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Martin Haspelmath

Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6
04103 Leipzig

e-mail: martin_haspelmath@eva.mpg.de

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About me
Curriculum Vitae
Publications & Presentations

About me

I am a comparative linguist who studies the diversity of the world's grammatical and lexical systems and tries to understand what is universal about them. I am best known for coediting the "World atlas of language structures" (2005/2013), and as a co-founder of "Language Science Press". I am also an honorary (adjunct) professor at Leipzig University.

Curriculum Vitae

since 2020Senior research scientist at DLCE (MPI-EVA)
2015-2020Senior research scientist at DLCE (MPI-SHH Jena), ERC project leader at Leipzig University
1998-2015Senior research scientist at the Department of Linguistics (MPI-EVA Leipzig)
1994-1996Assistant professor, Freie Universität Berlin
1990-1993PhD in linguistics, Freie Universität Berlin
1985-1989MA in linguistics, University of Cologne and University at Buffalo
1983-1985Undergraduate student of linguistics, University of Vienna

Publications & Presentations

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form–frequency correspondences and predictability. Journal of Linguistics, 57(3), 605-633.
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Haspelmath, M. (2020). Human linguisticality and the building blocks of languages. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 3056.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale. Lingua Posnaniensis, 58(2), 33-63.
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Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. München: Max Planck Digital Library. Retrieved from http://wals.info/.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://apics-online.info.
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2021

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form–frequency correspondences and predictability. Journal of Linguistics, 57(3), 605-633.
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2020

Haspelmath, M. (2020). The morph as a minimal linguistic form. Morphology, 30(2), 117-134.
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Haspelmath, M. (2020). Human linguisticality and the building blocks of languages. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 3056.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2020). Grammaticalization in creole languages: Accelerated functionalization and semantic imitation. In W. Bisang, & A. L. Malchukov (Eds.), Grammaticalization scenarios, volume 2: Grammaticalization scenarios from Africa, the Americas, and the Pacific (pp. 1109-1128). De Gruyter Mouton.
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2019

Haspelmath, M. (2019). Ergativity and depth of analysis. Rhema, 2019(4), 108-130.
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Haspelmath, M. (2019). Differential place marking and differential object marking. Language Typology and Universals, 72(3), 313-334.
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Haspelmath, M. (2019). Indexing and flagging, and head and dependent marking. Te Reo, 62(1), 93-115.
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2018

Haspelmath, M. (2018). Revisiting the anasynthetic spiral. In H. Narrog, & B. Heine (Eds.), Grammaticalization from a typological perspective (pp. 97-115). Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Forkel, R., List, J.-M., Greenhill, S. J., Rzymski, C., Bank, S., Cysouw, M., Hammarström, H., Haspelmath, M., Kaiping, G. A., & Gray, R. D. (2018). Cross-Linguistic Data Formats, advancing data sharing and re-use in comparative linguistics. Scientific Data, 5: 180205.
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Haspelmath, M. (2018). The last word on polysynthesis: A review article. Linguistic Typology, 22, 307-326.
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2017

Haspelmath, M. (2017). Explaining alienability contrasts in adpossessive constructions: Predictability vs. iconicity. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 36(2), 193-231.
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Haspelmath, M., & Karjus, A. (2017). Explaining asymmetries in number marking: Singulatives, pluratives, and usage frequency. Linguistics, 55(6), 1213-1235.
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Blasi, D. E., Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M. (2017). Grammars are robustly transmitted even during the emergence of creole languages. Nature Human Behaviour, 1, 723-729.
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Haspelmath, M. (2017). Some principles for language names. Language Documentation and Conservation, 11, 81-93. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24725.
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Haspelmath, M. (2017). An interview on linguistic variation with Martin Haspelmath. Isogloss: A journal on variation of Romance and Iberian languages studies, 3, 99-102.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. (2017). Analytic and synthetic: Typological change in varieties of European languages. In I. Buchstaller, & B. Siebenhaar (Eds.), Language variation – European perspectives VI: Selected papers from the Eighth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 8), Leipzig, May 2015 (pp. 3-22). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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2016

