [u.a.]: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Ditransitive constructions. Annual Review of Linguistics, 1, 19-41.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). The three adnominal possessive constructions in Egyptian-Coptic: Three degrees of grammaticalization. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 261-287). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Transitivity prominence. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 131-148). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & Hartmann, I. (2015). Comparing verbal valency across languages. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 41-72). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., Grossman, E., & Richter, T. S. (Eds.). (2015). Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective. Berlin [u.a.]: de Gruyter.
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2014

Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., & Cysouw, M. (2014). Identifying semantic role clusters and alignment types via microrole coexpression tendencies. Studies in Language, 38(3), 463-484.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Arguments and adjuncts as language-particular syntactic categories and as comparative concepts. Linguistic Discovery, 12(2), 3-11.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Comparative syntax. In A. Carnie, Y. Sato, & D. Siddiqi (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of syntax (pp. 490-508). London [u.a.]: Routledge.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Descriptive hypothesis testing is distinct from comparative hypothesis testing: Commentary on Davis, Gillon, and Matthewson. Language, 90(4), e250-e257.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). On system pressure competing with economic motivation. In B. MacWhinney, A. L. Malchukov, & E. Moravcsik (Eds.), Competing motivations in grammar and usage (pp. 197-208). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., Calude, A., Spagnol, M., Narrog, H., & Bamyaci, E. (2014). Coding causal–noncausal verb alternations: A form–frequency correspondence explanation. Journal of Linguistics, 50(3), 587-625.
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Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M.(2014). Ein Weltatlas der Kontaktsprachen. Retrieved from https://www.mpg.de/7770933/MPI_EVAN_JB_2014?c=8236817.
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2013

Haspelmath, M. (2013). Jezička promjena – poboljšanje ili kvarenje? Lingvazin: Magazin za jezik i književnost, 1(3), 20-22. Retrieved from http://www.izbjik.ba/index.php/publikacije/lingvazin#.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Alignment of case marking of full noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 230-231). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Alignment of case marking of personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 231-235). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Co-occurrence of demonstrative and definite article. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 118-121). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Definite articles. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 106-109). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Dual in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 54-57). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expletive subject of existential verb. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 252-255). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expression of nominal plural meaning. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 88-91). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expression of pronominal subjects. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 244-247). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Functions of reduplication. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 100-103). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Indefinite articles. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 110-113). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Indefinite pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 80-83). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Independent pronominal possessors. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 150-153). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Intensifiers and reflexive pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 350-353). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Interrogative pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 72-75). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of patient noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 226-229). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of possessor noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 146-149). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of pronominal possessors. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 142-145). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Negation and indefinite pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 406-409). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Nominal and verbal conjunction. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 284-287). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Occurrence of nominal plural markers. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 84-87). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of degree word and adjective. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 30-33). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of frequency adverb, verb, and object. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 40-43). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of recipient and theme in ditransitive constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 240-243). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Paralinguistic usages of clicks. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 432-435). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Person syncretism in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 60-63). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Politeness distinctions in second-person pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 68-71). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of definite article in the noun phrase. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 34-37). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of indefinite article in the noun phrase. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 38-39). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of interrogative phrases in content questions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 44-47). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of standard negation. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 402-405). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Pronoun conjunction. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 76-79). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Reciprocal constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 354-357). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Reflexive constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 346-349). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Special dependent person forms for subject and object. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 64-67). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Aspect markers and inchoative meaning. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 48-51). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Ditransitive constructions with 'give'. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 236-239). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Focus particle 'also'. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 422-425). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Inclusive–exclusive distinction in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 58-61). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Instrument relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 374-377). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Negative morpheme types. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 398-401). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Order of cardinal numeral and noun. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 22-25). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Order of relative clause and noun. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 45-48). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Object relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 370-373). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Subject relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 366-369). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). The associative plural. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 104-105). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Verb doubling in temporal clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 394-397). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Vocative markers. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 428-431). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Want’ complement subjects. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 386-389). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Why open-access publication should be nonprofit—a view from the field of theoretical language science. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7: 57.
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Bakker, D., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska. Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. München: Max Planck Digital Library. Retrieved from http://wals.info/.
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Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (Eds.). (2013). Valency Patterns Leipzig (Database). Leipzig: Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://valpal.info/.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Argument indexing: a conceptual framework for the syntax of bound person forms. In D. Bakker, & M. Haspelmath (Eds.), Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska (pp. 197-225). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). On the cross-linguistic distribution of same-subject and different-subject 'want' complements: Economic vs. iconic motivation. SKY Journal of Linguistics, 26, 41-69. Retrieved from http://www.linguistics.fi/julkaisut/sky2013.shtml.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://apics-online.info.
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Michaelis, S., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Survey of Pidgin and Creole languages. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Nordhoff, S., Hammarström, H., Forkel, R., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). Glottolog 2.0. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Retrieved from http://glottolog.org/.
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2012

Haspelmath, M. (2012). Escaping ethnocentrism in the study of word-class universals. Theoretical Linguistics, 38(1-2), 91-102.
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Haspelmath, M. (2012). How to compare major word-classes across the world's languages. In T. Graf, D. Paperno, A. Szabolcsi, & J. Tellings (Eds.), Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan (pp. 109-130). Los Angeles, CA: Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Californa.
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Tadmor, U., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (2012). Borrowability and the notion of basic vocabulary. In S. Wichmann, & A. P. Grant (Eds.), Quantitative Approaches to Linguistic Diversity: Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Morris Swadesh (pp. 35-55). Amsterdam [u.a.]: Benjamins.
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2011

Haspelmath, M. (2011). On S, A, P, T, and R as comparative concepts for alignment typology. Linguistic Typology, 15, 535-567.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The gradual coalescence into "words" in grammaticalization. In H. Narrog (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (pp. 324-355). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The indeterminacy of word segmentation and the nature of morphology and syntax. Folia Linguistica, 45(1), 31-80.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The language system is abstract but cannot be understood without its social functions. Theoretical Linguistics, 37(1-2), 45-50.
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2010

Atoyebi, J., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. (2010). Ditransitive constructions in Yorùbá. In Andrej Malchukov; Martin Haspelmath; Bernard Comrie (Ed.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook (pp. 145-165). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Comrie, B., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. L. (2010). Questionnaire on ditransitive constructions. In A. L. Malchukov, M. Haspelmath, & B. Comrie (Eds.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions (pp. 65-73). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Cysouw, M., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. (2010). Introduction to the Special Issue "Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications". Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications, 1-3.
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Cysouw, M., Malchukov, A., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2010). Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications [Special Issue]. Linguistic Discovery, 8(1).
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). Comparative concepts and descriptive categories in crosslinguistic studies. Language, 86(3), 663-687.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). Framework-free grammatical theory. In Bernd Heine, Heiko Narrog (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of linguistic analysis (pp. 341-365). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). The Behaviour-before-Coding Principle in syntactic change. In Floricic, Franck (Ed.), Essais de typologie et de linguistique générale. Mélanges offerts à Denis Creissels (pp. 541-554). Lyon: ENS.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). The interplay between comparative concepts and descriptive categories (Reply to Newmeyer). Language, 86(3), 696-699.
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Haspelmath, M., & Sims, A. D. (2010). Understanding morphology (2nd ed.). London: Hodder Education.
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Malchukov, A. L., Haspelmath, M., & Comrie, B. (2010). Studies in ditransitive constructions: a comparative handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Malchukov, A. L., Haspelmath, M., & Comrie, B. (2010). Ditransitive constructions: a typological overview. In Andrej Malchukov; Martin Haspelmath; Bernard Comrie (Ed.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook (pp. 1-64). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Tadmor, U., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (2010). Borrowability and the notion of basic vocabulary. Diachronica, 27(2), 226-246.
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2009

Haspelmath, M. (2009). An empirical Test of the Agglutination Hypothesis. In Sergio Scalise; Elisabetta Magni; Antonietta Bisetto (Ed.), Universals of language today (pp. 13-29). Dordrecht: Springer.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Lexical borrowing: Concepts and issues. In ed. by Martin Haspelmath; Uri Tadmor (Ed.), Loanwords in the world's languages (pp. 35-54). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Terminology of Case. In Andrej Malchukov; Andrew Spencer (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Case (pp. 505-517). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The best-supported language universals refer to scalar patterns deriving from processing cost. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32(5), 457-458.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The loanword typology project and the world loanword database. In Martin Haspelmath, Uri Tadmor (Ed.), Loanwords in the world's languages (pp. 1-34). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The typological database of the World Atlas of Language Structures. In Martin Everaert & Simon Musgrave (Ed.), The use of databases in cross-linguistic studies (pp. 283-299). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Welche Fragen können wir mit herkömmlichen Daten beantworten? Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 28(1), 157-162.
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Haspelmath, M., & Tadmor, U. (Eds.). (2009). Loanwords in the world's languages: a comparative handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & Tadmor, U. (Eds.). (2009). World Loanword Database (WoLD). München: Max Planck digital library.
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Haspelmath, M.(2009). Wörter mit Migrationshintergrund. Retrieved from https://www.mpg.de/385215/forschungsSchwerpunkt?c=166446.
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2008