Haspelmath, M. (2016). Universals of causative and anticausative verb formation and the spontaneity scale. Lingua Posnaniensis, 58(2), 33-63.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). The challenge of making language description and comparison mutually beneficial. Linguistic Typology, 20(2), 299-303.
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Haspelmath, M. (2016). The serial verb construction: Comparative concept and cross-linguistic eneralizations. Language and Linguistics, 17(3), 291-319.
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2015

Comrie, B., Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., Malchukov, A., & Wichmann, S. (2015). Introduction. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 3-26). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Grossman, E., & Haspelmath, M. (2015). The Leipzig-Jerusalem transliteration of Coptic. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 145-153). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). A grammatical overview of Egyptian and Coptic. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 103-143). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Descriptive scales versus comparative scales. In I. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, A. L. Malchukov, & M. D. Richards (Eds.), Scales and hierarchies: A cross-disciplinary perspective (pp. 45-58). Berlin [u.a.]: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Ditransitive constructions. Annual Review of Linguistics, 1, 19-41.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). The three adnominal possessive constructions in Egyptian-Coptic: Three degrees of grammaticalization. In E. Grossman, M. Haspelmath, & T. S. Richter (Eds.), Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective (pp. 261-287). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2015). Transitivity prominence. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 131-148). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & Hartmann, I. (2015). Comparing verbal valency across languages. In B. Comrie, & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Valency classes in the world's languages: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (pp. 41-72). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., Grossman, E., & Richter, T. S. (Eds.). (2015). Egyptian-Coptic linguistics in typological perspective. Berlin [u.a.]: de Gruyter.
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2014

Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., & Cysouw, M. (2014). Identifying semantic role clusters and alignment types via microrole coexpression tendencies. Studies in Language, 38(3), 463-484.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Arguments and adjuncts as language-particular syntactic categories and as comparative concepts. Linguistic Discovery, 12(2), 3-11.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Comparative syntax. In A. Carnie, Y. Sato, & D. Siddiqi (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of syntax (pp. 490-508). London [u.a.]: Routledge.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). Descriptive hypothesis testing is distinct from comparative hypothesis testing: Commentary on Davis, Gillon, and Matthewson. Language, 90(4), e250-e257.
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Haspelmath, M. (2014). On system pressure competing with economic motivation. In B. MacWhinney, A. L. Malchukov, & E. Moravcsik (Eds.), Competing motivations in grammar and usage (pp. 197-208). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., Calude, A., Spagnol, M., Narrog, H., & Bamyaci, E. (2014). Coding causal–noncausal verb alternations: A form–frequency correspondence explanation. Journal of Linguistics, 50(3), 587-625.
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Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M.(2014). Ein Weltatlas der Kontaktsprachen. Retrieved from https://www.mpg.de/7770933/MPI_EVAN_JB_2014?c=8236817.
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2013

Haspelmath, M. (2013). Jezička promjena – poboljšanje ili kvarenje? Lingvazin: Magazin za jezik i književnost, 1(3), 20-22. Retrieved from http://www.izbjik.ba/index.php/publikacije/lingvazin#.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Alignment of case marking of full noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 230-231). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Alignment of case marking of personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 231-235). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Co-occurrence of demonstrative and definite article. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 118-121). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Definite articles. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 106-109). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Dual in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 54-57). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expletive subject of existential verb. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 252-255). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expression of nominal plural meaning. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 88-91). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Expression of pronominal subjects. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 244-247). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Functions of reduplication. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 100-103). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Indefinite articles. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 110-113). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Indefinite pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 80-83). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Independent pronominal possessors. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 150-153). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Intensifiers and reflexive pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 350-353). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Interrogative pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 72-75). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of patient noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 226-229). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of possessor noun phrases. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 146-149). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Marking of pronominal possessors. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 142-145). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Negation and indefinite pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 406-409). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Nominal and verbal conjunction. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 284-287). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Occurrence of nominal plural markers. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 84-87). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of degree word and adjective. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 30-33). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of frequency adverb, verb, and object. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 40-43). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Order of recipient and theme in ditransitive constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 240-243). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Paralinguistic usages of clicks. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 432-435). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Person syncretism in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 60-63). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Politeness distinctions in second-person pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 68-71). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of definite article in the noun phrase. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 34-37). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of indefinite article in the noun phrase. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 38-39). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of interrogative phrases in content questions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 44-47). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Position of standard negation. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 402-405). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Pronoun conjunction. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 76-79). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Reciprocal constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 354-357). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Reflexive constructions. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 346-349). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Special dependent person forms for subject and object. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 64-67). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Aspect markers and inchoative meaning. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 48-51). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Ditransitive constructions with 'give'. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 236-239). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Focus particle 'also'. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 422-425). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Inclusive–exclusive distinction in independent personal pronouns. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 58-61). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Instrument relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 374-377). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Negative morpheme types. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 398-401). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Order of cardinal numeral and noun. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 22-25). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. M. (2013). Order of relative clause and noun. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 45-48). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Object relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 370-373). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Subject relative clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 366-369). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). The associative plural. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 104-105). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Verb doubling in temporal clauses. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 394-397). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Vocative markers. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 428-431). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., & Haspelmath, M. (2013). Want’ complement subjects. In S. M. Michaelis, P. Maurer, M. Haspelmath, & M. Huber (Eds.), The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (pp. 386-389). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Why open-access publication should be nonprofit—a view from the field of theoretical language science. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7: 57.
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Bakker, D., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska. Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Dryer, M. S., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. München: Max Planck Digital Library. Retrieved from http://wals.info/.
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Hartmann, I., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (Eds.). (2013). Valency Patterns Leipzig (Database). Leipzig: Max-Planck-Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://valpal.info/.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). Argument indexing: a conceptual framework for the syntax of bound person forms. In D. Bakker, & M. Haspelmath (Eds.), Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska (pp. 197-225). Berlin [u.a.]: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2013). On the cross-linguistic distribution of same-subject and different-subject 'want' complements: Economic vs. iconic motivation. SKY Journal of Linguistics, 26, 41-69. Retrieved from http://www.linguistics.fi/julkaisut/sky2013.shtml.
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Michaelis, S. M., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures Online. Leipzig: MPI für evolutionäre Anthropologie. Retrieved from http://apics-online.info.
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Michaelis, S., Maurer, P., Haspelmath, M., & Huber, M. (Eds.). (2013). The Survey of Pidgin and Creole languages. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr.
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Nordhoff, S., Hammarström, H., Forkel, R., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2013). Glottolog 2.0. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Retrieved from http://glottolog.org/.
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2012

Haspelmath, M. (2012). Escaping ethnocentrism in the study of word-class universals. Theoretical Linguistics, 38(1-2), 91-102.
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Haspelmath, M. (2012). How to compare major word-classes across the world's languages. In T. Graf, D. Paperno, A. Szabolcsi, & J. Tellings (Eds.), Theories of Everything: In Honor of Ed Keenan (pp. 109-130). Los Angeles, CA: Dept. of Linguistics, Univ. of Californa.
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Tadmor, U., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (2012). Borrowability and the notion of basic vocabulary. In S. Wichmann, & A. P. Grant (Eds.), Quantitative Approaches to Linguistic Diversity: Commemorating the centenary of the birth of Morris Swadesh (pp. 35-55). Amsterdam [u.a.]: Benjamins.
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2011

Haspelmath, M. (2011). On S, A, P, T, and R as comparative concepts for alignment typology. Linguistic Typology, 15, 535-567.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The gradual coalescence into "words" in grammaticalization. In H. Narrog (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization (pp. 324-355). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The indeterminacy of word segmentation and the nature of morphology and syntax. Folia Linguistica, 45(1), 31-80.
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Haspelmath, M. (2011). The language system is abstract but cannot be understood without its social functions. Theoretical Linguistics, 37(1-2), 45-50.
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2010