Haspelmath, M. (2008). A Frequentist Explanation of Some Universals of Reflexive Marking. Linguistic Discovery, 6(1), 40-63. Retrieved from http://journals.dartmouth.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/Journals.woa/2/xmlpage/1/document/633.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Book Review: Person, by Anna Siewierska. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004. Pp. xx, 327. ISBN 0521776694. Language, 84(1), 206-209. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/language/v084/84.1haspelmath.pdf.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Creating Economical Morphosyntactic Patterns in Language Change. In Jeff Good (Ed.), Linguistic Universals and Language Change (pp. 185-214). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Descriptive scales versus comparative scales. In Marc Richards & Andrej L. Malchukov (Ed.), Scales (pp. 39-53). Leipzig: Universität Leipzig.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Ditransitive constructions: Towards a new Role and Reference Grammar account? In Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (Ed.), Investigations of the Syntax–Semantics–Pragmatics Interface (pp. 75-100). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Frequency vs. iconicity in explaining grammatical asymmetries. Cognitive Linguistics, 19(1), 1-33.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Loanword typology: Steps toward a systematic crosslinguistic study of lexical borrowability. In Thomas Stolz, Dik Bakker & Rosa Salas Palomo (Ed.), Aspects of Language Contact: New Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Findings with Special Focus on Romancisation Processes (pp. 43-62). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Parametric versus functional explanations of syntactic universals. In Theresa Biberauer (Ed.), The Limits of Syntactic Variation (pp. 75-107). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Reply to Haiman and Croft. Cognitive Linguistics, 19(1), 59-66.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. (2008). Leipzig fourmille de typologues: Genitive objects in comparison. In Greville G. Corbett and Michael Noonan (Ed.), Case and Grammatical Relations: Studies in honor of Bernard Comrie (pp. 149-166). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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2007

Haspelmath, M. (2007). Coordination. In Shopen, Timothy (Ed.), Language Typology and Syntactic Description, 2nd ed., vol. 2: Complex constructions (pp. 1-51). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Ditransitive alignment splits and inverse alignment. Functions of Language, 14(1), 79-102.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Further remarks on reciprocal constructions. In Vladimir P. Nedjalkov (Ed.), Reciprocal Constructions (pp. 2087-2115). Amsterdam [u.a.]: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Pre-established categories don't exist: Consequences for language description and typology. Linguistic Typology, 11(1), 119-132.
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2006

Haspelmath, M. (2006). Book Review: Preferred argument structure: Grammar as architecture for function. Ed. by JOHN W. DU BOIS, LORRAINE E. KUMPF, and WILLIAM J. ASHBY. (Studies in discourse and grammar 14.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2003. ISBN 1588113698. $156 (Hb). Language, 82(4), 908-912.
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Haspelmath, M. (2006). Against markedness (and what to replace it with). Journal of Linguistics, 42(1), 25-70.
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Haspelmath, M., & Siegmund, S. (2006). Simulating the replication of some of Greenberg's word order generalizations. Linguistic Typology, 10(1), 74-82.
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2005

Haspelmath, M., Dryer, M. S., Gil, D., & Comrie, B. (Eds.). (2005). The World Atlas of Language Structures. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
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2004

Haspelmath, M. (Ed.). (2004). Coordinating constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Author´s response. Studies in Language, 28(3), 584-586.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Coordinating constructions: an overview. In Haspelmath, Martin (Ed.), Coordinating constructions (pp. 3-39). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Does linguistic explanation presuppose linguistic description? Studies in Language, 28(3), 554-579.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Explaining the Ditransitive Person-Role Constraint: a usagebased account. Constructions, 2, 1-71. Retrieved from http://www.dipp.nrw.de/constructions/articles/35/DPRC0102-moddoulos.rtf.pdf.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). How hopeless is genealogical linguistics, and how advanced is areal linguistics? A review article of Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. & Dixon, R.M.W. (ed.) 2001. Areal diffusion and genetic inheritance. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Studies in Language, 28(1), 209-223.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). On directionality in language change with particular reference to grammaticalization. In Olga Fischer, Muriel Norde and Harry Perridon (Ed.), Up and down the cline: The nature of grammaticalization (pp. 17-44). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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2003

Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M. (2003). Ditransitive constructions: creole languages in a cross-linguistic perspective. Creolica. Retrieved from http://www.creolica.net/.
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Haspelmath, M. (2003). Book Notice of: Sinha, Jasmin. 2000. Der neuostaramäische Dialekt von Bespen (Provinz Mardin, Südosttürkei): Eine grammatische Darstellung. Studies in Language, 27(3), 714-715.
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Haspelmath, M. (2003). The geometry of grammatical meaning: Semantic maps and cross-linguistic comparison. New Psychology of Language, 2, 211-242.
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2002