Atoyebi, J., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. (2010). Ditransitive constructions in Yorùbá. In Andrej Malchukov; Martin Haspelmath; Bernard Comrie (Ed.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook (pp. 145-165). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Comrie, B., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. L. (2010). Questionnaire on ditransitive constructions. In A. L. Malchukov, M. Haspelmath, & B. Comrie (Eds.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions (pp. 65-73). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Cysouw, M., Haspelmath, M., & Malchukov, A. (2010). Introduction to the Special Issue "Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications". Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications, 1-3.
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Cysouw, M., Malchukov, A., & Haspelmath, M. (Eds.). (2010). Semantic Maps: Methods and Applications [Special Issue]. Linguistic Discovery, 8(1).
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). Comparative concepts and descriptive categories in crosslinguistic studies. Language, 86(3), 663-687.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). Framework-free grammatical theory. In Bernd Heine, Heiko Narrog (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of linguistic analysis (pp. 341-365). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). The Behaviour-before-Coding Principle in syntactic change. In Floricic, Franck (Ed.), Essais de typologie et de linguistique générale. Mélanges offerts à Denis Creissels (pp. 541-554). Lyon: ENS.
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Haspelmath, M. (2010). The interplay between comparative concepts and descriptive categories (Reply to Newmeyer). Language, 86(3), 696-699.
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Haspelmath, M., & Sims, A. D. (2010). Understanding morphology (2nd ed.). London: Hodder Education.
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Malchukov, A. L., Haspelmath, M., & Comrie, B. (2010). Studies in ditransitive constructions: a comparative handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Malchukov, A. L., Haspelmath, M., & Comrie, B. (2010). Ditransitive constructions: a typological overview. In Andrej Malchukov; Martin Haspelmath; Bernard Comrie (Ed.), Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook (pp. 1-64). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Tadmor, U., Haspelmath, M., & Taylor, B. (2010). Borrowability and the notion of basic vocabulary. Diachronica, 27(2), 226-246.
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2009

Haspelmath, M. (2009). An empirical Test of the Agglutination Hypothesis. In Sergio Scalise; Elisabetta Magni; Antonietta Bisetto (Ed.), Universals of language today (pp. 13-29). Dordrecht: Springer.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Lexical borrowing: Concepts and issues. In ed. by Martin Haspelmath; Uri Tadmor (Ed.), Loanwords in the world's languages (pp. 35-54). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Terminology of Case. In Andrej Malchukov; Andrew Spencer (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Case (pp. 505-517). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The best-supported language universals refer to scalar patterns deriving from processing cost. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32(5), 457-458.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The loanword typology project and the world loanword database. In Martin Haspelmath, Uri Tadmor (Ed.), Loanwords in the world's languages (pp. 1-34). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). The typological database of the World Atlas of Language Structures. In Martin Everaert & Simon Musgrave (Ed.), The use of databases in cross-linguistic studies (pp. 283-299). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2009). Welche Fragen können wir mit herkömmlichen Daten beantworten? Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 28(1), 157-162.
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Haspelmath, M., & Tadmor, U. (Eds.). (2009). Loanwords in the world's languages: a comparative handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & Tadmor, U. (Eds.). (2009). World Loanword Database (WoLD). München: Max Planck digital library.
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Haspelmath, M., & Tadmor, U. (2009). The Loanword Typology project and the World Loanword Database. In ed. by M. Haspelmath & U. Tadmor (Ed.), Loanwords in the World's Languages: A Comparative Handbook (pp. 1-34). Berlin: De Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M.(2009). Wörter mit Migrationshintergrund. Retrieved from https://www.mpg.de/385215/forschungsSchwerpunkt?c=166446.
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2008

Haspelmath, M. (2008). A Frequentist Explanation of Some Universals of Reflexive Marking. Linguistic Discovery, 6(1), 40-63. Retrieved from http://journals.dartmouth.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/Journals.woa/2/xmlpage/1/document/633.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Book Review: Person, by Anna Siewierska. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2004. Pp. xx, 327. ISBN 0521776694. Language, 84(1), 206-209. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/language/v084/84.1haspelmath.pdf.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Creating Economical Morphosyntactic Patterns in Language Change. In Jeff Good (Ed.), Linguistic Universals and Language Change (pp. 185-214). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Descriptive scales versus comparative scales. In Marc Richards & Andrej L. Malchukov (Ed.), Scales (pp. 39-53). Leipzig: Universität Leipzig.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Ditransitive constructions: Towards a new Role and Reference Grammar account? In Robert D. Van Valin, Jr. (Ed.), Investigations of the Syntax–Semantics–Pragmatics Interface (pp. 75-100). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Frequency vs. iconicity in explaining grammatical asymmetries. Cognitive Linguistics, 19(1), 1-33.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Loanword typology: Steps toward a systematic crosslinguistic study of lexical borrowability. In Thomas Stolz, Dik Bakker & Rosa Salas Palomo (Ed.), Aspects of Language Contact: New Theoretical, Methodological and Empirical Findings with Special Focus on Romancisation Processes (pp. 43-62). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Parametric versus functional explanations of syntactic universals. In Theresa Biberauer (Ed.), The Limits of Syntactic Variation (pp. 75-107). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2008). Reply to Haiman and Croft. Cognitive Linguistics, 19(1), 59-66.
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Haspelmath, M., & Michaelis, S. (2008). Leipzig fourmille de typologues: Genitive objects in comparison. In Greville G. Corbett and Michael Noonan (Ed.), Case and Grammatical Relations: Studies in honor of Bernard Comrie (pp. 149-166). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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2007

Haspelmath, M. (2007). Coordination. In Shopen, Timothy (Ed.), Language Typology and Syntactic Description, 2nd ed., vol. 2: Complex constructions (pp. 1-51). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Ditransitive alignment splits and inverse alignment. Functions of Language, 14(1), 79-102.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Further remarks on reciprocal constructions. In Vladimir P. Nedjalkov (Ed.), Reciprocal Constructions (pp. 2087-2115). Amsterdam [u.a.]: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
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Haspelmath, M. (2007). Pre-established categories don't exist: Consequences for language description and typology. Linguistic Typology, 11(1), 119-132.
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2006

Haspelmath, M. (2006). Book Review: Preferred argument structure: Grammar as architecture for function. Ed. by JOHN W. DU BOIS, LORRAINE E. KUMPF, and WILLIAM J. ASHBY. (Studies in discourse and grammar 14.) Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2003. ISBN 1588113698. $156 (Hb). Language, 82(4), 908-912.
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Haspelmath, M. (2006). Against markedness (and what to replace it with). Journal of Linguistics, 42(1), 25-70.
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Haspelmath, M., & Siegmund, S. (2006). Simulating the replication of some of Greenberg's word order generalizations. Linguistic Typology, 10(1), 74-82.
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2005

Haspelmath, M., Dryer, M. S., Gil, D., & Comrie, B. (Eds.). (2005). The World Atlas of Language Structures. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
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2004

Haspelmath, M. (Ed.). (2004). Coordinating constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Author´s response. Studies in Language, 28(3), 584-586.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Coordinating constructions: an overview. In Haspelmath, Martin (Ed.), Coordinating constructions (pp. 3-39). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Does linguistic explanation presuppose linguistic description? Studies in Language, 28(3), 554-579.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). Explaining the Ditransitive Person-Role Constraint: a usagebased account. Constructions, 2, 1-71. Retrieved from http://www.dipp.nrw.de/constructions/articles/35/DPRC0102-moddoulos.rtf.pdf.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). How hopeless is genealogical linguistics, and how advanced is areal linguistics? A review article of Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. & Dixon, R.M.W. (ed.) 2001. Areal diffusion and genetic inheritance. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Studies in Language, 28(1), 209-223.
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Haspelmath, M. (2004). On directionality in language change with particular reference to grammaticalization. In Olga Fischer, Muriel Norde and Harry Perridon (Ed.), Up and down the cline: The nature of grammaticalization (pp. 17-44). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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2003

Michaelis, S., & Haspelmath, M. (2003). Ditransitive constructions: creole languages in a cross-linguistic perspective. Creolica. Retrieved from http://www.creolica.net/.
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Haspelmath, M. (2003). Book Notice of: Sinha, Jasmin. 2000. Der neuostaramäische Dialekt von Bespen (Provinz Mardin, Südosttürkei): Eine grammatische Darstellung. Studies in Language, 27(3), 714-715.
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Haspelmath, M. (2003). The geometry of grammatical meaning: Semantic maps and cross-linguistic comparison. New Psychology of Language, 2, 211-242.
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2002

Haspelmath, M. (2002). Understanding morphology. London: Arnold.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). Grammatikalisierung: von der Performanz zur Kompetenz ohne angeborene Grammatik. In Krämer, Sybille; König, Ekkehard (Ed.), Gibt es eine Sprache hinter dem Sprechen? (pp. 262-286). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). On understanding word order asymmetries: Comments on John A. Hawkins "Symmetries and asymmetries: their grammar, typology and parsing". Theoretical Linguistics, 28, 159-170.
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Haspelmath, M. (2002). Warum ist Grammatik so, wie sie ist? In Müller, Horst M. (Ed.), Arbeitsbuch Linguistik (pp. 210-219). Paderborn: Schöningh.
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2001