Haspelmath, M. (2002). Understanding morphology. London: Arnold.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). Grammatikalisierung: von der Performanz zur Kompetenz ohne angeborene Grammatik. In Krämer, Sybille; König, Ekkehard (Ed.), Gibt es eine Sprache hinter dem Sprechen? (pp. 262-286). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). On understanding word order asymmetries: Comments on John A. Hawkins "Symmetries and asymmetries: their grammar, typology and parsing". Theoretical Linguistics, 28, 159-170.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). Warum ist Grammatik so, wie sie ist? In Müller, Horst M. (Ed.), Arbeitsbuch Linguistik (pp. 210-219). Paderborn: Schöningh.
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2001

Comrie, B., & Haspelmath, M. (2001). Die Bibliothek von Babel. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). Non-canonical marking of core arguments in European languages. In A. Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon, & M. Onishi (Eds.), Non-canonical marking of subjects and objects. (pp. 53-83). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). The European linguistic area: Standard Average European. In Martin Haspelmath (Ed.), Language typology and language universals. (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft) (pp. 1492-1510). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). Word classes/parts of speech. In P. B. Baltes, & N. J. Smelser (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 16538-16545). Amsterdam: Pergamon Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., König, E., Oesterreicher, W., & Raible, W. (2001). Language typology and language universals: An international handbook. Berlin: de Gruyter.
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2000

Haspelmath, M. (2000). Converb. In K. Brown, & J. Miller (Eds.), Concise encyclopedia of grammatical categories (pp. 47-56). Oxford: Elsevier Science.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Optimality and diachronic adaptation. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 18, 180-205.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Periphrasis, symphrasis, and morphosyntactic blocking. In V. J. Gusev (Ed.), Vtoraja Zimnjaja Tipologičeskaja Škola: Meždunarodnaja škola - seminar molodych učenych po lingvističeskoj tipologii i antropologii = Second winter typological school: Second international school in linguistic typology and anthropology (pp. 34-35). Moskau: Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj gumanitarnyj univ.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Periphrasis. In G. E. Booij, C. Lehmann, & J. Mugdan (Eds.), Morphology: A Handbook on Inflection and Word Formation (pp. 654-664). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Some issues concerning optimality and diachronic adaptation (author's response to open peer commentary). Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 18, 251-68.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). The relevance of extravagance: A reply to Bart Geurts. Linguistics, 38, 789-98.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Why is grammaticalization irreversible? Linguistics, 37, 1043-68.
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Haspelmath, M., & Caruana, S. (2000). Subject diffuseness in Maltese: On some subject properties of experiential verbs. Folia Linguistica, 34(3-4), 245-265.
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1999

Haspelmath, M. (1999). Explaining article-possessor complementarity: economic motivation in noun phrase syntax. Language, 75, 227-43.
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Haspelmath, M. (1999). External possession in a European areal perspective. In D. L. Payne, & I. Barshi (Eds.), External possession (pp. 109-135). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (1999). Long distance agreement in Godoberi (Daghestanian) complement clauses. Folia Linguistica, 33, 131-151.
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Haspelmath, M., & König, E. (1999). Der europäische Sprachbund - ein Schritt in die Zukunft. In N. Reiter (Ed.), Eurolinguistik (pp. 111-127). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
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1998

Haspelmath, M. (1998). Does grammaticalization need reanalysis? Studies in Language, 22, 49-85.
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Haspelmath, M. (1998). How young is Standard Average European? Language Sciences, 20, 271-287.
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Haspelmath, M. (1998). The semantic development of old presents: New futures and subjunctives without grammaticalization. Diachronica, 15, 29-62.
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Haspelmath, M., & Buchholz, O. (1998). Equative and similative constructions in the languages of Europe. In J. v. d. Auwera (Ed.), Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe (pp. 277-334). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & König, E. (1998). Concessive conditionals in the languages of Europe. In J. v. d. Auwera (Ed.), Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe (pp. 563-640). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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2021

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining diverse language structures from convergent evolution of linguistic conventions. Talk presented at Birmingham Lectures. Birmingham. 2021-03-09.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). From community competition to complementarity in general linguistics: The eight complementary why questions. Talk presented at XIV Congreso Internacional de Lingüística General. Sevilla. 2021-06-23.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). Structural, evolutionary and biocognitive explanations are mutually compatible. Talk presented at Center of Linguistic Sciences of Beijing Normal University. Beijing. 2021-04-30.
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