Comrie, B., & Haspelmath, M. (2001). Die Bibliothek von Babel. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). Non-canonical marking of core arguments in European languages. In A. Y. Aikhenvald, R. M. W. Dixon, & M. Onishi (Eds.), Non-canonical marking of subjects and objects. (pp. 53-83). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). The European linguistic area: Standard Average European. In Martin Haspelmath (Ed.), Language typology and language universals. (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft) (pp. 1492-1510). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2001). Word classes/parts of speech. In P. B. Baltes, & N. J. Smelser (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (pp. 16538-16545). Amsterdam: Pergamon Pr.
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Haspelmath, M., König, E., Oesterreicher, W., & Raible, W. (2001). Language typology and language universals: An international handbook. Berlin: de Gruyter.
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2000

Haspelmath, M. (2000). Converb. In K. Brown, & J. Miller (Eds.), Concise encyclopedia of grammatical categories (pp. 47-56). Oxford: Elsevier Science.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Optimality and diachronic adaptation. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 18, 180-205.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Periphrasis, symphrasis, and morphosyntactic blocking. In V. J. Gusev (Ed.), Vtoraja Zimnjaja Tipologičeskaja Škola: Meždunarodnaja škola - seminar molodych učenych po lingvističeskoj tipologii i antropologii = Second winter typological school: Second international school in linguistic typology and anthropology (pp. 34-35). Moskau: Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj gumanitarnyj univ.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Periphrasis. In G. E. Booij, C. Lehmann, & J. Mugdan (Eds.), Morphology: A Handbook on Inflection and Word Formation (pp. 654-664). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Some issues concerning optimality and diachronic adaptation (author's response to open peer commentary). Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft, 18, 251-68.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). The relevance of extravagance: A reply to Bart Geurts. Linguistics, 38, 789-98.
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Haspelmath, M. (2000). Why is grammaticalization irreversible? Linguistics, 37, 1043-68.
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Haspelmath, M., & Caruana, S. (2000). Subject diffuseness in Maltese: On some subject properties of experiential verbs. Folia Linguistica, 34(3-4), 245-265.
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1999

Haspelmath, M. (1999). Explaining article-possessor complementarity: economic motivation in noun phrase syntax. Language, 75, 227-43.
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Haspelmath, M. (1999). External possession in a European areal perspective. In D. L. Payne, & I. Barshi (Eds.), External possession (pp. 109-135). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
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Haspelmath, M. (1999). Long distance agreement in Godoberi (Daghestanian) complement clauses. Folia Linguistica, 33, 131-151.
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Haspelmath, M., & König, E. (1999). Der europäische Sprachbund - ein Schritt in die Zukunft. In N. Reiter (Ed.), Eurolinguistik (pp. 111-127). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
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1998

Haspelmath, M. (1998). Does grammaticalization need reanalysis? Studies in Language, 22, 49-85.
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Haspelmath, M. (1998). How young is Standard Average European? Language Sciences, 20, 271-287.
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Haspelmath, M. (1998). The semantic development of old presents: New futures and subjunctives without grammaticalization. Diachronica, 15, 29-62.
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Haspelmath, M., & Buchholz, O. (1998). Equative and similative constructions in the languages of Europe. In J. v. d. Auwera (Ed.), Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe (pp. 277-334). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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Haspelmath, M., & König, E. (1998). Concessive conditionals in the languages of Europe. In J. v. d. Auwera (Ed.), Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe (pp. 563-640). Berlin: de Gruyter.
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2021

Haspelmath, M. (2021). Explaining diverse language structures from convergent evolution of linguistic conventions. Talk presented at Birmingham Lectures. Birmingham. 2021-03-09.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). From community competition to complementarity in general linguistics: The eight complementary why questions. Talk presented at XIV Congreso Internacional de Lingüística General. Sevilla. 2021-06-23.
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Haspelmath, M. (2021). Structural, evolutionary and biocognitive explanations are mutually compatible. Talk presented at Center of Linguistic Sciences of Beijing Normal University. Beijing. 2021-04-30.
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